Free Essay

The Influence of the School Media Specialist’s Role on Students’ Attitudes and Performance in the Research Process

In: Other Topics

Submitted By xyx789
Words 3106
Pages 13
The Influence of the School Media Specialist’s Role on Students’ Attitudes and Performance in the Research Process

Abstract
Many high school students at all achievement levels fail in the research process due to the frustration and anxiety that arise from their inability to efficiently locate and manipulate resources. This frustration causes them to perform poorly and in some cases to abandon the process. At the same time, the media specialist’s training and expertise are under-used by both teachers and students. All classes of male and female 11th grade students of all ability levels will be subjected to two different styles of bibliographic instruction prior to beginning their research papers. At the time the assignment is given they will be given a questionnaire that measures their attitudes at various stages of the process. A correlation between attitudes and grades is hypothesized. The conclusion drawn from such a correlation is that an active bibliographic instruction role reduces students’ frustration and anxiety in the research process and thus, positively influences grades.

Introduction To address the problem of failure in the high school research paper process, the method of bibliographic instruction is one of several factors that can reasonably be examined. If BI is, indeed, a relevant factor, it may then be postulated to extend its influence to other areas that may have a contributory role in students’ success or failure in the process.
Statement of the Problem The research process for high school students is a demanding one. It is required by several teachers in several disciplines. The instructor may require a product without teaching the process. There is not always consistency--even within the same discipline--in what is expected or required: While one instructor may allow students to select their own topics, another may adamantly insist that students select from their list--or they may even assign a topic. Moreover, especially during his or her senior year, the student may be juggling two research assignments at one time. Compounded by the fore-mentioned contingencies, this can be a frustrating and overwhelming prospect. Students fail in the research process at an alarming rate. These students are not necessarily those who are “slow,” whose attendance is irregular, or who have a history of poor school performance. They are, quite often, at least average in ability and achievement. They are impeded by feelings of frustration, intimidation and anxiety that hinder and overwhelm them and often abort their efforts (Joseph, 1991). It is the observation of the researcher that this phenomenon has a lengthy history, is widespread, and shows no sign of abating--surely there is no inherent or naturally occurring solution. It can have a devastating effect on students, and it frustrates teachers as well. There is a large body of evidence that supports the researcher’s observation, clearly indicating that this is a pervasive problem and thus, demands our attention.

Literature Review In an inner city school setting students typically lack research skills and training is a critical need because they do not know how to seek information and sometimes have a fear of the library (Burdick, 1998, Oberman 1998, Joseph, 1991). The research process, typically initiated by bibliographic instruction, has a significant impact on students. The style and emphasis of BI can conceivably set the tone and pace of students’ overall research experience (Perkins, 1996). Anne Fox (1998) concludes that the preponderance of research supports the need for continued BI and relates it to feelings of “empowerment and satisfaction for users.” She extends this theory to a need for the more personal reference interview being regarded and constructed as a personal BI session. The study conducted herein is in agreement with Fox, in terms of the need for continued and personal bibliographic instruction. The emphasis here, though, is on the need for a more structured, interactive, group format, which include a librarian partner for support (Holmes & Lichtenstein, 1998). According to Information Studies professor Joy McGregor (1999), students become intimidated by the demands of research when they must conduct such research without instruction in the process. This intimidation is compounded by their not knowing that such feelings are natural at particular stages of the process. But McGregor goes on to theorize that student behavior during the research process often depends largely on the media specialist’s role, and that the media specialist must therefore be directly involved with student information gathering and use. That belief is continued in this research and furthered to address negative feelings (resulting from lack of instruction) throughout the process. That students’ attitudes impact their performance has been concluded by and recognized in research for some time. This is no less true for performance related to library assignments than for any of the content areas. At least since the mid- 1980’s attention has been given to the theory that students’ attitudes about the library experience have a profound and lasting effect on their academic orientation. Carol Kuhlthau reported on a series of studies in which she identified six stages of the research process and the affective symptoms (both positive and negative) that students typically experience at each of those stages (1989a). Based on one of the studies in that series, Kuhlthau theorized that the way students go through the research process affects their written presentation. In another study that same year, Kuhlthau positively correlated a rise in students’ confidence levels to higher grades on their papers (1989b). Confidence and other affective symptoms such as satisfaction and eagerness are examined in this study. Various BI styles are acknowledged as being relative to variations in personality, school structure, expertise, etc (McLaren, 1999, Feinman 1993). Consistent with the hypotheses in this study, enthusiasm is indicated as a key to student success. McLaren extrapolates the need for such enthusiasm from beyond the students’ regard for the lesson to the importance of the media specialist presenting a collaborative rather than lecture-style session in order to help build interest and enthusiasm. This investigation is embarked upon, then, with a few basic premises:
1. Media specialists have the ability to differentiate between various styles of BI.
2. The media specialist’s role (BI style) can be manipulated at her own discretion or upon the request of the teacher/colleague. This proposal focuses on two learning theories: social learning and self fulfilling prophecy. Social learning deal with the adults attitude toward the child (Bandora, 1977, Bandora & Walters, 1963). Self fulfilling prophecy is teacher treatment of students and student believing in teacher (Brehm & Kassin 1996, Thomas 1928).
Theoretical Framework The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) states: "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action." The basis of a self-fulfilling prophecy (SFP) is that once a student has been pegged ahead of time, the chances are increased that a teacher's treatment of the student will help the negative prophecies or expectations come true. SFP can work to the detriment or benefit of the student, depending on the type of predictions and expectations.
Based on consideration of several theories and investigative studies, the researcher will investigate two hypotheses:
H1: The role of the library-media specialist in bibliographic instruction directly affects students’ attitudes towards the research process.
H2: Students’ attitudes towards the research process directly affect their performance. To summarize these hypotheses, the researcher simply theorizes that an active BI role--the media specialist actively and patiently teaching students how to locate and access relevant information efficiently--has a positive effect on the students’ attitudes towards the research process. The converse of this theory is implied when the media specialist takes a minimal role. The second theory is also related to student attitude: The researcher believes that students’ attitudes have a direct correlation to their performance--i.e., that if their attitudes are positive, such is reflected in higher grades; if their attitudes are negative, such are reflected in lower grades. The implication, then, is that media specialists are able to influence students’ grades by their style of bibliographic instruction.

Definitions

The media specialists and BI styles or roles referred to in this study are defined by one of two terms: An active BI role includes (usually) three sessions held prior to students actually beginning their search process. These sessions include interactive instruction and the demonstration of databases, the OPAC, and other library resources, both print and electronic. A minimal BI role will consist of an approximately 10 minute general overview of various print and electronic resources prior to students beginning the search process. The research process as defined by McGregor (1999) consists of two major stages: searching for the information and using the information. This definition is applicable in the realm of school assignments.

Research Design

The paradigm for this study is quantitative. The method is a true experiment, marked by random assignment and the manipulation of at least one independent variable. As such, it follows a deductive form of logic, having begun with testing already-established theories. Within the framework of the experiment the variables derived from those theories are operationalized.

Prior to the investigation the researcher will discuss the experiment with the media specialist and inform her of the expectation of different BI styles. As with teachers, students will respond differently to different personalities of media specialists. Thus, it is important, in the interest of validity that all groups receive instruction--whether active or minimal--from one individual. Two levels of treatment will be applied to the experimental groups (one to each group). The first level of treatment (T1) is the media specialist’s performance of an active BI role. In these sessions the students will complete very brief exercises which require them to use various resources, determine efficient search strings and methods (electronic databases). Their own topics (where possible) will be used for examples. The second level of treatment (T2) is the media specialist’s performance of a minimal BI role. This will consist of an approximately 10 minute general overview of various print and electronic resources. Students will simply be referred to the sources. No instruction in their use is offered.

Both treatments will be applied within a very close time frame, with T2 being performed on the third and final day (of three consecutive days) of T1. Half of the classes will be labeled Group 1 and half will be labeled Group 2, and each class will be randomly assigned to a treatment. “Labeling” is only used in this study for the purpose of identifying subjects for the researcher. Students will not need to be referred to or addressed in terms of these labels. Students will proceed as they normally would toward completion of their papers--working in class, gathering and assimilating information, and seeking individualized BI--according to and consistent with their academic orientation. There will also be a test/retest method for students in T2 only receiving a minimal BI role. Before they are retested they will be given an active BI role.

Data Collection Methods

At the onset of the research assignment students will be given a questionnaire which measures their attitudes about the research process at each of four stages: when the assignment is given; immediately following BI; at the organization and evaluation stage; and when the final writing process has begun. Students will retain the questionnaire in their possession until their research papers are returned, since there is no means of collecting them and returning them at each stage. The questionnaire will be finally collected when the research papers have been graded and returned. The researcher will collect the questionnaires from the teacher at an agreed upon time.

An assistant who will be trained while the researcher is waiting for the questionnaire to be completed will code data. Because of the relatively small number of responses, one part-time assistant will be expected to easily manage the task. The researcher is also interested in personally perusing and coding data. The training of the assistant should occur very close to the final collection so that the coder easily retains the directions. The questionnaire is simple and the coding sheet is straightforward and self-explanatory, though, so there should be little chance of error. The researcher will remain available to answer questions.

Instrumentation

There is one very short, simple eight-item questionnaire for this experiment. The questionnaire was designed by the researcher so that the items accurately speak to the specific variables being tested. Bias is controlled for. For example, there are no references to BI (or library instruction, which would be a more familiar term to students) or the librarian, which may signal students as to what is being measured and thereby influence their answers and cause skewed results. The teacher provides the time--of which very little is required--for completing the questionnaire in class. This lends the opportunity to encourage honesty in responses.

The coding method selected is efficient and both time- and cost-effective. It will reflect the results of the study on a coding sheet from which responses can be clearly summarized or fed into a computer program for statistical analysis.

Data Analysis

Once coded, data will be analyzed by utilization of SPSS--Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The data collected to test these hypotheses will be measured by a nominal scale. The researcher seeks to place individuals in categories, such as High Positive Responses/High Grade, or High Negative Responses/Low Grade. Overall confidence levels will be measured and correlated to the variables as well. Although a nominal scale is used to measure the mode, there will be no measure of central tendency, as the researcher is not seeking a single category or number by which to label the participants, but is attempting to show and describe a correlation.

Since descriptive statistics also measure relationships between variables, the researcher will calculate to compare percentage differences and for frequency distributions to determine how many persons fall into each category for each variable. Finally, a chi-square test will determine whether or not there is a statistically significant relationship (correlation) between categorical variables.

Human Subject Information

Students selected for this study will be taken from a target population of students at an
Inner City High School. The school has an enrollment of about 1,500 students. The sampling frame is established by means of a list of all 11th grade classes. All of these students are 16 to 18 years old. When selecting a grade level that has little chance of having experience with the research process controls for external validity. All students need to participate in the study at the same time and response to or rapport with the teacher can threaten internal validity. The teacher’s names will also not be included in the study. Also we will be using passive consent, meaning it will be put into the school newspaper that students will be taking place in this study and the parents will be informed via the paper. The questionnaires the students turn in will not bear any names or other identifying information.
Budget
Requested: $1500

Budget Justification: The expenses associated with this project are personnel costs and the

cost for xeroxing. The data is to be collected by English teachers’ in the form of a

questionnaire. The students just think the questionnaire is apart of their assignment. A

Assistant will be the one coding the data via a form that I will provide. The Xeroxing will

be done at school and we will make about 245 copies that will roughly be about $0.10 a copy,

for a total of $24.50. The questionnaire’s will be collected when students turn in there research

projects by the English teacher. I will then take those sheets and pass them on to my media

assistant who will have to work overtime to code the data. The media assistant will only be

needed for the last four weeks.

Time Chart

|Wk. 1 |Wks. 2-3 |Wk. 4 |Wk. 5 |Wks. 6-9 |Wks. 10-12 |Wk. 13 |Wk. 14 |
|Jan. 10 |Jan. 17 |Jan. 31 |Feb. 7 |Feb. 14 |Mar. 14 |Apr. 4 |Apr. 11 |
| | | | | | | | |
|Send a letter to |Wait for |Meetings with |Observe the three |Students complete |Wait for teacher to|Code data and |Share results |
|HS newsletter |Newsletter to go |principal, media|Active BI’s |research* |indicate that the |analyze results |with principal, |
|office |home |specialist, and | | |papers have been | |media |
| | |teacher | | |graded and returned| |specialist, and |
| | | | | |and question- | |teacher |
| | | | | |naires collected | | |
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | |Question-naires | | | |
| | | | |completed at each | | | |
| | | | |of four stages | | | |
| |Make appt. to meet | | | | | | |
| |with principal, | | | | | | |
| |media specialist, | | | | | | |
| |and teacher | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | |
| | | |Observe the | | | | |
| | | |Minimal BI which | | | | |
| | | |occurs on Day 3 of| | | | |
| | | |Active BI | | | | |
| | | | | | | | |
| | |[Make a | | | | | |
| | |tentative appt. | | | | | |
| | |to share results| | | | | |
| | |(see Wk. 15)] | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | | |Collect | | |
| | | | | |Question-naires | | |
| | | | | |from teacher | | |

*This time parameter is determined by the teacher.

References
Bandura, A. & Walters, R. (1963). Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston

Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.

Brehm, S. S., & Kassin, S. M. (1996). Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Burdick, T.A. (1998). Pleasure in information seeking: Reducing information aliteracy. Emergency Librarian, 25, 13-17.

Feinman, V.J. (1993). Bibliographic instruction: A basic guide. Computers in Libraries, 13, 63-68.

Fox, A. (1998). Reference is BI. OLA Quarterly, 4, 6-7.

Holmes, B.D. & Lichtenstein, A.A. (1998). Minority student success: Librarians as partners. College & Research Libraries News, 59, 496-498.

Joseph, M.E. (1991). The cure for library anxiety--it may not be what you think. Catholic Library World, 63, 111-114.

Kuhlthau, C.C. (1989a). Information search process: A summary of research and implications for school library media programs. School Library Media Quarterly, 18, 19-25.

Kuhlthau, C.C. (1989b). Information search process of high-, middle-, and low- achieving high school seniors. School Library Media Quarterly, 17, 224-226.

McGregor, J. (1999). Teaching the research process: Helping students become lifelong learners. NASSP Bulletin, 83, 27-34.

McLaren, S. (1999). Dusty old books: A collaborative approach to bibliographic instruction. College & Research Libraries News, 60, 388-391.

Oberman, C. (1998). The Institute for Information Literacy: Formal

Perkins, M.J. (1996). Bibliographic instruction? More than ever! The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 22, 212-213.

Thomas, W. I. (1928). The child in America. New York: Knopf training is a critical need. College & Research Libraries News, 59, 703-705.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

An Essay on the Changing Role of the Human Resource Department.

...concludes my life as a student, which is performed under the supervision of Twente University in the Netherlands. The research is the terminal of the program Human Resource Management. Doing this research not only improves my skill on literature searching, information analysis, but helps me to gain more profound knowledge about e-HR. During the research, I have got great support from several persons, and now, here is the opportunity to thank them. At first, I give special thanks to Jiajie Li, my boyfriend. He accompanies with me during the whole research period. Besides dealing with my impatient and anxious attitude, he also put great effort on improving my thesis. His optimistic and serious attitude influences me, and makes me continue the research with better and better results every time. His support is very meaningful for my research period. Secondly, I would like to thank Ms. Tanya Bondarouk, and Prof. Jan Kees Looise for their excellent support, feedback and guidance. Both of them give me fruitful advice on how to improve my work. And they always give me timely feedback on my work, which encourages and makes me belief that I can hand in a satisfactory report under the effort. At last, I would like to thank my family and friends for supporting me not only during this research period, but also throughout my life, my study and everything I undertake. Yu Long Den Haag, March 2009 I Management Summary Information technology is expected to improve the performance of......

Words: 28042 - Pages: 113

Free Essay

Mini Project

...THE ROLE OF COMPUTER AND INTERNET ACCESS IN BUSINESS STUDENTS’ACCEPTANCE OF E-LEARNING TECHNOLOGY IN UniMAP MOHANRAJ A/L SUPPARAMANIAM School of Business Innovation and Technopreneurship, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Pengkalan Jaya, Jalan Alor Setar - Kangar, 01000 Kangar, Perlis, MALAYSIA DECLARATION I hereby declare that the project is based on my original work except for quotations and citations which have been duly acknowledged. I also declare that it has not been previously or concurrently submitted for any other MBA at UniMAP or any other institutions. ____________________________ (Signature) NAME: MOHANRAJ A/L SUPPARAMANIAM DATE: 10/05/2015 THE ROLE OF COMPUTER AND INTERNET ACCESS IN BUSINESS STUDENTS’ACCEPTANCE OF E-LEARNING TECHNOLOGY IN UniMAP By MOHANRAJ A/L SUPPARAMANIAM Research Report Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Research Methodology Requirement of the Degree of Master of Business Administration (MBA) UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS 2015 ABSTRACT This study was taking into account past research that explored the divergence or crevice between the individuals who have entry to PCs and the Internet and the individuals who don't( (Hoffman & Novak, 1998; NTIA, 1999b; Carey, Chisholm & Irwin, 2002; Vail, 2003 Zeliff, 2004; Glenn, 2005). The Technology Acceptance Model grew by Davis, Bagozzi, and Warshaw (1989) was utilized to explore whether PC and Internet access impacted the acknowledgement of e-learning......

Words: 18173 - Pages: 73

Premium Essay

Quality Managment

...Responsibilities, Challenges and Strategies        Proceedings of Congress     Edited by  Najwa Sami Dham  &  Syed Aziz Anwar        e‐TQM College  P.O. Box 71400  Dubai  United Arab Emirates     (1) ISBN 978‐9948‐03‐638‐8  Table of Contents   Foreword ___________________________________________________________________ 6 Professor Mohamed Zairi, Chairman, Quality Congress Middle East 2 ______________________ 6 Research Papers ______________________________________________________________ 7 TQM and its Implementation in Higher Education of Iran _________________________ S.A. Siadat _____________________________________________________________________ M. Mokhtaripour _________________________________________________________________ R. Hoveida _____________________________________________________________________ 8 8 8 8 Quality: From Where to Where? ___________________________________________ 12 Alan Brown ___________________________________________________________________ 12 The Impact of Educational Quality Models on Schools’ Performance in Dubai ________ 20 Kalthoom Al Balooshi ____________________________________________________________ 20 Wafi Dawood __________________________________________________________________ 20 Management Education and Development in the United Kingdom _________________ 25 Daniel O' Hare _________________________________________________________________ 25 Global Quality Management Systems and the Impact on Service......

Words: 137918 - Pages: 552

Premium Essay

Job Description

...have finished studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Describe and contrast the common approaches to job design. 2. Discuss the linkages between job design and technology. 3. Explain the job characteristics enrichment model and its relationship to work motivation. 4. Describe the sociotechnical systems model and its relationship to organizational effectiveness. Preview Case: Texas Nameplate Company COMMON JOB DESIGN APPROACHES Comparative Framework Job Rotation Job Engineering Job Enlargement Competency: Managing Change—Westinghouse Air Brake Job Enrichment Sociotechnical Systems Ergonomics Competency: Managing Diversity—Benteler Automotive Corporation JOB DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY Role of Workflow Uncertainty Role of Task Uncertainty Combined Effects of Workflow and Task Uncertainty Role of Task Interdependence Competency: Managing Communication— David Berdish Fosters Dialogue Interrelationships among Job Design and Technology Concepts JOB CHARACTERISTICS ENRICHMENT MODEL Framework Job Characteristics Individual Differences Job Diagnosis Implementation Approaches Job Characteristics and Technology Social Information Processing SOCIOTECHNICAL SYSTEMS MODEL Competency: Managing Across Cultures—Job Design in the Malaysian Nursing Context Social Systems Technological Systems Moderators Core Concepts Implementation Issues Competency: Managing Teams—Consolidated Diesel’s Engine Plant CHAPTER SUMMARY Key Terms and Concepts Discussion Questions DEVELOPING COMPETENCIES......

Words: 15346 - Pages: 62

Premium Essay

Organizational Behaviour

...(13) : 978-81-224-2487-4 PUBLISHING FOR ONE WORLD NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL (P) LIMITED, PUBLISHERS 4835/24, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi - 110002 Visit us at www.newagepublishers.com CONTENTS xvii Dedicated to My Parents Shri Gopalrao and Gayabai Kondalkar This page intentionally left blank Preface Globalisation, technology advancement, open market system and desire of human beings to excel in the field one works has increased competitiveness and resultant work stress. Management of human behaviour and chanalizing it into correct direction has become important. Application of motivational theories, art of leadership and skill of redesigning jobs and modification to organisational structure is an on going process that facilitates positive work environment leading to increased job satisfaction of employees, greater productivity and organizational growth. Due to scientific advancement managing human resources is more challenging. It has been observed that everybody wants to catch up with next higher strata of life style. Social obligations have increased and so has increased the purchasing power, thanks to financial institutions who are doing a tremendous business of financing individuals. This situation has led to designing an appropriate situational model of managing human behaviour in varying conditions. There is no specific model for...

Words: 149242 - Pages: 597

Free Essay

Random

...a happy, empowered and sustainable life for everyone Bharti Airtel Ltd. India Sustainability Report 2011- ‘12 mob ile m oney know ledge mobile health mobile education l TV digita mobil e agri cultur e internet the backdrop The Indian economy has seen a significant development in the last two decades. Several hundred million people are benefiting from the country’s progress. Concurrently, India’s population too has risen to more than 1.2 billion, placing an increasing burden on existing resources. Access to basic services like education, health, financial services, banking etc. are often beyond the means of the common person. Airtel’s sustainability journey endeavours to contribute further to our society and to our environment. It is our firm belief that not a single man, woman or child should be denied access to education, health and prosperity. We believe in social inclusion of people everywhere, and have made this the cornerstone of our sustainability programme. We leverage our network presence, reach and accessibility, through mobile telephony, direct-to-home television and broadband services, to contribute towards a sustainable future, not just for people everywhere but also for our planet and economy. We are confident that we can be a force of good, positive change, in society and also augment the efforts of the government, public-private groups, Bharti Foundation and NGOs in the area of sustainability. In 2011, we made a commitment...

Words: 18742 - Pages: 75

Premium Essay

Acca F1 Text Book

...FAB PAPER F1 ACCOUNTANT IN BUSINESS BPP Learning Media is the sole ACCA Platinum Approved Learning Partner – content for the FIA and ACCA qualifications. In this, the only FAB/F1 Study Text to be reviewed by the examiner:  We highlight the most important elements in the syllabus and the key skills you will need  We signpost how each chapter links to the syllabus and the study guide  We provide lots of exam focus points demonstrating what the examiner will want you to do  We emphasise key points in regular fast forward summaries  We test your knowledge of what you’ve studied in quick quizzes  We examine your understanding in our exam question bank  We reference all the important topics in our full index BPP’s Practice & Revision Kit and i-Pass products also support this paper. Note FIA FAB and ACCA Paper F1 are examined under the same syllabus and study guide. FOR EXAMS FROM FEBRUARY 2014 TO AUGUST 2015 I N T E R A C T I V E T E X T FAB/F1 ACCOUNTANT IN BUSINESS First edition March 2011 Third edition September 2013 ISBN 9781 4453 7026 2 Previous ISBN 9781 4453 9965 2 eISBN 9781 4453 7061 3 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Published by BPP Learning Media Ltd BPP House, Aldine Place 142-144 Uxbridge Road London W12 8AA www.bpp.com/learningmedia Printed in the United Kingdom by RICOH Ricoh House Ullswater Crescent Coulsdon CR5 2HR A note about copyright Dear Customer...

Words: 210642 - Pages: 843

Premium Essay

12 Domains

...Norway This book presents an entirely new approach to professional learning based on perspectives of the knowledge society and, in particular, an interpretation of Knorr Cetina’s work on scientific ‘epistemic cultures’. Starting with a conceptual chapter and followed by a suite of empirical studies from accountancy, education, nursing and software engineering, the book elaborates how: a) knowledge production and circulation take distinct forms in those fields; b) how the knowledge objects of practice in those fields engross and engage professionals and, in the process, people and knowledge are transformed by this engagement. By foregrounding an explicit concern for the role of knowledge in professional learning, the book goes much farther than the current fashion for describing ‘practice-based learning’. It will therefore be of considerable interest to the research, policy, practitioner and student communities involved with professional education/learning or interested in innovation and knowledge development in the professions. SensePublishers KNOW 6 Karen Jensen, Leif Chr. Lahn and Monika Nerland (Eds.) ISBN 978-94-6091-992-3 Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society T H E Spine 12.421 mm K N O W L E D G E E C O N O M Y A N D E D U C A T I O N Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society Karen Jensen, Leif Chr. Lahn and Monika Nerland (Eds.) PROFESSIONAL......

Words: 24710 - Pages: 99

Premium Essay

Case Study

...Advertising | | | | X | X | | | X | | | X | X | | | | | | | | 2–3 Starnes-Brenner Machine Tool Company – To Bribe or Not to Bribe | | | | | X | | X | | | | | | | | | | X | | | 2-4 Ethics and Airbus* | | | | X | X | X | X | | | | | | X | | | | | | | 2–5 Coping with Corruption in Trading with China | | | | | X | X | X | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2–6 When International Buyers and Sellers Disagree | | | | | | | X | | | | | | | | X | | | | | 2-7 McDonald’s and Obesity | | | | X | X | | | | | | X | X | X | | | X | | | | 3-1 International Marketing Research at Mayo Clinic | | | | | | | | X | | | | | | | | | | | | 3–2 Swifter, Higher, Stronger, Dearer | | | | | | | | X | | | X | | | | | | | | | 3-3 easyCar.com | | | | | X | | X | X | | | X | X...

Words: 50890 - Pages: 204

Premium Essay

Principal & Practice of Management

...iibmindia.in www.iibmonline.com Distance Learning Education, IIBM Institute of Business Management The ultimate vision of this Institute is to ensure that all working executives and each young manager must possess the requisite research-oriented-business-acumen and the competitive managerial excellence in successfully tackling the new emerging management-related-problems of the country in the changing global scenario. Individuals who look upon education as a continuing activity and wish to enhance their knowledge in an existing discipline or acquire proficiency in a new area are sure to benefit from the offered Programs. Distance Education is an attempt to make education accessible beyond the close confines of a classroom and to make it available to those who aspire and endeavor. The pedagogy used is interactive with cutting-edge techniques and innovation. This has gone long way to strengthen skills and expertise students to meet much-needed requirement of management students; in industry or society. The Institute pioneered and offers more than 40 programs in the field of Management, Computer, Six Sigma and SAP Training certification courses. We emphasis on imparting education to various genres of the society, right from Students to Professionals and Housewives to Businessmen. At IIBM we deal in keeping this flow up and building the management education in a way that is relevant, contextual and motivating the managers from all sectors i.e. corporate and......

Words: 125380 - Pages: 502

Premium Essay

Cyber

...VAULT CAREER GUIDE TO INVESTM E NT BAN KING 2008 EDITION is made possible through the generous support of the following sponsors: Customized for: Triston Francis (tfran@wharton.upenn.edu) SEO Online Career Library The media’s watching Vault! Here’s a sampling of our coverage. “For those hoping to climb the ladder of success, [Vault’s] insights are priceless.” – Money magazine “The best place on the web to prepare for a job search.” – Fortune “[Vault guides] make for excellent starting points for job hunters and should be purchased by academic libraries for their career sections [and] university career centers.” – Library Journal “The granddaddy of worker sites.” – U.S. News & World Report “A killer app.” – New York Times Customized for: Triston Francis (tfran@wharton.upenn.edu) SEO Online Career Library One of Forbes’ 33 “Favorite Sites” – Forbes “To get the unvarnished scoop, check out Vault.” – SmartMoney Magazine “Vault has a wealth of information about major employers and jobsearching strategies as well as comments from workers about their experiences at specific companies.” – The Washington Post “A key reference for those who want to know what it takes to get hired by a law firm and what to expect once they get there.” – New York Law Journal “Vault [provides] the skinny on working conditions at all kinds of companies from current and former employees.” – USA Today Customized for: Triston Francis (tfran@wharton.upenn.edu) SEO Online Career Library ...

Words: 68989 - Pages: 276

Premium Essay

Manajemen

...Art The Dimensions of Management Management’s New Realities Knowledge Is All New Demographics The Future of the Corporation and the Way Ahead Management’s New Paradigm Business Performance The Theory of the Business The Purpose and Objectives of a Business Making the Future Today Strategic Planning: The Entrepreneurial Skill Performance in Service Institutions Managing Service Institutions in the Society of Organizations vii xxiii 1 18 26 35 37 45 51 65 83 85 97 113 122 129 131 iv Contents 13 14 15 16 Part IV 17 18 19 Part V 20 21 What Successful and Performing Nonprofits Are Teaching Business The Accountable School Rethinking “Reinventing Government” Entrepreneurship in the Public-Service Institution Productive Work and Achieving Worker Making Work Productive and the Worker Achieving Managing the Work and Worker in Manual Work Managing the Work and Worker in Knowledge Work Social Impacts and Social Responsibilities Social Impacts and Social Responsibilities The New Pluralism: How to Balance the Special Purpose of the Institution with the Common Good The Manager’s Work and Jobs Why Managers? Design and Content of Managerial Jobs Developing Management and Managers Management by Objectives and Self-Control From Middle Management to Information-Based Organizations The Spirit of Performance Managerial Skills The Elements of Effective Decision Making How to Make People Decisions Managerial Communications Controls, Control, and Management The Manager and the......

Words: 243737 - Pages: 975

Premium Essay

Marketing Final

... | |B) |facilitators are present to simplify exchange. | |C) |middlemen are present to facilitate exchange. | |D) |two or more parties each have something they want to exchange for something else. | |E) |an economy is market-directed rather than planned. | |1-120. |MACRO-marketing: | |A) |is a social process. | |B) |tries to overcome "discrepancies of quantity" and "discrepancies of assortment." | |C) |tries to effectively match supply and demand. | |D) |tries to overcome the many separations between producers and consumers. | |E) |All of the above are true statements. | |1-204. |The three basic ideas in the "marketing concept" are: ...

Words: 82287 - Pages: 330

Premium Essay

Managing Information Technology (7th Edition)

...CONTENTS: CASE STUDIES CASE STUDY 1 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (A): The Role of the Operating Manager in Information Systems CASE STUDY I-1 IMT Custom Machine Company, Inc.: Selection of an Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-2 VoIP2.biz, Inc.: Deciding on the Next Steps for a VoIP Supplier CASE STUDY I-3 The VoIP Adoption at Butler University CASE STUDY I-4 Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The Children’s Health Fund of New York City CASE STUDY I-5 Data Governance at InsuraCorp CASE STUDY I-6 H.H. Gregg’s Appliances, Inc.: Deciding on a New Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-7 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (B): Cleaning Up an Information Systems Debacle CASE STUDY II-1 Vendor-Managed Inventory at NIBCO CASE STUDY II-2 Real-Time Business Intelligence at Continental Airlines CASE STUDY II-3 Norfolk Southern Railway: The Business Intelligence Journey CASE STUDY II-4 Mining Data to Increase State Tax Revenues in California CASE STUDY II-5 The Cliptomania™ Web Store: An E-Tailing Start-up Survival Story CASE STUDY II-6 Rock Island Chocolate Company, Inc.: Building a Social Networking Strategy CASE STUDY III-1 Managing a Systems Development Project at Consumer and Industrial Products, Inc. CASE STUDY III-2 A Make-or-Buy Decision at Baxter Manufacturing Company CASE STUDY III-3 ERP Purchase Decision at Benton Manufacturing Company, Inc. CASE STUDY......

Words: 239887 - Pages: 960

Premium Essay

Project Managment

...Includes Over Two Hours of Bonus Audio on the CD Includes Real-World Scenarios and Leading-Edge Exam Prep Software Featuring: Updated for the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), Fourth Edition • Custom Test Engine • Hundreds of Sample Questions • Chapter Review in Audio Format • Electronic Flashcards • Entire Book in PDF PMP Fifth Edition SERIOUS SKILLS. ® Project Management Professional Exam STUDY GUIDE Kim Heldman Project Management Professional Exam Study Guide Fifth Edition PMP ® Project Management Professional Exam Study Guide Fifth Edition PMP ® Kim Heldman Acquisitions Editor: Jeff Kellum Development Editor: Alexa Murphy Technical Editors: Terri Wagner and Brett Feddersen Production Editor: Christine O’Connor Copy Editor: Judy Flynn Production Manager: Tim Tate Vice President and Executive Group Publisher: Richard Swadley Vice President and Publisher: Neil Edde Project Manager 1: Laura Moss-Hollister Associate Producer: Angie Denny Quality Assurance: Josh Frank Book Designers: Judy Fung, Bill Gibson Compositor: Craig Woods, Happenstance Type-O-Rama Proofreader: Publication Services, Inc. Indexer: Nancy Guenther Project Coordinator, Cover: Lynsey Stanford Cover Designer: Ryan Sneed Copyright © 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada ISBN: 978-0-470-45558-6 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any......

Words: 241705 - Pages: 967