Premium Essay

Submitted By Tasnuva125

Words 4341

Pages 18

Words 4341

Pages 18

Materials and Methods:

The study is based on the secondary data from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Handbook of Agriculture Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangladesh Bank (Central Bank) reports, FAOSTAT and other published. The data used cover the 25 years period from 1980 to 2005. The non-availability of time-series price data prior to 1980/81 is the main reason for selecting the data period from 1981/82. The data are on annual averages because of the lack of monthly data.

Specification of the Theoretical Model:

The theoretical model of estimated function of rice paddy is: QS =α₀+α1RPSt+α2RSYt+α3RIAt +α4FSt +α5PRt +εt Where, QS is quantity supplied at current year (kg/capita/year), RPt is Rice Production (Seasonal), RSY t is the rice seasonal yield, RIA t is rice irrigated area, FS t is fertilizer sales, PR t is the price of rice of the wholesalers.

1

Identification of the variables:...

Premium Essay

...empec, Vol. 13, 1988, page 223-249 Nonparametric Estimation and Hypothesis Testing in Econometric Models By A. Ullah ~ Abstract: In this paper we systematically review and develop nonparametric estimation and testing techniques in the context of econometric models. The results are discussed under the settings of regression model and kernel estimation, although as indicated in the paper these results can go through for other econometric models and for the nearest neighbor estimation. A nontechnical survey of the asymptotic properties of kernel regression estimation is also presented. The technique described in the paper are useful for the empirical analysis of the economic relations whose true functional forms are usually unknown. 1 Introduction Consider an economic model y =R(x)+u where y is a dependent variable, x is a vector o f regressors, u is the disturbance and R(x) = E ( y l x ) . Often, in practice, the estimation o f the derivatives o f R(x)are o f interest. For example, the first derivative indicates the response coefficient (regression coefficient) o f y with respect to x, and the second derivauve indicates the curvature o f R(x). In the parametric econometrics the estimation o f these derivatives and testing 1 Aman Ullah, Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5C2, Canada. I thank L Ahmad, A. Bera, A. Pagan, C. Robinson, A. Zellner, and the participants of the workshops at the Universities of......

Words: 5119 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

...Project of Econometric Modelling © 2013 CULS in Prague I. One equation model: The following econometric model would like to analyze the impacts of consumption, interest rate and unemployment rate on Gross Domestic Product of China based on the data extracted from National Bureau of Statistics of China.(1992-2011 National Data in 1992-2011 ). 1. Economic model and econometric model 2.1. Assumption * Gross Domestic Product (GDP) depends on the following variables: * Private Consumption * Government spending * Total wage of employees * General model: GDP = f (Private Consumption, Government spending, Total wage of employees) * Dependency between variables based on economic theory: * Increase of private consumption will cause increase in GDP. * Increase of Government spending will cause increase in GDP. * Increase of Total wage will cause increase in GDP. 2.2. Economic and econometrics model * Declaration of variables Variable | Symbol | Unit | Gross Domestic Product | y1 | 100 million yuan | Unit vector | x1 | | Private Consumption | x2 | 100 million yuan | Government spending | x3 | 100 million yuan | Total wage of employees | x4 | 100 million yuan | Stochastic variable | u1t | | * Economic model: y1 = γ1+ γ2 x2 + γ3 x3 + γ4 x4 . Insert stochastic variable- u1t into economic model to form econometric model. * Econometric......

Words: 2069 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

...the Analysis 4 The Reason for Analysis of Demand 4 The Economic Case for Demand Intervention 4 Analysis of Demand for the Policy Maker 5 Design an Analysis of Demand Study 6 Components of a Study 6 The Nature of Econometric Analysis 7 Resources Required 7 Summary 8 References and Additional Information 8 III. Conduct Background Research 9 IV. Build the Data Set 11 Choose the Variables 11 Data Availability 11 Data Types 12 Prepare the Data 13 Data Cleaning and Preliminary Examination 14 Preparing the Data Variables 14 References and Additional Information 19 V. Choose the Demand Model 20 Determine the Identification Problem 20 Test for Price Endogeneity 21 Find Instrumental Variables 21 Select the Demand Model Type 21 Select the Functional Form 22 VI. Specify the Demand Function 24...

Words: 36281 - Pages: 146

Premium Essay

...Econometrics (Economics 360) Syllabus: Spring 2015 Instructor: Ben Van Kammen Office: Krannert 531 Office Hours: Friday, 10 a.m.-noon Email: bvankamm@purdue.edu Meeting Location: KRAN G010 Meeting Days/Times: TR 1:30-2:45 p.m. (001) TR 3-4:15 p.m. (002) TR 4:30-5:45 p.m. (003) Course Description This is an upper division economics course required for students pursuing a BS in economics. It is one of the few courses that explicitly covers empirical methods, i.e., the analysis of observed economic behavior in the form of data. Empirics stand in contrast to theory, e.g., micro and macro, about how agents behave. Despite this under-representation, empirical analysis comprises a large part of economists’ workload and is one of the most practical skills that an economics student can learn. Course Objectives In this class students will: 1. perform statistical and practical inference based on the results of empirical analysis, 2. identify useful characteristics of estimators, e.g., unbiasedness, consistency, efficiency, 3. state predictions of theoretical economic models in terms of testable hypotheses, 4. model economic relationships using classical methods, such as Ordinary Least Squares, derive the properties of estimators related to these methods, and 5. perform estimation using methods discussed in class using software, 6. perform diagnostic tests that infer whether a model’s assumptions are invalid, 7. evaluate empirical models based on whether their resulting......

Words: 2067 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

...YOUR ECONOMETRICS PAPER BASIC TIPS There are a couple of websites that you can browse to give you some ideas for topics and data. Think about what you want to do with this paper. Econometrics is a great tool to market when looking for jobs. A well-written econometrics paper and your presentation can be a nice addition to your resume. You are not expected to do original research here. REPLICATION of prior results is perfectly acceptable. Read Studenmund's Chapter 11. One of the most frustrating things in doing an econometrics paper is finding the data. Do not spend a lot of time on a topic before determining whether there is data available that will allow you to answer your question. It is a good idea to write down your ideal data set that would allow you to address your topic. If you find that the available data is not even close to what you had originally desired, you might want to change your topic. Also, remember that knowing the location of your data – website, reference book, etc – is not the same as having your data available to use. It may take a LONG time to get the data in a format that EVIEWS can read. Do not leave this till the last minute. For most data, I enter the data into Excel first. I save the Excel sheet in the oldest version, namely MS Excel Worksheet 2.1 . The reason is that format can be read by most programs whereas newer formats may or may not be read. Eviews easily reads an Excel sheet 2.1 version. You should use......

Words: 2375 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

...e YOUR ECONOMETRICS PAPER BASIC TIPS There are a couple of websites that you can browse to give you some ideas for topics and data. Think about what you want to do with this paper. Econometrics is a great tool to market when looking for jobs. A well-written econometrics paper and your presentation can be a nice addition to your resume. You are not expected to do original research here. REPLICATION of prior results is perfectly acceptable. Read Studenmund's Chapter 11. One of the most frustrating things in doing an econometrics paper is finding the data. Do not spend a lot of time on a topic before determining whether there is data available that will allow you to answer your question. It is a good idea to write down your ideal data set that would allow you to address your topic. If you find that the available data is not even close to what you had originally desired, you might want to change your topic. Also, remember that knowing the location of your data – website, reference book, etc – is not the same as having your data available to use. It may take a LONG time to get the data in a format that EVIEWS can read. Do not leave this till the last minute. For most data, I enter the data into Excel first. I save the Excel sheet in the oldest version, namely MS Excel Worksheet 2.1 . The reason is that format can be read by most programs whereas newer formats may or may not be read. Eviews easily reads an Excel sheet 2.1 version. You should......

Words: 2376 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

...International Conference On Applied Economics – ICOAE 2010 299 DOES STOCK MARKET DEVELOPMENT CAUSE ECONOMIC GROWTH? A TIME SERIES ANALYSIS FOR BANGLADESH ECONOMY MD. SHARIF HOSSAIN (PH. D.)1 - KHND. MD. MOSTAFA KAMAL2 Abstract In this paper the principal purpose has been made to investigate the causal relationship between stock market development and economic growth in Bangladesh. To investigate long-run causal linkages between stock market development and economic growth the Engle-Granger causality and ML tests are applied. In this paper another attempt has been made to investigate the non-stationarity in the series of stock market development and economic growth by using modern econometric techniques. The co-integrated tests are applied to know whether this pair of variables shares the same stochastic trend or not. From our analysis it has been found that the stock market development strongly influences the economic growth in Bangladesh economy, but there is no causation from economic growth to stock market development. Thus unidirectional causality has prevailed between stock market development and economic growth in the Bangladesh economy. Also it has been found that all the variables are integrated of order 1, and both the variables stock market development and economic growth share the same stochastic trend in Bangladesh economy. JEL Code: C010 Key Words: Stock Market Development, Causal Relationship, Non-stationarity, Unit Root Test, Co-integrated......

Words: 5712 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

...Financial Econometrics With Eviews Roman Kozhan Download free books at Roman Kozhan Financial Econometrics Download free eBooks at bookboon.com 2 Financial Econometrics – with EViews © 2010 Roman Kozhan & Ventus Publishing ApS ISBN 978-87-7681-427-4 To my wife Nataly Download free eBooks at bookboon.com 3 Contents Financial Econometrics Contents Preface 6 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Introduction to EViews 6.0 Workfiles in EViews Objects Eviews Functions Programming in Eviews 7 8 10 18 22 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 Regression Model Introduction Linear Regression Model Nonlinear Regression 34 34 34 52 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 Univariate Time Series: Linear Models Introduction Stationarity and Autocorrelations ARMA processes 54 54 54 59 www.sylvania.com We do not reinvent the wheel we reinvent light. Fascinating lighting offers an infinite spectrum of possibilities: Innovative technologies and new markets provide both opportunities and challenges. An environment in which your expertise is in high demand. Enjoy the supportive working atmosphere within our global group and benefit from international career paths. Implement sustainable ideas in close cooperation with other specialists and contribute to influencing our future. Come and join us in reinventing light every day. Light is OSRAM Download free eBooks at bookboon.com 4 Click on the ad to read......

Words: 24327 - Pages: 98

Free Essay

...Research Department. Asteriou, D., & Monastiriotis, V. (2004). What do unions do at the large scale? Macro-economic evidence from a panel of OECD countries. Journal of Applied Economics, VII(I), pp. 27-46. Arellano, M. (2003): Panel Data Econometrics, Oxford University Press. Arellano, M., and O. Bover. (1995). Another Look at The Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error- Components Models. Journal of Econometrics, 68, 29-52. Arellano, M., & Bond, S. R. (1991). Some tests of specification for panel data: Monte Carlo evidence and an application to employment equations. The Review of Economic Studies (new York), 58, 194, 277- 297. Blundell, R., & Bond, S. (1998). Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models. Journal of Econometrics, 87, 1, 115-143. Baltagi, B. (2008). Econometric analysis of panel data, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester. Baltagi, Gri, and Xiong (2000). To Pool or Not To Pool: Homogeneous Versus Heterogeneous Estimators Applied to Cigarette Demand. Review of Economics and Statistics 82: 117. Barro, R.J. (1991). Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries. Homepage of National Bureau of Economic Research (online). Beck, T., (2008). The Econometrics of Finance and Growth, Palgrave Handbook of Econometrics, Vol. 2. Beck, T., Levine, R. and World Bank. Financial Sector Strategy and Policy Group (2000). New firm formation and industry growth : does having a market- or bank-based system matter? Washington, D.C.:...

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

...A STUDY: INCOME AND HAPPINESS ACROSS EUROPE: DO REFERENCE VALUES MATTER? Contents Summary 2 The Silver Lining of Materialism: The Impact of Luxury Consumption on Subjective Well-Being 3 Data used for analysis 5 Econometric Model 6 Critical Reflection 8 Reference List 11 A Study: Income and happiness across Europe: Do reference values matter? Summary The authors in this study - Guglielmo Maria Caporale, Yannis Georgellis, Nicholas Tsitsianis and Ya Ping Yin - assess the relationship between income and subjective well-being; by tracing back to works of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Veblen and Duesenberry, the authors revive significant attention to the neoclassical economic theory that portrays well-being and absolute income to be highly correlated. The data was retrieved from the European Social Survey (ESS) to examine a potential relationship between income and happiness (self-reported satisfaction), the authors execute their study across 19 European Countries. With utilisation of Easterlin (1974) as their seminal paper, the research draws attention to the Easterlin Paradox (Easterlin, 1995) that suggests there is no relationship between economic expansion in industrialised countries and its average level of happiness. The authors look to assess topical contradictory findings that conclude absolute income is correlated with levels of happiness (e.g.: Frijters et al., 2004). The research purpose of this paper was to re-examine this controversial link for...

Words: 2793 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

...This page intentionally left blank Introductory Econometrics for Finance SECOND EDITION This best-selling textbook addresses the need for an introduction to econometrics speciﬁcally written for ﬁnance students. It includes examples and case studies which ﬁnance students will recognise and relate to. This new edition builds on the successful data- and problem-driven approach of the ﬁrst edition, giving students the skills to estimate and interpret models while developing an intuitive grasp of underlying theoretical concepts. Key features: ● Thoroughly revised and updated, including two new chapters on ● ● ● ● ● ● panel data and limited dependent variable models Problem-solving approach assumes no prior knowledge of econometrics emphasising intuition rather than formulae, giving students the skills and conﬁdence to estimate and interpret models Detailed examples and case studies from ﬁnance show students how techniques are applied in real research Sample instructions and output from the popular computer package EViews enable students to implement models themselves and understand how to interpret results Gives advice on planning and executing a project in empirical ﬁnance, preparing students for using econometrics in practice Covers important modern topics such as time-series forecasting, volatility modelling, switching models and simulation methods Thoroughly class-tested in leading ﬁnance schools Chris Brooks is Professor of Finance at the ICMA Centre,......

Words: 195008 - Pages: 781

Free Essay

...h a p t e r One The Nature of Econometrics and Economic Data C hapter 1 discusses the scope of econometrics and raises general issues that result from the application of econometric methods. Section 1.3 examines the kinds of data sets that are used in business, economics, and other social sciences. Section 1.4 provides an intuitive discussion of the difficulties associated with the inference of causality in the social sciences. 1.1 WHAT IS ECONOMETRICS? Imagine that you are hired by your state government to evaluate the effectiveness of a publicly funded job training program. Suppose this program teaches workers various ways to use computers in the manufacturing process. The twenty-week program offers courses during nonworking hours. Any hourly manufacturing worker may participate, and enrollment in all or part of the program is voluntary. You are to determine what, if any, effect the training program has on each worker’s subsequent hourly wage. Now suppose you work for an investment bank. You are to study the returns on different investment strategies involving short-term U.S. treasury bills to decide whether they comply with implied economic theories. The task of answering such questions may seem daunting at first. At this point, you may only have a vague idea of the kind of data you would need to collect. By the end of this introductory econometrics course, you should know how to use econometric methods to formally evaluate a job training......

Words: 54598 - Pages: 219

Premium Essay

...Does Saving really matter for Growth in Developing Countries? The Case of a Small Open Economy Olajide S. Oladipo, PhD Department of Economics and Finance School of Business, Medgar Evers College 1637 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11225 Email: ooladipo@ mec.cuny.edu Abstract The study employed the Toda and Yamamoto (1995) and Dolado and Lutkepohl (1996) – TYDL- methodology to uncover the direction of causal relationship between savings and economic growth in Nigeria between 1970 and 2006. The empirical results suggest that savings and economic growth are positively cointegrated indicating a stable long run equilibrium relationship. Further, the findings revealed a unidirectional causality between savings and economic growth and the complementary role of FDI in growth. Keywords: Cointegration, FDI, Savings and Economic Growth JEL Classification: C32; E21;O11 Does Saving really matter for Growth in Developing Countries? The Case of a Small Open Economy Introduction The relationship between savings and economic growth has received increased attention in recent years especially in developed and emerging economies [see Bacha (1990), DeGregorio (1992), Levine and Renelt (1992), and Jappelli and Pagano (1994)]. This might not be unconnected to the central underpinning of Lewis’s (1955) traditional development theory that increasing savings would accelerate economic growth. Research efforts by Kaldor (1956) and Samuelson and Modigliani (1966) examined how different......

Words: 3764 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

...this ﬁeld. The following paper focuses on the pollution haven hypotheses stating that lax environmental regulations increase Foreign Direct Investment inﬂow since investing ﬁrms experience signiﬁcant cost eﬃciencies and comparative advantages. The data set is mainly chosen from the World Data Bank and ﬁve explanatory variables are used to investigate their inﬂuence on FDI inﬂow (as percentage of GDP). During the empirical analysis a pivotal factor will be the OECD membership even if several environmental standards are controlled. We expect to see some signiﬁcant determinants of FDI inﬂow in order to either agree or reject the pollution haven hypotheses. Contents 1 Introduction 2 The Two Hypotheses 3 Data Set 4 Econometric Model and Results 4.1 Linear Regression Model (OLS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Assumptions of Gauss-Markov-Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Chow Test for Structural Break . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Conclusion A Appendix A.1 Program Code EViews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 1 2 3 4 6 7 9 9 1 Introduction International trade theory is based on the concept of comparative advantages which is consistent with what we could observe in the booming globalization process during the last decades. A multinational ﬁrm...

Words: 3184 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

...CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION A casual look at the published empirical work in business and econometric will reveal that many economic relationships are of single –equation type. In such models, one variable (the dependent variable Y) is expressed as a linear function of one or more other variables (the explanatory variables, the X’s). An implicit assumption is that the cause and effect relationship, if any , between Y and X’s is unidirectional. The explanatory variables are the cause and the dependent variable is the effect . However, there are situations where there is a two- way or simultaneous relationships between Y and some of the X’s which makes the distinction between the dependent and the explanatory variables of dubious value. It is better to lump together a set of variables that can be determined simultaneously by the remaining set of variables- precisely what is done in simultaneous equation models. In such models, there is more than one equation - one for each of the mutually or jointly dependent or endogenous variables. And unlike the single equation models, in the simultaneous equation models, one may estimate the parameters of a single equation without taking into account information provided by the other equation in the system. In a simultaneous equation system, variables that appear only on the right – hand side of the equation are called exogenous or predetermined variables. They are truly independent or non-stochastic because they remain fixed.......

Words: 10671 - Pages: 43