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How Does Dyslexia Affect Student Literacy

Submitted By
Words 1873
Pages 8
Sarah Sweeney
Project Step 5
Julie Stuckey
24 April 2018
PALS for Students with Dyslexia to Improve Fluency
Dyslexia, a language-based learning disability, effects about 70-80% of students, which works out to be about one student in every classroom (Moats & Tolman, 2017, p. 1). Among these students, is John, a student in my classroom with Dyslexia. John shows difficulties in certain areas of reading and is behind his classmates in his reading abilities. John, in particular, shows his difficulties in areas of fluency, decoding, and comprehension. John’s difficulties affect one another. His poor ability to decode words affects his fluency which then affects his comprehension skills. For example, the other day when John was reading aloud to …show more content…
Usually, there are station activities set up for the pairs. For my classroom, we are working on our fluency and comprehension skills so the three activities I have planned and prepared for are partner reading, paragraph comprehension, and repeated reading. During partner reading, John and his partner would take turns reading to each other. This would help John hear someone read fluently and then practice for himself. Paragraph comprehension would allow students to practice comprehending what they just read. For example, John might read a paragraph and then with help from his partner, they would comprehend the paragraph together. The repeated reading station would have John repeatedly reading a short text so that he builds up his fluency. The more he reads, the better he will become at doing it fluently. All of these stations consist of activities that help students practice reading skills while working with a partner. While the students are working in pairs, the teacher can walk around to observe, monitor, and assess. The teacher can then use this information to determine how well PALS is working in their classroom and if there is anything that needs to be altered to make it work more …show more content…
(1999). Effects of Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies in Reading with and without Training in Elaborated Help Giving. The Elementary School Journal, 99(3), 201-219.
Mathes, P., Howard, J., Allen, S., & Fuchs, D. (1998). Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for First-Grade Readers: Responding to the Needs of Diverse Learners. Reading Research Quarterly, 33(1), 62-94.
Mathes, P., Torgesen, J., & Allor, J. (2001). The Effects of Peer-Assisted Literacy Strategies for First-Grade Readers with and without Additional Computer-Assisted Instruction in Phonological Awareness. American Educational Research Journal, 38(2), 371-410.
Moats, L., & Tolman, C. (2017, December 11). Types of Reading Disability. Retrieved from
The IRIS Center. (2008). PALS: A reading strategy for grades 2-6.Retrieved from

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