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Ethics Theory


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Ethical Treatment of Prisoners Name SOC120: Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility Instructor: November 20, 2012

The life of prisoners some may never know. There are those who care not to know what goes on behind that wired fence. We find that some people that are convicted of crimes that they did not commit. Some people would rather turn their heads to what actually happens in a prison institution, because they feel it is no concern of theirs. Innocent women and men face a disaster in life when they find their selves incarcerated in such facility as these. The treatment in prison facilities toward prisoners with health issues or those who develop health concerns that head officials should take control over. Prisoners receive neglect in many different ways that may end their lives. In my essay, I will share with you the life of a man in prison and the treatment that he received from correctional officers.
Every prison environment makes it hard to assure minimal standards for ethical research and voluntary informed consent and privacy. Privacy for those who are in these facilities has many concerns to family members who are looking in from the outside. Health issues and concerns for inmates and neglect that occurs in correctional facilities have been concerns that continue to go unnoticed. The state seems to under staff in some areas of managing inmate’s health problems. There are many who may go unattended of their health issues causing drastic or even death in the process. A prison system update yearly would help to protect prisoners and their health issues. Denying them access to medical attention is also unethical as this can result in a death. This could have been avoided with the right procedure would have taken place. You need to draw from various sources and explain how one of the classical theories (utilitarianism, deontology, or virtue ethics) would resolve this problem. Then, contrast this response with the perspective brought to the issue by relativism, emotivism, or ethical egoism. Finally state which of these views is closer to your own and support your response with a clearly-presented and well-supported argument.

Ethics of caring for prisoners and their wellbeing may seem to be complicated for correctional officers and staff members. Prisoners and their social status closed away from society shows that there may be little or none as they are excluded from everything. There are those who experience discrimination behind a wired fence, feel the sense of being, useless or not worthy to society. Describing a young man and the way he feels while being incarcerated for a crime he did not commit. The treatment that he has received within the past two years incarcerated with criminals of all kinds. Does the problem lie within the fact that this young man was innocent and incarcerated? Does it lie within the unethical treatment and abuse that occur at the hands of the corrections officers? The committee’s review of current research indicated that the majority of research involving prisoners is happening outside the purview of Subpart C, and many prisoner studies are being conducted without review or approval by an institutional review board (IRB). Prison research committees that may serve some type of proxy IRB role only infrequently include prisoners or prisoner representatives among their membership. All of these factors point to a population of prisoners who may be more vulnerable and require stronger protections than those inspired by the commission in the 1970s. Since many people find inmates to be indigent, making them pay for health care when they must already use their own money to buy any toiletries needed seems completely unreasonable. There is also concern that requiring inmates to provide their own payments may restrict medical access to those who need it but do not have appropriate funding. Without this care, minor problems could escalate into more severe problems such as spreading infectious diseases to staff and other prisoners. Though inmates may not possess a strong moral fiber, the prison is a site of numerous ethical issues for guards, lawmakers, and officials who run correctional systems. Every policy and procedure must balance the interests of the taxpayer, the prison staff and the incarcerated population. Not surprisingly, there is a substantive lack of consensus on proper standards for ethical issues in correctional systems. (Noel Lawrence 2000) A possible workaround for using taxpayer money to fund prisons is to give up their administration to private companies. Opponents argue that the profit motive encourages corporations to reduce costs needed to ensure the safety of prisoners, staff, and the public. Further, private prisons have an incentive to keep convicts longer as more inmates mean more profits. They may lobby the government to pass unneeded mandatory minimum sentencing laws and exert a negative influence on parole hearings. However, advocates point to the public demand for increased incarceration and harsher sentencing during difficult economic times when the government cannot afford this. (Noel Lawrence 2000) With the closing of large state mental institutions, prisons have effectively become the new mental illness asylums. Prisoners suffer higher rates of communicable diseases, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and hepatitis, than the general population, and chronic diseases such as diabetes are on the rise, especially among the growing older population of prisoners (National Commission on Correctional Health Care [NCCHC], 2002). Health care within some prison systems is less than satisfactory. Through class actions over the inadequacies of state prison health-care systems, the most serious problems were largely addressed and health-care delivery systems were put in place (Metzner, 2002; Sturm, 1993). However, problems remain. Most recently, a federal district court judge placed California’s entire prison medical health-care system into federal receivership, taking it out of control of the state and placing it under the control of a trustee appointed by the court.1 In addition, the entire state prison mental health system is being monitored by another federal court after being found to be providing constitutionally inadequate mental health services to inmates with serious mental illnesses (Coleman v. Wilson, 912 F.Supp. 1282 [E.D.Cal 1995]). And New York regulators have faulted the private firm Prison Health Services in several deaths within the state’s prison system (Von Zielbauer, 2005d). This follows by 30 years the case of Estelle v. Gamble, in which the U.S. Supreme Court articulated a constitutionally protected right to health care in prisons and jails (U.S. Supreme Court, 1976). Correctional officers mistreat prisoners abusing them daily while in their presence. They take their jobs to a level beyond what is expected of them. Health issues show that many prisoners are neglected when they do not receive the proper care that is needed. Research has shown that ethical treatment to prisoners does exist. Many fail to realize the importance of these human beings and the importance of their health issues. Human beings have rights that no one can deprive them of, according to many political theorists. Perhaps the best–known version of this claim is that found in the Declaration of Independence: "We hold these truths to be self–evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights." An unalienable right is one that a person can never have taken away, by another person or by a government. Thomas Jefferson offered as his examples of such rights "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. (Mosser K. 2010)

Use a hanging indent
Mosser, K. (2010). Introduction to ethics and social responsibility. San Diego, Bridgepoint Education, Inc. EHR System to Help Manage Health Details of the Prisoners Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoner Ethical Issues of Inmate Healthcare Prisoners Changing Demographics, Health Issues, and the Current Research Environment

In this course, we look at classical ethical theories of utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. We also look at the different kinds of perspectives on ethical issues introduced by relativism, ethical egoism, and emotivism. Requirements for this draft: • must be at least three (3) pages in length, (excluding the title and reference pages)

• must include a thesis statement and a list of the resources you intend to use

• use two theories to defend and oppose your perspective

• Formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and properly cite all your resources

If you would like to refer to APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab in the left navigation bar, in your online course.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your FINAL assignment. Please review my comments throughout your paper and apply the changes to your final assignment. Thank you for all your hard work! Please let me know if you need help!

~Dr. A
|Here are the requirements for your final assignment: |
| |
|The final paper must be at least eight (8) pages in length and must include a title and reference pages |
|It must include a thesis statement |
|You must format your assignment according to APA (6th edition) style |
|You must properly cite all your resources (make sure all sources are cited and on your reference page) |
|You must use Your course text as one of your sources (Mosser, 2010) |
| |
|Grading Criteria Rough Draft of Final Paper on Ethics: Theory and Practice |
|10 points possible |
|Content Criteria |Weight/Gained |
|Thesis statement provided |3/2 |
|Outline of argument provided |3/2 |
|Research Criteria |
|Partial list of resources provided |2/2 |
|Style Criteria |
|The paper is at least three (3) pages, (excluding the title and reference |2/1.5 |
|pages). | |

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