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Statement D


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Statement D – Application of the theorists to the child

Jean Piaget (August 1896 - September 1980)
Jean Piaget was a Swiss biologist who originally studied molluscs, but moved into the study of the development of children's understanding, through observing them and talking and listening to them while they worked on exercises he set. He proposed that children's thinking does not develop entirely smoothly: instead, there are certain points at which it "takes off" and moves into completely new areas and capabilities. His view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously influential, particularly in educational theory.

Piaget believed that there were four stages for a child’s cognitive development in his theory: the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational period.
Sensorimotor stage (Birth - 2years) involves the knowledge of what the infant sees, what they’re doing and physical interactions with their immediate environment.
Preoperational stage (2 – 7 years) this involves the child being able to think about things more symbolically. The language they use becomes more mature and they also develop memory and imagination, which allows them to understand the difference between the past and the future, and engage in make believe.
Concrete operational stage (7 – 11 years) this involves the demonstration of the logical, concrete reasoning from the child. The child’s thinking becomes less egocentric and they are increasingly aware of external events.
Formal operational stage (11 – 15 years) this involves the child being able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts. They can think about multiple variables in systematic ways, formulate hypotheses, and consider possibilities.
Piaget has 5 stages to

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