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Types of Abuse

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BTEC National Certificate (Level 3) in Health and Social Care
UNIT 11 ASSIGNMENT –
Safeguarding Adults and Promoting Independence

Student Name: Teacher: Ms Tumoe |

Date assignment issued: 10th March 2014 Final Completion Date: 29th June 2014 |

Welcome to the first of two Units as first year students that deals with the sensitive issues surrounding the need to safeguard adults, whilst understanding ensuring how the rights, independence and the wellbeing of adults are promoted through a person-centred multi-agency approach.
In order to make sure that you complete the unit on time and meet all your deadlines, you will find that the assignment is broken down into key tasks.

Each task will start with the part of the grading criteria that the task relates to, example P1, P2. It will finish with a deadline for the task to be completed.

Introduction
This unit looks at ways in which adults are supported and protected within the health and social care sector by practitioner’s whose main job role is working with adults. The unit covers sensitive subjects including physical, psychological, sexual and financial abuse. It aims to develop your understanding of the differing needs of people who use health and social care services. You will gain understanding of how to develop supportive relationships that respect individual rights, and also an understanding of how such relationships can be abused within health and social care contexts, and the strategies that have been developed to minimize this abuse.

The tasks that you complete will involve you doing many different things, such as giving a presentation, writing an essay, and preparing and presenting posters.

The learning outcomes of the unit are for you to:

1 Know types and indicators of abuse

2 Understand factors which may lead to abusive situations

3 Know legislation and regulations which govern the safeguarding of adults

4 Know working strategies and procedures to reduce the risk of abuse of adults

5 Understand the role of supportive relationships to promote the rights, independence and wellbeing of adults using health and social care services.

Assessment and grading criteriaIn order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.Pass Merit Distinction | P1 describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults | M1 assess the likely immediate effects of two different forms of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults | D1 evaluate the potential long-term effects of these two types of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults | P2 describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults [IE3] | | | | P3 explain factors that may lead to abusive situations [IE6; CT1] | | | | P4 outline key legislation and regulations which govern safeguarding adults work | M2 describe legislation and regulations, working strategies and procedures used in health and social care to reduce the risk of two types of abuse | | P5 outline working strategies and procedures used in health and social care to reduce the risk of abuse [CT1; SM2] | | | | P6 explain the role of supportive | M3 discuss the role of supportive | D2 evaluate the role of multi- | relationships in reducing the | relationships in reducing the | agency working to reduce | risk of abuse and neglect. | risk of abuse and neglect, | the risk of abuse of adults, | | using examples. | with reference to legal frameworks, regulations, working strategies and procedures. |

Assessment and grading criteriaIn order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit. The assessment criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.Pass Merit Distinction | P1 describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults | M1 assess the likely immediate effects of two different forms of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults | D1 evaluate the potential long-term effects of these two types of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults | P2 describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults [IE3] | | | | P3 explain factors that may lead to abusive situations [IE6; CT1] | | | | P4 outline key legislation and regulations which govern safeguarding adults work | M2 describe legislation and regulations, working strategies and procedures used in health and social care to reduce the risk of two types of abuse | | P5 outline working strategies and procedures used in health and social care to reduce the risk of abuse [CT1; SM2] | | | | P6 explain the role of supportive | M3 discuss the role of supportive | D2 evaluate the role of multi- | relationships in reducing the | relationships in reducing the | agency working to reduce | risk of abuse and neglect. | risk of abuse and neglect, | the risk of abuse of adults, | | using examples. | with reference to legal frameworks, regulations, working strategies and procedures. |

You will have plenty of opportunities to get feedback on the quality of your work and whether it meets the grading criteria, but it is really important that you stick to the given deadlines otherwise it makes giving feedback difficult!

TASK 1:Working on P1, P2, P3, M1, D1TASK 2:Working on P4 and M2 TASK 3Working on P5 | SCENARIO: A small town has: * A home that provides residential care for confused old people; * A long stay hostel for homeless men; * Supported flats for people living in the community who have learning disabilities; * A home care service that provides home support for physically disabled people living in their own homes.You are an inspector preparing to visit the town above. There have been a number of unconfirmed reports of abuse taking place and you have been asked to carry out an initial survey of the potential for abuse in these settings. Produce a short report that: a) Describes the forms of abuse that are most likely to occur in the different settings, including institutional abuse. (P1) * Take a general view on the forms of abuse which may be experienced in these care settings. * Talk about all nine types of abuse. You might want to have one case study per form of abuse b) Describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults in the different settings above.( P2) Create your own case studies of vulnerable adultsc) Explains factors that may lead to abusive situations attaching them to the different settings above. (P3) * The indicators fall under 3 main headings (physical, psychological and financial). Describe the signs, and link them to the types of abuse in P2. d) Assesses the likely immediate effect of two different forms of abuse on the health and well-being of adults in the settings above (M1). Make sure you use appropriate terminology and clear examples * Consider the vulnerability of the service users in each of the settings before assessing the likely immediate effects on the adults. You may use case studies to illustrate the points you are making.Evaluate the potential long term effects of these two types of abuse on the health and well-being of adults in the settings above (D1)Produce a table that outlines Key Legislation and regulations which govern safeguarding adults work. Add a brief summary of how this works.Then apply this to: a) Identify and briefly describe the legislation, policies and procedures that protect adults receiving health and social care services in a care home for people with mental health problems (P4). * Focus on a generic approach of identifying and briefly explaining each policy, procedure and piece of legislation. b) Describe how legislation, and regulations, working strategies and procedures used in Health & Social Care to reduce the risks of two types of abuse. (M2). Use the two types of abuse that you have identified in M. You may use case studies from Task 1 to support your understanding of legislations.SCENARIO: You work for a charity that is planning to open its first residential unit for people with learning disabilities. The aim is to prepare people for living independently in their own flats. Support workers will be employed to help residents develop the appropriate life skills, for example, cooking, budgeting, personal hygiene, leisure activities, etc.Produce a PowerPoint presentation that: a) Identifies the various strategies you need to put in place prior to opening the unit (P5). b) Provides a summarized description of how each strategy will be used to minimize the possibility of abuse in the residential unit (P5). * As far as various strategies are concerned, think about the POVA scheme and working practices such as needs assessment. * Take an overview of appropriate strategies and working practices and describe the main points. | Deadline for Task 1O2.05.14Deadline for Task :08-05-2014Deadline for Task 322-05-2014 | TASK 4:Working on P6 and M3TASK 5:Working on D2TASK 6Working on D2 | ScenarioYou have secured a position as a team leader caring for the elderly in your area. You feel it would be beneficial for you to produce a leaflet that outlines some of your former practice in order to help new colleagues understand the importance of supportive relationships in reducing the risk of abuse and neglect in the various settings that the borough has. Your leaflet should contain information around the following to show that you understand the role of supportive relationships to promote the rights, independence and wellbeing of adults using health and social care services.You should include a section as an appendix that shows you have researched human rights and ways to promote these in a health and social care context.Produce and INFORMATION LEAFLET for new staff in health and social care setting: a) Explaining how to build supportive relationships in reducing the risk of abuse and neglect (P6); b) Discuss how such an approach could enhance the life experiences of those they will be caring for using examples to show how the risk of abuse and neglect could be reduced. (M3). * For P6 a basic explanation of how individual rights can be respected in a supportive relationship is required. Remember that communication skills, confidentiality and setting clear boundaries for professional relationships are all key elements. Trust and respect are also very important. Research codes of practice in health and social care. * For M3 you will need to extend this by explaining how supportive relationships can enhance life experiences by reducing the risk of abuse and neglect. You might want to give examples, relevant to health and social care, here. The extent to which an individual is supported and empowered will enhance their experience. The relationship should be person-centred.Write an essay that:Draws examples of different relationships from your own WEXP setting and discuss their strengths and weaknesses (D2). * Focus on how these supportive relationships have enhanced the life experiences of those receiving health and social care services; * Are there any disadvantages? Might people want to be told what do to rather than be involved in the decision-making process? Might there be confusion, in the service-user’s mind, about the difference between a friendship and a supportive professional relationship? * Remember to respect confidentiality – do not use names of people or placeAND a further opportunity to ensure all the learning content for the unit is fully coveredSCENARIO: JM lives in a supported house, run by a charity, for people with learning disabilities. He attends college for 3 days a week and a day centre for 2 days. He has a good relationship with a volunteer who visits him at weekends and takes him for trips.A friend from college has started to turn up at the day centre and at home. JM seems reluctant to see him at times but will not say why. He has started to spend more money than usual on CDs and electronic gadgets that he then gives to his friend as gifts, but is not his normal, cheerful self. The volunteer feels John is being taken advantage of and that financial and verbal abuse (threats) could be taking place.Write an essay that: Analyses the role of multi-agency working in minimizing the risks of abuse. How can multi-agency working help to protect JM? (D2). * Identify the agencies and individuals involved; * Analyse how they could work together to minimize the suspected abuse; * Consider that JM may not want to be involved in the process. | Deadline for Task 4:05-06-2014Deadline for Task 5:20.06.14Deadline for Task 620.06.14 |

Self Assessment Deadline Checklist

Task | What you will have produced | Deadline | 1 is linked to P1, P2, P3, M1 and D1 | Produce a short report that: Describes the potential for abuse, including system abuse, in the settings above (P1); Describe the different forms of abuse that these vulnerable adults are experiencing (P2); Identify indicators of abuse (P3).Assesses the likely immediate effect of two types of abuse on the health and well being of adults in the settings described in the assignment. (M1).Evaluates the potential long term effects of two types of abuse in the settings above (D1) | 20.06.14 | 2 is linked to P4 and M2 | Produce a table/grid to: Identify and briefly describes the legislation, policies and procedures that protect adults receiving health and social care services in a care home for people with mental health problems (P4).Explain how legislation, policies and procedures contribute to the protection of the vulnerable adults in this care home (M2). | 08-05-2014 | 3 is linked to P5 | Produce a PowerPoint presentation that:Identifies the various strategies you need to put in place prior to opening the unit. Provides a summarized description of how each strategy will be used to minimize the possibility of abuse in the residential unit (P5). | 22-05-2014 | 4 is linked to P6 and M3 | An INFORMATION LEAFLET for new staff in health and social care setting a) Explaining how to build supportive relationships with service users and respect individual rights (P6); Explaining how such an approach could enhance the life experiences of those they will be caring for (M3). Create your own case studies of vulnerable adults | 05-06-2014 | 5 is linked to D2 | Write an essay that: Draws examples of different relationships from your own WEXP setting and discuss their strengths and weaknesses. | 20.06.14 | 6 is linked to D2 | Essay response to given Scenario that:Analyses the role of multi agency working to minimize the risks of abuse | 20.06.14 |

Final things: * Page number your portfolio (make sure it is all in the correct order); * Include a bibliography/references stating all your sources; * Use appendices for any additional information e.g. screen dumps or articles; * Make sure you create your own front cover with your name, the BTEC unit details and your teacher’s name.

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