Premium Essay

Fantasy

In: English and Literature

Submitted By mats0062
Words 844
Pages 4
History, Memory, and Monuments: An Overview of the Scholarly Literature on Commemoration Kirk Savage, University of Pittsburgh (…)
The first key question might be, what is commemoration? Dictionary definitions tell us that to commemorate is to “call to remembrance,” to mark an event or a person or a group by a ceremony or an observance or a monument of some kind. Commemorations might be ephemeral or permanent; the key point is that they prod collective memory in some conspicuous way.
French sociologist Maurice Halbwachs ushered in the modern academic study of collective memory with his book The Social Frameworks of Memory (1925) in which he argued that all memory – even personal memory – is a social process, shaped by the various groups (family, religious, geographical, etc.) to which individuals belong. In an even more influential posthumous essay, “Historical Memory and Collective Memory” (1950), published after his death in a Nazi concentration camp, Halbwachs insisted on a distinction between history and collective memory: history aims for a universal, objective truth severed from the psychology of social groups while “every collective memory requires the support of a group delimited in space and time.” Thus our view of the past does not come primarily from professional historical scholarship but from a much more complicated and interwoven set of relationships to mass media, tourist sites, family tradition, and the spaces of our upbringing with all their regional, ethnic, and class diversity – to name just a few factors. Just as personal memory is now understood to be a highly selective, adaptive process of reconstructing the past, shaped by present needs and contexts, so collective memory is a product of social groups and their ever evolving character and interests. Hence the now commonplace notion that collective memory is “constructed,”...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Fantasy

...Fantasy Some people believe that fantasy is dangerous for children to read, and some people have a completely different opinion. According to Ursula Le Guin, fantasy is not just for children, but for adults too, “Tales of talking animals and fantastical adventure aren’t just for children, argues Ursula Le Guin – we can and should return to them throughout our lives” (Quote page 1 line 1-3). Right from the beginning you know that ULG is a fan of fantasy being a part of everyone’s lives. You can always use your child or grandchild as an excuse to read fantasy, if you don’t have the courage to do it by yourself. Fantasy has always been perceived as being for children only, and fantasy has been conflated with immaturity, which according to ULG is a rather sizeable error. Many of the texts are poetry and it contains different elements from different genres. Many fantasies which actually were published as for children, is often read by adults, “It begins with, say, George MacDonald’s At the Back of the North Wind and runs on through Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass, The Wind in the Willows, the Just So Stories and The Jungle Book, the Pooh books, Dr Dolittle, The Hobbit, The Once and Future King, Charlotte’s Web, to my first three Earthsea books and all the serious imaginative fiction that continues to be published “for children” but is often read by adults” (Quote page 2 line 48-52). Realistic fiction does not affect everyone, but only people in...

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Fantasy Essay

...Fantasy is a broad concept discussed for over many years. Many writers have tried to define fantasy according to different perspectives. Fantasy is something which takes you into imaginative and supernatural world and allows anything to happen (JoAnn 2005). Fantasy is a field involving and practiced in different media. It is greatly related to imagination and mythology ( Laetz & Johnston 2008). The genre of fantasy is most widely used in arts and entertainment world where writers and art related persons us this concept to gather public interest. The Harry potter series is a good example where writer has use fantasy genre and gained huge success. Fantasy is a process which shows the thinking capability of person that how far he/she can think beyond the actual world. Fantasies lead to creative idea generations. As successful in other walks of life, fantasy is widely used in business. Marketers usually use this concept of fantasy in their product promotions. The main motive is to seek maximum attention. The promotional campaigns and ads are designed in such a way that they take customer into an imaginative world. The customers impressed with promotional campaign tend to think that the product will give them ultimate comfort and is the best available solution to their needs. The fantasy campaigns go a step further and create artificial need by making a customer realize that his personality or surrounding will remain incomplete without this product. This particular ad......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Feeding on Fantasy

...Feeding on Fantasy The article “Feeding on Fantasy”- by Lev Grossman, is about the peoples passion for fantasy, which, in his head, is taking over the world of science fiction. The way he’s writing is neither critical nor real passionate. I wouldn’t say Mr Grossman is a real fantasy lover he knows his stuff and is using a lot of facts, but I’m more sure that he doesn’t like science fiction and in that way fantasy isn’t that bad to him. He’s not really into the whole Blizzard1 world, but he still somehow finds it exciting in a mysterious way. He says, “The business of fantasy has become a multibillion-dollar reality, and science fiction is starting to feel, well, a little 20th century.” The “well” in the sentence is clearly a sarcastic way of harassing science fiction, which also clears my statement that he has nothing left for the “so last year” –fashioned genre. This text is referring to that people in these years are tired of the sci-fi (the feature) world, so we are starting to go back and living this vision we have about the past, and we add these incredible creatures to it, that doesn’t exist, so that we can dream about these wonderful landscapes where the sun is always shinning, this passion about this everlasting love between the marvellous man winning his dream girls heart after a rough, very long and extremely dangerous trip crossing the country to defeat the monster who’s keeping them from being together, and this huge gap between being rich and poor and how God......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Stereotypes of a Fantasy Novel Protagonist

...Ada Deniz Tan Dr. Aslı Değirmenci IED 134 20 May 2015 Stereotypes of a Fantasy Novel Protagonist Fantasy novels are very popular between not only children and teenagers, but also people of all ages. There are so many fan of the fantasy novels, films and television series of them are produced and almost each other was in vogue usually at young population when they are released. As fantasy novels have gained a great population and so many example of them released in time, they have become obviously an extended part of world literature. Moreover, they have so many genres, subgenres, rules, aims and stereotypes like other types of literary works. In fantasy novels, it can be said that elements and genres are usually similar, however, characteristics of protagonists, which means main character, and other characters are sometime strictly differs between themselves. I read the book The Magicians by Lev Grossman, the first book of Magicians trilogy, one of New York Times Bestseller books, which is published in 2009. In this research paper, my aim is to analyze stereotypes of a fantasy novel protagonist with analyzing the characteristics of Quentin Coldwater from the novel The Magicians. Lev Grossman was born in 26 July 1969, in America. He graduated from Literature Department of Harvard University in 1991 and has worked as a journalist and a cult critic for Time Magazine, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Entertainment Weekly and so many other......

Words: 2081 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Compare Children’s Images in Western and Chinese Children’s Fantasy Literature

...CLB 9003 Cross-cultural Studies of Children's Fantasy Literature (1st Term, 2013-14) Term Paper “Compare children’s images in Western and Chinese children’s fantasy literature” Name : So Lok Ching Student ID :4028177 Instructor : Dr Tong Man The development of Western and Chinese children’s fantasy literature varies a lot. Western children’s fantasy literature has a much earlier development process. In Ancient Greece and Rome, there was no distinction between children and adult’s literature, children and adults shared the same literature. Until the 18th century, a remarkable French philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, believed that every child has a unique value and children should not be seen as immature adults. He also emphasized the importance of moral development in his writing ‘Emile’, in which he believed it could be performed by living a simple life. Rousseau’s ideas had a major influence on the development of children’s literature. People raised awareness about children and children’s fantasy literature was flourishing in the 19th century. In this Golden Age, different varieties of children’s fantasy literature were written to entertain children, such as modern fantasy stories and adventure stories. The naughty image of children could be shown in many adventure stories as well, such as ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’ (1876) by Mark Twain and ‘The Adventures of Pinocchio’ (1883) by Carlo Collodi. Up to the 20th century and recent decades, Naughty......

Words: 1773 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

The Birth of Fantasy Football by Luke Esser

...In 1962 the founding fathers of fantasy football created a game that today inspires, infatuates and confounds millions of players. After a seemingly endless night of labor pains, the discomfort soothed by a little alcohol for medicinal purposes, the birth of fantasy football finally took place at a hotel in New York City back in the fall of 1962. History does not record the exact date of birth, but it occurred in obscurity sometime within a dozen days of Halloween that year. America can be forgiven for not noticing at the time, since a little distraction called the Cuban missile crisis had nearly thrust the world into nuclear war in the last week of October. Now approaching its 32nd birthday, fantasy football was born of three fathers -- the founding fathers of a game that slowly matured into the sports colossus that today inspires, infatuates and confounds millions of players. At first glance, 1962 may not seem such a long time ago. American Graffiti offers a snapshot of that era, nostalgically asking the question, "Where were you in '62?" But it was the dark ages in football years. We're not simply talking about a time far enough back that the Raiders still played in Oakland. We're talking about a time so distant, so remote, that the Raiders played in Oakland and were absolutely terrible. Our three founding fathers went on a road trip back East with those terrible 1-13 Raiders, a trip worth remembering only because of the bundle of joy that came bawling into......

Words: 2735 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

“the Reality of Fantasy—There’s a Little Panic in Every Pick”

...decide. Nine, eight, seven…” These are the thoughts going through Aaron’s mind as he sits in front of his computer contemplating which of the two players is better to draft for his fantasy baseball team. If you have ever fanaticized about what it would be like to manage your own team of professional players and compete with your peers, fantasy sports is the hobby for you. Fantasy sports is a social epidemic that has been on the rise for many years and will continue to inflate for a long period of time. According to encyclopedian.com, a fantasy sport “is a game where fantasy owners build a team that competes against other fantasy owners based on the statistics generated by individual players or teams of a professional sport” (Truesdale). There is also the ability to trade, cut, and sign players, just like a real sports team owner. Some players who are very knowledgeable of the sport play for money, whereas some players like me play for fun on websites that host the game for free. Being part of the fantasy sports league motivated me to closely follow and watch how my drafted players perform. My knowledge of sports now is far greater than when I didn’t participate in fantasy sports. Watching sports news channels and discussing the latest updates with my brothers helped me to be able to manage my fantasy team well. During my free time, I would search for latest gossip on sports on a website called RealGM.com. It told me all the players who were performing well and those......

Words: 2512 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Robin Hobb’s Assassin’s Apprentice and the Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien Conformity to the Genre of Fantasy

...conform to the conventions of the fantasy genre in a number of ways. The main elements of fantasy are discussed in relation to the two texts, with examples provided. This essay will discuss several of the core characteristics of fantasy literature, including the concepts of magic, otherworlds, good vs. evil, heroism, special character types and talking animals. These characteristics of literature are all identified in the two texts, Assassin’s Apprentice by Hobb and The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien. Fantasy, as a genre of literature, is a story or series of stories, which exhibits certain definable elements that make the plot unreal and challenge the reader to suspend disbelief. There are many of these unreal elements, which feature in the fantasy genre. These unreal elements vary from mythical beasts roaming an imagined world to Earth-like natural settings in which animals take on human characteristics. There are also clearly recognizable conventions of fantasy, such as toys coming to life, miniature humans, magical powers, and time-warp stories. A fantasy novel would usually encompass more than one of these unreal elements. However, a fantasy story needs to possess only one of these unreal features in order to be classified as a part of the fantasy genre. Put simply, a fantasy story is one with at least one element that cannot be found in the human world. Magic is the most basic element of fantasy; magic is what draws a reader to fantasy. Magic involves charms, spells or......

Words: 1264 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Fantasy

...Discussion: In text c ”Fantasy IS escapism, but wait…” told by ”Terry Pratchett”, the view on fantasy is that it’s a kind of escape from the real world. As he said, its purpose is to take our commonplace world lift it up and turn it around, and show it to us from a different perspective, so that “once again” we see it for the first time and see how marvelous it is. Pratchett also says that there is a lot of rubbish produced for kids in order to get them to buy the merchandising. But maybe we are just doing it to avoid confronting the realities the rest of the world deals with daily, or to numb ourselves from conscious recognition of what we are doing to ourselves, and to life on this planet. Nevertheless it could just be because we like to see new things, many people, just like me are fascinated when they hear about wizards, dragons, trolls and a new world where almost everything is possible. Of course most people especially the children would get curious when they hear about for example dragons that can spit fire or wizards that can dos some kind of magic. I personally think that fantasy can be good for the kids, I especially for their imagination, their imagination will be unrestricted by reality. On the other side some young children are often viewed as being unable to differentiate fantasy from reality. However i have never heard of evidence saying that fantasy is therapeutic or that children use fantastic literature to "work out their problems" or as "an escape"......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Final Fantasy Captures Lara Croft: Acquisitions and Alliances in Electronic Games

...FINAL FANTASY CAPTURES LARA CROFT: ACQUISITIONS AND ALLIANCES IN ELECTRONIC GAMES Square Enix chose to make alliance in some occasions and acquisitions in others depending upon the needs and the situation of the game developer company. It is based on the environmental conditions in which the CEO thinks will work for the company best. In the presence of a stiff competition, it is a high urgency to expand since Square Enix’s goals could not be reached by focusing only in the current market. The easiest and better way is by acquisition. It’s not difficult to take control an acquired entity unlike in alliances. Acquisition of British Eidos Group Company enables Square to expand market internationally. In the other hand, valuation for acquisition on tangible asset like Eidos Group studio is easy. Moreover, it expands more markets outside Japan. Because of high level of uncertainty present in the new markets for instance in the US, it’s wiser to make ally with a stronger partner than to acquire the company and take the whole risk. Through this, Square may possibly attract and expand a new market with more confidence. Square Enix can also benefit by having access to different game markets from the allied companies. Depending upon the situation, sometimes acquisition let companies gain a wider access to geographical markets greater than alliance or do-it-yourself strategy. In some other instances alliance enables companies to share the potential risk and minimizes any......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Familiar

...The Familiar In this essay, “The Familiar” by Andre Norton will focused on the relationship between the main character, Fossi and Jeseca. The focus will be on, how it develops from a relation with the toy with trust, to become a relation based on friendship and I will examine the fantasy elements and why is makes this short story to a fantasy story. “I exerted the invisible bond, we shared and she hugged me tightly against her breast” The relationship between Fossi and Jeseca from the start based on trust because Jesaca do not know that Fossi is a real cat, only that he is a stuffed toy. The relationship changes fast to a friendship because Fossi is taking care of Jeseca “Jeseca gave a cry of pain and flung the hilt from her a though of had suddenly become too hot to hold”. In this quote make Fossi the knife too hot to hold because he do not want Jeseca to kill, but still he wants to see Jesaca used his power. . Fossi can control with Jeseca “As though controlled by the strings of a dance-doll, her right arm lifted until it pointed to blank barrier before us” and mental can Fossi also control with Jeseca “ My familiar had trown back the lid of the massive chest that stood on that corridor. Now she knelt and reached in, stripping away the layers of cloth stored until she came to the cloak that had been folded over me. A moment later she brought my forth. I could feel her surprise at this actions which I had directed; why should she place herself in peril to retrace...

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Film Techniques of Walter Mitty

...hill towards a volcano this is a big turning point. This was because he used to be a skater; he was rediscovering is old self. This image encouraged by the green hills in the background and the happy music playing. In this scene he is not wearing a suit and tie as he was in the beginning of the film; he was wearing camo green pants and a long sleeved T-shirt. As the movie progresses his clothing becomes more colorful and rugged, so does his face, at the start of the movie he was freshly shaved but now he has a beard, this is a metaphor for the internal changes he is experiencing. Secondly another journey is to go from fear to confidence. He was helped to face his fears by Cheryl singing Major Tom as he is in the bar. Even though it was a fantasy it helped him get on the helicopter and go where he needed to go. From this point he faced his fears by jumping out of a helicopter into the ocean, getting attacked by a shark and running away from the volcano. All of...

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Khadiesha

...The Fantasy Appeal in the Hobbit Fantasy is a type of genre that allows the reader to experience a place or world unlike any they have before. Fantasy lifts all our ideas of reality, and allows us to be a part of experiences that we would otherwise have no chance of taking part in. One of the first genres to be used in literary fiction was romance and this genre embraced fantasy by creating princesses and princes fighting an epic battle and mythical creatures such as dragons, Vampires and Ghost. In this paper I will explain how J.R.R Tolkien “The Hobbit” fits the genre of fantasy. This is important because every writer has there own writing style and there favorite genre. The novel “The Hobbit” by J.R.R Tolkien fits the characteristics of the fantasy genre because it has everything a fantasy book would have such as mythical creatures, wizards and an epic hero. J.R.R Tolkien was a scholar of English language and was a professor at oxford. He Specialized in Anglo Saxon and medieval literature. Tolkien being writing fantasy novels in 1976 and has said “No other Genre can put you in such a magical state expect fantasy”(A Short History of fantasy pg.123). J.R.R Tolkien has explained that his love for fantasy goes back to his childhood and when he would read books and forget about everything and everyone around him. J.R.R Tolkien has used every aspect of fantasy in his book “The Hobbit”. The majority of fantasy is based in a medieval-type setting, a unique fantasy......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

“Game of Thrones” – Essay

...points of the two articles. “Game of Thrones” is a medieval fantasy TV-series that premiered on HBO back in 2011. It’s an adaption of the book-series “A Song of Ice and Fire” written by George R. R. Martin. Since it’s beginning it has gained a lot of attention, success and controversy all around the world. Its popularity has increased extremely throughout the years. The series has obtained a broad and active fan base, and many people became fans immediately after the first episode. From the start it quickly caused controversy due to its use of sexual explicit- and violent scenes. Some people claimed the show to be too dominated by men being the ‘strongest’ gender, and also the amount of explicit material. Claiming that it wasn’t really suitable nor appealing to women. Although the controversy, the series still received acclaim by critics and viewers. For this task I’ve dealt with two very different reviews. Reviewing the first episode of “Game of Thrones”, the two writers each has their own perception of the series and its content. First off we have a review from 2011 written by Ginia Bellafante. It’s called “A fantasy world of strange feuding kingdoms” , and was widely criticized back then. Her main point was that women only could watch a complex fantasy series, if it contained sexual explicit scenes like ‘Game of Thrones’. Sexual scenes should therefore be the only motivation for women to watch a fantasy series, according to Ginia. Her opinion was, as mentioned......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Radio Case Study

...The Influence of Animation on Modern Illustration Graphic Design 1102 Jiachen Chang Summary The animation elements can always interacts with modern illustration. This paper is going to start from the development of illustration, and it is going to analyze thoroughly the relevance of modern animation and illustration elements. Research shows the development level and orientation of modern animation and illustration by comparing Japanese animation with Chinese animation. Therefore, it asked people to make a choice between respecting for tradition and making a difference. Key words: vector pixel supernatural Chinoiserie Contents Contents Introduction: Present status of development of illustration 1 Vectors and Pixels – The Combination of Occasionality and Design 2 The Elements in Animation3 1) The Duality of Japanese Animation4 2) The Classical Chinese Ink and Wash Painting: Chinoiserie5 The Perfect Combination of Illustration and Animation6 The Influence of the Animation Elements on Modern Illustration Design Introduction Present status of development of illustration Illustration is actually an ancient way for design. Let’s talk about the last century-the birth of NYADC. With the development of printing technology, illustration entered into the “golden age”. As the development of photography, printing and computer technology, however, illustration began to decline at the same......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5