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Industrialization
Elizabeth Hughes
American InterContinental

Abstract
This paper gives two descriptions of developments of industrialization that positively affect American lives. It talks about the negatively effects that the developments of industrialization had on American and it analysis whether the industrialization was generally beneficial or detrimental to American lives and the history of the United States.

Industrialization
•Description of two (2) developments of industrialization that positively affected American lives or the United States in general
Since day one of the industrial era, there have been many different contributions that have been revised for present day operations. The industrial market started back in the middle Ages when the people had swords made of iron, carbon, and other metals. The two of the major developments that will be the area of interest are technology made from of natural resources and transportation and communication. In the 1850s inventors in England and America discovered a cheaper way-called the Bessemer process after the British developer-to convert large quantities of iron into steel (Davidson, n.d.). The conversion of iron to steel grew rapidly; it was cheaper and could hold much more weight. By the 1900s, the US was the largest, cheapest producer of steel, because of the high demand of the resource; it seemed that the demand for steel was inexhaustible. Today steel is being used for railroads, bridge beams, and frames for buildings. Natural resources are still the way of the world. During the Civil War era, petroleum was used for lighting lamps, lubricating machinery, and paraffin for making candles. Petroleum is a liquid substance found in a form of a rock. This resource was used to start fires with wood for cooking and heating houses. Petroleum was also used for gasoline-powered carriages, but today it is used for gasoline for vehicles as well. Petroleum is used twice as much as coal and natural gas, it is the largest source of energy in the nation. It is the source for power plants operations. Not only did the US have a high demand for it, but they also profited by trading it in the world market.
•Description of two (2) developments of industrialization that negatively affected American lives or the United States in general
Due to usage of the natural resources, it caused the environment harm. The more amounts of resources used, it produced huge amounts of waste. Coal mining, logging, and the industrial toxins of factories led top only the most obvious forms of environmental degradation- scarred land, vanishing forests, contaminated waters (Davidson, n.d.). Rock and gravel from mining was washed into the rivers causing floods to the lands that were down stream. Even the meat packers found ways to use every inch of the animals. Because of the use of petroleum, the environment became polluted. Petroleum has been the cause of many wars in the Middle East. The regions that is located around oil where found that human rights were being violated. Transportation and communication also played a major part during this era. Resources were no good to the world unless it could be transported across the country, and what better way than transportation. By 1870, an efficient transportation system created an integrated national market and tied the US into an emerging international economy (Davidson, n.d.). Powered ships and railroads carried passengers and freight across the country and the oceans, which cut travel time in half to 10 days. To have an efficient transportation system, communication had to be a part of the industry.
Information was a precious commodity, as essential to industry as were resources and technology (Davidson, n.d.). The first invention in communication was the telegraph. The telegraph was a communication system that transmitted electric signals through wires across the country that had a message. This invention paved a new way the telegraph also initiated the communication of submarines. By 1877, the telegraph was faded as the telephone became the second invention to communication.
•An analysis of whether or not industrialization was generally beneficial or detrimental to the lives of Americans and the history of United States
The telephone is a device that can transmit speech electronically, which was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. It allows the sender and the receiver to exchange information in direct contact without being face to face. The first telephone was installed in the White House in 1878, and the state of Connecticut opened the first telephone exchange. In 1915 the American Telephone and Telegraph Company opened the first transcontinental line (Davidson, n.d.).
By the turn of the century, the telephone became a part of the economic and social revolution. It helps to restore the economy and the destruction of jobs. Over time technology of communication has evolved into something more advanced than the regular telephone. Today people communicate through cellphones by texting and computer by internet via email. Telephones have made it much easier for us to keep in touch with our long distance friends and relatives. Even though technology has made it easier to communicate, it also has it downfalls. There is no consideration of the impact that technology has on our lives. Phones and computers have made the world to become disconnected for each other, not to mention they can also become expensive. The use of the telephone (such as mobile devices) are said to be related to health problems. The electromagnetic waves alter the activity in the brain and are related to Alzheimer’s. It also causes brain cancer, cancer in the mouth, and leukemia. The impact of natural resources, transportation, and communication has had a great impact on the world. If there was a world without use of natural resources, there would be no electricity to run businesses and household, no gasoline to operate motor vehicles, and no steel metal for construction. Steel has also paved the way for the transportation with railroads across the country and steel for bridges. Technology is the way of the world, without there would probably another Great Depression.

Reference Davidson, Delay. (n.d.). Experience History Interpreting America’s Past (7th ed.) [https://mycampus.aiu-online.com/pages/MainFrame.aspx?ContentFrame=/Home/Pages/Default.aspx] Retrieve from AIU Online Virtual Campus. Events that Change the World: HIST105-1203A-20 website.

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