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Working Women in Family


Submitted By jobayer05
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working women in family


Md.jobayer Uddin Bhuiyan 12-96175-3

American International University- Bangladesh
15th December, 2012


This is our humble attempt to present gratitude in writing this “Report.” We have truly drowned upon our own experience as a student of M.B.A. We have also received help from number of persons in preparation of this report and we would like to thank them all.
All the credit should go at first to our honorable faculty M.Hmidul Haque We found complete support throughout our survey from her by giving us direction, guidance, providing sample articles, report & so on. We disturbed him a lot by asking so many questions & visiting frequently on his office hours but he never felt bored even never became disturbed. Our sincere gratitude & heartiest thank goes to all the respondents of different positions, institutions and people of different age groups. We would like to thank all the respondents of AIUB, garment workers of Neat Fashion wear, and ALIC Insurance Company etc.
For the secondary data collection, we are very much grateful to the websites related with the topic
As an academic requirement of Business communication Subject, we have to make this report. We worked on a very common but complicated & huge issue which is working women in family and its positive and negative sides. At first it was mere an academic requirement to us, but when we started to work through the guideline we acquired so many practical knowledge, courage, interest & sometimes fallen into deep thoughts.

It is a great pleasure for us that we could work properly & gathered different ideas, research methodologies and so on. It was a great opportunity for us to know the real condition in this case. Moreover, we learned how to research and make report. Thanks to the almighty, that we finished the report at last.

Executive Summary

Working of women in family is a common problem throughout the world. Not only on the developing countries but also it is a severe issue on the developed ones. Women are always neglected and hatred in the male dominated societal pattern. From the birth of a girl, the violence starts against her mentally and physically. In the third world countries like Bangladesh women are harassed here in a very large scale. As we eat everyday to live, harassment of working women in family is practiced here like that way very frequently. Mostly in the countries of South East Asia, girls are regarded as a curse and weak and that’s why they are so much deprived and neglected as well as harassed. Working women is regarded as a normal phenomenon in our patriarchal societal pattern of Bangladesh. From the root level to the topmost, women are harassed everywhere. By the primary research and the observation of secondary data we came to know that, working women in family of Bangladesh suffer multiple forms which is including cultural barrier mental & physical violence at home, rape, in work place, eve teasing, miss understanding with Husband, Broken social relationship, financial discrimination at the work place. Our survey and report is named as “A study on working women in family and its negative & positive sides”. In this report we tried to show the condition of working women in our family that how they are harassed domestically and socially on the basis of financial status. We took interview from three different classes of working women (higher, middle & lower) to compare and understand what the overall condition of our society is.

Table of Contents

Page no.
Acknowledgements ii Summary iii
List of Tables v
List of Figures VI

CHAPTER 1: Introduction................................................................................ 1
1. Background of the Study……………………………………………………
2. Purpose of the Study…………………………………………………………. i. Primary Objective………………………………………………………………. ii. Secondary objective……………………………………………………………. Chapter2: Methodology ……………………………………….. i. Primary Data Collection………………………………………………………… ii. Secondary Data …………………………………………………………… iii. Limitation …………………………………………………………………….. Chapter 3-Analisis data …………………………………………. i. Problem in managing family………………………………………….. ii. Early marriage…………………………………………………………. iii. Trafficking of women ……………………………………………………. iv. Sexual harassment in job sector ………………………………………. v. Eve teasing ……………………………………………………………..

CHAPTER 4: CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………

APPENDIX: …………………………………………………………………………

REFERENCES: ……………………………………………………………………...


UNICEF = United Nations Children Education Fund.
AIUB = American International University-Bangladesh.
UNFPA = United Nations Population Fund.
ALICO = American Life Insurance Company.
ILO = International Labor Organization

1. Background of the Study:

Our topic is “The Study on working women in family and its negative & positive sides ”. In this very topic, we tried to show the working of women in their family. We focused mainly on the practical situations that girls of our society have to face on their everyday life, its causes and consequences and gave some suggestions regarding this topic.

When we started our group discussion, we found so many topics to work with. But at last we came to a conclusion that, we are going to work on a huge issue which is working women in family. In Bangladesh harassment of working women in family is a very acute problem. On our day to day life women are always either discriminated or may be harassed mentally or physically. As it is a patriarchal society, women are always harassed. So, they do not have any voice against any oppression. If we open our eyes and look into the society, we can see that we need not to go far away.

Can anyone (obviously men) imagine that, how miserable can be the life of a girl? Normally, birth of a girl in unexpected in our society. Moreover, girls have to face lots of mental and physical harassment from the early age to their last breathes. In Bangladesh almost 90% of women are harassment in different ways by their family. Violence at home, rape in work place, sexual harassment, financial discrimination in the working place lack of consciousness on adolescent issues, eve teasing, women trafficking etc. All of these are form of harassment those are happening frequently in our society.

Throughout the report, we tried to show what we have studied. Let’s have a look!

2. Purpose of the Study

Our chosen topic is “Working women in family and its negative & positive sides. The primary & secondary objectives of our study are shown below:

Primary Objective: To understand the working women in family.

Secondary Objective: To analyze the nature of the working women our secondary objective is….

• To find out the social status of working women. • To understand how working women are treated in their family. • To know the mental & physical harassment that the women face in the family and workplace. • To identify the consequences of harassment in Bangladeshi job lifestyle. • To Analyze how social relational ship are broken and down in a working women life. • To find out the problem of managing family in a working women.

3. Methodology:

To conduct a research, we followed some specific methods. For the primary and secondary data collection we worked through the following procedure:

Primary Data Collection: We planned to do both qualitative and quantitative research. To conduct the quantitative research we made a structured questionnaire. We divided the total population into three major groups: Higher Class, Middle Class & Lower Class. Here we made two questioners, one for both higher and middle class and another for the lower class. Then we interviewed 20 respondents from each group. That means we took the interview of 40 respondents in total. We had some questions regarding different issues of working women in family and its positive & negative sides.

Secondary Data: We have collected our secondary data from different web sites, newspapers, magazines and articles.

LIMITATIONS: During the research, we had to face some limitations like:

1) We had time constraints. 2) We could manage more research materials if we had enough time.

4. Analysis of Data:

As we did a quantitative research so after taking the interview of 40 respondents as our sample we analyzed the data and made a graphical representation of answers came from the questions.

We divided the data analysis into two groups: Primary data Analysis & Secondary data analysis.

So, at first the analogy of the primary data is presented in this report. Please turn over the pages and see the analogies of the first, second questionnaires are written one by one.

After the analysis of primary data we also gave some analysis of secondary data. We told on different issues related with our topic. This analysis is made by our observations. Questionnaire – 1 Made for the respondents who belongs from the Higher Class & Middle Class Family Name : Age: Marital Status : Sex: Type of Family: Type of Job: Children: Duration of Job: Q.1 where do you live? a) Own house b) Rental House. [pic]
|Question1 |a |b |
|Answer |8 |12 |

Q.2 where do you work? a) Private office b) Government Office [pic]
|Question1 |a |b |
|Answer |8 |12 |

Q. 3 How long are married? a) 2 Years ago b) 5 Years ago c) 10 Years ago
|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |2 |8 |

Q. 4 How many holiday do you have in a week? a) 1 days b) 2 days c) 3 days
|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |2 |0 |

Q.5 how do you spend your holiday? a) With family members b) Going outside c) Social Call d) All of the above
|Question1 |a |b |c |d |
|Answer |12 |5 |2 |1 |

Q.6 How many house hold worker you have? a) 1 b) 2 c) 3

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |8 |2 |

Q.7 Do you get any time for cooking? a) Yes b) No c) Sometimes


|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |8 |2 |10 |

Q.8 Do you get enough time to take proper care of your children? a) Yes b) No

|Question 10 |yes |no |
|Answer |0 |20 |


Q.9 how can you give mental support to over come the gap of your absence? a) Giving some gifts b) Economic Assistance c) Others


|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |17 |2 |1 |

Q.10 Do your get any support form your husband to do the job? a) Yes b) No c) Often

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |8 |10 |2 |

Q.11 Can you maintain social relationship? a) Yes b) No c) Sometimes

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |16 |3 |1 |

Q.12 Do you feel any stress to do the work? a) Yes b) No c) sometimes

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |2 |8 |

Q.13 what type of stress you have to face? a) Too many work loads b) No time for spouse c) No time for relaxation

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |8 |10 |2 |

Q.14 do you fell guilty, as you can not give enough time like a house wife to you family or children? a) Yes b) No c) Others

|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |2 |8 |

Q.15 Are you satisfied with your job? a) Yes b) No c)others
|Question1 |a |b |c |
|Answer |8 |12 |0 |


Here we took the interview of the working women of higher and middle class families’ .We asked them the same questions but the first two questions helped us two find whether they came from the higher or middle class.

Most of the working women who belong from higher class have to face different types of harassment. They are working different types of organization and they face different type of experience. In a family majority of the women have to face many difficulties in their family. On top of that, they can not share knowledge regarding issues with their Husband. Because, they either feel shy does not let them to speak out or they do not have that type of environment at home.

It is a matter of surprise that, though most of the higher families belong from the educated group, they use to beat their wife if there is any mistake committed or disobey of their words.

It is found that, women of higher class are harassed physically in a different way in their family. Moreover, broken families are seen in a very large scale on the higher class families. For this, women who belong from these families have to suffer from mental stress. They also face the lack of security and guidance from their husband.

Here we can see that, working women in Bangladeshi society who belong from the middle class families have to be highly conscious about the prestige issues of the family. They bear a mental stress for that and can not think anything freely.

Through the survey we found that women of middle class families have to face a great trouble during their transport ways. They said that, bus conductors use to touch themselves at the time they get in and get out from the bus.

Majority of the working women are the victim of eve teasing on their daily life in outsides and sometimes in their family by their relatives. They have to suffer a lot for eve teasing and all those issues regarding these. They said that, when they move from one place to another in the crowd, sometimes they are physically harassed.

Most of the respondents said that, social dignity towards them are not well and they did not get prospers wages from their work place.

Questionnaire – 2 (Made for the respondents who belongs from the Lower Class Family)

Q.1 - : When you started working how old you were? a) 10-15 b) 15-20 c) 20-25

|Question 1 |10 -- 15 |15 -- 20 |20 -- 25 |
|Answer |8 |10 |2 |


Q.2- Is there any other member, who is the income source of family? a) Yes b) no c) yes, but irregular d) yes, but lives separately


|Question 2 |yes |no |yes, but irregular |yes, but lives separately |
|Answer |2 |10 |3 |5 |


Q.3 - : How much do you work in your work place ? a) 10 hrs b) 8 hrs c) 12 hrs


|Question 3 |a |b |c |
|Answer |10 |2 |8 |

Q.4. Do you face any harassment during your ways of transportation? a) yes b) no c) sometimes

|Question 5 |yes |no |sometimes |
|Answer |17 |1 |2 |

Q.5 - : Do you face any mental or physical violence by your husband? a) yes b) no c) sometimes

|Question 6 |yes |no |sometimes |
|Answer |17 |2 |1 |


Q.6 - : Are you satisfied with your salary / wages? a) yes b) no c) not at all d) a little bit

|Question 7 |yes |no |not at all |a little bit |
|Answer |2 |18 |0 |0 |


Q.7 - : Do you get any incentives? a) yes b) no c) sometimes
|Question 8 |yes |no |sometimes |
|Answer |0 |16 |4 |

Q.8 - : Does the garments factory provides you salary/wages in time? a) yes b) no c) sometimes d) always late e) very irregular

|Question 9 |yes |no |sometimes |always late |very irregular |
|Answer |0 |15 |1 |1 |3 |

[pic] Q.9 - : Is there any childcare facility at you workplace? a) yes b) no

|Question 10 |yes |no |
|Answer |0 |20 |

[pic] Q.10 - : Is there enough toilets separated for women? a) yes b) no
|Question 11 |yes |no |
|Answer |0 |20 |

[pic] Q.11 - : Do you think that, state laws are playing a good role for minimizing harassment? a) yes b) no
|Question 12 |yes |no |
|Answer |3 |17 |

[pic] Findings

Doing the survey, we found lots of problem that are faced by female workers in their family. For this survey, our female group members helped us lot.

Here we can see that most of the women are between the age group of 10-20 years. So, they are women and some portion of them is not still adult.

Women those who work for garment factories, mostly the only earning member of the family. They have to run the family.

It is a shame that, officers of upper level make harassment of girls very frequently. They use to beat them; force to do sexual relations so on.

It is a matter of fact; these garments do not provide wages/salaries in time. So they have to suffer a lot.

Generally they do not get any incentives and the bonus they get is very minimal. On top that, they works on a unhygienic environment

Analysis of secondary data

During our research, we have studied a lot of articles from newspapers and internet and so on. We also saw the reports published by UN. We became surprised seeing the extreme violence against women. All these violence starts from the gender discrimination.

From those secondary data, we found a huge amount of information regarding the following issues: 1. Problem in managing family 2. Early marriage 3. Sexual harassment 4. Trafficking of women 5. Eve teasing
From the next page, we are going to discuss chronologically about the issues stated above.

1. Problem in managing family:

Working women are facing many problems to lead their family. Maximum time they spend lot of time in the office. So, they can not take proper care to their family. They did not give proper time to their children, Some times their husband did not support job so, and they are often join conflict with her husband. In a lower class family, they have to bear many unexpected experience. Even they have to cook at mid night. As a result it creates great problem with her husband sometimes it converts divorce.

During our survey, we found an article published by daily star last year telling a miserable story of divorce.

2. Early marriage Early marriage is a violation of human rights, compromising the development of women and often resulting in early pregnancy and social isolation. Young married women face onerous domestic burdens for working in the outsides. But they have no way to bear their family cost. 3. Trafficking of women

Trafficking of women is a great problem nowadays in Bangladesh. For the extreme poverty, lack of availability on the job sector the trafficker of women is benefited.

Tens of thousands of women and children are trafficked from Bangladesh each year. One of the poorest countries in the world, poverty provides traffickers with people who have no alternatives for survival. They trust the offers of work or marriage abroad, which promise security but instead lead to slavery. They are sent to India, Pakistan and countries in the Middle East. They are forced into marriage, domestic work, factory labor, and prostitution, often as bonded labor. Every month an estimated 200 to 400 Bangladeshi women and children are trafficked to Pakistan; an estimated 10-15,000 are trafficked to India annually. One of the ways traffickers lure girls into work is through marriage. They offer parents who are too poor to give their daughter a dowry, a dowry-free marriage. In this way, many are forced into prostitution, factory work, and domestic labor. On the next page we showed a diagram of trafficking.

4. Sexual harassment in job sector:

Sexual harassment is the act of forced penetration of any bodily orifice (vaginally, anally, or orally) or forced cunillingous, involving violation of the survivor's body and psychological person. The assault is accomplished by the use of force, the threat of force, or without force when the survivor is unable to physically or mentally give her consent. It is the destruction of a feeling of control over one's body, life, and the course of events. Sexual harassment is an experience of violation, degradation, and humiliation. It often infuses the survivors with the shock of their own vulnerability.

Causes and consequences of Sexual harassment

The causes are said to connect mainly to dowry issues, and also to rejections of marriage proposals, teasing that leads to tragedies, and extra-marital affairs, religion, fatwa. As a result, many women are raped.

Sexual harassment is used as a social and military weapon to control women. Bengali women were targeted for gender-selective atrocities and abuses, notably gang sexual assault and rape/murder, from the earliest days of the Pakistani genocide. Indeed, Rape in Bangladesh had hardly been restricted to beauty," Brown miller writes.”

Women aren't respected as equals, by and large. Many rapists don't rape because they hate and want to hurt women; it's not that personal. Rapists rape because they want sex; they don't consider the woman's feelings at all, because a woman's feelings aren't worth considering.

Women and children are soft targets as many of them are less educated and ignorant of precautions. It’s easy to get away with rapes in this country. Lack of witness does not make a firm case against rapist. Sexual harassment victims must produce proof of evidence to doctors within 24 hours, which is not possible always. Sexual harassment victims are socially abhorred. So Sexual harassment is used to take revenge or disgrace somebody. Women's Rights are almost non-existent in Bangladesh. And, sadly, many of the women who are attacked or raped die by suicide.

5. Eve teasing

As we know that violence is a form of discrimination & violence against women in Bangladesh is of different kinds among them eve teasing has become an everyday phenomenon in Bangladesh. Throughout her life a woman will face eve teasing in various forms.

It is a matter of grave concern in the free movement of Bangladeshi women. It has become a serious issue resulting in terrible and sometimes horrifying consequences. In Bangladesh eve teasing has gradually become brutal form of sexual harassment. Because of eve teasing girls or women can not move freely in the street and if they try to protest it they can be harassed.

So it is something that women are supposed to either just tolerates or are even accused of bringing it upon them.

Unfortunately in Bangladesh there is no strong law to counter eve teasing. The government says that eve teasing is still punishable under Dhaka Metropolitan Police Ordinance. The penalty is up to one-year imprisonment plus fine up taka 2000. Comparing to the consequences of eve teasing the punishment is very simple so Government should take strong initiatives against this problem.


In conclusion it can be said that, Bangladeshi working women in family are jam packed with different types of harassment. We should raise our voice to fight against the harassment of women in family and also in our society.


1. All the classes of the people should be made conscious about women rights.

2. Mass Media and Campaigns should work for keeping the rights of women.

3. Gender equality should be maintained strictly on the work place.

4. Employers should provide adequate facilities for the women workers.

5. Government should strictly maintain punishment for any type of women harassment.

6. Not only the acid thrower but also the illegal acid seller should be punished after inquiry.

7. Government should give emphasis on stopping the harassment against the women those who belong from the minority class.

8. Inauguration of separate public transport for women.

9. It is only the duty of mass people to respect women and preserve the rights.


(1) Jhan, Sadeka. (2005, October 1).Working women. Law & our rights.



(4) Nasreen, Mahbuba. (2008, March 08).Violence Against Women in Bangladesh. The Daily Star.

(5) Lina, A.Samsuda. (2008, July 10).Eve teasing-a social offence. The New Nation.

(6) Jhan, Sadeka. (2005, October 1).Gender Discrimination. Law & our rights.

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