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Smallpox Eradication History

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iii. There was a development of national surveillance system which at the time did not even exist in many countries
1. Plan and goals be put into place
2. Time period of each one iv. It pushed many national health care sectors that have never taken involvement in a effort like this to become involved.
v. Each health campaign needed to have training for the staff that would educate them and the patients
1. Allow other programs or initiatives to be added on to this existing program. (Fenner 1988). vi. After they think the diseases has been eradicated no new cases for 2 years (Fenner 1988). vii. Mobile teams were implemented to look for unreported cases of smallpox (Fenner 1988). viii. Main point of identification (Fenner 1988).
1. Last outbreak, suspected …show more content…
Characteristics made this diseases easy to surveillance because of the rash iv. Transmission was easy to contain because of the droplets
v. Has no carrier state or animal reservoir vi. The vaccine itself was very stable it was cheap, heat stables, and only needed one dose of it

3. The way smallpox eradication is influencing polio eradication steps
a. Smallpox => polio (similarities) (Eradicating, 2000)
i. No animal resivour ii. Effective and inexpensive
1. Use existing health care system in place/ workers iii. Vaccine with life long immunity iv. You would no longer need to be immunized against the disease
v. Diseases
1. Person to Person Contact vi. Government support to fight the disease
b. Vaccination efficiency (Miller eatl., 2006)
i. Routine children vaccination ii. Have national immunization days
1. Occur more then twice a yea annually for children that are five years and younger iii. Door to door immunizations (Miller eatl., 2006) iv. The biggest challenge is to know when to stop immunizing
1. Since polio has significant decreased the next stop is to look for the virus reservoir and high risk populations
a. This was done in the smallpox case as well when eradication team when out to rural

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