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Maoist Insurgency and Peace Process in Nepal

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Submitted By thapaprakash
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Past Maoist Insurgency and Peace Process

Introduction

1. By and large, Nepal remained a peaceful kingdom for more than two centuries. The country witnessed armed revolution twice by the Nepali Congress in between 1950 and early 1960s. The first succeed it throwing out the Rana regime that ruled the kingdom for 194 years, while the other did not. Maoist people’s war was third in sequence that necessitated a peace process. Basically, a Peace process can be understood as a social phenomenon, which acquires political overtone, when initiated to resolve an armed conflict carried out between the state on one side and the armed outfit, on the other, to restore peace finally. It is necessitated in an explosive situation when innumerable lives and properties are destroyed and many more innocent people’s lives are threatened with no possibility of subsiding of the flare-up in sight. It may be set in motion and facilitated by the concerned parties themselves, or other affected sides and their well-wishers. It may begin with the declaration of the cessation of hostilities or ceasefire by the conflicting sides. The armed conflict may have different forms such as, political, social, cultural, ethnic, religious etc. In the process, several stages have to be undergone for building mutual confidence between the parties in context in order to re-establish the normal relation between them to reach the final goal.

The Insurgency

2. The Samyukta Morcha Nepal, the legal front of the Nepal Communist Party of Nepal, Maoist (CPN-(M), had submitted on February 4, 1996, a charter of forty demands to Prime Minster Sher Bahadur Deuba, who was heading the coalition government, with a deadline of February 17 to fulfill the demands failing which they would wag war. But four days ahead of the expiry of the time limit, the CPN (M) started its People’s war by attacking and looting a bank...

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