Premium Essay

History of Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sujana
Words 1251
Pages 6
History of Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship
Several studies on topics like entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs were done by several academicians all over the world in different countries. The issue got immense importance in the eyes of the researchers. The case of Bangladesh is also similar. After the period of British ruling when two new states India and Pakistan came, the economy of this subcontinent was backward, highly agricultural and characterized by massive poverty (Ray, 1992). During the ruling of Pakistanis, though the other side of Pakistan (West Pakistan) saw some economic developments, the portion which is now called Bangladesh (the then East Pakistan) could not see that light. Bangladesh got rid of Pakistani ruling in December 1971.But because of one-eyed behavior of the then Pakistani rulers huge economic problems were already prevailing in East Pakistan even at the pre-independence period. After independence, as a result of the post-war crisis, massive political unrested. The overall economy became more backward and stagnant. From then, even today Bangladesh is known all over the world for its mass-poverty and poor economic growth (Kamal, 1985). Even now-a-day, the dominant sector of economy is the agricultural sector. But investment in agriculture from commercial point of view has not been made much due to ownership problems, existing inheritance laws, uneconomic size of farm, socio-cultural traditions of the people and absence of governmental commitment for restructuring agricultural sector etc. (Saha, 1990). In case of industrial sector it can be said that as a result of the post-war industrial policy (which included nationalization of industries) discouraged the growth of enterprises in the private sector and it hampered the development of entrepreneurship in the newly born country (Sadeq, 1989). After 1975, when the political...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Assignment Entrepreneurship

...------------------------------------------------- Myth 5: Entrepreneurs Must Fit the "Profile" Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship: An Introduction It is not easy to give a particular answer to the question: Why do people want to start and run independent businesses? Different answers may come from different people. Some people may start a business just because they love independence and hate to tolerate bossing in the jobs. Some may not have the capability and qualification to do a job and as job is not available to them, they go for independent businesses in order to survive. Some may have some special skills and love challenges to run an independent business. Several motivational factors like need for affiliation, need for power and need for achievement (McClelland, 1961) are also responsible for going for an independent business. Murthy, et al (1986) found that entrepreneurs are motivated to start a business because of the factors like ambitious factors, compelling factors and facilitating factors. Whatever may be the reason, it can be said that in most of the times of the history of human civilization, there were entrepreneurs who did independent businesses and this trend of history still continues. For the last few decades in all over the world, entrepreneurs are regarded as value adding people to the society. Holt (1992) says, “The term entrepreneur may be properly applied to those who incubate new ideas, start enterprises based on those ideas, and provide added......

Words: 2496 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Entrepreneurship

...Characteristics/Profiles of Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs Several studies were done in order to identify the characteristics or profiles of Bangladeshi entrepreneurs. Papanek (1969) observed psychological trait of risk taking among the people of the then East Pakistan(now Bangladesh). Farouk (1983) did a survey on Bangladeshi entrepreneurs and in this survey he focused on the biography of successful Bangladeshi entrepreneurs. He found that Bangladeshi entrepreneurs are generally hard working, honest, religious, trustworthy, reliable, and less educated and live simple lives. Most of the entrepreneurs in this survey had poor educational background and were not good students. Generally these entrepreneurs come from three groups: 1. Those families who have been in business or industry by tradition and their children Are now in business, 2. Retired government officers or politicians or their family members. 3. Those that began small but achieved considerable success by their personal efforts. Rahman (1989) found that Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs possess some characteristics that are similar to characteristics of entrepreneurs in other countries. He did an extensive survey on 5 living Bangladeshi entrepreneurs and found that they are hard workers, truthful, religious, simple living, honest, sincere, good leaders; task oriented and had capacity to influence others. The highest educational degree they achieved was the Bachelors degree. Most of them started their businesses...

Words: 11869 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Social Entrepreneurship

...What is social entrepreneurship? The animation is made to explain the concept of social entrepreneurship to the general public and raise awareness of the importance of this type of business.... Social entrepreneurship is the attempt to draw upon business techniques to find solutions to social problems.This concept may be applied to a variety of organizations with different sizes, aims, and beliefs. Conventional entrepreneurs typically measure performance in profit and return, but social entrepreneurs also take into account a positive return to society. Social entrepreneurship typically attempts to further broad social, cultural, and environmental goals is often associated with the voluntary sector. At times, profit also may be a consideration for certain companies or other social enterprises. There are continuing arguments over precisely who counts as a social entrepreneur. Thus far, there has been no consensus on the definition of social entrepreneurship, so many different sorts of fields and disciplines are associated with social entrepreneurship. Philanthropists, social activists, environmentalists, and other socially oriented practitioners are referred to as social entrepreneurs. For a clearer definition of what social entrepreneurship entails, it is necessary to set the function of social entrepreneurship apart from other socially oriented activities and identify the boundaries within which social entrepreneurs operate.[4] Some have advocated restricting the......

Words: 2381 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

This Report Focuses on the Entrepreneurial Challenges and the Process of Overcoming

...xecutive summery: This report focuses on the entrepreneurial challenges and the process of overcoming them specially reinforcing the financial issue. The report presents both the entrepreneur and financial institution’s view on financing opportunities for SME institutions. As a financial organization the report shed light on BSRS and its BCC/BASIS/ICT Incubator and its adjacent financing modules. From entrepreneur’s point of view a number of incubator listed firms were selected and their financing process has been introduced. This report exclusively focused its view toward ICT SMEs. The fact that ICT Incubator is only accessible to IT companies and the importance of ICT in Bangladesh economy growth has an implicit importance in this regard. The report took this issue further by listing the bars that remains in today’s financial market for an ICT SME. The report also contains critical analysis of the whole financing process and its pro/cons. The submitters took the liberty of comparing BSRS normal SME financing schemes and its past data with BSRS/BCC/ICT Incubator financing schemes. This report also showed the Requirements, Paper works, Validation process, Other payment options & Follow through of the whole financing process. Past data of BSRS financial investments and loan disbursements as well as data on participation in ICT incubator has also been included. Recent times have seen an encouraging up rise of women participation in SME institutions. This fact has not......

Words: 9970 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

A Successful Entrepreneur in Bangladesh

...A successful Bangladeshi entrepreneur Prepared for: Mr. Shahriar Kabir (SK) Course Instructor, Entrepreneurship Development BUS513 (Spring 2014) Prepared by Saniul Islam ID: 201103107 IBA, Jahangirnagar University Date: February 8, 2014 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Profile 3 Company Profile 3 How did he set up REVE Systems 4 Specialization of REVE Systems 4 Target customers 4 Competition in the industry 4 Choosing IT Sector 4 History of his company 5 Working environment in REVE Systems 5 M Rezaul Hassan advice to the budding entrepreneurs in Bangladesh 5 References 6 Introduction M Rezaul Hassan is the founder CEO of REVE Systems. Under his leadership, REVE Systems has become the leading software and solutions provider in IP communications domain. REVE Systems was awarded with the Red Herring’s Top 100 Global Company in 2012. REVE Systems is headquartered in Singapore, has software development facilities in Dhaka and New Delhi and offices in the UK and the USA. Right now, REVE Systems has 2000 plus carriers from more than 75 countries as their customer. Profile Mr Rezaul Hassan is the CEO of REVE Systems. He founded this company in 2003 after working in the IT/ Telecom industry for many years. As the founding CEO, Hassan, along with a dedicated team of colleagues, has helped to build REVE Systems into a major......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

A Successful Entreprenur

... Department of Finance Jagannath University, Dhaka 4th Batch ID No: 105211 Submission Date: September 10, 2012 Letter of Transmission September 10, 2012 Nafisa Rounok Course Instructor: FIN 3208 (Entrepreneurship Development) Department of Finance Jagannath University, Dhaka. Dear Madam, It is an honor and great pleasure for us to present our Project Report on “A successful Entrepreneur”. This report was assigned to us as a partial requirement of the ‘Entrepreneurship Development’ (FIN-3208) course in the sixth semester. The Project program was an experience of rediscovering our potentials and full of excitements. This report has given us an opportunity to apply our theoretical expertise, sharpen our views, ideas, and communication skills, and bridge them with the real world of practical experience, which will be a good head start for our future professional career. During the preparation of the report we faced some problems that have been erased out with your propound lecture and assistance. Without your cooperation and guideline this report would have been......

Words: 2796 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Successfully Enterpreneure

...perceptions. Thus, sequence and time are necessary. After studying the theoretical aspect of a subject matter, understanding its practical implications is one of the prime steps of learning. Our assignment is on history of legendary and successful Entrepreneur, which is fully in the organizational context. During the process of preparing this assignment, we could enrich our knowledge about many aspects of the Entrepreneurial Management that we have explored with the light of our limited knowledge. The most successful men in the end are those whose success is the result of steady acceleration. Therefore, we have chosen Sir Fazle Hasan Abed - a living legendary leader, organizer, risk taker and an innovator who has cosmopolitan acceptance to complete our assignment. His life history as a successful entrepreneur inspired us to take extra interest and effort to know about him and we have become more resourceful on this living legend. SIR FAZLE HASAN ABED - A SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEUR Born 1936 (age 74–75) Baniachong, British India (now in Habiganj District, Bangladesh) Residence Bangladesh Nationality Bangladeshi/British Education Naval Architecture Occupation Founder of BRAC Parents Syed Mustafa Ali (father) Introduction An entrepreneur is person who assumes the organization, management, and risks of a business enterprise. He assumes the risk and management of business; an undertaker of economic...

Words: 3977 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Role of Venture Capital in Bangldesh

...Executive summary In this paper, an attempt is made to delineate the deficiencies of the existing financial system in Bangladesh to cater to financing needs of SMEs or new potential entrepreneurs and a proposal has been given to develop the venture capital industry to meet financing and non-financing needs of SMEs. SMEs play a vital role within Bangladesh’s economy in terms of creation of industrial outputs and generation of employment. Even though they play a significant role they face problems in securing investment or manage finance to develop their ideas or to expand their existing business. It is not possible for Bangladesh to accelerate economic growth without catering to the financing needs of SMEs, Thus, the paper proposes the development of the venture capital industry as an additional financial intermediary to Cater to financing and non-financing needs of SMEs. The paper discusses available sources of finance for SMEs and the Constraints of these sources. There are basically three sources from which SMEs may receive finance. These are banks, non-government organizations (NGOs) and the capital market. Then, we discuss the advantages that venture capitalists have over banks in catering to the funding needs of SMEs. It is argued that venture capitalists perform the role of ‘active investors’ by way of offering both financial and non-financial commitment to the investee company, which is essential in a market characterized by a high level of uncertainties. Also, it is......

Words: 3834 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Nbfi in Microeconomic Development in Bangladesh

...School of Business United International University FINANCING OPTIONS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES): EXPLORING NON-BANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AS AN ALTERNATIVE MEANS OF FINANCING THE CASE OF BANGLADESH Submitted To Submitted By James Bakul Sarkar Md. Moniruzzaman Assistant Professor ID: 111091381 School of Business Bachelor of Business Administration Bachelor’s Degree Thesis in Business Administration ACRONYMS SMES SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES NBFI NON BANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS. FFS FORMAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM IFS INFORMAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM FMF FEDERAL MINISTRY OF FINANCE CBN CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA NDIC NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION SEC SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NIC NATIONAL INSURANCE COMMISSION FMBN FEDERAL MORTGAGE BANK OF NIGERIA NDIC NIGERIA DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION SEC SECURITY AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NAICOM NATIONAL INSURANCE COMMISSION ABSTRACT TITLE: FINANCING OPTIONS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES): EXPLORING NON-BANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AS AN ALTERNATIVE MEANS OF FINANCING. AUTHOR: Md. Moniruzzaman SUPERVISOR: James Bakul Sarkar DEPARTMENT: School of Business, United International University COURSE: Bachelor’s......

Words: 13904 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Test

...Leadership Center PRODUCTION TEAM - CREATIVE DESIGN Ivdad Ahmed Khan Mojlish Director, Youth Leadership Programs, Bangladesh Youth Leadership Center Neamah Nazrul Islam Management Trainee, Bangladesh Youth Leadership Center We are grateful to Pial Islam and his team at pi Strategy Consulting for their generous support in survey design and data analysis. In addition, we offer a special thank you to Charles Undeland at the World Bank for his guidance and advice on the production of this report. Funded by Strategy Partner THE WORLD BANK 02 pi STRATEGY CONSULTING Contents 05 Preface Youth Survey Project 06 Summit at a Glance 08 Global Citizenship 11 Leading in Times of Uncertainty 15 Entrepreneurship 19 23 Climate Change and Renewable Energy 27 Human Rights and Ethics 31 Media and Journalism 38...

Words: 21662 - Pages: 87

Free Essay

Social Entrepreneurship

...Social Entrepreneurship and the work that a social entrepreneur does. The Report is a guide to learn Social Entrepreneurship through Handson experience. The Report covers my experience in starting a Social Enterprise, difficulties I encountered during the time and how to make a Social Enterprise a Viable option. This report covers everything from rise of this term Social Entrepreneur, to work done by Social Entrepreneurs, to the Entrepreneurial theories and approaches they follow or must follow. This report also describes several Social Ventures and the people behind those ventures who have brought about a positive social change. Social Entrepreneurship is a relatively new phenomenon and the excitement it has created throughout the world because of the impact it has had is tremendous. This report thus describes what learning social entrepreneurship through hands-on experience is. The Report also lists the various people I contacted for Sponsorship and the manner in which they supported the project. 5 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 03 ABSTRACT 04 1. SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP 06 1.1 INTRODUCTION 1.2 OBJECTIVES 1.3 METHODOLOGY 1.4 DATA COLLECTION 1.5 CHAPTER SCHEME 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 11 3. HISTORY 17 4. MODERN SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP 22 5. SOME OUTSTANDING EXAMPLES 27 6. THEORIES OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP 33 7. CONCLUSION 38 8. BIBILIOGRAPHY 39 6 CHAPTER-1 SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP 1.1 INTRODUCTION: Social entrepreneurship is......

Words: 8926 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Business Plan

...Chapter-1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction The role of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) loan is indispensable for overall economic development of a country particularly for developing countries like Bangladesh. Since this sector is labor intensive with short gestation period, it is capable of increasing national income as well as rapid employment generation; achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) especially eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, gender equality and women empowerment. SME sector has played a vital role in economic development of some prosperous countries of Asia. Terming SME as ‘employment generating machine’ they stressed on SME development for higher economic growth, narrowing the gap of income inequality and poverty alleviation. The present government has also put much emphasis on the development of SME sector considering it as the driving force for industrialization. I have selected the Mercantile Bank. Students are required to prepare an internship report under the guidance of a supervisor on a selected subject matter to highlighting his experience and to conduct an in depth analysis on the subject matter. During my internship period I got the opportunity to work in SME department and I had an interest to prepare my internship report on the Small & Medium Enterprise (SME) Loan of Mercantile Bank Ltd. My supervisor Mr. Emran Ahmed, Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, World University of Bangladesh has allowed me to......

Words: 8373 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Entreprenureship

...of entrepreneur An entrepreneur is an enterprising individual who builds capital through risk and/or initiative. The term was originally a loanword from French and was first defined by the Irish-French economist Richard Cantillon. Entrepreneur in English is a term applied to a person who is willing to help launch a new venture or enterprise and accept full responsibility for the outcome. Over time, scholars have defined the term in different ways. Here are some of their definitions. a. 1725: Richard Cantillon: An entrepreneur is a person who pays a certain price for a product to resell it at an uncertain price, thereby making decisions about obtaining and using the resources while consequently admitting the risk of enterprise. b. 1803: J.B. Say: An entrepreneur is an economic agent who unites all means of production- land of one, the labour of another and the capital of yet another and thus produces a product. By selling the product in the market he pays rent of land, wages to labour, interest on capital and what remains is his profit. He shifts economic resources out of an area of lower and into an area of higher productivity and greater yield. c. 1934: Schumpeter: Entrepreneurs are innovators who use a process of shattering the status quo of the existing products and services, to set up new products, new services. d. 1949: C.H. Danhoff: Entrepreneurship is an activity or function and not a specific individual or occupation . . . the specific personal entrepreneur is......

Words: 6891 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Short Notes

...LEASE FINANCING Lease finance or lease financing means contract between owner of asset and user of asset. In this contract only rent is paid at periodical intervals for using of asset by user. If user of asset has no money to pay initial amount of leasing contract, he can also do contract with third part to pay initial amount or specific period rent of lease. Importance of Lease Financing: 1. Lease finance is easy to get than getting loan for buying all fixed assets. 2. Monthly rent payment for lease finance will be operating expenses. It will be allowed to deduct total income. So, company can get tax benefits in lease financing. 3. It can show as invisible debt of company out of its balance sheet. You can show lease finance in the footnote of balance sheet, if you did contract directly with the owner of asset. 4. One of major important point is that it is more flexible way of finance. You can fix your need of asset and get it one lease through lease financing. 5. A study from IFC [PDF] has revealed that 30% of total share of lease financing as investment of fixed asset is of emerging and developed economies and now 15% of developing countries. RETAIL BANKING Retail banking is a major form of commercial banking but mainly targeted to consum­ers rather than corporate clients. It is the method of banks' approach to the customers for sale of their products. The products are consumer-oriented like offering a car loan, home loan......

Words: 2412 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

An Entrepreneur Development Person "Samson H Chowdhury"

...Medicom INDEX |Chapter | |Page No | |Introduction Of Samson H. Chowdhury | | |Recognize |2-3 | | |Personal Life | | |Biography Of Samson H. Chowdhury | | |Early Life |4-24 | | |Life In Navy | | | |Job At Post Office | | | |Involvement Of Church | | | |Demise | | | |Position | ......

Words: 9611 - Pages: 39