Free Essay

Space Shuttle Safety335

In: Historical Events

Submitted By russmcc
Words 344
Pages 2
The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster was the largest tragedy that had ever occurred in space travel history. The disaster occurred on January 28, 1986. Seventy-two seconds in flight, the shuttle blew up and bursted into pieces. All seven crewmembers on board died either at explosion or water impact. Most people in their teens and older when this tragedy occur, still remember when and where they were…for me it was 8th grade math class and we had it on television. It was a huge deal because the first female school teacher was onboard. The commission found that the Challenger accident was caused by a failure in the O-rings sealing on the right booster rocket housing. This caused hot gases from the pressurization to blow out, or snap the O-ring. (Wikepedia, n.d.)
With the O-ring failure, this caused structural failure. On the day of the launch, it was delayed over six hours due to cold weather. This was addressed prior to launch, but it seemed that everyone ignored this vital piece of intelligence. Cold temperatures affect O-rings in every bit of aviation. In the P-3 if the weather is below freezing, a hot start shall be used so O-ring seals won’t split in the propeller which would cause hydraulic fluid leaks in the prop.
The key factor besides the O-ring was the supervision and safety councils who oversaw this launch. The night prior to the launch, a meeting was held to discuss scenerios to delay the launch the following day. No one was in attendance from any safety councils and the O-ring theory was not mentioned again, until it was too late.
The findings on the commission added an extra O-ring to each side of the motor and the interior insulation and sealant was updated to new materials for better temperature resistance. This mishap happened due to lack of supervision, communication, and the urge to hurry up and go!

References
Wikepedia. (n.d.). Retrieved from Rogers Commission Report: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers_Commission_Report

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Deep Space Exploration

...Deep Space Exploration The immediate question being asked is should people explore deep space. One of the benefits of deep space exploration will be our ability to mine valuable resources from asteroids, eliminating the need for mining metals from the ground and tearing up our planet. Another would be the benefits of furthering medical research. I, for one, feel that Humans should explore deep space, because there are huge benefits for exploring deep space. There are of course obstacles in the way of the benefits of deep space so, what is the price tag on a deep space flight? Is what will be gained be worth the price that tax payers spend? Cost is only part of the problem; NASA has not launched a rocket since the Saturn V rockets used to take astronauts to the moon. And has been seen in recent days, the space shuttles are an old technology and have been retired. Another daunting question is the moral implications of sending people into deep space since they have no idea what effects having a human child in space would have on the child itself nor what effects zero G would have on an expecting mother. How will NASA be able to get exploration vehicles into space? What is needed is a solution to these problems. They need to figure out a way to make space exploration to become affordable. They will need to figure out a way to not only bring in money but also how to make space missions affordable. There may be several ways that this can be accomplished. Also, NASA will......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Small Team

...In 2003, the space shuttle named Columbia exploded upon reentry into the atmosphere, and the tragedy is that there was no crew that came back safely to Earth. The Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) which had responsibility for investigating this crisis, found that the main factor which made the shuttle blow up was the bad decision made by the Mission Management Team (MMT). Even though the MMT had many pieces of information and evidence from the Debris Assessment Team (DAT) showing that the large foam might have caused damage to the Columbia and how much the DAT worried about the mission, they did not pay much attention. Moreover, the leader of the MMT decided for everyone on the team that the shuttle was safe and the foam strike was inconsequential. In fact, the performance of the MMT is a powerful demonstration of the way in which a small group can bring about critical failure. Small groups, today, is ubiquitous and becoming a substantial part of people’s work lives. Many organizations have made every effort to find how to make groups run successfully and how to make group interactions more productive. Sometimes, group dynamics can contribute to the failure and poor judgments. Surowiecki (2010) said that “instead of making people wiser, being in a group can actually make them dumber” (p. 441). So as to make every member think smarter and work together effectively, avoiding important pitfalls is the best way to reach those goals. [What a successful rethinking......

Words: 1433 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Change

...they would look at the problem and write it off as not important the majority of the times. There are barriers in the management that has hinder the reports from coming through to upper management. NASA organization needs to fine-tune the way management works together and needs to realize what is really important to the organization. The safety of the workers and the astrologists should be there mane concurred, not that safety problem makes them look bad. When the upper management would get the report and then they looked at the problem and would say it is not really a problem. Then when the employee or contractor would say it is problem they would tell them to prove that it is, just cause they thought it was fine and wanted to get the space shuttle off the ground. This why fine-tuning is important to this organization they had the right way and procedures. They just needed to change how competitive each department was ageist each other and made that would work together on making the safety concerns. Cation of Running Expectations With the NASA organization they need to expect some unanticipated outcomes to the way the organization was being operated. The way the managers was running the organization was very unanticipated on how things would transpire. They had employees that would be competing on projects and would keep things that should have be alrteated to the upper...

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Why We Shoud Go to Mars

...and several new technologies that currently do not exist. He also was concerned about the budget cuts that have already stripped the National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA) to a shell of what the space program used to be. He also stressed that we are still in an armed conflict that has put a strain on our nation, economically and emotionally. Richard's points are solid and very good. I agree with him mostly. However, I feel that for most of the points he states is actual the reason we should go to Mars. In the 1960's and early 1970's America was in heavily entrenched in the Vietnam War, the American people were divided, with a large potion severely frustrated with their government. The nation was also still suffering from racism, the assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr, President Kennedy and his brother Robert Kennedy. The Nation needed a positive focal point, a beacon to turn to remind them that even in those dark times there was something in their nation to rally behind, and lift their spirits. NASA became that beacon. The 1960's and 1970's saw the space program reach arguably, the height of success by landing a man on the moon several times. By successfully landing men on the moon, the American space program inspired millions of young minds to aspire to work in shape or form for NASA. The space program thrived because of that Engineers and scientist from all over the country and world flooded NASA's doors. These creative minds helped to......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Advancement and Obstacles of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

...The Advancement and Obstacles of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Abstract This essay discusses articles that observe the financial standing of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration, as well as the correlation between public opinion and governmental funding. The main discussion goes through a history of the administration, separated into five different eras based on significant missions, and how each era differed based on the expected outcome of a mission or program. In addition, the government and the public’s financial support is discussed for each program. The fifth era then leads into the discussion of current funding and cuts from the Obama administration and the future of the agency with different goals in place. NASA has changed the face of America. From the beginning, the administration had very ambitious and innovative ideas that sparked heavy admiration and support yet, also much criticism. This large support and opposition has led to many different obstacles to overcome in progression, such as lack of funding and public support for astronomically innovative ideas. History Lambright (2010) states the most fundamental explanation of the development of NASA, saying, “NASA has a life that is a function of its internal dynamics and political environment. As that environment has changed, NASA has adapted—sometimes voluntarily, other times under pressure. As NASA has altered, so, too, has its relationship with......

Words: 1948 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Space

...I. Introduction: The purpose of this paper is an overview about the current space tourism industry with advanced developments of space vehicles. Until now, seven tourists have ridden Soyuz spacecraft, a Russian spacecraft, to the International Space Station. Capturing the potential demand of space tourism, many private companies began to introduce their new and well-designed spacecraft promising to enable tourist to travel to space. From now to the next couple of years, we are expected to see many launches including testing and commercial flights into suborbital and low Earth orbit. There are also some private companies, who were awarded by NASA for their space programs to carry astronauts to the space station. II. Virgin Galactic – Scaled Composites (Suborbital): Virgin Galactic – Scaled Composites founded by Burt Rutan designed a unique type of spacecraft. Using a mothership aircraft, the space plane will be carried to midair and then be released to launch toward the edge of the atmosphere. Using carbon composite construction, the company has introduced two version of the space plane: SpaceShipOne and SpaceShipTwo along with two model of the mothership aircraft: WhiteKnightOne and WhiteKnightTwo. (Ref 1,3) A. Spaceship: a. SpaceshipOne – WhiteKnightOne: Scaled Composites first launched the SpaceShipOne to the suborbital in 2004 while the first of WhiteKnightOne was in 2002. Overall, the WhiteKnightOne’s features are carriage and launch of payloads up to 7...

Words: 4161 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Online Learning Versus Traditional Learning

...Online learning is better than a traditional classroom setting and is also convenient. I agree with this because I am doing online learning. I believe that it accommodates the busy lives people have these days. Whether its working or raising a family, its hard to get to a traditional class on time versus getting on your computer at midnight and doing your course work. Some people think that there is too much time being spent on electronics as it is due to the fact that it runs their lives. But without electronics, where would we be now? We couldn’t track space shuttles or satellites without the help of computers. Computers have come along way since the 50’s. They are more advanced than they were back then. Another good thing about online learning versus traditional classroom learning is that you can study at your own leisure and at your own pace. You can’t do that in a traditional classroom learning setting. People without hectic lives prefer the traditional classroom learning so they can get the help from the teacher on a one on one level and be able to turn in assignments to a person not through a computer. They prefer more structured settings and being able to ask for help from fellow students also on a one on one level. I’ve done both, and I prefer the online learning due to more time to do assignments at my own pace and I don’t feel rushed. I felt rushed in a classroom setting. With online learning, you don’t have to worry about carrying books from......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Narrative Essay On Bridgewater High School

...to Florida , we're the only ones left so in order to survive we have to get to Florida or farther to evacuate.” “That's like a 13 hour drive but okay let's go Mason decides to take the wheel considering Will has no experience.After driving for what seemed like forever they start to notice some cars have Florida licence plates when all of a sudden the car stopped. “Wow I'm surprised the car went this far” said mason “Yea, but now what” said will “Don't worry we'll just take some gas from another car”said Mason They went over to a car and found the radio was on and that it was live news. *Important announcement, next space shuttle to Florida” They rushed to get the gas into the car and rode off then all of a sudden the ginormous space shuttle rode right above them in a rapid speed they rushed and rushed they saw hundreds of people boarding the space shuttle *BOOM!* the meteor had hit planet earth… *heavy breathing* “ that was the craziest dream ever”he thought,once he realized the room was empty like his dream he freaked out a bit but soon heard voices and was relieved and headed to his next class. “ NO NO NOOO” *BOOM!* ...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Scope Magazine Research Paper

...supposedly an “expert” at NASA, we are likely to contact extraterrestrial life within 20 years. In the science fiction novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, Arthur C. Clarke states in the epilogue “Except for communication with alien intelligences: that is something that can never be planned- only anticipated. Nobody knows whether it will happen tomorrow - or a thousand years hence.” In other words, saying that we will find out that we...

Words: 1121 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Policy Analysis of Nasa's Budget

...Policy Analysis of the Budget Percentage Appropriated to NASA February 5, 2013 Introduction to the Policy Issue. As it stands today, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is at a crossroads. It seems a lack of direction has plagued the organization in recent years and with the close of the Space Shuttle program this past year, the questions looming have become even more exposed. What next? Recent budget cuts have left NASA funded at its lowest level in four years5, forcing the space agency to juggle priorities (see Figure 4) and think uncharacteristically “inside the box” for answers to this question. Background on the Issue. NASA's budget peaked in the period 1964-1966(see Figure 2), during the height of construction efforts leading up to the first moon landing under the Apollo program. Since then, NASA has undertaken many projects, while its portion of the national budget has been slowly chipped away. There are many ideas, but no definite decisions on what NASA should set to achieve next. Without proper leadership, direction, and funds, NASA and the United States will soon take a back seat in the ‘space race’. Effects of Present Problem and Current Policies. Identifying policy alternatives is important because NASA’s impact can be seen through: * Being a leader in space exploration is still considered as essential to a majority of Americans (see Figure 3); * The dollars spent in each state, boosting economies throughout the entire......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Space Program Downfall

...America has tossed its cap over the wall of space. -John F. Kennedy Introduction On February 1st, 2003 seven Americans lost their lives while returning to earth after finishing a mission for mankind. These Americans were aboard the space shuttle Challenger that broke apart during reentry into the earth’s atmosphere and was completely destroyed. After an extensive investigation the cause of the accident was determined to be the result of a hole that was punctured into the leading edge of the aircraft during takeoff (NASA). This hole resulted in an excess heating on the leading edge of the wing and then the failure of the wing. This was just the physical cause of the accident that destroyed the shuttle. There were other aspects of the entire NASA program that could have prevented this from occurring but there were failures in the system. Not one factor contributed Columbia accident, but a combination of factors are the root of the cause. The purpose of this case is to input the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) in the Burke-Litwin model. This is not to reorganize the very through report by CAIB, but to see where the findings can fit in to show how both internal and external factors that affect change within NASA. One of the most important factors to understand with the Burke-Litwin model is that all 12 factors interact and affect each other. NASA just like any other organization can have negative traits that affect positive traits. This relationship is...

Words: 1746 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Do You Have a Strategy

...execute with multi-discipline partnerships, segment technology stacks and general provide core applications to our business partners. However we would suggest we are on the midst of our Apollo moment in technology. 1969 saw one of man’s greatest accomplishments achieved. Neil Armstrong walked on the moon a mere ten years after Kennedy’s bold challenge. A relatively insurmountable task when you consider we hadn’t even sent a man to space 9yrs earlier, and yet now we were walking on the moon broadcasting for the world to see. Yet the 1970’s were not as kind to our bold space explorer’s, the public interest was low and life in space appeared to be relatively routine. It was not until the launch of the Space Shuttle in 1978 that a new vision a new strategy was employed to again challenge the fabric of mankind… this time could we live in space, not just travel in it. Today we know the answers, successes, failures, tragedies and hero’s of the global space community. However it took the reinvention. Mercury, to Saturn, to Apollo and the Shuttle. Along the...

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Challenger Disaster

...Classification System, which was a qualitative system rather than a quantitative system. This was due to the high cost associated with gathering enough data to be able to use a quantitative system. A quantitative system would also have created additional paperwork due to the technical requirements for a space shuttle. However, a quantitative system should have been developed and utilized. The risk classification system NASA used consisted of five levels, as seen below. 8. What was NASA’s risk response plan? NASA was able to transfer and reduce some of its risk, however, due to the scope of the program, they were also forced to retain some of the risk. One key aspect to this approach to risk response is the need for a solid control plan. NASA did not have a complete control plan, which cased a lot of issues as the shuttle development program progressed. They did use their risk classification system (as discussed in question 7) and waivers (as discussed in question 11) as part of their risk response plan, but it wasn’t nearly as developed as it should have been. 9. How should they have handled risks that weren’t quantified? As NASA conducted more and more space flights, they were gathering data that could have been used...

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Pro and Con Space Exploration

...companies take over space exploration in the U.S., With the retirement of the space shuttles last year, Nasa is looking to SpaceX and Orbital Sciences to take over flying US cargo to the space. The number of companies in 2011 are 485, including SpaceX. It will be one of the first private companies expecting to launch a rocket to the International Space Station May 7th, 2012. Once SpaceX feel they have perfected delivering cargos they will turn their focus to transporting U.S. astronauts. In the article by Tia Mitchell, Florida’s New Space Coast Prepares to Launch, the SpaceX spokeswoman Kristin Brost Grantham said, “We are right now standing at kind of the beginning of a new era in space travel, one in which the commercial companies work with NASA to advance space flight.” Florida has always competed to get a huge piece of the global space industry, especially after former President George W. Bush announced the ending of space shuttle programs. Large numbers of jobs lost were between seven and nine thousand. With Bush’s decision, it allowed time for Florida’s Space Coast to prepare. The state was able to allocate tens and millions of dollars to invest in companies and improve infrastructure with businesses, like Space Florida or Florida Enterprise, that would expand and new ones would be attracted to Florida. Space Florida pledged up to $50 million meeting numerous needs, such as as adding 550 jobs in Florida. “We can do very small to very large,” Space Florida president......

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Another Planet

...Project Purpose This is a comprehensive project that you will work on throughout the course. You will work in groups to solve a problem using the theories, formulas, and concepts from this class. Course Objectives Execute problem-solving actions appropriate to completing a variety of case study assignments. Apply critical reading to identify the meaning of information in a problem statement. Apply analytical and logical thinking to extract facts from a problem description and determine how they relate to one another and to the problem(s) to be solved. Provide symbolic, verbal, and graphical interpretations of statements in a problem description. Apply analytical tools for evaluating the causes and potential implications of a problem. Generate potential solutions to a problem and determine the best course of action with regard to effectiveness, efficiency, and mitigation of risks. Design methodology for implementing problem solution(s). Develop tools for evaluating implementation of problem solution. Required Resources Textbook ITT Tech Virtual Library Project Logistics Select ONE of the following three projects: A, B, or C. You may work individually or in a group. Because of the workload, working in groups is recommended. Working as an individual on this project is discouraged. Project Deliverables Four written reports Final report Project presentation (Unit 10) Each written report must have the following items: APA formatting,......

Words: 2219 - Pages: 9