Twins

In: Other Topics

Submitted By linstarrbenn
Words 785
Pages 4
The James-Lange Theory, in summarization, suggests that our emotions are triggered by physiologial reactions to events. When we cry due to a loss it leads us to feel sorrowful, yelling and becoming violet towards someone who upsets us causes us to feel anger, shaking or being scared easily if someone was to jump out at us causes us to feel fear. According to James and Lange there is a physiological, or visceral experience, accompanying every major emotion. We can determine the exact pattern of these responses that can help us to reveal the emotional experience. Researchers argue with this theory. According to some, this information cannot necessarily be proved. If a stranger approaches you from a dark alley during the night, and you're walking alone, you're going to immediately feel frightened. Whereas, before a big speech you accquire the same feeling over a length of time, and it stays with you until the event is over. Some don't see how this could be pin-pointed as the exact source of immediate emotional experience. According to Feldman (2010) : The James-Lange Theory poses another difficulty: our internal organs produce a relatively limited range of sensations. Although some types of physiological changes are associated with specific emotional experiences, it is difficult to imagine how each of the myriad emotions that people are capable of experiencing could be the result of a unique visceral change. Many emotions actually are associated with relatively similar sorts of visceral changes, a fact that contradicts the James-Lange theory (Davidson et al., 1994; Cameron, 2002.). (p. 269) The Cannon-Bard Theory, ultimately states, bodily changes and emotions do not share a cause-and-effect relationship. Instead, they think these emotions/changes occur randomly, following a stimulating event. As stated by Feldman (2010) : The Cannon-Bard theory seems to have been…...

Similar Documents

Twin Deficit

...Twin Deficit For the past 2 years, India has been fighting slow growth, high inflation and the twin deficits – fiscal deficit and current account deficit. The current account deficit reached the peak of 5.3% of GDP in Q1 FY13 which is much beyond the comfort zone of 3%. The fiscal deficit has also proved difficult to control, leading to a large part of borrowing going into servicing the debt rather than towards capital intensive activities. Off late the threat of being relegated to the status of junk bonds has made the government to swing into action and try and take steps to curb the deficits. It is the result of these measures that the fiscal deficit is not expected to go much beyond the government target of 5.3% of GDP. As a part of its efforts, government has also come up with the target of reducing the fiscal deficit to 3% of GDP by 2016-17. In order to rein in on the fiscal deficit, under the direction of Finance Minister, government managed to cut expenditures to the tune of Rs.80000 crores. Besides this, unlike previous years government has managed to keep its stake selling program on track, which is expected to result in the revenue receipts of about Rs.30000 crores. However, the government has also been cutting corners and using financial jugglery to cuts the deficit. Transferring the subsidy payment bills onto the next year and one time receipts from stake sale in PSUs are not effective and long term solution. Apart from this, losses like those of State......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

The Quandary of Twin Education

...interaction may be formed during a defined period in classroom instruction. Distance learning, now considered a new term, has been around for over a century. Correspondent courses started in Europe and remained the primary means of distant learning until the middle of the twentieth century (Imel, 1996). Distant and online education offer many of the same characteristics along with distinct features, of indirect contact with faculty and classmates through technology driven methods such as discussion forums and synchronous or asynchronous communication. (Mahmood, Mahmood, & Malik, 2012). Distant learning allows students to learn and study at their preferred learning style and own pace. Similar to the unique characteristics of fraternal twins, nontraditional and individual needs students may require the adaptability and flexibility of distant education to fulfill their academic and professional goals. Distant and traditional education use many of the same pedagogical techniques the online learning format enables students increased opportunities to suit their skills, interests, and profession. One Twin’s View on Traditional Education The long established delivery system for traditional higher education has remained a face-to-face classroom setting. Students listen to lectures and taking notes on material covered. Grading, determined by completing assignments, tests and written essays exams in a timely manner. Interactions with the teacher and students develop both social and...

Words: 1548 - Pages: 7

Mario Testino's Twins

...photograph by Mario Testino there are two heavier set Latin twins standing in the middle of the picture with an arm wrapped around the other and biggest of smiles upon their faces. Both of the men are wearing shorts, one of the men has flip flops on and the other is barefoot. They appear to have just gotten out of the water somewhere by the way the sand is sticking to them. In the background there is a construction truck, which would make most observers think that they were in some sort of construction area. However no construction worker would be barefoot or in sandals in a work zone, considering that could be extremely hazardous. Although the men in the picture are twins and both have huge smiles upon their faces you can tell that each of them have very different personalities by the way their smiles differentiate. The twin on the right with a more open mouthed smile almost as if he’s shouting “Hey!” or something similar, and the other on the left with a more goofy smile, face constricted, almost like he’s laughing at his brother. In the second photograph there are two beautiful twin girls that look like models wearing almost identical outfits. One of the twins is wearing a dress that splits mid-thigh she also has her hair pulled back with a black fitted cap on top. The other twin is wearing a similar dress that cuts off mid-thigh with black loosely fitted pants underneath, she is not wearing a cap unlike her twin, or perhaps she is and is already wearing a wig on top of......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Paradoxical Twins

...Caso: The Paradoxical Twins: Acme and Omega Electronics En el caso “The Paradoxical Twins” se nos presentan dos compañías: Acme y Omega estas se dedican a la manufactura de tarjetas de circuitos impresos (printed circuit boards or PBC). Este caso se analizará basándonos en los marcos gerenciales utilizados por la gerencia de cada una de las empresas con el fin de analizar ambas organizaciones. A. Diferencias organizacionales entre Acme y Omega: Acme • Luego de ser vendidos esta compañía retuvo a su cuerpo gerencial y promovió a su Gerente General al puesto de Presidente de la compañía. • Cuentan con una estructura organizacional definida • La alta gerencia toma las decisiones sin consultar con el departamento de manufactura • Tareas y responsabilidades laborales están claramente definidas Omega • Luego de ser vendidos esta compañía contrataron a un Presidente nuevo y algunos empleados fueron ascendidos a otros puestos. • No cuentan con una estructura organizacional definida ya que la ven como una barrera entre los empleados • No cuentan con tareas y responsabilidades claramente definidas • Fomentan la gerencia participativa. • Le gusta mantener a sus empleados informados B. Análisis Acme cuenta con una estructura organizacional claramente definida pero el flujo de información de la organización es unidireccional. Carece de contacto directo entre los gerentes y los técnicos. Como mencionó un empleado “I wish I had a little more......

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Twin Study

...Summary This article discusses about twins separated and the genetic of personality differences and concentrated on studies that have been made in 1979 by the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart ( MISTRA). In the research, the researcher focused on two aspects of cognitive and personality. However, in this article the discussion limited to discuss about the personality and behavioral differences only. The study conducted by Minnesota is to support the existence of an important genetic component in behavioral and personality differences. According to the author, the study has been done by MISTRA are biased toward the sample, based on Newman et al. and Shields studies, MISTRA twins were discovered on the basis of similarity and their knowledge of each other's existence. Also, Minnesota study also lack of case histories and the failure to share data. The reports of Newman et al., Shields, and Juel-Nielsen contained hundreds of pages of detailed case histories of twins, which helped independent observers to draw their own conclusions from the data. Although most of the earlier researchers were viewing twins through a hereditary lens, their descriptions provided a wealth of information. In this study, they are used several type of method, one of the technique is used two or more test instrument to ensure the adequate coverage, for example the participants were given a battery of personality and mental ability tests, interest and value......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

The Twin Paradox for Dummies

...source. Let the Object equate to a spaceship if you like. Time is much like an elastic string which can only be stretched in one direction namely; into the future. The twin paradox describes what happens. Twins; One boards a spacecraft that accelerates to near light speed, on say a voyage to Alpha Centauri, some four light years from earth. The other remains on the home planet. Ten years later the bother who went to Alpha Centauri returns having aged only "one subjective year" because time has moved slower for him, "relative" to his brother who remained on the home planet, where time moved at the "normal rate" Why and how did this ageing difference happen?, why has the spaceman one brother become twenty years younger than his brother who remained at home? or the reverse if you like! There is no absolute time, time moves differently from one object to the next and in one location to the next according to its "gravity mass and density" Condense the matter on a object, into smaller and "smaller volume" and you alter gravity and the flow of time on its surface. This is the reason that time stops in a black hole of infinite density Note; this will really happen if we develop near light speed space vehicles A year of subjective time has passed for the twin on the spaceship, when compared to twenty year older brother who has somehow aged at a 1/20 ratio. The brother who remained at home is a grey haited old man of say 65 and his returning......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Twin Towers

...Heroism in the Twin Towers | | | 1) One reason as to why some people act heroically in emergencies while others do not is based on the fact that heroic people possess positive morals and traits (Johnson, 2012). Furthermore, those people that possess positive morals and traits make good choices and will respond to a situation immediately (Johnson, 2012). In the case study, Heroism in the Twin Towers, the rescuers displayed positive morals and traits by using crowbars to break through drywall and opening stairway doors in order to reach out and help the victims escape being fully aware that at any given moment they could have injured themselves in the process (Johnson, 2012). Another reason as to why some people act heroically in emergencies while others do not is based on the fact that heroic people have a high moral identity where moral principles and character traits are the core of their being (Johnson, 2012). Furthermore, people with a high moral identity have a positive approach to life as well as a strong desire to do the right thing demonstrating will power and integrity to help others in need (Johnson, 2012). In the case study, Heroism in the Twin Towers, the rescuers displayed the most notable case of a high moral identity as they were willing to sacrifice their life so that the victims can live (Johnson, 2012). 2) The type of characteristic traits that the rescuers demonstrated in rescuing the victims from the Twin Tower attacks were courage,......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Nature vs Nurture in Twins

...vs. Nurture in Twins Stephanie A Anderson Western Governors University WGU Student ID# 000257288 Nature vs. Nurture in Twins Many studies are being done on twins and the difference between genetics vs. environment. Many studies are done on monozygotic twins as well as dizygotic twins. Monozygotic (MZ) twins are known as identical twins because they are from one egg that is fertilized and splits into two genetically identical halves, which continue to grow as twins. If there are any additional splitting of the zygote it leads to triplets, quadruplets etc. In Dizygotic (DZ) twins, also known as fraternal twins, there are two eggs that are fertilized by two different sperm, essentially making two babies at once that are genetically different but similar like other siblings. (Wheelwright, 2004) There are many differences between identical twins and fraternal twins such as fraternal twins can be of opposite sex. It is very rare for identical twins to be different sexes since they are split from the same zygote. (Wheelwright, 2004) Identical twins share 100% of their genetics and fraternal twins about 50%. (Horwitz, Videon, Schmitz, Davis, 2003) Identical twins do have the same DNA and the same fingerprints. Although there are now genetic tests that can find minor differences in the DNA of identical twins, they are still considered genetically identical. (Wheelwright, 2004) With all the studies that have been done over the years with sets of twins, they are......

Words: 2057 - Pages: 9

Evil Twin

...Evil Twin Wi-Fi Attacks NT1110: Computer Structure and Logic October 23, 2013 Abstract What is the “Evil Twin”? Evil Twin is a type of Wi-Fi attack, it is a home-made wireless access point that masquerades as a legitimate hot spot with a very strong signal in efforts to gather personal or corporate information. With this, the overall goal of this report is to educate the public on how to protect themselves. Additionally in this disadvantages and advantages will be discussed along with the effects on consumers and the future. According to Dr. Phil Nobles, a wireless Internet and cybercrime expert at Cranfield University, said: this is how the evil twin works. "So-called 'evil twin' hotspots present a hidden danger for Web users. In essence, users think they've logged on to a wireless hotspot connection when in fact they've been tricked to connect to the attacker's unauthorized base station. The latter jams the connection to a legitimate base station by sending a stronger signal within close proximity to the wireless client -- thereby turning itself into an 'evil twin. Cybercriminals don't have to be that clever to carry out such an attack. Because wireless networks are based on radio signals they can be easily detected by unauthorized users tuning into the same frequency." The Disadvantage of Evil Twins The Evil Twins a Menace to Wireless Security > Mobile, (by Jack M German Tech News World 06/04/09). Once the......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

Twin Brothers

...Twin Brothers Audience: Best friend "Clustering" was the prewriting technique that I used to generate ideas and to also help visualize how the ideas might logically relate. As clustering help generate some ideas, it also gave me a sense of organization. Clustering was very beneficial with this week assignment because it allowed me to see how the various facts and ideas might be logically related. On the surface, my brother and I are very identical, yet we have our own distinctive personalities. At times we may have similar connections, but at the end of the day we are each our own individual (or you could use person) own individual . My twin brother and I love to play extreme sports. My brother loves to play basketball and I football. One day, while my brother was playing basketball at the courtyard, he fell and landed on his left arm and was taken to the hospital. After a check-up, Doctors doctors found he had broken his left arm. A few weeks later, I was playing football after school and got tackled down to the ground, where I and landed and injured my left arm. I was taken to the hospital and after a check-up; , Doctors doctors found that I had broken my left arm. My brother and I have many memories where many coincidence coincidental accidents have happened to us, ; however, the connection we do have, and our distinctive personalities, helped us move forward with whatever life threw at us. Hello Matthew- some of the rewording I entered above is just...

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Twins

...There are two different types of twins: Dizygotic= fraternal or non-identical Monozygotic= identical Fraternal twins happen when two separate eggs are released at a single ovulation and are fertilized by two different sperm. These two fertilized eggs then implant independently in the uterus. Fraternal twins share the same type of genetic relationship as non-twin siblings. These are also the most common form of twins; a reason for having fraternal twins is the age of the mother at conception. The chance of fraternal twins is more prevalent in women 35 years of age and older. And yet another growing cause of fraternal twins is the use of fertility treatments. Identical twins develop when one egg is fertilized by a single sperm and during the first two weeks after conception, the developing embryo splits into two. As a result, two, genetically identical babies develop. The exact reason why identical twins happen is still a mystery. Over the years there has been a lot of research and time invested into finding out why some zygotes split into two and others don’t. But the truth is we still do not know why. In reality, the splitting of one fertilised egg is a malformation of the natural processes of conception. Twins are very valuable to scientific research because they allow researchers to study the relative importance of environmental and genetic influences on people. In other words, how much of someone's personality and appearance is based on their environment and how...

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Essay on the Twin Paradox

...AN ESSAY ON THE TWIN PARADOX Nwokolo Peter Chidiebere (Nig) pchidiebere@aims.ac.tz April 24, 2016 According to special relativity, time travel into the future is possible. In science fictions, we have time machines which allow us to go anywhere we want either into the past or the future. But in reality, as far as we know only time travel into the future is possible and it works like this. Imagine we have two identical twins Peter and Paul. Peter gets into a rocket and travels to a star ten light years away. A light year is the distance light travels in one year which is approximately 9.4607 × 1012 km (Crockett, 2013). He moves at 80% the speed of light. When he gets to the star, he turns around and comes back at the same speed. Twenty-five years would have elapsed on earth but only fifteen years for the traveller. When he gets out from the spaceship, he is surprised to see that his identical twin is aged an extra ten years. Theoretically, if you can get your rocket going near the speed of light and you went as far as one of the galaxies and came back, millions of years would have elapsed on earth, yet the trip might only take you a few weeks. This is because of the assertion in special relativity which says that moving clocks run slow. And that is a great way to remember how things are different between two frames of reference. Vaguely speaking, frame of reference means the world according to you or according to me (Lincoln, 2014). But we have to know that it works both ways.......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Twins

...Growing up I always thought of myself as an individual, as well as an identical twin and it was strange to me that other people didn't see this as well. For myself and my twin sister Jenna, people not bothering to, or not being able to distinguish between them is likely to reinforce our thoughts that it was normal for us to me seen as one, rather than two individuals. I’ve always thought of myself as a lucky. Because of my sister, I was never alone growing up. The most fun part is probably just having a companion you can count on. However, the most challenging part is the feeling that everything is a shared life experience which is heavily influenced by family, friends and the people around us who perceives us to be the same person and one identity, while in fact we are very different. The constant comparison we had to deal with, especially in out childhood caused major difficulties for me and my sister. Some people including our family; began labelling us and making comments such as "she's the pretty one" or "smart one" or "she's the bad one". These generalisations were very damaging to us while we were growing up; we began to receive unrealistic expectations to the way we were supposed to be according to others. Sometimes we even started to resent one another, which almost damaged our relationship. While we were growing up we were often called "the twins" and I guess at the time I didn't really mind. Looking back, it was because people didn't see us properly as......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

The Twin Pillars of Effective Leadership

...The twin pillars of effective leadership This time, we are going to study an article entitled ‘The twin pillars of effective leadership ‘written by Brian Legget and Conor Neill. The emphasis of this article is to show us different tools that a leader may use. These two authors classified tools in two types called the magnet and the hammer In this paper, we mentioned some cases of leaders who uses the magnet and the hammer and their capacity to deal with crisis . The magnet is a tool which is used to pull the followers. This tool is a slow-acting process and has a long –term effect. Leaders have to use different actions and disposed many skills to pull up his followers to attend objectives. Having different components of EI (emotional intelligence) a leader try to convince people by his vision, they will be probably attracted in the long term . This is why we can’t use this process to deal with crisis. On the other side, the hammer will be a perfect tool to deal with crisis and making decisions. It’s a drive for change, a leader has to push his followers and make a great decision on the right timing. People will be shocked and annoyed at the beginning but they will be convinced by leader’s attitude then. He must control systems and gives orders. He has to prove his charisma and makes other more responsible . An effective leader had to know the magnet and the hammer , he have to rule them with respect and honor . For example, a leader who has a vision (the magnet......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

The Quaid Twin Medical Error

...The Quaid Twin Medical Error November, 1999 brought about a release of a report prepared by the prestigious National Academy of Science’s Institute of Medicine (IOM) making medical mistakes and their magnitude of the risks to patients receiving hospital care to common public knowledge. The IOM concluded that between 44,000-98,000 deaths occur annually because of medical errors. Among a general agreement was that system deficiencies were the most important factor in the problem and not incompetent or negligent physicians and other caregivers (Sultz & Young, 2010). An excellent example of a system deficiency that leads to a crisis and sentinel event was the highly publicized overdose of Heparin to Dennis Quaid’s newborn twins in 2007. The newborn twins of actor Dennis Quaid were among three patients accidentally given an adult dosage of Heparin, a blood thinner, from a vial containing 10,000 units per milliliter instead of the prescribed 10 units per milliliter. The patients were receiving intravenous inception of the heparin to flush the catheters and to prevent clotting. Cedars-Sinai’s CMO could basically do nothing more than offer his sincerest apologies; yet, ultimately a huge settlement was made for this sentinel event. As noted by experts, “Heparin is a good drug, but you have to pay very careful attention because of the varying concentrations” (Fox News, 2007). Now Quaid has become the self-described "front man" for a campaign to improve patient care with the......

Words: 752 - Pages: 4