Free Essay

Impact of Smoking on Healthcare

In: Social Issues

Submitted By AsraFirer
Words 376
Pages 2
One of the four social determinants is individual behavior and lifestyle choices. It includes diet, physical activity, and at risk health habits such as smoking (C. Mattheus, personal communication, April 2015). According to the CDC “Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, accounting for more than 480,000 deaths every year, or 1 of every 5 deaths” (DHHS,2014). Smoking-related illness and disease in the United States costs more than $300 billion each year. Nearly $170 billion is spent on direct medical care for adults and more than $156 billion in lost productivity, including $5.6 billion in lost productivity due to secondhand smoke exposure (Xu, 2014). These statistics and numbers are staggering and very troubling. Just as troubling is the economics behind tobacco advertising “In 2012, tobacco companies spent $9.6 billion marketing cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. This amount translates to about $26 million each day, or more than $1 million every hour” (FTC,2012). With that kind of dollar power behind the industry it is no wonder smokers are so challenged with the prospect of quitting and new smokers are caught up by the marketing. There are numerous choices to kick the habit that can reduce this unnecessary burden on the health care system and one’s own personal health. Start by speaking with a physician, try counseling, join a support group, or if necessary stronger prescription therapy such as the patch. One is never too old or too young to quit smoking and make a healthy lifestyle change that can impact you and the society in a positive manner. Smoking is not only harmful to you but to those around you.
Federal Trade Commission. (2012) Federal Trade Commission Cigarette Report for 2012 Washington: Federal Trade Commission. Retrieved from
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. (2014). The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Retrieved from

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Health and Wellness Programs

...programs not only to make their employees healthier, but to use these programs as a cost reduction tool for healthcare. Healthy employees’ equal lower healthcare cost but as hard as employers try there is no easy way of only hiring healthy employees; so the implementation of health and wellness program at work has to be done correctly. My organization in the last year has implemented a health and wellness program by hiring the local hospital to conduct screenings and teach classes for a healthier lifestyle. These screenings and classes are held on site so there will be more participation, and it will be convenient for the employee. A few of the wellness programs the company is focusing on is weight and smoking. Break walking at the workplace is one of the most favorite exercises for weight loss; this program consists of employees walking for fifteen minutes, twice a day, on their breaks and after work. The company has designated an area around the facility with markers so that the employee can document the distance they have walked each day. The company has a weight loss program called the “Biggest Loser” and each employee will be weighed each week by the human resource assistant and documented. At the end of the year, whoever loses the most weight will receive two hundred dollars. This program is a great incentive for employees to lose weight. Cigarette smoking puts you at a higher risk of illness and death from a heart attack, stroke, and various cancers. ......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...and practices. The encourage better diet, to avoid smoking, exercise regularly. Some companies even have wellness coaches in place and regular schedules are provided. By doing this, the organization’s ultimate target is to lower health costs since employees would be healthier. They want to put out that employees are solely responsible for their health issues. By taking better of themselves, it will lower down their blood pressure, lower down cholesterol levels and thus making employees less prone to heart attacks and strokes. There are also some programs that are taking it a step further by imposing charges or penalties to employees if they do not participate or as an example try to lose weight or quit smoking. Some employees argue that they are infringing on basic human rights or even sighting the Americans with Disability Act law. RELATIONSHIP TO COURSE MATERIAL This article relates to our lessons for the week because it reports about Consumer driven heath care, the costs associated with providing one and the impact to the employee and employer. Rising healthcare costs are eating away the profits from companies and also the high deductibles from employees. There are a number of ways to control costs including lifestyle changes, and this is exactly what the company is trying to assert to its employees. HEALTH CARE ISSUE 3 While healthcare costs are increasing, and the healthcare system that is charged with keeping employees......

Words: 705 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Vulnerable Populations Kelly S. Matthews NUR/440 April 6, 2015 Deanna Radford Vulnerable Populations Vulnerable populations have an increased risk for poor health and have a potential to be susceptible for potential illnesses. There are many different aspects and circumstances that make a person or populations vulnerable. Knowing what makes you vulnerable and accessing needed care can decrease your risk to susceptible diseases and illnesses. Self awareness is the key to understanding the affects of vulnerability and accessing necessary care to maintain optimal health. In the Neighborhood 2.0, I chose the Young Family. The Young family is a young, African American family that lives a comfortable life. The Young family is a family of four, with health insurance and great family support. Steve is a college educated man that provides a great life for his family. Although Steve is healthy he is a smoker. Race, ethnicity, social status and personal limitations can affect vulnerability. Steve Young is an African American man who works a very stressful job. He has been a smoker since he was 17 years old. In the Neighborhood, we learn that Steve’s daughter, Kelsey, has been treated several times for allergies and chronic coughing. I chose to take a closer look at Kelsey, for my vulnerable population. She is vulnerable because she is an African American child who has been diagnosed with Asthma. She has no control over the circumstances that could have......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

...increasingly improved. However, the same cannot be said of the health of American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Health improvements for American Indians and Alaska Natives have not improved, with health disparities still existing in areas such as:  infant mortality, chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma, obesity, cirrhosis and liver disease, arthritis, smoking, and cancer (Indian Health, n.d.). According to the 2000 Census, there are 4.1 million Native Americans/Alaskan Indians in the United States (U.S Census Bureau, 2000). Historically, Native Americans have lived in extreme poverty. The U.S. Census reported in both 1990 and 2000 that poverty still prevails in Native American populations throughout the nation, accounting for 25% of the nation (Selected Population, 2012). There are known health disparities between the Native American population and the rest of the U.S. Some of these disparities exist due to geographic isolation, cultural barriers and economic factors. Health care experts, policymakers and tribal leaders are trying to account for the many factors that impact the health of Indian people (The Health Care Challenge, 1999). Native American males are found to have the quickest dying rate of most citizens in the U.S., with life expectancy of 71 years of age, 6 years younger than the life expectancy of white males. Female Native Americans are trending about the same; 20% increase in mortality as the U.S. national average is......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nurses Impacting Lives: Health Promotion in a Community Setting

...Setting The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated, “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment” (“Milestones,” 2009, p. 1). This approach to health promotion places responsibility for health on the individual with nurses acting in partnership with the individual in collaboration with other health care professionals (Edelman, 2014, p.15). With healthcare reform at the forefront, the roles and responsibilities of nurses are transforming how health promotion is implemented with an understanding of the stages of the transtheoretical model (TTM) and the three levels of health promotion. Healthcare reform has made it necessary for nursing practice to be efficient, cost effective, and that nurses practice their profession to the extent of their scope of practice. The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to shift from an individual disease focused model to a model of promoting health and wellness of the population. The current disease focused model is provider driven. Illness is the source of financial reward as it promotes the use of complex treatments and expensive procedures. With the shift to a community or population driven model of health promotion, health and wellness are promoted, and......

Words: 1405 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Annotated Bib

...Adams, Pharm.D., Bryan Yeager, Pharm.D., Karen Farris, Ph.D.. Effectiveness of a Pharmacist-Based Smoking-Cessation Program and Its Impact on Quality of Life. webscape. 2002. Available at http:// Accessed July 1, 2014 Pharmacists managed self-referred patients in meetings over a few months while using replacement therapies. At three and six months the smoking cessation status of each individual was measured and just under half of the patients were smoke free at the three months and about half more again were smoke free at the six month mark. The article is published on a medical news website that keeps up to date on most all areas of medicine. The original source of the article is from Pharmacotherapy: a journal of human pharmacology and drug therapy. I would have to say this is a high quality article. The author is very thorough in recording the number of patients, the number of meetings and how long they were over what period of time. I think this experiment is most credible as well because they actually read the carbon monoxide exhaled by the patients at three and six months to verify their smoking cessation chemically. The article is relevant to the topic because the programs that lead these patients to being smoke free were lead by pharmacists. The whole intention of the experiment was to gauge how effective pharmacists are in smoking cessation and the results prove to be positive in the pharmacists’ favor. 2.De silva......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...Cigarette smoking There is a major concern about banning cigarette smokers in the U.S. the mortality among both males and females smokers in the USA is more than three times higher than that among non-smokers. I agree that smoking should be prevented because it leads to many types of cancer and heart disease; secondly health affects exposure of secondhand smoke, thirdly it affects the health of the youth smoking tobacco, and fourthly the cost of treatment associated with cigarette smoking (healthcare). Cigarette smoking increases the risk of dying from cancer of the lungs, esophagus, larynx and oral cavity (as we studied in biology). The harmful effect of cigarettes is the chemical makeup of cigarette. According to Cigarettes contain over 4,000 chemicals , some of those chemicals are the heavy metals, humectants, casting agents ,pesticide, insecticides and nicotine which is an addictive substance added into a cigarette; that is why it is very hard for smokers to stop smoking right away . A friend’s mother who smoked up to 3 packs of cigarette per day for more than 25 years. She looked healthy and often cited that cigarette kills those who were already predisposed to suffer from those diseases. Years later she died, suffered from ventricular arrhythmia which means heart did not beat properly as a result it pumped little or no blood to the body organs; usually caused by nicotine in cigarette. According to Medical News Today (MNT), cigarette smoking......

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health for Life

...------------------------------------------------- Health for life An AHA Advocacy Issue June 4, 2014 By: Dwayne Mathis HSM-541 Portia Bonnett, Instructor June 4, 2014 By: Dwayne Mathis HSM-541 Portia Bonnett, Instructor The U.S. government, healthcare systems, hospitals, and communities have placed a large emphasis on health reform in this country. Yet the problems with our healthcare system are well documented. Chronic illness, such as cancer and heart disease, is growing at an alarming rate. The quality of health services and delivery are not where they need to be. For the American population to be able to enjoy optimal health, they must have access to high quality health care services and they must learn to be proactive in establishing health living habits. “Health For Life” is an advocacy issue of the American Hospital Association (AHA) which focuses on the need for better health and better health care. This paper will discuss why this topic is an issue, problems associated with this issue, and its impact on the U.S. health care system. It will also discuss AHA initiatives and offer a recommendation to help resolve this issue. The “Health For Life” initiative offers a framework for health reform in America. The building blocks of this framework are a focus on wellness; coverage for all, paid for by all; best information; highest quality care; and most efficient, affordable care. These blocks tell the story of why this is an advocacy issue to begin......

Words: 1418 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assessment Tool Analysis

...order to decide what support, treatment or care to provide” (Slater & McCormack, 2005). In order for nurses to make sound clinical decisions, the nurse needs the information gathered from assessment. This paper will analysis three assessment tools used in healthcare, they are the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and the Coping Resources Inventory for Stress Scale. These assessment tools can be used and applied to a wide range of ages and vulnerable populations. Having a better understanding on how the patient perceives themselves, the nurse is able to develop a plan of care to address the body, mind, and spirit. Dysfunctional Attitude Scale The first assessment tool is the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS). This test measures many different areas of the personality such as approval, achievement, perfectionism, entitlement, omnipotence, and autonomy (DeGraaf, Roelofs, & Huibers, 2009). The main measure is of dysfunctional attitude which is a sign of depression. As a nurse this is a valuable tool to help find depressive symptoms in a patient. By using this test, health care professionals would be able to treat depression and move on to other issues the patient is experiencing, such as smoking in Jimmy Bley case from the neighborhood. This tool can be used by any age group, any population, and is an inexpensive tool that takes very little time to complete. This is a great tool to use with the elderly especially for Jimmy Bley from the...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Smoking in China Smoking in China is prevalent, as China is the world's largest consumer and producer of tobacco: there are 350 million Chinese smokers, and China produces 42% of the world's cigarettes. The China National Tobacco Corporation (中国国家烟草公司) is by sales the largest single manufacturer of tobacco products in the world and boasts a monopoly in Mainland China generating between 7 and 10% of government revenue. Within the Chinese guanxi system, tobacco is still a ubiquitous gift acceptable on any occasion, particularly outside of urban areas. Tobacco control legislation does exist, but public enforcement is rare to non-existent outside of the most highly internationalized cities, such as Shanghai and Beijing. Outside the mainland however, enforcement is strong in the Hong Kong special administrative region. Furthermore, outside of the largest cities in China, smoking is considered socially acceptable anywhere at any time, even if it is technically illegal. The Chinese Association on Tobacco Control (中国控制吸烟协会) is engaged in tobacco control by members of the voluntary sector, including academic, social and mass organizations, as strong enforcement of existing tobacco control laws is not supported by the Chinese Government. Yang Gonghuan, deputy director of the National Center of Disease Control of China, said that progress on tobacco control is not moving quickly because the government derives large tax revenues from tobacco sales, and the industry......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ai Policy Brief

...Need for Future American Indian Commercial Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Programs May 24, 2012 Smoking and the American Indian community Every year, more than 440,000 deaths occur from cigarette smoking, or 1 of every 5 deaths is due to a smoking in the United States1. In adults who have never smoked, secondhand smoke can cause heart disease and/or lung cancer. Smoking rates are highest among the American Indian (AI) population when compared to other racial or ethnic groups which puts them at serious risk for disease and death2. Although California’s smoking rate is lowest among the general population, the disparity largely exists with AI smokers. It’s time to take action and develop prevention and cessation services to curb the high rates of smoking among the AI community. Why are smoking rates so high in the American Indian community? 1. The Tobacco Industry markets to youth using cultural images and symbols so they become long-term smokers, which means more money for the Tobacco Industry. 2. Having family and friends who smoke is more likely to influence smoking for the youth. 3. Exposure to secondhand smoke. 4. Youth start smoking as young as age 10, increase likelihood of smoking in adulthood. 5. Limited prevention programs that are culturally specific to reduce initiation of smoking. 6. Limited cessation programs to reduce smoking rates. 7. Perceived low harm value/ lack of awareness about the harmful effects associated......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hsa 510

...1. Assess your community’s access to health care technology and determine how that access (or lack thereof) impacts your community economically. For people living in the rural areas, the distance to main metropolitan centres often places restrictions on access to essential services, including specialist healthcare. Telemedicine provides one possible answer. Many different terms such as telehealth, telecare, online health and E-health have been used but they all have a common meaning, i.e. the use of information and communication technologies to deliver health care services at a distance. The motivation for investigating the use of telemedicine for different clinical problems include large distances between patients and specialists, isolated health professionals requiring specialist support and/or education, and situations where there is no other alternative, for example space flight or patients at sea, as well as the pervasive and pragmatic issue of cost. Are health care dollars better spent on sending the clinician to the patient, bringing the patient to the clinician, or by facilitating the consultations using telemedicine? Modern advances in information communication technologies have seen developments in the different mechanisms available for conducting telemedicine, from Morse code to the ordinary telephone and more recently the Internet. The different telecommunication networks required to support these communication technologies have also advanced...

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Smoking For several decades, smoking remains one of the most common problems in the world even though people are aware of the health risks involved in smoking. Smoking causes harmful effects in the body. There have been numerous reports linking cigarette smoking to diseases such as cancers of the lung, mouth, heart attacks, and other ailments. Moreover, smoking in public areas is an unhealthy habit because it harms not just the smokers, but also others who breathe the smoker’s cigarette smoke, that called secondhand smoke or passive smoke. Most studies of the effects of smoking focus on the public health aspects. However, smoking also negatively impacts on society through environmental problems and economic problems. Therefore, Federal and State Government should ban smoking in public area. When thinking of disease caused by smoking, the first one that comes to mind is always lung cancer, but there are many other serious diseases that are associated with smoking. Smoking damages nearly every organ of the body and diminishes a person’s overall health. Most of the substances contained in tobacco smoke are harmful to the body such as: tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. They are the major cause of cancer as well as the heart attack, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Actually, in 2010, the Surgeon General at U.S Department reported that: “Smoking is a leading cause of cancer and death from cancer. It causes cancers of the lung, mouth, throat, kidney, stomach as well as......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...Smoking: The truth is written on the box COM/156 Smoking: The truth is written on the box How many of you have ever looked at the outside of a pack of cigarettes? You probably noticed there is a surgeon’s warning written on it stating that smoking is a hazard risk. A written statement that smoking is harmful, yet you see people huddled up outside work smoking or out on the drive with cigarette smoke coming out their car windows. Would it be a surprise that secondhand smoke is now a cause for cancer as the direct smoking? Smoking is the number one health hazard in our country. The one thing that I have learned and will explain is that there really is no gain to smoking and quite a few losses. People start smoking cigarettes as an escape from problems or stresses and some people choose to start because of peer pressure or the false image of looking cool. No matter the reason you start smoking effects everyone in some form whether it be by increasing health risks in the smokers as well as people around such as other adults and children, the cost of smoking steadily increases, and there are organizations and plans out to help smokers quit. People have different reasons they choose to start smoking but if they put the reasons next to the after effects that smoking can cause they will see that the effects outweigh the causes. Looking at them makeup of a cigarette explains how these risks are increased in those who smoke. Cigarettes contain additive......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Equity and Equality

...Youssef Haddad Professor Black English 1101 9 Nov 2013 Equality Vs. Equity: People and The Law Throughout the history of mankind and specially in modern times, many struggles emerged from people’s suppressed anger and hatred of the feudalism and the ruling monopolistic powers, and in their effort to create a system most suitable to their wants and desires and what they take as “values” and “rights” they stumbled on what is to this very day one of the most important and complicated dilemmas of human philosophy: how do we choose between equality and equity? What is the better choice? Do we prefer similarity or justice? And many questions as such, and as other ideas and ideologies go, it remains a major dispute among masses and masses of workers, farmers, countrymen as well as land owners, businessmen and politicians alike, and in many ways it is quite normal, the essence of both those ideas appear the same and are often put in the same category, but in reality they very far from each other on many levels and points of view and they represent systems that do show resemblance but are almost entirely different in functionality and order. Nancy Kranich; Based upon Jorge Schement, "Imagining Fairness: Equality and Equity of Access in Search of Democracy," in Nancy Kranich, Libraries and Democracy, Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 2001: 15-27. Nancy Kranich’s education is as follows: MA, Library Science, University of......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5