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Success of Microfinance in Bangladesh: Its Determinants, Impacts & Challenges


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Success of Microfinance in Bangladesh:
Its Determinants, Impacts & Challenges

Chapter- One


1.1 Introduction:
In recent years, microcredit, in its wider dimension known as microfinance, has become a much favored intervention for poverty alleviation in the developing countries and least development countries. There is scarcely a poor country and development oriented donor agency (multilateral, bilateral and private) not involved in the promotion (in one form or other) of a microfinance program. Microfinance programs claim many achievements as its impact and an outside observer cannot but wonder at the range of diversity of the benefits claimed.

Although Bangladesh has huge potential for development, it is, for various socio-economic reasons, among the poorest countries in the world. About half of the country's population lives below the poverty line with 80% in the rural areas. The burden of poverty falls disproportionately on women, who constitute half of the total population. Logically, therefore, poverty alleviation and creation of rural employment are top priorities in the development agenda of the government of Bangladesh (GOB) which has adopted a broad based approach to poverty alleviation, emphasizing macroeconomic stability, economic liberalization, and support for a number of government agencies and non-government organizations (NGOs). Substantial progress has been made in implementing the microcredit program (MCP), and the scope for its efficient expansion is enormous.

Considering the significance of microfinance program in poverty alleviation in Bangladesh, I have selected this topic for preparing my internship report.

1.2 Objective of the Report:
The objectives of this report can be divided into mainly two segments such as:
Overall Objective: The overall objective of the report is to comprehensively analyze the success of

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