Premium Essay

Foreign Subsidiary Investment Plan Case: Multinational Capital Budgeting China & Australia


Submitted By nuzav
Words 5440
Pages 22
Foreign Subsidiary Investment Plan

Case: Multinational Capital Budgeting

China & Australia

Hypothetical Incorporated

MBA AF 626 Fall 2011
International Financial Management
Professor XX


Table of Contents PART I – Analysis: Australia vs. China A. Country Analysis 1. Economic Environment 3 2. Social Environment 10 3. Political Environment 12 B. Industry Analysis 1. Aluminum Industry in Australia 17 2. Airline Industry in China 18

PART II-Capital Budget Analysis 1. Weighted Average Cost of Capital 19 2. Net Present Value 20 3. Scenario Analysis 21 PART III – Conclusion: Investment Decision 23 References 24 Appendixes 26

PART I – Analysis: Australia vs. China A. Country Analysis I. Economic Environment
Australia is a market oriented financial system which includes the world’s 13th largest economy and the 9th highest per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with almost two consecutive decades of growth and the unemployment rate falling to a generational low. As a result of nearly three decades of structural and policy reforms, Australian’s economy has proven to be a competitive player in the increasingly integrated global markets. In terms of country risk, Australia’s favorable attitude towards private enterprise and its well-protected property rights incent growth and propagate stability conveying comfort to international investors that its government will not take actions that adversely affect the value of companies operating there such as expropriation.
Australia's economy is dominated by its services sector; yet, it is the agricultural and mining sectors that account for the bulk of Australia's exports. Australia's

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Multinational Cost Me Capital and Term Structure

...MULTINATIONAL COST OF CAPITAL AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE LEARNING OBJECTIVES The specific objectives of this chapter are to: l explain how corporate and country characteristics influence an MNC’s cost of capital, explain why there are differences in the costs of capital among countries, and explain how corporate and country characteristics are considered by an MNC when it establishes its capital structure. l l An MNC finances its operations by using a mixture of fixed interest borrowing and equity financing that can minimize the overall cost of capital (the weighted average of its interest rate and dividend payments). By minimizing the cost of capital used to finance a given size and risk of operations, financial managers can maximize the value of the company and therefore maximize shareholder wealth. 25 26 MULTINATIONAL COST OF CAPITAL AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE BACKGROUND ON COST OF CAPITAL Apart from working capital, a firm’s capital consists of equity (retained earnings and funds obtained by issuing shares) and debt (borrowed funds). With these funds a firm invests in a portfolio of projects, each project potentially offering different risks and different returns. The interest rate that the firm applies or charges to these projects (the cost of using the firm’s capital) will therefore vary according to the project’s particular risk. Profitable investment in this context is where the firm invests in projects that achieve returns greater than that required by their risk. A project...

Words: 19422 - Pages: 78

Premium Essay


...Financial Analysis: Billabong International Limited - Australia A paper submitted to Webber International University In partial fulfillment for the Master’s in Business Administration International Business By: Patrick L. Date: July 11, 2012 Course: MBA 6811 Semester: 2012 Instructor: Eberle Table of Contents Introduction 3 Country Factors & Monitoring Central Bank Intervention 4 Foreign Exchange Market & Movements in Currency 5 Currency Futures & Options 7 Arbitrage Opportunities & IFE 8 Monitoring Exchange Rate Trends & Risk 9 Direct Foreign Investment 11 Capital Budgeting 12 Corporate Governance & Country Risk Analysis 14 Capital Structure 15 Long-Term International Financing 17 Financing International Trade 19 Short-Term International Financing & Managing Cash Internationally 20 Current Events 21 Conclusion & SWOT Analysis 22 References 24 Introduction Billabong International Limited (BBL) is an Australia based listed company headquartered at Burleigh Heads in Queensland, Australia. The main business activities of the company are related to marketing, distribution, wholesale and retail of wetsuits, clothing, eye wears, hardboards for board games and accessories concerned with the season of snow fall, surfing and skating. Billabong’s products are being sold through...

Words: 5108 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay


...Chapter 07 Foreign Currency Transactions and Hedging Foreign Exchange Risk Multiple Choice Questions 1. According to the World Trade Organization, what was the size of international trade in 2008? A) $7,000,000,000 (7 billion dollars) B) $70,000,000,000 (70 billion dollars) C) $37,000,000,000 (37 billion dollars) D) $16,000,000,000,000 (16 trillion dollars) Answer: D Level: Easy LO: 1 2. In the years between 1990 and 2001 when global gross domestic product rose 27%, what was the growth in global exports? A) 25% B) 75% C) 35% D) 50% Answer: B Level: Medium LO: 1 3. What is a “foreign exchange rate?” A) the price to buy a foreign currency B) the price to buy foreign goods C) the difference between the price of goods in a foreign currency and the price in a domestic currency D) the cost to hold all monetary assets in a single currency Answer: A Level: Easy LO: 1 4. Why was there very little fluctuation in the foreign exchange rate in the period 1945-1973? A) This was a period when the world economy was very stable. B) There was very little growth in the world economy between 1945 and 1973. C) Countries linked their currency to the U.S. dollar, which was backed by gold reserves. D) Most currencies were pegged to the British...

Words: 30626 - Pages: 123

Premium Essay


...Expansion E-Global or E-Local Entry Strategy Alternatives Reactive Responses Exporting; Licensing; Franchising; Contract Manufacturing; Of/shoring; Service Sector Outsourcing; Turnkey Operations; Management Contracts; International Joint Ventures; Fully-Owned Subsidiaries; e-Business Proactive Reasons Management Focus: Mexico's Cemex Reverses Course to Comparative Management in Focus: Strategic Planning for the EU Market Strategic Choice of Opportunities in South Africa Reasons for Going International Respond to Global Downturn Strategic Formulation Process Steps in Developing International and Global Strategies Mission and Objectives Environmental Assessment Institutional Effects on International Competition Sources of Environmental Information Internal Analysis Competitive Analysis Strategic Decision-Making Models Global and International Strategic Alternatives Approaches to World Markets Global Strategy Regionalization/localization Ali Sulaiman 71859876 Timing Entry and Scheduling Expansions The Influence of Culture on Strategic Choices Conclusion Summary of Key Points Discussion Questions Application ic Exercises Experiential Exercise Internet Resources Case Study: YouTube LLC: Going Global by Acting Local AUL_KASLIK – MBA Helen Deresky International Management OBJECTIVES 1. To understand why companies engage in international business. 2. To learn the steps in global strategic planning and the models available...

Words: 25592 - Pages: 103

Free Essay


...& SingTel Annual Report 2014 This Year's Report CoNTENTS overview an overview of our business, providing details on how we performed, key events and achievements from the past year, as well as our strategy moving forward Our Vision and Mission Our Mobile Reach What Differentiates Us Our Strategy An Exciting Year Chairman's Statement GCEO Review 01 02 04 05 06 08 10 12 buSineSS review insight into each of our business units SuSTainabiliTy and governance information on our organisation structure, management team, corporate governance, risk management and sustainability efforts 16 24 30 36 Board of Directors Organisation Structure Management Committee Senior Management Sustainability and Governance Philosophy Corporate Governance Investor Relations Risk Management Philosophy and Approach Sustainability 39 44 45 48 49 50 70 72 80 Group Consumer Group Enterprise Group Digital L!fe Key Awards and Accolades performance our performance at a glance financialS audited financial statements for the year ended 31 march 2014 89 91 92 Directors’ Report Statement of Directors Independent Auditors’ Report Consolidated Income Statement Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income Statements of Financial Position Statements of Changes in Equity Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Notes to the Financial Statements 102 110 111 112 113 114 116 120 123 addiTional informaTion Shareholder and corporate information, as well as contact points for our offices worldwide...

Words: 84138 - Pages: 337

Premium Essay

3) What Can a Firm Do to Manage the Exchange Rate Risk of Foreign Currency Borrowing?

...17. If the spot rate of the Malaysian ringgit is $.30 and the six month forward rate of the ringgit is $.32, what is the forward premium or discount on an annual basis? A. premium; about 14.5% B. discount; about 14.5% * C. premium; about 13.3% D. discount; about 13.3% E. premium; about 16.7% Solution: use Equation (5-4) [(.32 - .30)/.30] x (360/180) = 13.3% 18. If the spot rate of the Israel shekel is $.32 and the six month forward rate is $.30, what is the forward premium or discount on an annual basis? A. discount; 11.5% B. premium; 11.5% C. premium; 12.5% * D. discount; 12.5% E. premium; 22.5% Solution: use Equation (5-4) [(.30 - .32)/.32] x (360/180) = -12.5% 19. If the Canadian dollar is equal to $.86 and the Brazilian real is equal to $.28, what is the value of the Brazilian real in terms of Canadian dollars? * A. about .3256 reals B. about .3568 reals C. about 1.2 reals D. about 1.5 reals E. about .5600 reals Solution: cross rate .28/.86 = .3256 20. If the Japanese yen was worth $.0035 six months ago and is worth $.0045 today, how much has the yen appreciated or depreciated? * A. appreciated; about 29% B. appreciated; about 25% C. depreciated; about 20% D. depreciated; about 18% E. appreciated; about 15% Solution: use Equation (5-1) (.0045 - .0035)/.0035 = 29% 21. Assume: (1) the US annual interest...

Words: 21464 - Pages: 86

Premium Essay

Chapter 1 Finance Book

...D 4. Managers are generally defined as ___. A. stockholders * B. agents C. creditors D. suppliers E. customers 5. Which of the following is not one of seven principles of global finance? A. market imperfection B. risk-return tradeoff C. portfolio effect D. comparative advantage * E. company advantage 6. Incentives for multinational company managers include the following except ___. A. stock options B. bonuses C. perquisites D. salary increases * E. vacation 7. Environmental factors affecting international operations are as follows except ___. A. foreign customs B. foreign economic factors C. foreign political situations D. foreign legal aspect * E. international distance 8. Three major risks in international business are ___. A. political, financial and weather B. economic, political and people * C. political, financial and regulatory D. accounting, management and information E. marketing, ethics and political 9. Conflicts of interest for multinational corporations do not include ___. A. the interests of sovereign governments may be different B. the goals of multinationals are divergent from host countries C. some conflicts may...

Words: 26027 - Pages: 105

Free Essay

International Business

...This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee. Organization The overarching logic of the book is intuitive—organized around answers to the what, where, why, and how of international business. WHAT? Section one introduces what is international business and who has an interest in it. Students will sift through the globalization debate and understanding the impact of ethics on global businesses. Additionally, students will explore the evolution of international trade from past to present, with a focus on how firms and professionals can better understand today’s complex global business arena by understanding the impact of political and legal factors. The section concludes with a chapter on understanding how cultures are defined and the impact on business interactions and practices with tangible tips for negotiating across cultures. WHERE? Section two develops student knowledge about key facets of the global business environment and the key elements of trade and cooperation between nations and global organizations. Today, with increasing numbers of companies of all sizes operating internationally, no business or country can remain an island. Rather, the interconnections between countries, businesses, and institutions are inextricable. Even how we define the world is changing. No longer classified into simple and neat...

Words: 239764 - Pages: 960

Free Essay


...A Case Study of the Acquisition of Swedish Volvo by Chinese Geely Author: Lieke Wang Supervisor: Thomas Danborg Master's Thesis in Business Administration, MBA programme February 2011 Abstract The acquisition of the famous Swedish Volvo by the unknown Chinese Geely has attracted a lot of attention in the world-wide medias, particularly in Sweden and China. It is the largest overseas acquisition ever by a Chinese company, which marks a beginning of a new era that the fastest growing China has become a superpower in the world economy. Because this acquisition is such a complex business where two involved companies are so much different, it is of high interest to make a case study of this in the business research area. The thesis begins the study by looking at the basic facts of these two companies: the products, market, finance situation, brand and technology, etc. It was found that these two companies have very little in similarity, but a huge difference in product segment, technology and brand, inter-culture, language, etc. Therefore, there is no immediate cost saving through the integration of two companies and the sharing of the common components, which indicates that the risk of failure of this acquisition is relatively big. However, there do exist some opportunities lying ahead. The most obvious opportunity is the possible rapid expansion in the growing Chinese market as Volvo’s second home market. To be successful in China, Volvo must address several issues: quickly...

Words: 23409 - Pages: 94

Premium Essay

Global Strategy

... Learning Objectives 1. The role of strategy in international business 2. The integration-responsiveness framework 3. Distinct strategies emerging from the integration-responsiveness framework 4. Organizational structure 5. Alternative organizational arrangements for international operations 6. Building the global firm 7. Putting organizational change in motion International Business: Strategy, Management, and the New Realities 2 What Is Strategy? • Strategy is a plan of action that channels an organization’s resources so that it can effectively differentiate itself from competitors and accomplish unique and viable goals. • Managers develop strategies based on the organization’s strengths and weaknesses relative to the competition and assessing opportunities. • Managers decide which customers to target, what product lines to offer, and with which firms to compete. International Business: Strategy, Management, and the New Realities 3 Strategy in an International Context • Strategy in an international context is a plan for the organization to position itself vis-a-vis its competitors, and resolve how it wants to configure its value chain activities on a global scale. • Its purpose is to help managers create an international vision, allocate resources, participate in major international markets, be competitive, and perhaps reconfigure its value chain activities given the new international opportunities. International Business: Strategy, Management, and the New Realities 4 Strategy...

Words: 6005 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay


...accepted, each candidate goes through a full background check conducted by an independent agency. International and experienced In a class of 90, you will find 40+ different nationalities and 90% of the participants will have spent at least 6 months outside their home country. With a minimum of 3 years of work experience, our participants have on average 7 years of experience prior to IMD. Trained to become truly global hand-on leaders Besides strong academic business fundamentals, our intensive one-year program is designed to constantly push our MBAs beyond their comfort zone. A diversity of hands-on projects takes them through various settings: - a 6-week startup project - a 9-week international consulting project with medium to large multinational companies - a one-week discovery expedition to an emerging market (this year, South Africa), advising local SMEs With a strong self-awareness With an unparalleled focus on leadership, the IMD MBA program aims at enhancing selfawareness, identifying ones’ strengths and learning how to lead teams and organizations. It includes: - preparing a personal and professional identity...

Words: 13582 - Pages: 55

Premium Essay

Kofi Baboni

...chapter 10 the international context There never were, since the creation of the world, two cases exactly parallel. Philip Dormer Stanhope (1694–1773); English Secretary of State INTRODUCTION firms move out of their domestic market on to the Aswith differinglanguage, arenas.system, technologicalinternational stage, they aretofaced business The nations they expand to can vary with regard consumer behavior, legal infrastructure, business culture, educational system, labor relations, political ideology, distribution structures and fiscal regime, to name just a few. At face value, the plurality of the international context can seem daunting. Yet, the question is how important the international differences are for firms operating across borders. Do firms need to adapt to the international diversity encountered, or can they find ways of overcoming the constraints imposed by distinct national systems, structures and behaviors? This matter of understanding and dealing with international variety is one of the key topics for managers operating across borders. A second question with regard to the international context is that of international linkages – to what extent do events in one country have an impact on what happens in other countries? When a number of nations are tightly linked to one another in a particular area, this is referred to as a case of international integration. If, on the other hand, there are very weak links between developments in one country and developments...

Words: 14800 - Pages: 60

Premium Essay

International Finance

...Consulting Editor FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Adair Excel Applications for Corporate Finance First Edition Block, Hirt, and Danielsen Foundations of Financial Management Fourteenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance Tenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance, Concise Second Edition Brealey, Myers, and Marcus Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Sixth Edition Brooks FinGame Online 5.0 Bruner Case Studies in Finance: Managing for Corporate Value Creation Sixth Edition Chew The New Corporate Finance: Where Theory Meets Practice Third Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: Applications and Theory First Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: M Book First Edition DeMello Cases in Finance Second Edition Grinblatt (editor) Stephen A. Ross, Mentor: Influence through Generations Grinblatt and Titman Financial Markets and Corporate Strategy Second Edition Higgins Analysis for Financial Management Ninth Edition Kellison Theory of Interest Third Edition Kester, Ruback, and Tufano Case Problems in Finance Twelfth Edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jaffe Corporate Finance Ninth Edition Ross, Westerfield, Jaffe, and Jordan Corporate Finance: Core Principles and Applications Third Edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jordan Essentials of Corporate Finance Seventh Edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jordan Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Ninth Edition Shefrin Behavioral Corporate Finance: Decisions that Create Value First Edition White Financial...

Words: 186186 - Pages: 745

Premium Essay

Multinational Finance Answers

...Solutions to End-of-Chapter Questions and Problems in Multinational Finance by Kirt C. Butler Second Edition PART I Overview and Background Chapter 1 Introduction to Multinational Finance Answers to Conceptual Questions 1.1 Describe the ways in which multinational financial management is different from domestic financial management. Multinational financial management is conducted in an environment that is influenced by more than one cultural, social, political, or economic environment. 1.2 What is country risk? Describe several types of country risk one might face when conducting business in another country. Country risks refer to the political and financial risks of conducting business in a particular foreign country. Country risks include foreign exchange risk, political risk, and cultural risk. 1.3 What is foreign exchange risk? Foreign exchange (or currency) risk is the risk of unexpected changes in foreign currency exchange rates. 1.4 What is political risk? Political risk is the risk that a sovereign host government will unexpectedly change the rules of the game under which businesses operate. 1.5 In what ways do cultural differences impact the conduct of international business? Because they define the rules of the game, national business and popular cultures impact each of the functional disciplines of business from research and development right through to marketing, production...

Words: 33151 - Pages: 133

Premium Essay

Analysis of International Marketing

...10/29/03 2:20 PM Page ii 3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page iii second edition International Human Resource Management edited by A n n e - Wi l H a r z i n g J o r i s Va n R u y s s e v e l d t SAGE Publications London l Thousand Oaks l New Delhi 3122-prelims.qxd 10/29/03 2:20 PM Page iv © Anne-Wil Harzing and Joris van Ruysseveldt, 2004 First published 2004 Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers. SAGE Publications Ltd 1 Olivers Yard London EC1Y 1SP SAGE Publications Inc 2455 Teller Road Thousand Oaks, California 91320 SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd B-42, Panchsheel Enclave Post Box 4109 New Delhi 100 017 British Library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7619 4039 1 ISBN 0 7619 4040 5 (pbk) Library of Congress Control Number available Typeset by C&M Digitals (P) Ltd., Chennai, India Printed in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press Ltd...

Words: 205529 - Pages: 823