Premium Essay

Native American Studies

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ksfyj123
Words 689
Pages 3
Indians, who was the aborigines of Americas, have suffered from the war and colonization for many years. After the found of the United States of America, Indians became the citizen of the USA, but they didn’t have the same rights as other race. So, someone did a lot of job to make it change. Throughout the history, the most famous stuff is Marshall Trilogy.
John Marshall, the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system and federal Indian law, has been credited with cementing the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. He made some decisions about the US government, and his decisions were about the Indians’ rights and laws. So, these decisions were regard as Marshall Trilogy.
Three parts of the Marshall Trilogy are: Johnson v. M’Intosh in 1823, Cherokee Nation v. Georgia in 1831, and Worcester v. Georgia in 1832.
The first one is Johnson v. M’Intosh, this case related to land issues and the interpretation of the Doctrine of Discovery in the United States. Johnson and M’Intosh wanted to obtain the same land, but the government stood on the side of M’Intosh, and it said Indians did not own land outright, but they could occupy the land, only the US can solve those land conflicts. Indians could not sell the lands. In a word, only the US government can communicate with the Indians about land problems.
The second one is Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, it’s about the the relationship between the tribes and the United States. Cherokee Chief John Ross tried to protect Cherokee lands. And to keep the laws of Georgia from being imposed on them by asking for an injunction in the United States Supreme Court. At the end of this case, a responsibility came up, named “doctrine of federal trust responsibility”. This idea was talking about that

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Depression In A Native American Elder Case Study

...In the case “Depression in a Native American Elder,” it talks about a member of a Southwestern tribe that is about 71 –years-old. He was sent to a local Indian Health Service hospital by a granddaughter to be seen due to multiple complaints. When asked of where he feels the pain he seems to hurt all over. Some of the pains that he felt were his chest, abdomen, knees (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2013). It seems he is in quite a bit of pain and seems to not be himself lately. His granddaughter had mentioned he hadn’t been attending some of the events in a good couple of months that were important to him and had played a large role in. Mr. GH does not want to share his feelings and his behavior with anyone but he did mention a change in pattern...

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Rise of Professional Sports

...The Rise of Professional Sports 5 November 2015 Abstract Sports became a professional phenomenon during the Gilded Age of America, which consisted of a period of unprecedented success for Americans in regard to wealth and long-term business enterprises. During the Gilded Age period, the country was consumed by the belief that every man had an opportunity to become wealthy, and those who were wealthy actually were able to spend their leisure time consumed with spending this wealth on lavish pursuits. ("Why Sports History Is American History | The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History," n.d.) It was during this era that the rise of professional sports began to emerge as a way for the wealthy to entertain themselves during their leisure time. It was also during this time that immigrants were coming into the country in the millions, and the use of sports was an opportunity for these recent newcomers to become “Americanized” wherein the use of sports was an avenue to identify with their new country. This became an important way for these immigrants to mark their progress within the American society. Coupled with the political machines of that time, sports became a way to elicit support from large groups of people that were in support of specific geographic areas wherein the politicians who used sports for leisure also saw the importance of using them to garner support from immigrants. These were seen as community building institutions, and they are still used as...

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Emerging Adulthood

...Key to notes listed a = also approved for Analyzing the Natural World b = also approved for Understanding the Individual and Society c = also approved for Understanding the Past d = also approved for Understanding the Creative Arts e = also approved for Exploring World Cultures f = also approved for Understanding U.S. Society g = Indicated courses specifically designed for those majoring in areas other than science and mathematics h = LAS nonlaboratory courses Anthropology (ANTH) | 102 | Introduction to Archaeology | 4 hourscg | 105 | Human Evolution | 4 hourscg | 218 | Anthropology of Children and Childhood | 3 hoursbh | 238 | Biology of Women Same as GWS 238 | 3 hoursgh | | | | Biological Sciences (BIOS) | 100 | Biology of Cells and Organisms | 5 hours | 101 | Biology of Populations and Communities | 5 hours | 104 | Life Evolving | 5 hoursg | | | | Chemistry (CHEM) | 100 | Chemistry and Life | 5 hoursg | 112 | General College Chemistry I | 5 hours | 114 | General College Chemistry II | 5 hours | 116 | Honors General Chemistry I | 5 hours | 118 | Honors General Chemistry II | 5 hours | 130 | Survey of Organic and Biochemistry | 5 hours | | | | Computer Science (CS) | 100 | Discovering Computer Science | 3 hoursh | | | | Earth and Environmental Sciences (EAES) | 101 | Global Environmental Change | 4 hours | 111 | Earth, Energy, and the Environment | 4 hours | 200 | Field Work in Missouri | 2 hours...

Words: 8029 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

The Origin of Native American Man: a Look at Possible Migrations of Pre-Historic Man Into North America

...The Origin of Native American Man: A Look at Possible Migrations of Pre-Historic Man Into North America Ally Crawford ARC 330 Dr. Ortmann Spring 2011 Abstract The origins of Native American people have been a topic of debate in academia for decades. There have been several theories, up to and including the possibility that Native Americans arrived via alien intervention. The origins of Native Americans are much less fantastic. Native Americans are descended from ancient Eastern Asians, who crossed into the New World sometime before 14,000 BC. Until recently, archaeology could only speculate on this notion. Recent research in the field of molecular biology is proving this theory has merit. Mitochondrial DNA is showing the same markers in Native American populations as in the Asian populations. Other avenues of research have also lead to the discovery that there are similarities in the X and Y-Chromosomes of the two populations. There are many archaeological and anthropological mysteries surrounding the Americas. Perhaps one of the most perplexing and pervasive is the origin of the Native American peoples. There has been little archaeological data found that can substantiate a human or proto-human presence in the Americas before approximately 14,000 BC. If this is the case, the question becomes from where did the Native American population derive? There have been many hypotheses, ranging from the mundane to the bizarre. A popular conspiracy theory states...

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

The Arguments Against Gay Marriage

...mask. I chose this piece because just looking at it makes you wonder what all images it can produce. In the reading it states that the mask can change images by pulling on different strings located on it. The bright colors and shapes also attracted me to it. The frowning face, that represents the inside of the mask is quite unusual, it does directly depict an actual likeness of a face, and the outer parts look like the frame of the face. The book makes reference to the Kwakiutl people lived on the Vancouver Island, trading and warring with each other and their neighbors. But they produced great artwork like the mask which were used in Shaman ceremonies, and totem poles. The Kwakiutl are famed for their transformation masks. These massive American masks, up to eight feet long, are based around an animal form and open up during the ceremony to reveal an inner human character. This method links the human, animal and spiritual aspects of life. The winter period, called Tsetseka, meaning good humor, was used by the Kwakiutl as a time for celebrating. They believed that the spirits who had been at large in the world returned to the village to capture certain members of the population. The dances were often connected with the initiation of novices. Possessed by wild spirits the novices would disappear into the woods to be given the ancestral rites and then reappear as fully fledged members of the society. The spirit which possessed them was Bakbakwalanooksiwae (Cannibal at the north end...

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Alcohol in Alaska

...Policies in Native American Communities Devyn Vazquez Nova Southeastern University The indigenous people of North America have settled in areas across the present day United States and continue to live on and off reservations throughout America’s fifty states. Throughout Native Americans longstanding history the significant battle with alcohol has not only tarnished the culture of numerous tribes and the public perception of American Indians, but alcohol use has ruined the lives of countless people. The introduction of alcohol in Native American societies began with English explorer Henry Hudson in the early 1600’s during the exploration of what is now considered the New York City metropolitan area. The brief encounter began as an attempt to thwart any possible mischievous plans of the Mohawk chief and continues to harm the Native American people (Morris 1880). As of 2010, the United States population contains 4.1 million individuals who identify themselves as having American Indian or Alaska Native heritage. Within this population, Native Americans are six times more likely to die from alcohol related causes, have a life expectancy rate six years lower than the national average, and report heavy alcohol use almost double the other ethnicities in America (American Psychiatric Association 2010). There is never a simple solution to the complex problem of alcohol within any ethnicity and this toxic relationship is ever present in many Native American communities. Both...

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Havasupai Tribe

...With higher rates of chronic disease and premature death among Native Americans, there has been more research exploring the causative factors for these outcomes (Drabiak-Syed 177; Pacheco 2152). One of these studies, the Havasupai study, informed tribe members that they would be collecting blood in order to explore factors contributing to the high rates of Type II diabetes among the tribe (“Havasupai Tribe and Lawsuit Settlement”). Unknown to the tribe members, the researchers were also utilizing the tribe’s blood to explore stigmatizing subjects, such as migration and inbreeding (“Havasupai Tribe and Lawsuit Settlement”). This resulted in a long litigation process, which ended with the research institution providing the tribe with monetary...

Words: 1674 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural Research Paper

...such concepts as gender issues, child rearing, cognition, attitudes, etc. as they relate to culture. That is cross-cultural relative study and additional kinds of study can be concerned in the methods in which culture and correlated ideas for instance ethnicity influences the behavior and thinking of human being also how human being behavior and believe explain and reveal phases of an individual culture. Research builds the knowledge base for cross cultural psychology and investigates and tests the major trends in the field. Research investigates different cultures on a number of domains in Cross-Cultural Psychology. Certain trends or domains are prevalent in the field of cross cultural psychology including evolution and biology, awareness and reasoning, morals and outlooks, social psychology, behavior in culture, therapy and mental health, gender issues, parenting and human development, cultural change and ethnic psychology, also work and structural psychology. Additional trends consist of collectivism and individualism, towards common characteristics and original psychologies (Kagitcibasi and Barry, 1989). Other themes researched, such as in the Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, are global in nature, with research focused on intracultural study for instance the change of Asian American migrants to United States also on intercultural study for instance the growth of mathematics perceptive between kids in...

Words: 3779 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Last Rite for Indian Dad by Harjo

...Guide for College Writers. Boston: Bedford., 2002.Harjo's piece was originally published prior to the creation of Congress' N.A.G.P.R.A. legislation (Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act), signed into law under the first Bush Administration in 1991. Harjo's central argument is that Native American peoples should no longer be considered the commodified property of all Americans. She decries the desecration and exploitation of Native American gravesites and holy sites. For far too long, Harjo argues, Native American people have been seen as nothing more than a people ripe for exploitation and plunder, especially since relics and bones can fetch hefty prices at museums or amongst collectors of such rare items. Harjo's intended audience is a lay one; she assumes that most people have been very uninformed and passive about her topic; as such, she makes concerted efforts to inform and persuade her audience that the desecration and exploitation of her people must stop.Ultimately, while Harjo's essay does a very good job of establishing an ethical and emotional warrant so as to support her initial claim, I contend that she fails to completely convince me as to why studying Indian relics and skulls on the part of scientists is a useless endeavor. She raises up a point about the futility of such ethnographic / scientific studies on the bones, but does not include sufficient counterevidence to support her view. I would argue that the bones and relics do serve a vital purpose--yet...

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Native American Representation

...Native American Representation: Culture and Society People all across the globe treasure their heritage, hoping that it will be passed brown for generations, and that the world will honor that history really . In America today, Native Americans and their descendants are pleading with the world to give them positive representation that has been taken from them throughout the ages. The majority of America is content with pushing Native Americans to the side. In retaliation, the Native American community is coming together to save their culture and leads the fight toward increased representation of modern Native Americans. The Native American culture flourished before the Europeans discovered it, filled with morals and heart in their religion,...

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Native American

...years the Native American mascot debate is one that has gotten major press. Native Americans are very angry and want to be heard. The tribal names that these natives go by are something that mean very much to them. School boards, and sports teams around the country have used these mascots, and names to define who the team, and or school is. Today, many people see using Native American names for mascots to be racist. These mascots and cultural figures are part of the Native American culture. To go and generalize these people into a sports team that have nothing to do with who they are, is being very prejudice, misleading, and in many ways wrong. Native Americans deserve the right to be heard and understood that their names, tribal figures, and beliefs are theirs. Mascots used to define them bring nothing but racism, shame, stereotyping, and generalization. Many sports teams, schools, and universities in the US have adopted some incarnation of the Native American warrior as their mascot. However, many people, of Native American heritage as well as non-Indians, believe that the portrayals of Native Americans in this manner is a harmful, racist aspect of our culture, and one that we should take strong measures to prevent. It is not wrong for one to say that racism all around the world needs to be put to an end. We as Americans hold ourselves to high standards of being accepting to all ethnicities. It is hard to understand how we are unable to relate to Native Americans and understand...

Words: 2659 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Teen Suicide in Male Native Americans

...Teen suicide in male Native American teens Elizabeth Nather Teen suicide in male Native American teens Community can be interpreted and defined in a variety of ways depending on the group, it’s purpose, size, their interests, makeup, history, and bonds. Some communities have a history together while others form for just a short period of time. Because of these variables, a community can exist for different reasons, and have a unique make up with its own particular standards and goals. While one community may exist to counsel its members short term, another may have existed for many years with the goal of promoting future generations and preserving the history and traditions of their community. Webster defines community as, “a group of people with a common background or with shared interests within a society (Meriam Webster, 2010). The Native American Indians are an identified community. They share a common history and have shared interests within their society. Theirs is a unique culture with rich traditions and beliefs that have been passed on through many generations; a culture very different from many typical US ones. Historically, Native American communities have encouraged interdependence among Indian youth, families, and community connections (Long, et al.,2006). As these communities foster interdependence, many Native American youth are faced with a one sided knowledge of American society. The reservation is all they know so they cannot acclimate to...

Words: 5109 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

The Pros And Cons Of Banning Native American Mascots

...End of an Era for Harmful Mascots Professional athletic organizations should have to ban all Native American mascots. Native Americans have dealt with racism and oppression of their people ever since the pilgrims had landed on this continent. They pilgrims started with a slow, methodical push to the Native peoples then started to move them cross country to private ground specified for them. These Native Americans were moved out from their homes. Now, they are expected to respect the use of their own people through mascots. Native American mascots have been used for decades...

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Navajo Code Talkers Essay

...communicate in the military was the native language Navajo Native Americans was used (Navajo Code Talkers Facts). As a military form of communication to confuse the Japanese so as not to let secret messages be known during World War II. The Code talkers were Navajo men, who fought for their country and would talk in their native language over the radio to communicate for World War II to help the men of the American Military throughout the Pacific. These men did what no one else could, that was keep a code secrete no matter what happened to them. Navajo is a name of a tribe in the American West and are also the people who became the Code Talkers during World War II and were used up until Vietnam, but they suffered like everyone else who were not of the white race of the time. They also had to deal with the fact that they come from a Nation made of different tribes that are a proud people. Peter MacDonald was one of the Navajo Code talkers. His parents were livestock mainly with some farming and in his interview he tells about his people and when he became a Code Talker. He is from the clan Hashk’aa hadzohò meaning Yucca Fruit...

Words: 1389 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

American Indian and Native Alaskan Health Disparities

...American Indian and Native Alaskan Health Status According to the Center for Disease Control, or CDC, there are currently 566 government recognized tribes of American Indian and Native Alaskan origin in the United States (2015). This group of tribes roughly equates to 5.2 million individuals who make up this minority group. There are many stereotypes that come along with Native American heritage, such as alcoholism, poverty, and illness. Sadly, these stereotypes are true and this minority has several major health disparities which affect them as a whole, including those previously mentioned. Current Health Status and Health Disparities Of the 5.2 million American Indian and Native Alaskan population, a measured 26.9% lack health insurance (CDC, 2015). The unemployment rate does not help the poor health status of this group, being the second highest of all minority groups at 15.8%. A major health concern for Native Americans is diabetes. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, American Indians and Alaskan Natives are 2.2 times higher to develop diabetes. Ninety-five percent of American Indians and Alaskan Natives effected by diabetes have type 2 diabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2015). According to US News, only 51 percent of Native American high school students graduate (2013). The educational status of this minority group already puts them at a disadvantage for receiving proper health promotion and maintaining self-preservation. Higher dropout rates can be...

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5