Free Essay

Women in the 1960s

In: Historical Events

Submitted By bmjeano
Words 2613
Pages 11
Betsy Jeanotte
HIST 425
12/10/14

Final Research Paper: Woman’s Movement of the 1960’s

In the 1960’s and early 1970’s, cultural changes were altering the role of woman in American society. More and more woman were joining the workforce, leaving their traditional roles of stay at home wife and mother. Women coming into the workforce also led to the dissatisfaction amongst them when it came to equality in the workplace, pay differences, and even sexual harassment. One of the biggest changes came woman of age were using birth control after it was approved by the federal government in the late sixties. This freed countless women from unwanted pregnancies and gave them more freedom in their personal lives. Gradually, women were able to get some of their basic goals in the time: equal pay, limits on women in positions of power, end of domestic violence, and equal responsibility when it came to housework and raising children. To best understand this, we need to put ourselves in the shoes of a women during the 1960’s. Her life, was difficult and unsatisfactory. She was denied basic rights, even those to her own body. She was born to be trapped in a home and discriminated against in her own workplace. But, a beacon of hope came during the 1960’s. With that hope, came new ideas, laws, and protests. The idea that a woman was not “the second sex” but equal to her fellow human beings. They wanted to be treated the same, earn the same wages, not feel guilty for not wanting a husband and children and what was expected of them. To make their own choices, and the actions of these woman helped push us as a society forward.
The 1960’s was a time of change and transition. At the start of the decade, the lives of American women were limited in almost every way. Women were expected to have one goal in life: marry in her early 20’s, start a family, then dedicate her whole life to taking care of home and children. A woman wasn’t expected to have her own life, her life was to revolve around her husband and her children. Since their husbands were the main source of income and the “breadwinners” so to speak, woman bore the full load of housekeeping and taking care of the children, which some could argue woman worked just as hard as the men did, putting in equal hours minus a paycheck. Women’s subjugation to their husbands took even a step further due to “head and master laws” which meant they had to legal right to anything that their husband owned such as property and other earnings. However, husbands could control their wives property and earnings. If a marriage was to end in divorce, a “no fault” divorce was not an option. A blame game had to be played between in order for women to divorce their husbands, and had to prove him of wrongdoing. In the beginning of the movement, woman were somewhat divided into two groups: women’s rights advocates and women’s liberationist. As the movement moved forward their causes meshed together, however “women’s rights advocates were likely to have been older, to have had professional training or work experience, to have been more inclined to form or join organized feminist groups.
The women’s liberation movement of the 1960s helped all these changes to come about in various policies and different ways of thinking. In fact, to represent this new way of thinking some women made a “Freedom Trashcan” and filled it with representations of women trapped in the home. They threw objects like heels, bras, girdles, and magazines like Playboy and Ladies’ Home Journal in it. The women who put the Trashcan together planned to set it on fire, but decided not to do this to due to legal issues. Thus lead to the urban legend of “bra burning” associated with feminists.
Women who did decide to join the workforce were very limited to jobs such as a teacher, nurse, assistant, or secretary. Women were generally not welcomed in more professional programs when they pursued their education, as they were seen as not competent enough to carry these positions. Due to this, during the early 1960’s women made up less than 5% of doctors, 3% of lawyers, and even less than made up the number of engineers during this time. Even when women were able to obtain these jobs, they were paid substantially less than their male counterparts. They were also denied the opportunity to advance in their careers, as it was assumed they would soon begin to start families and quit their jobs. Another fascinating thing about this era was the advertising seen. One of the best tools of the historian is advertisements, as you can see the values and ideals a particular time and place had. Advertisements often had slogans such as “So easy a woman can do it!” and featured women in the home and in particular, the kitchen. Also according to these, the most a woman could ever want in their lives was that new stove or iron, never a life outside of the home. These advertisements often showed the American ideal: Dad goes off to work while mother stayed home with the children, and had a nice home cooked meal for her husband when he returned from work. The idea that spouses could co-parent so to speak began to arise during this time. With the husband picking up chores around the house as well. However, “although husbands and fathers perform more housework and childcare than in the past, men still average farless time in these activities than women, leaving the gendered nature of family life and child rearing essentially intact.”
In 1962, a book was published that would help give women the extra push they needed to begin a movement. Betty Friedan’s book The Feminine Mystique expressed the frustration of educated woman who were stuck taking care of the home while their husbands got to join the workforce and have a meaning in their lives outside of the home. Friedan helped open up the idea that women were not content being housewives, and called upon woman to work outside the home. While her work was mostly aimed at middle class white women, her book had such an impacted that it is often credited with sparking a new way of the feminist movement. A new generation of women were rising to fight against inequality.
Women used different ways to strive for equality. They lobbied Congress to make and change laws, spoke out against issues like rape and domestic violence, and reached out to more women in order to expand the movement and raise awareness on how they had more options in life than being a housewife and mother. Early on the movement, activist had taken somewhere of a more aggressive approach, including tearing down advertisements they felt were sexist. The presence of the media also displayed that woman could only achieve happiness through beauty, and because of the media this idea became very widespread. Once women realized they were worth more than just looks, they took action to destroy this idea. This mindset helped woman garner national attention on the idea that they were more than just bodies to be ogled at. The movement even went all the way protesting the Miss American pageant in Atlantic City, where they felt women were being used to stimulate the male gaze and were displaying themselves like meat. The protest gained large media attention, and while this protest was successful in the way it appealed to a multitude of women, “women’s liberation groups, black women, high school and college women, women’s peace groups, women’s welfare and social work groups, women’s job equality groups, pro birth control and pro-abortion groups, women of every political persuasion are all invited to join us in a day long boardwalk theater event” was just one of the statements made by the protesters to garner numbers. While this particular event did attract plenty of media coverage, the approach was seen as somewhat bombarding to the everyday American woman.
They began to seek a different approach in order to appeal the ordinary women in the country. They did this by having “consciousness-raising groups.” In small groups in various communities, women talked about topics including home life, sex, education, and work. This proved to be an effective way to reach women as they shared their own personal stories and began to understand and see that they deserved all the same rights as men did, and were just as capable as they were.
Due to the different motives women had for joining the movement, it branched out into various smaller movements. Some women traveled to Vietnam in order to meet the anti-war women of that area and form a bond. Women who joined the movement to fight for equality in the workplace and better working conditions continued to fight for those rights. African American women targeted issues that affected them such as healthcare, child care, and police repression.
Woman did not have the rights to say what they could not do when it had come to the controversial topic of abortion, in response to this women had established an underground abortion clinic which was called “Jane” in Chicago. Following this example, women began to set up these clinics in other cities. In major cities, there had begun development of women’s health clinics, bookstores, domestic abuse centers and rape crisis center. There were also many protests during this time, and many woman took part because “female mentions were more likely to appear when protesters supported the status quo and when protesters were treated more favorably in coverage.” Most likely the largest victory for women came in 1960 when women were allowed access to birth control. This was a major victory in the eyes of women. Another victory came in the Roe vs. Wade court decision. “The Roe v. Wade court decision, legalizing abortion, energized an antiabortion, antifeminist backlash. Nevertheless, the movement begun in the 1960s resulted in a large number of women moving into the workplace (59.8% of civilian women over age 16 were working in 1997, compared to 37.7% in 1960) and in broad changes in society.” They were able to decide if and when they wanted children and were not as tied down to the home as they once had been. These woman fought for their reproductive rights, and were successful.
There were many changes in the home at this time as well. Childcare had become an issue of concern. Women were hesitant to leave their home and children in order to pursue and help this movement move forward. However, women eventually got over this feeling of guilt and often left their homes for clubs and meetings. Society had taught woman that they could either work or stay at home with their children, there was no middle ground. That once a woman began to have children, that was her sole responsibility to care for them. Traditionalists believed that a woman’s place was in the home, and that if she had decided to pursue her own interests she should limit the amount of children she had to one or two. Women during this time changed that view, as they became more involved in the workforce and were having personal lives and pursued their own interests outside of their homes. All the while taking care of the children at home.
These views were evident that America still belonged to a traditional time of women in the home and whose sole purpose was to take care of and bear children. These feelings soon changed with the growing participation of women in their communities. It took time for men to start to think of women as equals. Unfortunately, these changes took a long time in coming because women were thought to be feminist militants if they wanted any type of change in society and were put into a radical stereotype. Because of these accusations, many housewives felt scared to get involved in the movement.
The movement was at first focused on workplace inequality, such as denial to better positions and moving up, as well as salary inequality. They planned to do this anti-discrimination laws. In 1964, a prohibition on gender discrimination was proposed to the Civil Rights Acts that was under consideration. The law eventually passed with the amendment still intact. Feminist leaders were inspired by the Civil Rights movement, some of which had experience in civic organizing because of this. Unfortunately, due to the large growing number of women in the movement the FBI saw it was a challenge against traditional American values and saw the movement as “extreme.” They paid female informants across the country to infiltrate the movement. Despite this, woman were unmoved in their march toward equality.
During the early stages of the 1960s, many changes were put in place to help women get to the top. An example of this is in 1961 President John F. Kennedy created the President’s Commission on the Status of Women. Many other similar state commissions were eventually established. Also, the Equal Pay Act finally acknowledged equal pay for men and women who worked the same jobs. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson established executive orders to take action against discrimination in the workplace. In the case of Bowe vs. Colgate-Palmolive, the Supreme Court ruled that if women were as physically as capable as men to do certain jobs, then they were granted those job opportunities.
In conclusion, the 1960s really did make many significant changes for women in regards to basic rights, domestic issues and their abilities to get fair job opportunities in the workplace. Although women today are still struggling for equal pay and reproductive rights, women have come a long way from the traditional views once intact in American. These women had the courage to believe in themselves and that they were more than just care takers and housewives, led to many equal rights we have now including equal access to education, increased participation in politics, access to birth control, better jobs in the workforce, and aid to victims of violence and rape. “The women who had been in their early teens in the their early teens in 1960 worried that they might be too conservative to do anything interesting had wound up frolicking nude at Woodstock, shutting down college campuses to protest the war, and running off the Summer of Love in San Francisco with flowers in their hair.” While women today are still striving for more equality, the women who set foot outsides their comfort zones of their homes and sought what they felt was rightfully theirs pioneered the idea that yes, we are all equal.

--------------------------------------------
[ 1 ]. Chafe, William H. A History of Our Time: Readings on Postwar America. 8th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pg 213
[ 2 ]. Opting out? Cohort Differences in Professional Women's Employment Rates from 1960 to 2005
Christine Percheski
American Sociological Review, Vol. 73, No. 3 (Jun., 2008), pp. 497-517
Published by: American Sociological Association
[ 3 ]. Chafe, William H. A History of Our Time: Readings on Postwar America. 8th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pg. 224
[ 4 ]. ARMSTRONG, CL; BOYLE, MP. Views from the Margins: News Coverage of Women in Abortion Protests, 1960-2006. Mass Communication & Society. 14, 2, 153-177, Mar. 2011. ISSN: 15205436.
[ 5 ]. "Feminism." List of Books and Articles about Feminism. https://www.questia.com/library/sociology-and-anthropology/gender/women/feminism/feminism.
[ 6 ]. Collins, Gail. "Women's Liberation." In When Everything Changed. New York: Back Bay Books, 2009. Pg 182

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Status of Ethnic Minorities and Women in 1960's America

...Did the status of ethnic minorities and women change in the 1960’s? There is little doubt that the 1960’s was a decade that changed American culture in a huge way. Not only did the black community gain large amounts of equality but other minority groups such as Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, the Asian community and although not a minority group Women. There two main types of feminists in the 1960’s; liberal feminists that aimed to address economic issues and radical feminist who focused on female identity. Arguably the main issue for women was the limited opportunities in the workplace for women. In 1960 there were just 23 million employed women meaning that over sixty percent of women were unemployed. Income was also a big issue as the average income for a man in 1961 was $27000 compared to $15000 for women. In addition women accounted for 79% of unpaid work in America. In terms of female identity, radical feminists such as Ti-Grace Atkinson believed that heterosexual relationships were patriarchal and led to women being submissive. Therefore Atkinson advocated celibacy or lesbianism which received success in that it promoted gay rights campaigns in the late sixties. In 1966 the National Organisation for Women (NOW) was formed and aimed to achieve “truly equal partnership with men.” NOW was the biggest feminist group and primary aim was to focus on employment by lobbying Johnson’s government in the mid-sixties. This resulted in a number of victories such as...

Words: 1064 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Final

...It is hard to imagine just how different the world was for women before the 1960’s. Imagine yourself as women in the 1960s. They were denied basic rights, trapped in their own home for life, and discriminated against in the work place. Then the 1960s came along and with it, the thought that women could have a say in their government that they could perhaps leave home without feeling guilty about leaving their children alone and that they could earn wages just like men. Women in the 1960s were stereotyped to only be capable of being a housewife and a child bearer. The women’s liberation movement of the 1960s helped all these changes come about, through its record number of policies and radical ways. Most women feminists were radicals. They formed groups that researched to find the cause of the problem and put an end to the barriers of segregation and discrimination based on sex. Women feminists were committed to the study the situation of women, instead of just taking action. In this movement women had to see the fight for women as their own, not as something to help and they had to see the truth about their own loves before they could fight in a radical way for anyone else. Women were denied basic rights in most aspects of society from political rights to reproductive rights; women in the U.S fought vigorously for equality. “The women’s rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and for...

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Womens Movement

...ENG 105 September 21st, 2015 A Decade of Revolution for Women Most people, when they think of the 1960s, think of a decade of extremes, transformational change, bizarre contrasts, flower children and rebellion. Others refer to it as the baby boom generation. However, do not forget a decade of change for women. Deep cultural changes altered the role of women in American society. More females entered the workplace, women looked up to their greatest idol, Betty Friedan, and there were profound changes happening in the bedroom (birth control). Women were starting to gain respect, value their place in society and stand up for their civil rights. Before the 1960s, women were limited to jobs as teachers, nurses, or secretaries, generally unwelcomed into professional programs. According to tavaana.org, one medical school dean declared, “Hell yes we have a quota, we do keep women out as much as possible. We don’t want them here.” As a result, women accounted for only six percent of the doctors, 3 percent of lawyers, and less than one percent engineers. The conditions of their employment were unequitable because they were paid much less, were denied opportunities, and many employers assumed women would quit once they were pregnant so they were often not even hired (Walsh). The feminist movement in the 60’s originally focused on these issues. In 1964, Representative Howard Smith of Virginia wanted to help women and proposed to add a prohibition on gender discrimination in......

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Women Movement

...Women Movement of 1960s Women Movement of 1960s In this paper I am going to discuss how my own life would be different if one specific event of the 1960s had never occurred. I also would like to discuss how this event influenced my course of study and my choice of career path and how different my life would be if this event had never taken place. The event I am speaking of is The Women’s Movement if the 10960’s. Background       Since the rise of dawn women have been treated as second class citizens and unequal to men. They were not given equal rights regarding their education, health, career and other aspects of their lives. In many civilizations women are treated as slaves and men considered them their property. From the beginning of History women are considered to be inferior to men. Even scholars, learned men and socialists of the early age called women as the greatest source of temptation and evil. Women were treated second-rated not only by the social norms, but also by the religion. Many religions of the world considered women as a species to gratify male hunger and produce his offspring. Civilizations were of the views that as women are physically weaker than men in the same way they have weaker mental abilities and powers. Even Christian Fathers gave humiliated statements about women e.g. St Jerome, Latin Father of Christian Church has said “Women is the gate of Devil, the Path of Wickedness, the Sting of the Serpent, in the......

Words: 1853 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Fighting for Equality

...Movement that occurred in the 1960s was one of the most influential and life changing events that has happened throughout history. The last fight for equality that took place for females before this was during the early 1900s where women were fighting for the right to vote. It took 40 years for women to come together and fight for even more opportunities and rights that they deserved. This is one of the largest events that happened during this time and the event from the 1960s which has affected my life the most. The social and legal barriers before the Feminist movement of the 1960s suggested that women were second to men and were subordinate to men. A women’s place in life was to listen and obey. Women were discriminated against and exploited in the work place. They were denied the admittance to reproductive and sexual freedom (Goodwin, 1999). After a certain point, women had had enough. They began to join together and start fighting against the social norms and demanded equal rights because they will no longer be considered the “second sex”. Many laws were passed in the 1960s because of the fight these women went through. The first was The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (USA.GOV, 2012). The Equal Pay Act requires that men and women be given equal pay for equal work in the same establishment. Shortly after was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibited discrimination against women. Birth control was also made available for women towards the end up the era. Women continued to......

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

1960'Stimecapsule

...1960’s Time Capsule Kaplan University 1960’s Time Capsule To some people, the 1960’s were the best of times, to others they were the worst. By some the 1960’s were looked at as a period when numerous things went wrong with society. Why did people have such different ideas about the 1960’s? I believe the different ideas came from all of the changes that were witnessed during this era. During the 1960’s, many different changes were made. Some of the changes were made for the good, and some were seen as horrible changes. The people referred to as liberals believed in individual choices and to have greater freedom. The liberals supported things such as the contraceptive pill and abortion. On the other side of the coin were the traditionalists who believed that many of the changes made were bad, and society had broken many boundaries. The traditionalists believed many changes that had taken years to build were now being torn apart. The five things I found in my time capsule were: The hippie movement, the breakdown of the nuclear family, legalization of abortion, homosexuality, and the initiation of the BBC channel. The Hippie Movement The first thing I found in my time capsule that people struggled with in the 1960’s was the hippie movement. People in the 1960’s that dressed different highlighted their lives on “love and people” were labeled as “Hippies”. They were often seen in large groups and could be found at “sit ins” protesting war and wearing peace......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Trends

...discuss the women and their difficulties as there were basic rights which were being denied and discriminated against in the workplace during 1960 through 1980. As a setback that women faced in the 1960s and the early 1980s were that men realized what women were trying to do as much as they could, but men wanted to keep fully qualified women out of their workplace. During the early the 1960s, many changes were put in place to help women get to the top in a sense it would be fair to say that women as individuals have always been viewed as the underdog to a man especially in the workplace. Rex 1978 “stated that in the 1970’s women were heavily discriminated against when it came to what jobs they received and would the pay be equal to a what a man is paid”. Changes for women has progressed over time however in the 1960’s and 1970’s certain jobs like construction and policing made it hard for a woman to strive equally as a man in these types of fields during this time frame there were several activist that attempted to take a stand. Prophet Gail Cook addressed the issue of women being treated equally in the work field it is important to understand that changes that have been made to equal the playing field when it comes to a woman being treated equally to a man Sawhney stated that women have been denied basic rights and this has been occurring since before the 1960’s Changes that was effective and helped to succeed by more jobs being offered it opened up room for women to......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

1960's Significant Events

...1960’s Significant Events That Shaped an Era DJC958 Kaplan University – SS310 – 01 October 22, 2013 1960’s Significant Events That Shaped an Era Good day! I’m very excited you have opened this time capsule. Inside you will find a treasure of items that shaped the era of the 1960’s. Allow me to introduce myself. My name is Debbie Crabtree and the current year is 2013. The 1960’s was an era of awakening and change but it was also an era of reckoning. Many events happened in the 1960’s that stimulated personal awareness and growth as well as growth as a nation from the music to art to politics to civil rights. I could go on and on but I am including in this time capsule the major events that I feel best portray the era of the 1960’s. The first event is the lunch counter sit-in at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina. I have included an original newspaper from the Greensboro Record. This event happened early in the decade, February 1, 1960. On this day four young African American men, freshman at the Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, entered the Greensboro Woolworth’s. Woolworth’s sold items to both African American and white customers but they also had a segregated lunch counter for whites only. Each of the four men purchased a few small items, kept their receipts and proceeded to sit down at the lunch counter designated for whites only. They requested service and were denied. The men pulled out their receipts and asked why their...

Words: 2029 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Influence of the 1960s

...Influence of the 1960s The sixties were the age of youth, as 70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults.  The movement away from the conservative fifties continued and eventually resulted in revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life.  No longer content to be images of the generation ahead of them, young people wanted change. The changes affected education, values, lifestyles, laws, and entertainment.  Many of the revolutionary ideas which began in the sixties are continuing to evolve today (Bradley & Goodwin, 2010).  Because of the sixties, I was able to grow up in a neighborhood where different cultures live harmoniously. Before the sixties, non-white people were not allowed to mixed-in with the white families. It is because of the 60s that one neighborhood can include a Hispanic family, and Asian family and an African-American family (Carter, 2010). The Civil Rights Act of 1965 gave more people the right to vote and took down the obstacles which prevented many people from participating in democracy and exercising their full rights as citizens. This enabled me to exercise my right as an individual living in the United States. The Civil Rights Act provided not only me but a lot of people the right to be vote, be heard, and express their opinion (Farber, 1994). The legacy of the 1960s can be seen including society and family structure in America. America. American society is......

Words: 1882 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Sexual Revolution: Birth Control

...sexual revolution of the 1960's, women were the victims of a strict double standard; single men had freedom to be promiscuous but women did not. This double standard revolved around the risk of pregnancy for women that men obviously did not have concern for. One of the main events that triggered the revolution that changed women's sexual freedom was an oral contraceptive, also known as "the pill". This new effective form of birth control changed many major aspects of society including women's freedom, social morality, and informed consent on prescription medications. Women's Freedom The birth control pill was developed in the 1950's but the FDA approved it to be released to the public in 1960. (1) The release of the pill was "welcomed by [the] generation" of young women because of the freedom it gave them; they could do whatever they pleased without the high risk of pregnancy. (2) The freedom to control contraception allowed women freedom of dependence on men and to pursue careers because they could control when they had children. After being distributed for two years, 1.2 million women took the pill every day. (3) Before the it was available, men had a significant advantage over women in the workforce because women had the risk of becoming pregnant. Also, women did not have control over when or how often they became pregnant. So many women used the pill to pursue a career and achieve new goals. This freedom leveled the playing field between men and women in the......

Words: 1372 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Mary Quant: a Woman Who Completed Women and the Youth Culture

...Mary Quant: A woman who completed women and the youth culture During the 1960s, although Great Britain was referred as the empire on which the sun never sets, the nation itself was too busy in replicating and imitating culture and arts of France. Even the young nation, United States had the victory of seizing hegemony right after World War 2, which hurt the Great Britain’s pride. Not only the nation itself but also the people of Great Britain desperately wanted something “British-like,” something of their own. Furthermore, the social issues for wanting individualism, having a will to express their own selves, and second wave of feminism, more liberated life styles for women, erupted across the Western countries. New definitions of youth and femininity were epitomized through fashion typically created by Mary Quant, a British fashion designer. She had not only helped translating a generation of women, but also helped the failing British fashion industry into a thriving commercialism. Mary Quant was born in London, 1934. She studied illustration at Goldsmith College of Art and met her future husband, Alexander Plunket Greene and a former solicitor, Archie Mcnair. When she failed to become an art teacher, she teamed up with her husband and Mcnair to open up a boutique called Bazaar in Kings Road, London. In the beginning, she planned to buy clothes from the private wholesalers and sell it as retail items at her boutique, but with the limited designs,......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Significant Health Care Event

...scientific research and technology provided to the historic development of the health care delivery system in America. This report cannot realistically address the exhaustive list of scientific and technological advancements that have benefitted the practice of medicine. However, I intend to satisfy the question of just how much influence the chosen event exerted on the course of health care evolution. The Significant Event Birth control or contraception, endearingly dubbed “the pill” by the American public made medical and scientific history in 1960. Since its inception the pill has been surrounded by controversy running the gamut from health concerns and moral choice to religious opposition and political-legal issues (Kruvard, 2012). This scientific marvel was introduced to America well before the feminist movement and women’s rights agendas entered the sociopolitical consciousness. Control of pregnancy was an unthinkable concept for many women at the dawn of this technology. No one could have predicted the profound affect this little pill would have on the evolution of health care in...

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Decline of the American Family

...belief. The word family is not restricted to only these instances and can be illustrated in various other ways without a set structure or definition. In the article “American Family Decline”, Popenoe argues that the definition of family is changing and cannot be attributed to just one concept. He argues the state of the changing American family and states the causes for these changes. But due to the complexity of the word he desires to relate family to its traditional view with one father, one mother and the two children to whom they gave birth all living collectively in the same house. According to Popenoe, since the 1960’s up to the 90’s there has been a rapid shift in the percentages of the changing family. He further states that there has been an increase in the divorce rates in the past couple of years, and also a decrease in fertility rates since the 1960’s. Popenoe believes that there has been a decline in the American family, as there was less of a worry about children. Popenoe argues that the changing culture has shown that today the American family is not only thinking about having children. Due to this, the number of children in an American family has decreased since the...

Words: 1349 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

America History

...Running head: WOMEN IN AMERICA 1 ! Women In America Katarina Davison HIS204: American History Since 1985 Laverne Peralta February 2nd , 2015 WOMEN IN AMERICA 2 ! In the history of the world, women have ruled the world, shaped the world, and changed the world and in the United States, women have had a storied and grand history that has evolved the role of women from typical housewife to leaders of women's rights movements and has shown their true worth and true potential to their male counterparts. In this paper, I will be talking about six key events and time periods that have changed not just women's history but the overall history a nation. Three of these events and time periods will be before 1930 and three of them will be after 1930 to give the reader an overall sense of the evolution of the role women have played. The events that I will be talking about are the roles that women played in World War One beginning in 1914, the second historic event is the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote, the third time period I will be talking about before 1930 is that of the roaring 1920s. After 1930, the changes were still happening for women and World War II was a major point in the evolution of what it means to be a woman, this time period was quickly followed by the baby boom. The final time period I will discuss is the Feminist Movement in the 1960s and how those efforts have led to a lasting impression of who women are in today's modern era. WOMEN......

Words: 1613 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Gender Equality & the Women's Movement

... SS310 – Exploring the 1960’s: An Interdisciplinary Approach Unit 6 Project March 12, 2013 A Brief Timeline of the Women’s Movement 1920 - 2009 Sources cited on the reference page. In the United States, women are allowed a certain level of luxury in having a large amount of control over the path their lives take. An American woman can be a business owner, a homeowner, a college graduate, a highly paid executive or a stay at home mother and wife. These are choices that we as individuals get to make with limited input from the men in our lives. We take guidance from our fathers, brothers and husbands but the ultimate decision lies with us. History has shown us that this was not always the case in our country. Early on women were not allowed to own property, be educated or make any major decisions. Power rested in the hands of the men and it took many years to wrench some away. In the late 1800’s American women were beginning to realize that there was more to life then mothering and keeping house. The Suffragette movement was born out of a palpable desire to be a voice for change in the world and to have a vote in the governance of the country. After many years of struggling, the 19th amendment was signed into law extending the right to vote so that it would not “be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex” (19th amendment). One step among many that leads to women gaining an equal voice in the......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4