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Ict and Health System

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By mozakas
Words 12992
Pages 52
Acronyms used

AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ART Antiretroviral Therapy
ARVs Antiretrovirals
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BCC Behaviour Change Communication
CFSC Communication for Social Change
CSO Civil Society Organisation
DFID Department for International Development
FAO UN Food and Agricultural Organisation
FBOs Faith Based Organisations
FHI Family Health International
GFATM Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria
HDR Human Development Report
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
ICTs Information and communication technologies
IEC Information, Education and Communication
MAP Multi-country AIDS Programme
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
NGO Non-governmental Organisation
PLWHA People living with HIV and AIDS
PMTCT Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission
STI Sexually Transmitted Infection
TAC Treatment Action Campaign
UNAIDS Joint UN Programme on HIV and AIDS
UNESCO UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation
USAID United States Agency for International Development
VCT Voluntary Counselling and Testing
WHO World Health Organization
WTO World Trade Organization

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

In developing countries, preventable diseases and premature deaths still inflict a high toll. Inequity of access to basic health services affects distinct regions, communities, and social groups. Under-financing of the health sector in most countries has led to quantitative and qualitative deficiencies in service delivery and to growing gaps in facility and equipment upkeep. Inefficient allocation of scarce resources and lack of coordination among key stakeholders has made duplication of efforts, overlapping responsibilities, and resource wastage common and troublesome problems.

Most countries are at some stage of health sector reform to try to

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