Free Essay

West's Effect on the World

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rafer94
Words 2729
Pages 11
The West’s Affect on the World

Every nation is always in contention with one another. For every civilization that triumphs, others must suffer. For a majority of human history the strongest nations were comprised into a group known as the West. The west is home to the ideologies of democracy, capitalism, and consumerism. The idea of democracy has been forced upon many nations in the world by the Western states. Democracy however has been shown to be a very easily manipulated system. Capitalism has shown the need for expansion and exploitation over Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The west has always been in contention with other nations, along with contending with each other. Competition between western nations has led to a technological race and an arms race, which is now more apparent than ever in the United States. With military might came the need to take over other nations and thus the ideas of imperialism, and nation aristocracy. Africa, Latin America, and Asia has suffered and continues to suffer a great deal because of the triumph of the west through exploitation, expansion, and wealth, all major goals of capitalism and imperialism. The West has retarded the development in all facets for many countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia and thus led to the suffering of the world.

One of the oldest ideologies from the west to the world is democracy. Democracy comes from the Greek words “demo” meaning people and “kratia” meaning rule, therefore rule of the people. Democracy is an egalitarian system of governance where all citizens together decide public policy, laws, the actions of the state, and public representatives. It makes sure that all citizens of a state have a say in the politics of a country. Although deemed a fair and just method of governance, it, like any other form of government has its flaws.

Although democracy is a very old and widely used system of government, it has been known to be rigged and taken advantage of. Electoral fraud is the illegal interference with the electoral process and is very common in almost every democratic society. Many democratic elections have been accused of fraud such as the Afghan election after US occupation, even the Iraqi elections. These two elections were accused of being rigged to allow American puppet leaders to come to power, as the same happened in Vietnam and followed with civil war, the same followed suit in Iraq. Puppet politicians are often put in place to feed the economic thirst of nations or corporations. The relationship between capitalism and democracy is therefore almost symbiotic. Capitalism requires democracy, or rather a flawed version of democracy.

To understand the relationship between capitalism and democracy one must first understand what capitalism is. Capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit. It allows for normal men without noble names to build their own riches and become what during the industrial age are known as the “Nouveau Riche.” These men are given the right to enhance their capital through private enterprise without any major interference from government. It gives men the chance to make a successful living for themselves through hard work and dedication rather than through a family name and enjoy their livings without paying major tributes to nobles.

Although good for the men that are considered the “Nouveau Riche”, capitalism requires substantial inequality for it to be successful. One of the reasons the industrial age succeeded in England was because the factory owners who would become the corporation-men had a large array of people to pick workers from. These workers were the absolute lowest economical classed people who were paid horrible wages and thus higher profits for the owners. These rich men would also avoid government regulations and overall had more power than any head of state. Although the bourgeoisie had major power within the state, when businesses grew from national to international, capitalism on an international stage also had the same effect.

The division of nations is of winners and losers, of nations tha t. Latin American nations, African nations, and some Asian countries were all losers at one point or still are to the Western powers. Ever since the Europeans ventured into these lands in the name of competition, expansion and wealth, these countries have continued to be the losers. Capitalism requires substantial inequality an international aristocracy and it can be seen in Latin America.

Latin America continues to exist at the service of others’ needs, as a source and reserve of oil, iron, copper, meat, fruits, coffee, and other raw materials that are meant for rich countries. These western countries profit more from consuming it more than Latin America does producing them. The taxes collected by the buyers are much higher than the prices received by the sellers. Alliance for Progress coordinator Covey T. Oliver in July 1968 stated that “to speak of fair prices is a “medieval” concept, for we are in the era of free trade.”Around the middle of the 20th century the world’s richest countries, which turned out to be European, and North American enjoyed a 50 percent higher living standard than the poor countries. President Nixon in April 1969 went on to state to the Organization of American States that “by the end of the twentieth century the United States; per capita income would be fifteen times higher than Latin America’s.” Latin America has been purged by the European states and America. They are only one continent among three that have been wholly damaged in the name of colonization, imperialism, and capitalism. Africa has been purged just as terribly.

When Europeans first made contact with Africans in the sixteenth-century they were exploited right away. The African tribes were not nearly as advanced as the Europeans in terms of technology and thus the Europeans already had an advantage. The African tribes offered to trade slaves for technology and food. The Europeans destroyed cultures, committed economic rape, and didn’t even leave the nation wholly until the last century. Many African nations were only born a few decades ago and this distorted and retarded the pace and tempo of nation-growth. Africa again continues to develop slowly compared to the rest of the world.

These European powers and other western powers would not expand as much as they did if not for the expansion that capitalism calls for. The capitalist system cannot be driven without satisfying its three main goals, expansion, exploitation, and wealth. Capitalism only met these developments through strength in colonialism, later imperialism, and now globalization, industrialization, and nationalism.

The bourgeoisie and later corporate businessmen could not exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments of production. Throughout history, capitalist profitability has required, and capitalist rule has brought, constant exploitation of geographic and social spaces. The relationship making this possible is the ownership and control of productive property. This means a small group that owns and controls a greater majority that does not own or control. It results in the powerlessness which requires the majority to work for wages to survive. This relationship between these two classes is the basis most important for capitalist development. The best place for capitalist development is poorer states where the people were easily manipulated. Thus the practice of colonization or the theory of colonialism was born. Karl Marx puts it best in this passage from the Communist Manifesto:

“He shares with the miser the passion for wealth as wealth. But that which in the miser is a mere idiosyncrasy, is, in the capitalist, the effect of the social mechanism of which he is but one of the wheels. Moreover, the development of capitalist production makes it constantly necessary to keep increasing the amount of capital … in a given industrial undertaking, and competition makes the immanent laws of capitalist production to be felt by each individual capitalist, as external coercive laws. It compels him to keep constantly extending his capital, in order to preserve it, but extend it he cannot, except by means of progressive accumulation.”

Capital accumulation is the basis for economic growth or expansion. Economic expansion and geographic expansion have both been tightly interwoven. If looking at a graph as economic expansion goes up vertically, so too will the national capitalism expanding its power outward over weaker societies will expand horizontally. These two forms of expansion can be seen as the heartbeat of the capitalist process. Both methods of expansion depend on the capital’s ability to exploit labour and the individual state’s approval in expanding capitalism’s muscle. The third aspect of this capitalist process is the indirect and direct rule by capital.

Colonialism is the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. The great mercantilist powers of the world have always fought one another for markets, trade routes, or sheer bitterness of commercial contests. These economic rivalries that have led to the bloodiest of wars and even the destruction of major civilizations are through the need to expand capital in the name of competition and the birth of colonialism.

When colonialism began, it started with small colonies that regulated economical policies in a certain region. These colonies were small and merely traded with locals. Soon the states of Europe had grown in population beyond the capacity of their own soil to feed them. To adhere to the increase in population the options were emigration, which comes the loss of said nation’s citizens, or encroachment into the colonies they had set trading posts in. Clearly this encroachment meant war, however what can evidently be seen is that the regions that originally had trading posts became part of European empires. The people of these African or American states became under the rule of there once old trading partners. Consequently from colonialism came the guiding principle of empire-building known as imperialism. Imperialism is a state’s goal to force its influence unto another state through diplomacy or the most widely used method, military force. The reasons for imperialism are the same as colonialism and the effects of both are still around today.

European expansion started around the end of the 15th century and only recently did it decline. At its peak in the beginning of the 20th century, vast parts of Africa and Asia were colonies of European powers. These nations were also very poor. As of 2012 the twenty poorest countries overall are all former colonies of the European powers. Through colonial activity, Africa was turned into a producer of raw material like Latin America, and like Latin America the exchange was unfair. This unfair exchange has left Africa in extreme poverty, where it is still today. Africa has been struggling for so long economically that the country is considered to be suffering from cultural imperialism.

Cultural imperialism is the when one nation in some way asserts its own culture into another culture. Cultural imperialism originally started due to the vast amounts of land all over the world that the western powers seized. This is known as Westernization. Traditional beliefs and customs are being replaced by Western or American customs. Many believe this could be attributed to the competition amongst the west for the best technology. In this competition came the invention of the television in Germany, and the radio by an assortment of American and other western inventors. Radios used to be found in almost every home, whereas televisions are now common. Both the radio and television usually broadcast a wide-array of western television shows and through this the younger generations of different countries namely India, Bangladesh, among many more are being exposed to Western culture. These children find western culture more appealing and thus they drop their own culture. Spurred on by desires for expansion and wealth, the Western powers have spread their influence to the farthest places in the globe. This influence has come culturally. However, it began through military force: the first aspect of imperialism and colonialism.

As states needed to expand their capital and find space for their burgeoning populations, imperialism became the answer. However, imperialism required encroachment into another state’s territory and this clearly means war. These wars were usually fought with native populations in a certain region. As there was always constant attacks by natives as well as the home front by other western powers countries began putting large sums of money into their military. This created a culture of militarism which can now be seen more than ever in the United States, with its 776 billion dollars per year military budget.

Due the competition that develops the military industrial complex in nations which is the attitude to constantly be developing innovative weaponry for usage in battles, the western powers have slowly but surely developed substantial supremacy in-comparison to the military’s of other nations. These western states also go onto trade their unique weaponry with each other within NATO-pacts and NAFTA-agreements. This creates a further inequality between the west and the rest. The most horrid example of this inequality is its usage in battle, usage that often comes in opposition to Human Rights Codes, the Geneva Convention, as well as other International laws.

When the Spaniards came to Latin America and met the Aztecs, they came to the new world with weaponry unimagined by the indigenous people of the continent. The Spaniards had guns, cannons, horses: all things never seen or utilized by the Aztecs. Their time in Latin America was highlighted by the bloodshed they caused throughout the continent in the name of colonization and commercial expansion. The use of advanced technology pushed the Aztec people to extinction in one of the earliest cases of mass genocide. Furthermore, when the United States of America finally became a recognized nation the revolutionaries dreamt of expanding coast to coast for the vast amount of resources in the land. They dreamt of manifest destiny and idea that led to genocidal wars against Native Americans.

“I firmly believe that when any territory outside the present terrirotiral limits of the US become necessary for our defense or essential for our commercial development, we out to lose no time in acquiring it.” – Senator Orville Platt of Connecticut, 1894

These early usages of advanced weaponry to commit mass-genocide all over the continent by these western-philosophy-inhibited states led to the total obliteration of most of the Native population of the Americas. On a more modern note, the United States in the Vietnam War from 1961 to 1971 sued a defoliant called Agent Orange to wipe out agricultural land in Vietnam. This defoliant eventually turned out to be contaminated with an extremely toxic compound. As such, not only was agricultural land destroyed but a further 400,000 people were killed, and another 500,000 children were born with birth defects. Although the United States lost the Vietnam War the effects in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are still seen today in its current generation.

Through centuries of exploitation, the West has become and still is the dominant civilization. They have perfected their stratagem on dominating other regions for labour, land, and other resources through colonialism, and the need for capitalism’s capital gain. The West continues to this day to exploit different parts of the world in order to inflate the astonishing level of power it has. The Western powers currently face no serious rivalries as India and China are still beginning to grow. It is in almost total control of the United Nations through veto-power, which allows them to benefit through their influence in every global affair. The military power of America, NATO, and NAFTA is unrivalled, and due to the relations between Western nations being so close internal conflict is almost impossible thus allowing technology trades. The West faces no economic challenges, besides Asian economic powers like China and Singapore; as well as India. The West has managed to continue this level of political and economical superiority for a few centuries and as time passed they have further refined their stability. Through their suppression of the cultures of other states they have successfully replaced the values and ideologies of other states with their own. The west has clearly degraded the development of the civilized world and has thus left the rest of the non-western world to suffer.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Child Labor Practices and Policies: Industrialized Nations Versus

...Running Head: CHILD LABOR PRACTICES OF UNINDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS Child Labor Practices and Policies: Industrialized Nations versus Unindustrialized Nations Abstract Today we will discuss the child labor of America’s yesterday in comparison with current third world customs: In order to understand the similarities I will first offer a brief overview, then specific examples of each. Next, we will cover the beliefs of Americans followed by the after effects of child labor elimination. I truly hope and believe that my review will enlighten readers to the naked truth; opening minds to certain changes that need to take place. Encouraging at least one person to reach out and make a difference. Child Labor Practices and Policies: Industrialized Nations versus Unindustrialized Nations 218 Million Children between the ages of five and seventeen are involved in child labor: 8.4 million are forced into slavery, trafficking, armed conflict, prostitution, pornography and other illegal activities (Antislavery International, 2009). In reference to child labor practices of unindustrialized nations: The average individuals of an industrialized nation believe that child labor should end, but many families depend on this income to survive; instead, we should fight for workers rights and rethinking child labor abolition. Today we will discuss child labor practices and policies of such nations versus United States (U.S.) practices of the early 1900’s, the average person’s in-depth...

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Similarities Between Munich And Vietnam

...the Vietnam analogy has been forgotten and the Munich analogy has justified large scale interventions. Appeasement was the key regret of World War II and the Munich analogy was formed to prevent it from ever occurring again. The National Review explains that “’Munich’ and ‘appeasement’ have been among the dirtiest words in American politics, synonymous with naïveté and weakness.” This analogy was used to justify the Vietnam War prescribing the destruction of appeasement and suggesting a military intervention to prevent Ho Chi Minh and communism from further expansion, the “domino effect” as most called it. However, the Vietnam War went off the rails and was...

Words: 1438 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Orientalism Film Essay

...Orientalism in Films There have been many uses and abuses in Western view of the Eastern cultural and social concept of orientalism. This paper discusses how orientalism relates to the three films namely M. Butterfly, Madame Butterfly, and Lost in Translation. Like the title, "M. Butterfly" basically was playing about transformation. This is the first of the Giacomo Puccini opera metamorphosis that was famous, in which "Madame Butterfly" became the modern geopolitical argument to understand the culture. In this film, through love relations that really did not make sense between a French diplomat and the Chinese opera singer he believed the man became the woman, how could the failure for the wish to be separated from reality result in the deception and the tragedy. Gallimard changed Sole from "only humankind" in the "Perfect Woman". Due to his insecurity about his own masculinity, Gallimard needs to create Song in the image of the perfect Asian woman, which is exotic, sensual, and acquiescent, in order to feel wholly male. Although he seeks to confine Sole within the context of his fantasy, Gallimard poster vulnerability and need actually free Sole by providing her with an outlet to flee the Orientalist representation of Asian people. Gallimard transforms Sole into a butterfly, boots instead of transforming him into one of the butterfly. Whereas Gallimard, is actually the one who eventually ends up trapped by his own fantasy. Through an analysis of Gallimard practice cultural...

Words: 2090 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Rapid Urbanization and the Politics of the Urban Poor

...areas are generally safer than large Americans. Race also plays a role in regards to being poor. Contemporary Third World urbanization differs from the West's earlier urban explosion into important respects. Many of the poor who are unable to find work in the so-called formal sectors of the urban economy (the government and more modern, private-sector enterprise) turn to the informal economy for jobs (Handleman 2011). FACTS AND FIGURES ON POVERTY A quarter of the world's population, 1.3 billion people, lives in severe poverty... • Nearly 800 million people do not get enough food, and about 500 million people are chronically malnourished. More than a third of children are malnourished. • In industrial countries more than 100 million people live below the poverty line, more than 5 million people are homeless and 37 million are jobless. • Of the world's 23 million people living with HIV/AIDS more than 93% live in developing countries. • More than 840 million adults are illiterate - 538 million of them are women. • In developing countries 160 million pre-school children are underweight. Employment The search for Employment in Urban areas, According to (Handleman 2011), and Contemporary Third World urbanization differs from the West’s earlier urban explosion in two important respects. One (1) way is the number of migrants and the size of the Third World cities, the Second (2); it occurred in an era of unprecedented...

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Critically Evaluate the Possible Effects of the Phenomenon Known as Global Warming and Suggest Possible Responses to Them (40 Marks)

...Global Warming is a major problem which our environment faces today terribly. This global warming is caused due to Greenhouse Effect which is a condition in which Earth’s heat trapping increases more from the normal levels. Climate change, devastation of the ecosystem, melting ice over Arctic and Antarctic regions, negative impacts in the agricultural sector are just the problems caused by global warming. Many damages have been caused by this phenomenon. Policies on global warming are made each day. Global average temperature rose significantly during the past century. The prevailing scientific view is that most of the temperature increases since mid-20th century has been caused by increases in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations produced by human activity. Most scientists agree that planet’s temperature has risen 0.5 degree Celsius since 1900 and will continue to increase at an increasing rate. As a result, the world is getting warmer. The year 1990 was the hottest year in the last century. There are both positives and negatives to global warming, although the good is heavily outweighed by the bad. Global warming is important for agriculture. It's conceivable that the world's current breadbaskets could become even more productive as temperatures warm, increasing yields. Farmers accustomed to one harvest a year may even see two. What's more, a larger variety of crops could be grown in more locations than is currently possible. As the globe warms, however, high-latitude...

Words: 2136 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Assess the Extent to Which Two Polarised Blocs Had Formed in Europe by 1955.

...By 1955 the two blocs had emerged from the post war states to a large extreme of tense polarized views on the other being fueled by the polarized views of the two controlling forces being USA and the Soviet communist. the Making of this state was Inevitable to a certain extent as due to the opposing ideological views. To polarization of the twin states starts with the soviets increasing the eastern states sphere of control with a series of violent uprisings, coups and in most cases legitimate gaining power such as in Hungary where power was taken via democratic means however still installing a single party government. this was Stalin creating a polarized bloc that would only back Stalin's views on how to deal with the western capitalist views, this then furthers the extent to which the two polarized blocs emerged by 1955 as the views were now pro communist in the soviet spheres of influence however in countries like Hungary it wasn’t as polarized as they were still having free elections free press in 1947 parliament were allowed to debate and the borders in the west open and most medium sized business still were in private hands which is then showing that the polarized division was not Inevitable but was slow with major co operation in the border countries like Hungary. Another cause of the polarization was the Western rearmament. this was another source of polarization as it had tensed up the already harsh relations that the two blocs had. As in April 1949 the US had formed...

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Euthanasia: a Moral Dilemma

...Euthanasia: A Moral Dilemma The word euthanasia is derived from two Greek words, “eu” which means “good” and “thanatos” which means “death,” thus, you have the translation “good death.” For many, when faced with a terminal disease or injury, it is all they truly want. That is, the ability to choose the right to die, in lieu of, a slow and painful death. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Euthanasia as, “The act or practice of killing hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy,” and also, “The act of or practice of allowing a hopelessly sick or injured patient to die by taking less than complete medical measures to prolong life – mercy killing.” In those two separate definitions, you have the words that define the difference between active and passive euthanasia. “The act or practice of killing…” is what is termed as active euthanasia, in that it involves a person physically “doing” something to bring about the death of an individual. Whereas, “the act or practice of allowing…” is considered passive euthanasia, in that it allows a person to die. Normally, this entails the withholding or withdrawal of necessary medical equipment or medicine. Historically, both methods have evoked great emotional turmoil throughout society. Why? Because, it puts into dispute moral, cultural, social, and religious values that individual’s hold regarding their right to live, aswell as their right to die. Furthermore, individuals want to be able...

Words: 3345 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Globalization

...Globalization Western Governors University Globalization refers to the development of an integrated world economy, exchange of cultural views, thoughts, and products (Wikipedia, 2013). Pologeorgis (2012) states that, essentially globalization began with the exploration and settlement of new lands. Communication and transportation advances have aided in this process. Two non-Western countries that have been impacted by globalization are India and China. India opened its doors to globalization during the nineteen nineties following an economic crisis in which the country almost defaulted on loans (Balakrishnan, n.d.). Before globalization India purposely isolated itself from world markets and was in a state of economic stagnation (Nayar, 2007). This stagnation left the country in profound poverty with no industrial growth. The people of India faced other challenges as well such as illiteracy, government corruption, and malnutrition (Wikipedia, 2013). In the years since globalization industrial growth has occurred at a rate of about 6.5 percent that has thwarted any reoccurrence of economic decline and a poverty rate at 26 percent that had previously been 55 percent (Nayar, 2007). China too, has benefited from globalization. In 1978, Deng Xiaoping established leadership of China. Unlike Mao Zedong, Xiaoping embraced globalization and demanded economic change that he believed would ensure the safety of communist rule (Yahuda, 2003). Like India...

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Is War Ever Justified?

...Is war ever justified? I believe that war can never be justified. Believing that it is justified is saying that it’s okay for several hundred thousands of civilians to die just for the sake of what leaders in this world believe is ‘justice’. War is a disease, a disaster created entirely by people, to be used against people. War is not an accident, it’s a decision made by a handful of people sitting in a room that don’t care about the human race but only about themselves. Nations spend vast amounts of money on training soldiers to fight and kill, and even more on devising and manufacturing weapons and machinery for fighting and killing. Approximately $1800 billion dollars is spent every year worldwide on war. $1800 billion dollars. Now, how much does it approximately cost to eradicate poverty worldwide? $60 billion dollars. And yet 30 times that sum of money is being spent on war. Some people would say that war is used to obtain justice in this World, or that it’s used to save people from tyrannical dictatorships. But is it worth the body count that comes after the war? World War 2 was one of the most devastating wars in the history of mankind. 60 million people died, 40 million of which were civilians that died for one reason. War. If Hitler didn’t instigate a war, then 60 million people wouldn’t have died. If war was something that didn’t exist, then those 60 million people could still be with their friends and family. War has caused pain and trauma for everybody involved...

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Perspectives of Development

...Territorial Development 8 Western Definition of Development in Practice 8 Conclusion 10 Works Cited 11 Perspectives of Development Introduction When the concept of international development was initially developed in the post-World War II era, the countries of the First World had 65 percent of the world’s income with only 20 percent of its population, while the Third World was home of 67 percent of the world’s population but had only 18 percent of its income. People embraced the word development as a desirable objective of postwar economic policy in the late 1940s. "Development" was not precisely defined, but it was taken to mean improved economic opportunity by increasing production of goods and services in a long-term way, through capital formation. In short, it was associated with economic growth. In the 1960s the association of development with economic growth came under increasing criticism by authors such as Dudley Seers, Gunnar Myrdal, Paul Streeten, Hollis Chenery, Mahbub ul Haq and institutions like the International Labour Organisation (ILO). They pointed out that developing countries did not experience much change in the living conditions of the masses of the poor in spite of the impressive growth figures in the post-World War II period and came to the conclusion that development involves more than economic growth and changes in economic structures. Other critics like Amartya Sen went even further and challenged the too narrow focus on the economic dimensions...

Words: 3547 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Argument Mapping

...In this case the qualifier is certainly and as we move from a simple, static, uncontested argument to a complex, dynamic and contested argument once can see that the qualifier stance does not change. For instance, consumer Reports tested the effect of higher speeds on gas mileage. David Champion, director of auto testing, found that boosting the highway speed of a 2006 Toyota Camry cut gasoline mileage dramatically: •55 m.p.h. – 40.3 miles per gallon •65 m.p.h. – 34.9 miles per gallon •75 m.p.h. – 29.8 miles per gallon On a hypothetical 1,900-mile round trip from New York City to Disney World in Florida, the Camry would use 47 gallons of gas at 55 m.p.h.. But at 75 mph, it would burn nearly 64 gallons – a $70 difference. If everyone could reduce their driving by just 10 percent, the savings would total nearly 1 million barrels of gasoline every day. (Retting, 2008) In regards to the fatalities, Institute studies show that deaths on rural interstates increased 25-30 percent when states began increasing speed limits from 55 to 65 mph in 1987. A 2002 study also evaluated the effects of increasing rural interstate speed limits from 65 mph to either 70 or 75 mph. States that increased speed limits to 75 mph experienced 38 percent more deaths per million vehicle miles traveled than expected; an estimated 780 more deaths. States that increased speed limits to 70 mph experienced a 35 percent increase, resulting in approximately 1,100 more deaths. As one can see maintaining the speed...

Words: 946 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Monopoly

...consumer’s choice. In this paper I will discuss the main features of monopolies and its role in the market. Characteristics of a monopoly One of the main characteristics of a monopoly is that it is always one single seller of goods and services in the market. Monopolistic companies do not have any competition which gives them a great advantage of being able to control the prices on their production. The main goal of a monopoly is to make the maximum possible profit by using its price-setting power. Another feature of a monopolistic company is the fact that since there only one firm in the market, there is no possible way for any other company to enter this market. Of course, this perfect monopolistic company does not exist in the modern world. Today we can see very few examples of monopolies. One of them is the famous Microsoft Corporation, one of the largest PC software providers. Microsoft has been dominating in the market for years and used to own a great percentage of this industry’s market. The company made it almost impossible for its competitors to survive, by offering their services on very affordable prices and tying up their system to, pretty much, every new personal computer. Microsoft faced anti-trust allegations for tying up the Internet Explorer web-browser to their operating system. This is another instance of proof that this company possesses a monopolistic power. Microsoft is now limiting consumer’s choice, by pre-installing their web-browser to a new...

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and Its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century

...Ashley Dr. Travis Bradshaw PHSC 210 April 7, 2014 Journal Article Review Introduction In this paper I will discuss and review Dr. Terry Mortenson’s article about The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century. I will discuss the many strengths of this article and also the weaknesses that are also involved in Dr. Terry Mortenson’s paper. Brief Overview and Main Points Dr. Mortenson’s paper discussed the many different scientific views of how the Earth was created from the point of view of many different scientists such as scriptural geologists, uniformitarians and catastrophists. Each have their own views on the history of the Earth and how it was created. Dr. Mortenson then goes into explaining how these scientific theories have impacted our society today. Towards the end of the paper, we learn the author’s view of how the Earth was created and how it impacts society today. Article Strengths I think Dr. Mortenson did very well writing this article in many different ways. Everything appeared to be stated in a professional and grammatically correct way, with little to no errors. Dr. Mortenson also does a great job in describing each scientist according to their different theories such as scriptural geologists by providing just enough detail. He didn’t go overboard by boring the reader with too many facts about each scientists, but clearly stated the facts needed and their scientific views without straying from the main topic. Dr...

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the View That Overconsumption Is Now More of a Threat Than Overpopulation to World Development

...than overpopulation to world development The sociological study of population is called ‘demography’, sociologists believe that it is important to study demographic trends such as those associated with birth and fertility etc. such trends can produce insights into why societies experience social change, for example, overconsumption and what demographic changes have brought about this change. Sociologist Paul Ehrlich studied the figures for birth rates and death rates of developing countries and compared them with food production and malnutrition rates, he concludes that the birth rate ‘must be brought into balance with the death rate or mankind will breed itself into oblivion’. As item A states ‘the developed world consumes 5/6 of the world’s resources and each person in the developed world consumes around 20 times as much as a person in the developing world’, to understand the causes of such figures claimed in item A and the predictions made by Ehrlich, we must look at the demographic causes linked to both population and overconsumption. This essay will assess whether or not overconsumption has in fact become more of a problem than overpopulation to the world’s development and what such sociological views and perspectives support this view, focusing particularly in dependency, modernization and Malthusian views. Firstly we look at the Malthusian view of population growth as an issue; we need to consider the effects of famine on the developing world and how this is linked...

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Dim Lighting Company

...The company knows that they can’t just sit without change. In an ever changing market, a company that wants to be successful must keep up with change. On the other hand, investing in a major project when the company isn’t in the best financial form may not be so beneficial as well. In theory the company may want to react to the situation but in practice they just don’t have the means. There are some problems micro problems with innovation as well. Firstly, it is possible that Spinks has a major influence on the decision because of his autocratic personality. The other managers know that Spinks is a vital member and losing him may really hurt the company. Their decision may be swayed to satisfy Spinks. Another issue on the micro scale is West’s needs for a profitable year. Jim West needs to see the company profitable after a year of slowed profit. This may cause his decision to be biased. There are a few causes that may lead to a change in the company. Firstly is the need for an additional source of income. The company needs to come up with new ways to bring in income and a new innovation look like a great way. Another cause may be the need for new innovation after the same product type has been sold for many years. The workers may be itching for a change and grab...

Words: 983 - Pages: 4