Premium Essay

Male Nurses


Submitted By katrynvaldez
Words 6796
Pages 28
Program in Writing and Rhetoric

Autumn 2005 Honorable Mention Matthew Gribble
Instructor’s Foreword
Movies tell us that in the wake of a murder, detectives would stretch what appear to be pipe cleaners, or a very taut yarn, through the bullet holes left in walls, in lamps, in the hollow doors of haunted rooms. The yarn was there to demonstrate the location of the shooter – or indeed, shooters – relative to the victim. But the fact is that other forces might have conspired in the murder. (Poison may have been used; bullets may have been fired only as an afterthought; perhaps they were fired by the victim himself, before he died . . .) Yarn can tell us the story only in certain circumstances. As a researcher and a writer, Matthew Gribble analyzes his crime scene with diligence and care. The crisis: The shortage of nurses in America. The question: How and why did this shortage become a persistent problem? Matthew affixes strings of yarn to a number of gunshots: the increasing average age of the workforce, long hours, work that is often menial or clerical, and finally, relatively low salaries. But these strands lead to new questions, wider causes which have nothing to do with social yarn. These new questions have to do with rhetoric and the enduring association of nursing with “women’s work” and “femininity.” Matthew has the audacity to ask how the rhetoric of femininity actually functions. How and why are we compelled to accept images and tropes as ‘normal’ or ‘natural’ when they are anything but normal and natural? Is it possible that the rhetoric of nursing is responsible for the shortage? Or perhaps it is the rhetoric of femininity and masculinity as such? But how did such a crime take place, right under our noses, when so many of us never noticed that an injustice ever took place? This essay is brilliant and provocative because it will not stop until the crime

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Why Are There Not More Male Nurses

...nursing staff that consists almost entirely of female nurses. However, while waiting to see a physician, you more than likely expect a male doctor to walk into the room. Both health professions deal with nurturing and caring for patients, so why is it that male nurses get such a bad reputation? They make up for 6.6% of the nursing population, an increase from 5.7% from 2006. (Shah) The answer may be found by looking into gender roles, stereotyping, and the history of nursing as a profession. Nursing began with the care of infants and children. Hundreds of years ago, mothers would have been considered to be nurses. However, when diseases started to spread, people soon realized that love and nurturing were not enough to heal the sick. Early practices of nursing can be correlated with the age of Christianity, "modeling its practice after the teachings of Christ, caring for the sick, feeding the hungry and burying the dead. Therefore, during this period the history of nursing is intricately tied to the Church" ("Gonursingschools"). After the crusades, the world was ready for change. One of these changes that took place would have a major impact on the history of modern nursing. The Establishment of an institute in German: "Deaconess Institute at Kaiserswerth, Germany. A small hospital was opened which included a training school for deaconesses. Their training system was a close parallel to the educational system for nurses that we see today. Graduates of this program assumed...

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Treatment of Women in One Flew over the Cucoo's Nest

...manhood because they could take jobs and promotions away from men, who were typically the main source of a family’s income. This sentiment is reflected in Kesey’s novel. The majority of women in the book hold positions of authority. These women are portrayed as dominating and abusive with the intent to emasculate the male patients. The only other role of women in the novel is that of prostitutes who are portrayed as good because they allow men to be masculine. The prostitutes help the male patients with “women in authority” issues overcome their anxieties. In his novel, Kesey portrays nurses as threats to male patients in order to illustrate that, in general, women in authority can only result in the emasculation of men, while passive women can help restore the confidence of manhood. The principle authority figure, Nurse Ratched, is ruthless in her mission to dominate and control her male patients. She has the power to intimidate the staff into complying with her demands. When patients do not comply, she manipulates the doctor into ordering shock treatments and even lobotomies for defiant patients. An example of her ruthless behavior is how she treats Billy Bibbit. Nurse Ratched found Billy sleeping with a prostitute and she immediately shames him, “I’m so ashamed of you.” (314) and then scares him with “What worries me Billy ….is how your poor mother is going to take this.” (314) Billy commits suicide to avoid the shame of facing his mother. .As a...

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gender Segregation

...escalator” when it comes to advancing up to top positions and dissects the notion of horizontal segregation. The glass escalator theory is one that assumes males in female dominated professions are pushed up the ladder to administrative and supervisory positions much easier and faster than women. Throughout the article, they explain the methods used to gather the data, both quantitative and qualitative and provide a plethora of information such as level of education, employment setting, number of years worked, personal interviews etc. They also break down the data and refute claims that although widely believed, may be false. It is somewhat ironic that the topic of this week’s thought-piece paper is on the sexual segregation of nursing. Just about a week ago I was sitting in the orthodontists office and I looked over at the staff photos on the wall. Dr. Pobanz was in the middle with about 10 ladies on each side of him. That made me go back and think, and I came to the realization that I have never seen a male besides the doctor working in a dentist or orthodontist office. Although it is not exactly a nursing position, it is a similar occupation and I would imagine has similar statistics concerning sex segregation. In my mind, it is just expected that most all nurses are female. It seems that back a few decades ago males were unheard of in the nursing field, but today they are becoming more common. It is interesting that this occupation is so stereotypical female that studies...

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

American Dream

...succeed in life, males are treated with more equality than women. In 2012 only four percent of CEO’s for the fortune 1000 companies were women. That means out of one thousand people only fifty-one of them were female and nine hundred and forty-nine of them were male. From a sociological stand point it is believed that this occurs because of the glass ceiling theory. The glass ceiling is the unseen, yet unbreakable barrier that keeps women from rising to the upper rings of the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements, because those jobs are thought of as male oriented. However if you look at the opposite effect in the glass escalator and look at males taking jobs in predominantly female oriented positions rise higher and faster in their profession than their female counter parts in male dominated carriers.(Bellenger) What about qualifications however? Is it not possible that those men have more skill and education for those carriers? Actually no. Women have been found to go to college more than men do. (Forbes) In America the pay gap between men and women is atrocious as women make only seventy-seven cents to the dollar. “In 2012, the median earnings of American women working full time year-round were $37,791. American men earned a median income of $49,398.”(Bassett) In predominantly female work trades such as registered nurses “both surveys, The American Community Survey and the national sample servey, showed that unadjusted male salaries were higher...

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Term Paper of General Linguistics

...relevant language phenomena include stylistic variation, social variation, idiolect variation and regional variation, because those language variations have their own process of developments and linguistic values. On the other hand, sociolinguistics centers on the relationship between language and culture and has produced a new discipline, cross-culture communication. Because one culture’s meat is another culture’s poison, the different thinking patterns, value systems and cultural peculiarities are most interesting topics for scholars in this field. Language and gender Language and gender is one of the foci of sociolinguistics. Its theoretical ground comes from the inequality reflected in male-dominated society. Broadly-speaking, females have been subordinated to their male counterparts in social, economic and political fields. Females are, to some extent, marginalized in social affairs. This unjust situation may be seen as a kind of sexual discrimination. However this phenomenon is so omnipresent that it has become a conventionalized rule, which might even be illustrated from etymological evidences. For example, in terms of grammar, the masculine gender is unmarked whereas the feminine gender is marked, because it could be used to refer to both masculine and feminine genders. Therefore “All men fear death” means that both men and women fear death. Then...

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Saaadfasfwaeraerasfasdfaesfasdfs p.fname,p.lname from patients p inner join doctors d on p.docid=d.doctorid where d.fname='dr.bill'; Q2. Find Patient Details occupied in room 1100. p.patientid,p.fname,p.lname,p.address from patients p inner join room r on p.patientid=r.patientid where r.roomno=1100; Q3. Nurse Sue checked which all patients on 09-09-2015. p.fname,p.lname from patients p where p.patientid in(select r.patientid from room r inner join nursecheckingdetails n on n.roomno=r.roomno where n.daate='09-09-2015'); Q4. List Names of Nurses who work with Dr Bill. n.fname,n.lname from nurses n inner join doctors d on n.doctorid=d.doctorid and d.fname='dr.bill'; Q5. List Names of Doctors and number of patients they are treating or have treated. d.fname as Doctorfname,d.lname as DoctorLName,count(p.patientid) as NoofPatients from patients p inner join doctors d on p.docid=d.doctorid group by d.fname,d.lname; Q6. List Names of Doctors and number of nurses they have with them to help. d.fname as Doctorfname,d.lname as DoctorLname,count(n.nurseno) from doctors d left outer join nurses n on d.doctorid=n.doctorid group by d.fname,d.lname; Q7. How many rooms to type Basic are occupied? count(r.roomno) as NoOfRooms from room r inner join roomdetails rd on r.typeofroom=rd.roomtypeid where rd.type='basic' and r.status='occupied'; Q8. How may rooms of Type Basic are...

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Male-Female Wage Differentials in Canada

...1. Abstract This study looks at differences in male and female wages using data from Statistics Canada’s annual Survey of Consumer Finance (SCF) and Survey of Labour Income Dynamics (SLID). In addition to information on annual income, this study also looks at hourly wage data, which is a more precise measure as the earnings data series takes into account the price of labour as well as quantity (i.e. individuals’ work/leisure preferences). This study looks at the variables of race, highest achieved level of education as well as age to examine the existence of a wage gap. Like other studies, we have found that males have a higher wage in each of these areas, with females earning an average of 80 – 87% of the males’ average. Furthermore, we have examined the existence and size of a wage gap in three industries; law, nursing and the education industry. Finally, we looked at the Canadian gender-based wage gap statistics compared to International gender-based wage gap statistics. We deduced that there is, indeed, a wage gap in each of the mentioned industries, and can be partially attributed to human capital theory and occupational segmentation theory, however, a substantial portion of the gap remains unexplained. 2. General Existence of Gender-Based Wage Differentials in Canada The existence of gender based wage differentials in North America have been well documented for decades. Although female-male wage ratios have closed significantly since the mid 1980s, progress in wage...

Words: 3416 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Misogynistics Of Patriarchy

...1. U.S. Supreme Court Justice 2. Nurse 3. Physician 4. Social Worker 5. Scientist 6. Librarian Males and Females in the workforce, deal with vital differences that continue to outline a systemic use of inequality. While there are but very few genetic differences within both sexes, there is still a beneficial prestige given to “male- oriented jobs” over that of females. As I was examining over my occupational stratification list, I couldn’t help but realize how misogynistic I felt to see where I categorized the occupations I thought woman to be best placed (ex. Nursing, Social Working). While doing research I was appalled by the reality that out of 112 Supreme court justices, only 4 had been women, beginning with Sandra Day O'Connor,...

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Exploration of a Journal Article in Sociology

...experience a substantial growth. This situation has little to no existent research at the time the author conducted the research, the author himself mentioned that “yet little research has explored exactly what it is about service work that is leading such men to drop out the labour market during periods of sustained service sector employment growth.” (Dixon. D. (2009) I can’t put a smiley face on: Working-Class Masculinity, Emotional Labour and Service Work in the “New Economy” Gender, Work and Organization. Vol. 16 No. 3). The research was based on interviews with 35 unemployed low skilled me. Based on the research we can learn that low skilled males in Britain have a tendency to not succeed within a field that primarily dominated by females mainly because it interferes with what it is consider being a socially accepted behavior for a male. The author refer to a table based on data obtain from OECD between 1984 and 1998. Society has an idea of what could be a job acceptable for either a woman or a man. Although nowadays females has been able to overcome some obstacles when it comes it to their capabilities to perform a job that was intended for a man. For example years ago it was rare to see a police woman, a female firefighter or a female truck driver. Chapter 5 of the book Introduction to Sociology tells us about how boys have a justice perspective relying on formal rules to define wrong from right and girls on the other hand have a care and responsibility perspective (Macionis...

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Are Women Better Doctors Than Men

...Are women better doctors than men? A lot of stereotypes still remain in todays society, one being in the medical field. If you google up the images for „doctor“ or „surgeon“, mainly pictures of men show up. A lot of television shows and movies show the men as doctors and the women as nurses. I wanted to know why that steroetype existed. After some research, I found out, that dating back to the 1800’s, it was actually men who were the earliest nurses. There were not a lot of men in the field before the 1950’s when men begun to enter the field. After some time the stereotype started appearing. A study from the University of Montreal found out that there may be a real difference between care provided between female and male doctors. Female doctors are more likely to follow guidelines and they score higher on care and quality. Other research found out that female doctors show greater empathy towards their patients and tend to be better listeners. However, the researchers also found that among male doctors the productivity was greater that among female doctors, with up to 1000 more procedures being done by male doctors than female doctors each year. But this can lead to procedures that are unfinished and done too carelessly. Which, in turn, can lead to patients leaving unsatisfied and retuning for antoher procedure. In conclusion the stereotype is incorrect and women make better doctors than men because they care more about individual patients rather than cycling through...

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Communication Theory

...using hospital services and how to a huge degree employees, patients, and family members interact together. Therefore, to comprehend various challenges facing this type of organization with accordance to communication we will address how gender and cultural differences does impact communication within an organization of a hospital, especially when it involves fellow coworkers, managers, patients, families, and caregivers along with improvements that can be made if any. Having work in an organization dedicated to hospital care one will come across both male and female employees dedicated to the care and health of the patients; however, one is also going to come across different approaches when it come to styles of communicating. Having worked at Cooper Hospital an organization that provides wide-ranging medical services to the residents of southern New Jersey, it is known female employees unlike that of male employees may be inclined to have better communication skills concerning interacting with the patients, families, managers, and other...

Words: 1197 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Gender Socialization Through Toys and Sports

...and reinforcing stereotypical gender roles through traits, appearances and occupation. (this is an incomplete sentence and it doesn’t flow very well with the previous sentence) Specific toys and sports are associated with certain genders and generalizes the role that boys and girls should uphold. Male characteristics are thought to be strong, tough and are unable to show weakness whereas female roles are to be nurturing, supportive and caring. In Jane Smiley’s article, the author focuses on how Barbie plays a positive role model in her daughter’s childhood. Barbie is portrayed as beautiful woman who posses feminine qualities. Young girls who tend to play with Barbie dolls have a mind set that they should grow up to be like Barbie. “Lucy could apply lipstick with her eyes closed by the time she was five.” (Smiley 238) This quote shows that children are easily influenced by the toy they play with. In comparison to “You Can Never Have too Many”, John McMurtry’s article focuses on football and how playing sports has shaped the person that he is. Football involves a muscular physique, aggressiveness, strong and a competitive mind. These are the kinds of traits society makes males envision themselves to be. Younger boys are usually more active and enjoy playing...

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Hcs/320 Communciation Theory

...members interact together. Therefore, to understand some of the challenges facing this type of organization in accordance to communication we will discuss how gender and cultural differences influence communication within the organization Legacy Hospice when it comes to coworkers, managers, patients, families, and caregivers, and improvements that can be made if any. Gender Differences Females When working in an organization dedicated to hospice care one is most likely to encounter both male and female employees who are dedicated to the care and health of the patients involved however, they are also going to encounter different approaches when it comes to styles of communicating. In reference to the organization known as Legacy Hospice it is shown that female employees unlike that of male employees tend to have better communication skills when it comes to interacting with the patients, families, managers, and other employees. This occurs because females unlike that of males tend to be more nonverbally expressive, talk more, engage in partnership-building behaviors, and...

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Debra Burrell, a psychological social worker and regional training director of the Mars-Venus Institute in New York, most women of women managers tend to have more of a desire to build than a desire to win and also women are more willing to explore compromise and seek other people's opinions. First of all, it is a disputable fact that the professional abilities are determined by the skills, fluency working and experiences rather than the difference of genders. This could be exemplified by the fact that in earlier time, a range of jobs namely cooker, ballet dancer and nurse are considered as womanish jobs. However, this thought has been changed since a gradual increase in male have been seen doing these jobs over the past few decades. Thus, this make it clear why the effective working are depended on the skillful possession instead of their genders. Further and more importantly, though, the characteristic of male and female can be simply different in some aspects but not in the term of profession. One particular salient of this is the world renowned Marissa Mayer – the president and CEO of Yahoo who is ranked number 14 on the list of Americans’ powerful businesswomen. Hence, not only men can be successful in the field of economy, numerous women also achieved the affluent in business which is required many necessary abilities such as a clever mind, communicative skill and creative thinking. From this, it becomes quite evident that individuals have their own potential for greatness...

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Family Health

...important since “Family health practices, whether effective or ineffective, encompass activities performed by individuals or families as a whole to promote health and prevent disease” (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014, p. 150). The family that completed this assessment is comprised of four members, two parents and two children. The adult female is the biological mother of the two boys. She is 47 and works in a managerial role. The adult male is also the biological father of the two boys and this is his second marriage, the first resulting in no children. He is 43 and works as a maintenance worker for the state. The children are two boys, ages 15 and 13. The adults have been married for 18 years. The first topic discussed was values and health perception. This family has what they describe as good health insurance and have regular checkups. The adult male did have recent surgery to correct his acid reflux. Overall as a family, they feel their health is above average. The adult female takes medication for high cholesterol while the adult male takes medication for hypertension, high cholesterol and reflux. The 15 year old(USDA Food and Nutrition Service, n.d., p. 1) son is currently taking oral medication for his acne while the 13 year old does not take any daily medications....

Words: 1316 - Pages: 6