Premium Essay


In: Novels

Submitted By lauegbe
Words 9578
Pages 39


The use of theory in qualitative approaches to research: application in end-of-life studies
Hung-Lan Wu & Deborah L. Volker
Accepted for publication 24 July 2009

Correspondence to D.L. Volker: e-mail: Hung-Lan Wu PhD RN Nursing Instructor Meiho Institute of Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan Deborah L. Volker PhD RN AOCN Associate Professor The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Austin, Texas, USA

W U H . L . & V O L K E R D . L . ( 2 0 0 9 ) The use of theory in qualitative approaches to research: application in end-of-life studies. Journal of Advanced Nursing 65(12), 2719–2732. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05157.x

Title. The use of theory in qualitative approaches to research: application in end-of-life studies. Aim. This paper is a report of an analysis of the use of theory in qualitative approaches to research as exemplified in qualitative end-of-life studies. Background. Nurses researchers turn to theory to conceptualize research problems and guide investigations. However, researchers using qualitative approaches do not consistently articulate how theory has been applied, and no clear consensus exists regarding the appropriate application of theory in qualitative studies. A review of qualitative, end-of-life studies is used to illustrate application of theory to study design and findings. Data sources. A review of theoretical literature was carried out, focusing on definitions and use of theory in qualitative end-of-life studies published in English between 1990 and 2008. Discussion. The term ‘theory’ continues to be used in a variety of ways by theorists and researchers. Within the reviewed end-of-life studies, the use of theory included theory creation or provision of a comparative framework for data analysis and interpretation. Implications for nursing. Nurses who

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Presentaton Product

...Now, I will introduce our product in detail. As Li Xin said, our product is a kind of intelligent cup. It not only can change the temperature of the water, but also can remind users to drink water. So, why do we want to launch this product? The most important reason is many people in our lives drink water unhealthy, even forget to drink water. However, as we all know, Water is the source of life. It is very important for us. Therefore, our product will provide the water which is the most suitable for human body needs. At the same time enable users to develop a good habit of drinking water. So, to move on to the functions of the product. Our product have two main functions. As you can see on this slide, one is changing the temperature of the water, the other is intelligent water project. In other words is reminding users to drink water. So, let’s look at them in detail. Firstly, researches show that better temperature of drinking water is about 35 centigrade, better temperature of tea and coffee is about 75 centigrade. Because of this, our product can adjust the temperature of the water according to different needs of users. We use the vacuum break hot technology and two-tier interiors to adjust the temperature of the water. And different coloured lights indicate the temperature in the wall of the cup. Secondly, studies have shown that a normal daily intake of water is about 2000 milliliter. Too little will affect metabolism, too much can increase kidney burden. Our product...

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Business Communication Trends

...On a day-to-day, business communications must allow and employee to be connected to multiple members of their team. These members must be able to collaborate with each other even when these members have non-traditional schedules and workplaces. Not only must members be able to connect internally but also externally with customers and/or vendors. Members must also be proficient with tools that allow them to create effective business communications. Technology is facilitating access to such communication tools and changing the way businesses communicate. Internal communications are vital to any organization. The most used tools today in business communication today are email and mobile phones. Email is used to connect team members with information and creates documentation of projects being collaborated on by a team. Thru e-mail, a team can communicate in a detailed manner about daily needs from others and update the status of projects or tasks. Mobile phones can connect team members almost immediately. In business the preferred device is a “smart phone.” A smart phone has expanded capabilities aside form making phone calls. These devices give team members’ access to email and text messages. An advantage of text messaging over email is that messages are limited in character count; therefore messages must be more succinct. These tools are a great resource for connecting a few people in an organization, but to connect a larger group other tools exist that are web-based. Intranets...

Words: 1752 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...McCombs School of Business Fall 2010 The University of Texas at Austin 05105 Marketing 382 Strategic Brand Management MW 8:00 – 9:15 CBA 3.130 Office Hours: Professor Leigh McAlister M/W 9:30-11 and by appointment CBA 7.228 TA: Jeremy Battier By appointment Required Readings Course Reading Packet (CP): Required Available in GSB Copy Center Everyone must purchase his/her own copy of the packet. Do not share copies of the packet as this is a violation of copyright. Additional readings posted on course web site (BB) ( Course Objectives Some of a firm’s most valuable assets are the brands that it has invested in and developed over time. Although manufacturing processes can often be duplicated, strongly held beliefs and attitudes established in consumers’ minds cannot. This course provides students with insights into the creation of profitable brand strategies. It addresses three important questions: (1) How do you build brand equity?; (2) How can brand equity be measured?; and (3) How do you capitalize on brand equity to expand your business? Its basic objectives are to provide an understanding of: (1) Important issues in planning and evaluating brand strategies; and (2) Appropriate concepts and techniques to improve the long-term profitability of brand strategies. The course...

Words: 4821 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Pathfinders Honor Book 2014 (Gc)

...ADRA AC&H AC&H H&S ADRA HA HA H&S OI REC NAT NAT OI VOC VOC SGO&H REC SGO&H pathfinder honor book 2014 revision general conference youth ministries department -1- ADRA AC&H H&S NAT HA OI SGO&H REC VOC pathfinder honor book 2014 revision general conference youth ministries department -3- General Conference Youth Ministries Department Director: Gilbert Cangy General Conference Associate Youth Director/Pathfinder World Director: Jonatan Tejel General Conference Honors Committee: Jonatan Tejel, Chairman Vanessa Correa, Secretary Gennady Kasap: ESD Youth Director Busi Khumalo: SID Youth Director Mark O’Ffill: NAD representative John Sommerfeld: SPD representative Paul Tompkins: TED Youth Director Jobbie Yabut: SSD Youth Director Udolcy Zukowski: SAD Pathfinder Director Copyright © 2014 by the Youth Ministries Department of the Seventh-day Adventist® Church All rights reserved. Published 2014 First edition published 1998. Second edition 2011. Third edition 2014 Rights for publishing this book outside the U.S.A. or in non-English languages are administered by the Youth Ministries Department of the Seventh-day Adventist® Church. For additional information, please visit our website, www.gcyouthministries. org, email, or write to Youth Ministries Department, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists® Church, 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904, U.S.A. Cover and inside design by Jonatan Tejel Printed in the United...

Words: 98832 - Pages: 396