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Pablo Picasso


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Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso known as Pablo Ruiz Picasso ; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish expatriatepainter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during theSpanish Civil War.
The enormous body of Picasso’s work remains, and the legend lives on—a tribute to the vitality of the “disquieting” Spaniard with the “sombre…piercing” eyes who superstitiously believed that work would keep him alive. For nearly 80 of his 91 years Picasso devoted himself to an artistic production that contributed significantly to and paralleled the whole development of modern art in the 20th century.
Picasso’s art from the time of the Demoiselles was radical in nature, virtually no 20th-century artist could escape his influence. Moreover, while other masters such as Matisse or Braque tended to stay within the bounds of a style they had developed in their youth, Picasso continued to be an innovator into the last decade of his life. This led to misunderstanding and criticism both in his lifetime and since, and it was only in the 1980s that his last paintings began to be appreciated both in themselves and for their profound influence on the rising generation of young painters. Since Picasso was able from the 1920s to sell works at very high prices, he could keep most of his oeuvre in his own collection. At the time of his death he owned some 50,000 works in various media from every period of his career, which passed into possession of the French state and his heirs. Their exhibition and publication has served to reinforce the highest estimates of Picasso’s astonishing powers of invention and execution over a span of more than 80 years.

Early life
Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santísima Trinidad, a series of names honoring various saints and relatives. Added to these were Ruiz and Picasso, for his father and mother, respectively, as per Spanish law. Born in the city of Málaga in the Andalusian region of Spain, he was the first child of Don José Ruiz y Blasco (1838–1913) and María Picasso y López. Picasso’s family was middle-class. His father was a painter who specialized in naturalistic depictions of birds and other game. For most of his life Ruiz was a professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum. Ruiz’s ancestors were minor aristocrats.
Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age. According to his mother, his first words were “piz, piz”, a shortening oflápiz, the Spanish word for ‘pencil’. From the age of seven, Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting. Ruiz was a traditional, academic artist and instructor who believed that proper training required disciplined copying of the masters, and drawing the human body from plaster casts and live models. His son became preoccupied with art to the detriment of his classwork.
The family moved to A Coruña in 1891, where his father became a professor at the School of Fine Arts. They stayed almost four years. On one occasion the father found his son painting over his unfinished sketch of a pigeon. Observing the precision of his son’s technique, an apocryphal story relates that Ruiz felt that the thirteen-year-old Picasso had surpassed him, and vowed to give up painting,[5] though paintings by Ruiz exist from later years.
In 1895, Picasso was traumatized when his seven-year-old sister, Conchita, died of diphtheria.[6] After her death, the family moved toBarcelona, where Ruiz took a position at its School of Fine Arts. Picasso thrived in the city, regarding it in times of sadness or nostalgia as his true home.[7] Ruiz persuaded the officials at the academy to allow his son to take an entrance exam for the advanced class. This process often took students a month, but Picasso completed it in a week, and the impressed jury admitted Picasso, who was 13. The student lacked discipline but made friendships that would affect him in later life. His father rented him a small room close to home so Picasso could work alone, yet Ruiz checked up on him numerous times a day, judging his son’s drawings. The two argued frequently.
Picasso’s father and uncle decided to send the young artist to Madrid’s Royal Academy of San Fernando, the country's foremost art school.[7] At age 16, Picasso set off for the first time on his own, but he disliked formal instruction and quit attending classes soon after enrollment. Madrid, however, held many other attractions. The Prado housed paintings by Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, and Francisco Zurbarán. Picasso especially admired the works of El Greco; elements like the elongated limbs, arresting colors, and mystical visages are echoed in Picasso’s later work.

Career beginnings
Picasso made his first trip to Paris in 1900, then the art capital of Europe. There, he met his first Parisian friend, the journalist and poet Max Jacob, who helped Picasso learn the language and its literature. Soon they shared an apartment; Max slept at night while Picasso slept during the day and worked at night. These were times of severe poverty, cold, and desperation. Much of his work was burned to keep the small room warm. During the first five months of 1901, Picasso lived in Madrid, where he and his anarchist friend Francisco de Asís Soler founded the magazine Arte Joven (Young Art), which published five issues. Soler solicited articles and Picasso illustrated the journal, mostly contributing grim cartoons depicting and sympathizing with the state of the poor. The first issue was published on 31 March 1901, by which time the artist had started to sign his work simply Picasso, while before he had signed Pablo Ruiz y Picasso.[9]

Personal life
In the early 20th century, Picasso divided his time between Barcelona and Paris. In 1904, in the middle of a storm, he met Fernande Olivier, a Bohemian artist who became his mistress.[6] Olivier appears in many of his Rose period paintings. After acquiring some fame and fortune, Picasso left Olivier for Marcelle Humbert, whom he called Eva Gouel. Picasso included declarations of his love for Eva in many Cubist works. Picasso was devastated by her premature death from illness at the age of 30 in 1915.[15]

Pablo Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in Mougins, France, while he and his wife Jacqueline entertained friends for dinner. His final words were “Drink to me, drink to my health, you know I can’t drink any more.”[20] He was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence, a property he had acquired in 1958 and occupied with Jacqueline between 1959 and 1962. Jacqueline Roque prevented his children Claude and Paloma from attending the funeral.[21] Devastated and lonely after the death of Picasso, Jacqueline Roque took her own life by gunshot in 1986 when she was 59 years old.[22]

Children * Paulo (4 February 1921 – 5 June 1975) (Born Paul Joseph Picasso) — with Olga Khokhlova * Maya (5 September 1935 – ) (Born Maria de la Concepcion Picasso) — with Marie-Thérèse Walter * Claude (15 May 1947 –) (Born Claude Pierre Pablo Picasso) & Paloma (19 April 1949 – ) (Born Anne Paloma Picasso) — with Françoise Gilot * -------------------------------------------------
“ | Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth. | ” | | — Pablo Picasso[38] | | * Picasso’s work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1905–1907), the African-influenced Period (1908–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919). * In 1939–40 the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, under its director Alfred Barr, a Picasso enthusiast, held a major and highly successful retrospective of his principal works up until that time. This exhibition lionized the artist, brought into full public view in America the scope of his artistry, and resulted in a reinterpretation of his work by contemporary art historians and scholars.[39] * Rose Period Pablo Picasso, Garçon à la pipe, (Boy with a Pipe), 1905,Rose Period
For more details on this topic, see Picasso's Rose Period.
The Rose Period (1904–1906)[48] is characterized by a more cheery style with orange and pink colors, and featuring many circus people, acrobats andharlequins known in France as saltimbanques. The harlequin, a comedic character usually depicted in checkered patterned clothing, became a personal symbol for Picasso. Picasso met Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors and artists, in Paris in 1904, and many of these paintings are influenced by his warm relationship with her, in addition to his increased exposure to French painting. The generally upbeat and optimistic mood of paintings in this period is reminiscent of the 1899–1901 period (i.e. just prior to the Blue Period) and 1904 can be considered a transition year between the two periods.
African-influenced Period Les Demoiselles d'Avignon(1907), Museum of Modern Art, New York
For more details on this topic, see Picasso's African Period.
Picasso’s African-influenced Period (1907–1909) begins with the two figures on the right in his painting, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, which were inspired by African artifacts. Formal ideas developed during this period lead directly into the Cubist period that follows.

Three Musicians (1921),Museum of Modern Art
Analytic cubism (1909–1912) is a style of painting Picasso developed along with Georges Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colors. Both artists took apart objects and “analyzed” them in terms of their shapes. Picasso and Braque’s paintings at this time have many similarities. Synthetic cubism (1912–1919) was a further development of the genre, in which cut paper fragments—often wallpaper or portions of newspaper pages—were pasted into compositions, marking the first use of collage in fine art.

Classicism and surrealism
In the period following the upheaval of World War I, Picasso produced work in a neoclassical style. This “return to order” is evident in the work of many European artists in the 1920s, including André Derain, Giorgio de Chirico, Gino Severini, the artists of the New Objectivity movement and of the Novecento Italiano movement. Picasso’s paintings and drawings from this period frequently recall the work of Raphaeland Ingres.
During the 1930s, the minotaur replaced the harlequin as a common motif in his work. His use of the minotaur came partly from his contact with thesurrealists, who often used it as their symbol, and it appears in Picasso’s Guernica.

Guernica, 1937, Museo Reina Sofia
Arguably Picasso’s most famous work is his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War—Guernica. This large canvas embodies for many the inhumanity, brutality and hopelessness of war. Asked to explain its symbolism, Picasso said, “It isn’t up to the painter to define the symbols. Otherwise it would be better if he wrote them out in so many words! The public who look at the picture must interpret the symbols as they understand them.”[49][50]
Guernica hung in New York’s Museum of Modern Art for many years. In 1981 Guernica was returned to Spain and exhibited at the Casón del Buen Retiro. In 1992 the painting hung in Madrid’s Reina Sofía Museum when it opened.
Later works

The Chicago Picasso a 50' high public Cubist sculpture. Donated by Picasso to the people of Chicago
Picasso was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in mid-1949. In the 1950s, Picasso’s style changed once again, as he took to producing reinterpretations of the art of the great masters. He made a series of works based on Velazquez’s painting of Las Meninas. He also based paintings on works by Goya, Poussin, Manet, Courbet andDelacroix.

Nude Woman with a Necklace(1968), Tate
He was commissioned to make a maquette for a huge 50-foot (15 m)-high public sculpture to be built in Chicago, known usually as the Chicago Picasso. He approached the project with a great deal of enthusiasm, designing a sculpture which was ambiguous and somewhat controversial. What the figure represents is not known; it could be a bird, a horse, a woman or a totally abstract shape. The sculpture, one of the most recognizable landmarks in downtown Chicago, was unveiled in 1967. Picasso refused to be paid $100,000 for it, donating it to the people of the city.

Baboon and Young (1951) –Museum of Contemporary Arts –Tehran / Iran
Picasso’s final works were a mixture of styles, his means of expression in constant flux until the end of his life. Devoting his full energies to his work, Picasso became more daring, his works more colorful and expressive, and from 1968 through 1971 he produced a torrent of paintings and hundreds of copperplate etchings. At the time these works were dismissed by most as pornographic fantasies of an impotent old man or the slapdash works of an artist who was past his prime. Only later, after Picasso’s death, when the rest of the art world had moved on from abstract expressionism, did the critical community come to see that Picasso had already discovered neo-expressionism and was, as so often before, ahead of his time.

Early life
See also: Van Gogh's family in his art
Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853 in Groot-Zundert, a village close to Breda in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, a predominantly Catholic area.[10][11] He was the oldest child of Theodorus van Gogh, a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, and Anna Cornelia Carbentus. Vincent was given the name of his grandfather, and of a brother stillborn exactly a year before his birth.[note 2] The practice of reusing a name was not unusual. Vincent was a common name in the Van Gogh family: his grandfather, Vincent (1789–1874), had received his degree of theology at the University of Leiden in 1811. Grandfather Vincent had six sons, three of whom became art dealers, including another Vincent who was referred to in van Gogh's letters as "Uncle Cent". Grandfather Vincent had perhaps been named in turn after his own father's uncle, the successful sculptor Vincent van Gogh (1729–1802).[12][13] Art and religion were the two occupations to which the Van Gogh family gravitated. His brother Theodorus "Theo" was born on 1 May 1857. He had another brother, Cor, and three sisters: Elisabeth, Anna and Willemina "Wil".[14]
Shortly after being acquitted from the hospital, van Gogh suffered a severe setback in December 1889 when his bouts of illness became more pronounced, followed in February 1890 by another "crisis that was worse than all the preceding ones."[126] Although he had been troubled by illness throughout his adult life, the episodes were more serious during his last few years. Sometimes he was either unwilling or unable to paint, a factor which added to the mounting frustrations of an artist at the peak of his ability. Art critic Robert Hughes writes that from May 1889 to May 1890 he "had fits of despair and hallucination during which he could not work, and in between them, long clear months in which he could and did, punctuated by extreme visionary ecstasy."[127]
On July 27, 1890, aged 37, van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver.[128] Where he was when he shot himself is unclear. Ingo Walther writes that "Some think van Gogh shot himself in the wheat field which had engaged his attention as an artist of late; others think he did it at a barn near the inn."[129] Biographer David Sweetman writes that the bullet was deflected by a rib bone and passed through his chest without doing apparent damage to internal organs, probably stopped by his spine. He was able to walk back to theAuberge Ravoux. He was attended by two physicians, neither with the capability to perform surgery to remove the bullet, who left him alone in his room, smoking his pipe. The following morning (Monday), as soon as he was notified, Theo rushed to be with Vincent, to find him in surprisingly good shape; within hours, however, he began to fail, the result of untreated infection in the wound. Vincent died in the evening, 29 hours after he shot himself. Theo reported his brother's last words as "The sadness will last forever."[130][128]
Vincent c. 1866, approx. age 13
As a child, Vincent was serious, silent and thoughtful. He attended the Zundert village school from 1860, where the single Catholic teacher taught around 200 pupils. From 1861, he and his sister Anna were taught at home by a governess, until October 1, 1864, when he went to Jan Provily's boarding school at Zevenbergen about 20 miles (32 km) away. He was distressed to leave his family home as he recalled later as an adult. On September 15, 1866, he went to the new middle school, Willem II College in Tilburg. Constantijn C. Huysmans, a successful artist in Paris, taught van Gogh to draw at the school and advocated a systematic approach to the subject. Vincent's interest in art began at an early age. He began to draw as a child and continued making drawings throughout the years leading to his decision to become an artist. Though accomplished and expressive,[15] his early drawings do not approach the intensity he developed in his later work.[16] In March 1868, van Gogh abruptly left school and returned home. A later comment on his early years was in an 1883 letter to Theo in which he wrote, "My youth was gloomy and cold and sterile".[17]
In July 1869, his uncle Cent helped him obtain a position with the art dealer Goupil & Cie in The Hague. After his training, in June 1873, Goupil transferred him to London, where he lodged at 87 Hackford Road, Brixton, and worked at Messrs. Goupil & Co., 17 Southampton Street.[18] This was a happy time for Vincent; he was successful at work and was, at 20, earning more than his father. Theo's wife later remarked that this was the happiest year of Vincent's life. He fell in love with his landlady's daughter, Eugénie Loyer, but when he finally confessed his feelings to her, she rejected him, saying that she was secretly engaged to a former lodger. He became increasingly isolated and fervent about religion; his father and uncle arranged for him to be transferred to Paris, where he became resentful at how art was treated as a commodity, a fact apparent to customers. On April 1, 1876, Goupil terminated his employment.

The Old Mill, 1888, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY.

Starry Night Over the Rhone, 1888,Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background, 1889,Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Main article: List of works by Vincent van Gogh
Van Gogh drew and painted with watercolors while at school; few of these works survive and authorship is challenged on some of those that do.[139] When he committed to art as an adult, he began at an elementary level, copying the Cours de dessin, a drawing course edited by Charles Bargue. Within two years he had begun to seek commissions. In spring 1882, his uncle, Cornelis Marinus, owner of a well-known gallery of contemporary art in Amsterdam, asked him for drawings of the Hague. Van Gogh's work did not live up to his uncle's expectations. Marinus offered a second commission, this time specifying the subject matter in detail, but was once again disappointed with the result. Nevertheless, van Gogh persevered. He improved the lighting of his studio by installing variable shutters and experimented with a variety of drawing materials. For more than a year he worked on single figures—highly elaborated studies in "Black and White",[140] which at the time gained him only criticism. Today, they are recognized as his first masterpieces.[141]
In his final letter to Theo, Vincent admitted that as he did not have any children, he viewed his paintings as his progeny. Reflecting on this, the historianSimon Schama concluded that he "did have a child of course, Expressionism, and many, many heirs." Schama mentioned a wide number of artists who have adapted elements of van Gogh's style, including Willem de Kooning, Howard Hodgkin and Jackson Pollock.[179] The Fauves extended both his use of color and freedom in application,[180] as did German Expressionists of the Die Brücke group, and as other early modernists.[181] Abstract Expressionism of the 1940s and 1950s is seen as in part inspired from van Gogh's broad, gestural brush strokes. In the words of art critic Sue Hubbard: "At the beginning of the twentieth century Van Gogh gave the Expressionists a new painterly language which enabled them to go beyond surface appearance and penetrate deeper essential truths. It is no coincidence that at this very moment Freud was also mining the depths of that essentially modern domain—the subconscious. This beautiful and intelligent exhibition places Van Gogh where he firmly belongs; as the trailblazer of modern art."[182]
In 1957, Francis Bacon (1909–1992) based a series of paintings on reproductions of van Gogh's The Painter on the Road to Tarascon, the original of which was destroyed during World War II. Bacon was inspired by not only an image he described as "haunting", but also van Gogh himself, whom Bacon regarded as an alienated outsider, a position which resonated with Bacon. The Irish artist further identified with van Gogh's theories of art and quoted lines written in a letter to Theo, "[R]eal painters do not paint things as they are...They paint them asthey themselves feel them to be".[183] An exhibition devoted to Vincent van Gogh's letters took place in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam from October 2009 to January 2010[184] and then moved to the Royal Academy in London from late January to April.[185]

Paul Gauguin was born in Paris, France to journalist Clovis Gauguin and Alina Maria Chazal, daughter of the half-Peruvian proto-socialist leader Flora Tristan, a feminist precursor. In 1849 [3] the family left Paris for Peru, motivated by the political climate of the period.[citation needed] Clovis died on the voyage, leaving eighteen-month old Paul, his mother and sister to fend for themselves. They lived for four years in Lima with Paul's uncle and his family. The imagery of Peru would later influence Gauguin in his art. It was in Lima that Gauguin encountered his first art. Alina admired Pre-Columbian pottery - Inca pots that some colonists dismissed as barbaric, his mother collected. And one of Gauguin's few early memories of his mother was of her wearing the traditional costume of Lima, one eye peeping from beneath the mysterious one-eyed veil, her manteau, that all women in Lima went out in. "Gauguin was always drawn to women with a traditional look. This must have been the first of the colourful female costumes that were to haunt his imagination."[4]
Artistic career
In 1873, around the same time as he became a stockbroker, he started becoming an artist too. Gauguin began painting in his free time. His Parisian life centred on the 9th arrondissement. Gauguin lived at 21 rue la Bruyére. All around were the cafés made famous by the Impressionists. Gauguin also visited galleries frequently and purchased work by emerging artists. He formed a friendship with Pissarro and visited him on Sundays, to paint in his garden, and Pissarro introduced him to various other artists. In 1877 Gauguin, "moved downmarket and across the river to the poorer, newer, urban sprawls" of Vaugirard. Here, on the third floor at 8 rue Carcel, he had the first home in which he had a studio. He showed paintings in Impressionist exhibitions held in 1881 and 1882 - (earlier a sculpture, of his son Emile, had been the only sculpture in the 4th Impressionist Exhibition of 1879.) Over two summer holidays, he painted with Pissarro and occasionally Paul Cézanne.
Cloisonnism and Synthetism
The Yellow Christ (Le Christ jaune), 1889, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Under the influence of folk art and Japanese prints, Gauguin's work evolved towards Cloisonnism, a style given its name by the critic Édouard Dujardin in response to Émile Bernard's method of painting with flat areas of color and bold outlines, which reminded Dujardin of the Medievalcloisonné enamelling technique. Gauguin was very appreciative of Bernard's art and of his daring with the employment of a style which suited Gauguin in his quest to express the essence of the objects in his art.[13]
Historical significance
Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892,Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Primitivism was an art movement of late 19th century painting and sculpture; characterized by exaggerated body proportions, animal totems, geometric designs and stark contrasts. The first artist to systematically use these effects and achieve broad public success was Paul Gauguin. The European cultural elite discovering the art of Africa, Micronesia, and Native Americans for the first time were fascinated, intrigued and educated by the newness, wildness and the stark power embodied in the art of those faraway places. Like Pablo Picasso in the early days of the 20th century, Gauguin was inspired and motivated by the raw power and simplicity of the so-called Primitive art of those foreign cultures.

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...This analysis only includes elements and principles yours will include additional information. Use checklist for direction and ideas. Pablo Picasso's The Three Musicians A Brief Compositional Analysis by Cliff Stuckey The three musicians is a highly organized arrangement of shape and color which successfully conveys the feelings associated with musical composition. Picasso's masterpiece works on several levels, as an abstract composition based on the narrative relationships of three traditional characters in the Italian theater Commedia del Arte and as a formal design. As with most of Picasso's pieces, there are hidden meanings that are to amuse him as well as casual observers. The picture pays tribute to some of Picasso's friends whom he has associated with the characters. More important than the narrative content of the picture, Picasso follows his tendency to construct a highly controlled surface with its formal concerns of balancing the elements of shape and color. The first device he uses is an apparently symmetrical arrangement of the three figures, equally sized, with one in the center and another on each side. But he defies the apparent symmetry by making the figure on the right side very dark, while the countering figure on the left is very light. The painting achieves its balance, in part, by using extreme contrasts of light and dark, thus defying the initial instinct of the viewer and shifting the work to an asymmetrical balance. Small areas of...

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Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles D Avignon

...Les Demoiselles d'Avignon is a celebrated painting by Pablo Picasso that depicts five prostitutes in a brothel, in the Avignon Street of Barcelona. The controversial eye-catching painting now hangs in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Les Demoiselles d Avignon work represents a major milestone in the history of modern art. Picasso's controversial and powerful painting broke all traditional concepts and perspective of ideal beauty. It distinguished him from other artists and ushered in the new artistic movement of cubism. In the months leading up to the painting's creation, Picasso struggles with the subject -- five women in a brothel. In 19th century art, prostitutes played a significant role as they were regarded as subversive and disruptive to the social and sexual status quo . Picasso's awareness of this theme must be remembered when examining this work since it aided the painting in becoming the most important artwork of the century. The painting began as a narrative brothel scene on Avignon Street in the city of Barcelona where Picasso was a young up and coming artist. Here he created more than 100 sketches and preliminary paintings before his final design. Initially the painting had five naked prostitutes and two men, a patron surrounded by the women, and a medical student holding a skull, perhaps symbolizing that "the wages of sin are death. " The sailor seemed to be walking into this curtained room where the ladies stand and the woman on the far left now...

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Pablo Picasso Research Paper

...Pablo Picasso’s Jacqueline Ever heard of Pablo’s Picasso “Jacqueline” master piece? No? Well now you have. Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain, Son of Jose Ruiz Blasco, an art teacher (1838-1913) and Maria Picasso Lopez (1855- 1939). Picasso grew up creating and drawing pieces of artwork, taking classes under his father at an early age. As Picasso grew so did his desire for painting, dropping his father’s surname and becoming Pablo Picasso, he began his work. Later on Picasso became a name among other artists, for his great masterpieces, the old guitarist, Guernica and Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. Picasso was friends with quite a few other artists, Georges Braque being one of the following. Many of their paintings were believed to always have a similar look and interpretation, they were believed to be influence by each other, this affecting how many people were effected by their movements....

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Pablo Picasso Gerencia, Compairson

...created a new perspective and understanding of the pains and horrors of war. Pablo Picasso’s Guernica shows the catastrophes of war and the torment it inflicts upon the individual, particularly on civilians. This work has gained massive status, becoming a continuous reminder of the heartbreaks of war, and a model for peace. In 1937 a Basque town in the province of Biscay, Guernica was subjected to three hours of destruction by dozens of German and Italian bombers lead by General Francisco Franco, a Spanish military leader and statesman who ruled as the dictator of Spain from 1936 until his death in 1975. He came to power during the Spanish Civil War. More than 1,500 people were killed in a cruel act of war unmatched in European history. Picasso was asked to create an artwork by Republican Spain that would go in the Paris World Exposition. Up until two months before the exposition Picasso found himself uninspired. But as soon as knowledge of Guernica was exposed to the public Picasso swiftly made it clear to that Guernica would be his subject for the Paris Expo. He worked non stop for two months to produce the devastating display of the horrors of war in harsh black and white, measuring eleven feet high by twenty-five feet long so large that Picasso had to attach his paint brushes to long sticks to complete it. It is an oil painting on canvas, and is on display at the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid. Picasso completed the work of art in June, 1937The scene is filled entirely with horror...

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Pablo Picasso And Frida Kahlo's Guernica

...Throughout history, art has been a tool for many to express themselves and the events surrounding them. The works of great artists are not only personal, but revolutionary. On occasion, paintings can influence the spectator, for better or worse. Artists, such as Pablo Picasso, Frida Kahlo, and those who designed world war one propaganda, demonstrate their views and worldly perceptions to change others. Picasso’s Guernica shows the brutalities of war, as propaganda tried to hide it. Kahlo paints her life as a mexican women imposed with Western culture in Las Dos Fridas, while street art gives a loud and accessible message to those who come across it. All these examples exemplify real occurrences, that were published and used as a front for mainstream...

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How Did Pablo Picasso Influence The World

...An extremely prominent figure during his time and to the 20th century in general, Pablo Picasso is not only known for his influence and contribution to the art world but also to many aspects of the cultural realm of life as well. His work in founding the Cubist movement established a set of pictorial problems, devices, and approaches, which remained important well into the 1950s. At each stage of his career, from the classicism works of the 1920s to the works produced in Paris during the 1940s, his example was important. Even after the war and the shift of the avant-garde art energy diverted to New York, Picasso remained a colossal figure, and one who could never be ignored.Though his influence undeniably subsided in the 1960s, he had by that...

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The Face Of War 'And Femme En Pleurs' By Pablo Picasso

...The face of war, by Salvador Dali, "Femme en pleurs" by Pablo Picasso, are two depressing paintings. When most people view these two paintings in the first sight, they would think that they would be very different but they actually have a lot of things in common. The first painting would be seen as a disturbing, disgusting visual. The second painting would be seen as a cubical, interesting and a colourful painting. In these two paintings, there are many intentions and secret messages such as fear, ugly truth, and the lonely horror. The date of these two paintings only show 4 years difference. "Femme en pleurs" was completed in 1937, while "The face of war" was done by 1941. Surprisingly, they were both influenced by the Spanish civil war...

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“Surrealist Artists, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso Were Clearly Influenced by Their Experiences of the Spanish Civil War” to What Extent Is This Statement Accurate?

...“Surrealist artists, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso were clearly influenced by their experiences of the Spanish Civil War” To what extent is this statement accurate? The rise of a revolution in 1930 Spain provoked artistic nightmarish visions in many European artists. Individual Surrealist artists responded differently, some abandoned peaceful propaganda for weapons and violence, while others, like Joan Miró, involved their artistic innovation directly in the service of the war efforts. However, artistic expressionism was the main forum by which Surrealist artists such as Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso expressed their opinions and depictions regarding the Spanish Civil War. The artists explored diverse views of fascism, death, despair, desire and hope through intricately detailed paintings heavily influenced by the war. 1930s Spain was deeply politically divided between the Nationalist and the Republicans. Generals Franco and Sanjujo led the Nationalists, right wing, with the support of the cities of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia. Whereas the Republican parties, left wing, led by Azana were supported by the cities of Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos. Nationalists embodied monarchists, landowners, employers, the Roman Catholic Church and the army, whereas Republicans consisted of the workers, trade union, socialists and the peasantry. The Great Depression took a heavy economic toll on Spain causing the collapse of the military dictatorship...

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Critical Review of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica

...Critical Review of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica Pablo Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. Constantly updating and mastering his style, he was known as the pioneer of cubism (“Pablo Picasso Biography”). By his death in 1973, over twenty-two thousand pieces of wok have been documented (“Pablo Picasso and his Paintings”). The Life of Picasso Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso was born in 1881, in Spain. Pablo Picasso, as he known by, was the son of Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter and art teacher with whom Picasso studied under until he was thirteen years old, when he surpassed his father’s skill. When he was fourteen, his family moved to Barcelona, where he accepted into the city’s school of fine arts, despite the school generally only accepting older students. Two years later, Picasso moved to Madrid to attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando which only lasted two years due to the school’s lack of variety to appeal to Picasso (“Pablo Diego José…”). In 1901, Picasso moved to Paris to open his own studio. He found it to be the ideal place to practice new styles and art forms (“Pablo Picasso Biography”). From that point in his career he began his “Blue Period,” from 1901 to 1904. Depressed and lonely from the death of his close friend, Carlos Casagemas, blues, blacks, and grays dominated his pictures depicting poverty isolation, and...

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