Premium Essay

Afericna American

In: English and Literature

Submitted By tking
Words 5251
Pages 22
African American's Journey Essay
Below is a free essay on "African American's Journey" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
“African American’s Journey to Freedom”
Charity Johnson
HIS204: American History since 1865
Instructor: Leslie Ruff
February 11, 2013

“African American’s Journey to Freedom”
To some African Americans it may seem ironic that The United States of America is known as “the land of the free” considering that majority of their ancestors entered the US as slaves. African Americans were brought to North America via the middle passage which originated during the fifteenth century. They were enslaved for approximately 400 hundred years until the end of the Civil War in 1865. Although African Americans were enslaved in America, they were determine to survive and one day be freed in this great country. During The African American’s journey to freedom several significant events took place which was inclusive of but not limited to: The Civil Rights Movement of 1865-1877, Separate but Equal Legislation (Plessy vs. Ferguson court case) in 1896, The Harlem Renaissance of 1920, Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954, The March on Washington Movement of 1963, and The Black Power Movement of the late 1960s and 1970. I will discuss the significance of these events in relation to the African American journey to freedom and how they have help shape American society today.
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT OF 1865-1877
Frequently when one hears of the Civil Rights Movement we automatically think of the Civil Rights events that had taken place in the 1950-1970s. However, the Civil Rights Movement actually began in the 1860-1870s immediately following the Conclusion of the Civil War. After hundreds of years of enslavement of African Americans, the Civil War was fought with the intent to abolish slavery. The winning of the

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Gung Ho

...differences in culture and work ethic between Americans and Japanese. It shows how each group handles conflict in the work place, as well as at home. The main characters and leaders are faced with dilemmas and have to figure out how to work as a team to keep the automobile manufacturing plant up and running smoothly. According to Western Washington University (2011), there are many different sociological differences between the Japanese and Americans. Most importantly, the views of conflict and conflict resolution differ greatly. In the United States, conflict is seen as something that is inevitable, or bound to happen, whereas in Japan, conflict is considered dangerous to all relationships and should be diffused before it begins or avoided at all costs (Western Washington University, 2011). This fact along plays a major roll in the struggles between the Americans and the Japanese at the automobile manufacturing plant in Gung Ho. The American workers almost seemed as though they were looking for conflict to solve, but the Japanese executives were quick to avoid it at any cost possible. Culture also plays a major roll in determining how the characters approached and completed tasks presented to them. In the movie, a few of the American and Japanese main characters argue about their differences in spending time with family. The Japanese say that their job is their life; it is most important so they can provide for their families. For the Americans, they preferred to spend as much time...

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Short Paper

...(High-Context & Low-Context Culture Styles. (n.d.)). According to Edward Hall, these cultures prefer group harmony and consensus to individual achievement. They focus more on a speaker’s tone of voice, facial expression, gestures, posture, etc. than the actual words said.  Travel effect stated four reasons why American workers chose not to use their vacation time. The first reason was the dread of returning from a vacation to piles of work, followed by the belief that no one will be able to step in and do their job for them while they're gone, not being able to afford going on vacation and lastly the fear of being seen as replaceable. “Indians are more efficient. Americans believe in more action and fewer words.” (SocialPC. (n.d.)). As previously stated, there are many differences between American and Indian work culture. Americans tend to be more relaxed work wise, while Indians tend to be extremely hard working. Due to their hard work, Indians quickly learned to adapt to new cultures and are very successful in other countries. Many of the differences between American and Indian culture arise from the fact that Indian cultures are based around their religions. Americans tend to be more individualistic and live life at their own will while Indians tend to rely more on the values of religion and family. Reference Chapter 1 Lecture: High-Context & Low-Context Culture Styles. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.marin.edu/buscom/index_files/Page605.htm Goudreau, J. (2013)...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

American Dream

...What is the American Dream? When describing the American dream, there are endless possibilities. The beautiful thing about the American Dream is that it is different for every single person. One person’s dream may be to be an NFL superstar, making ten million dollars a year. Conversely, someone else’s dream can be making minimum wage just to ensure their family can eat. This alone is what makes America the greatest country in the world. Everyone can have a different dream, but they have every possibility to achieve it. Although, it is not a guarantee the person will achieve their dream, it is a guarantee they will have no unfair regulations stopping them. A neighbor of mine at home has a very sad story that led to his pursuit of the American dream. He was one of the highest regarded Medical Doctors in Egypt. He was making great money, and his family was very happy. Then his life was turned upside down when a family member of his was killed because of his religion. He was Christian, and some radical Egyptians hate Christians, so he had to move to America to keep his family safe. His story relates to a quote on page four, “The idea of the American dream has been attached to everything from religious freedom to a home in the suburbs” (Hochschild). Unfortunately his story does not end like the Hollywood motion pictures, but he is completely happy with his current life. He now lives in a two room apartment with his wife, and two daughters and he is working as a cab driver, and...

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

American Education

...English 1520 16 May 2013 American Education In the article “American the Illiterate” by Chris Hedges he argues about the growing concern on the American people. In the argument he states that Americans everyday are less and less dependent on their ability to read and write. He explains how society over all is more dependent on image based information. In his first couple of paragraphs he describes this growing epidemic. How literacy affects us as a country and as a nation over all. He brings evidence and proof about his argument from various different creditable sources. He explains that illiteracy is such a minor priority to most Americans that doing things like their taxes or electing a new president doesn’t require them to be experts in illiteracy. Bringing in emotional story and a good slogan with words like pro-life, hope, maverick, war on terror. The American people are easily manipulated and are reeled in to the fight between truth and lies. He explains that America is so blind when it comes to signing a contract, policy agreement, or a legal document. Most if not all the time they barley even start reading. It’s hard to admit but at the end even I agree with Hedges logic. Every time I download a new software or log into my bank account never have I set there and read the agreement start to end. Just the other day I was reading the fine print in my insurance contract and I was amazed at some of the things that we assume are covered like roadside assistance. I always...

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Gm 588

...[Type the company name] | GM588 Course Project | [Type the document subtitle] | | 6/15/2011 | INTRODUCTION United Airlines is a major airline based in the United States and one of the world’s largest airlines. It was formed in 1934. It is a subsidiary of United Continental Holdings Inc. Its headquarters are located in Chicago, IL. United is a founding member of the Star Alliance, the largest alliance in the world. On October 1, 2010 United and Continental airlines merged together forming the world’s largest airline in revenue passenger miles and second largest in fleet size and destinations. “The new United will offer customers an enhanced travel experience, combining the best products and services each carrier has to offer,” (The World's Leading Airline, 2011). The airline is suppose to be the airline that customers want to fly, the airline employees want to work for and the airline shareholders want to invest in. The key highlights of the merger are the following: * World’s most comprehensive global network, including world class international gateways to Asia, Europe, Latin America, Africa and Middle East with non-stop or one stop service from virtually anywhere in the United States * Most modern and fuel-efficient fleet and the best new aircraft order book, among U.S. network carriers * Industry-leading frequent flyer program that will provide more opportunities to earn and redeem miles worldwide * Optimal hub locations in 10 cities...

Words: 3063 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Fsdfds

...Additional TVM Problems: 1. Would you rather receive $1,000 today, or $2,000 in 10 years if the discount rate is 8 percent? 2. Suppose you deposit $1,000 in an account at the end of each of the next four years. If the account earns 12 percent, how much will be in the account at the end of seven years? 3. Calculate the present value of $5,000 in 12 years at a stated annual interest rate of 10 percent, compounded quarterly. 4. World Transportation, Inc., is expected to initiate its quarterly dividend of $1 five years from today and the dividend is expected to remain constant permanently. What is the price of World Transportation stock if the stated annual interest rate is 12 percent, compounded quarterly? 5. IDEC Pharmaceuticals is considering a drug project that costs $100,000 today and is expected to generate end-of-year cash flow of $50,000 forever. At what discount rate would IDEC be indifferent between accepting or rejecting the project? 6. Ernie Els wants to save money to meet two objectives. First, he would like to be able to retire 30 years from now with a retirement income of $300,000 per year for 20 years beginning at the end of the 31 years from now. Second, he would like to purchase a cabin in the mountains 10 years from now at an estimated cost of $350,000. He can afford to save only $40,000 per year for the first 10 years. He expects to earn 7 percent per year from investments. Assuming he saves the same amount each year, what must Ernie save...

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Is the Value of Exhibits in the Geffrye Museum to Interior Design Students

...Exhibits in the Geffrye Museum [Name of the writer] [Name of the institution] Abstract This analytical essay presents information about the value of exhibits in the Geffrye museum to interior design students . The bibliography page appends four sources in Harvard format Outline I . Introduction II . Analysis III . Conclusion Introduction The Geffrye Museum located in East London puts forward a breathtaking imminent interested in the way people of London used to live all the way through the past . Basically the museum under consideration is of English household interiors and has space sets from the year 1600 till just about up to these days . Every single period room that is present in the Geffrye Museum is a superior illustration of how English people belonging to the middle-class in those times , with astonishing innovative furnishings , materials , works of art and accessories used to live . In every single room that you look into one would find something that has never been seen before , for example , the chess set that is arranged and exhibited in the Regency room or the string for calling upon the maids and house workers in the Victorian room are just examples (Porter , 2008 Analysis Perhaps the most welcoming and appealing museums of the United Kingdom the Geffrye puts forward the times gone by of the English household internal from the year 1600 to the contemporary times . A succession of epoch rooms restraining excellent compilations...

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Oedipus Chorus Song

...Chrous: Gangster version Al Capone and polo, We all call on Al Capone and polo, You heard me: Al Capone and polo, Yeah Al Capone and polo, Why are you not answering, Look at all the suffering, Everybody dying, And u not responding man, Al Capone and polo, We call on Al Capone and polo, Screw Al Capone, They ain’t doin nothing, If you don’t wanna help, We got more persons, Aaytis and Thea We all call on: Aaytis and thea, You heard me: Aaytis and thea, Yeah Aaytis and thea! If you have ever fought a plague before, You can probably help our city get cured, All three of you and Apollo you the fourth, Kill the crips save Brooklyn, Damn! All these Crips, They killin all of us, We got no guns, For self-defense, You see our gang, Getting swept away, One by one, And there is nowhere safe to stay, The women are crying, And all the babies are dying, Their gray haired mothers, Pleading you and relying, To send us support, And strength for living, We lost so many homies, So many we can’t count, But there is nothing we can do, All the roads filled with Crips, Breaking into our clubs, And killing all of us, The crips charging at us, Without any warning, And they killing our gang, With their new secret weapon, Kill them, blast them, Blow their faces off, So they can never look at us, Al Capone, the leader of us gangsters We need your help, Use your AK-47 And kill those crips, And show no mercy, Polo you the man, ...

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Institutional vs. Blatant Racism and Education and Race vs. Social Class

...and professional success. Despite being illegal for several decades, segregation is still existent in many public schools in the United States. However, it has become institutionalized; it is hidden deep inside society. Many Black Americans live in poor communities. Therefore, they attend poorly equipped and worn out schools. Without the necessary materials and environment needed to learn, they lose interest in school. Consequently, many of these students drop out of school before graduation. In turn, their potential to achieve higher education and economic status severely diminishes. As discussed in class, prejudice and discrimination are closely related. Prejudice is the thought one has towards another group while discrimination is the action performed towards another group. Prejudice often leads to discrimination. Derogatory terms towards other races or ethnicites have been the cause for genocides, population transfer, and segregation (Witt 2010:302) Discrimination is a great obstacle for Black Americans who seek to achieve a higher economic status. More specifically, racial profiling has been an impediment towards Black American employment. Better known as the glass ceiling, this has caused many well educated and qualified Black Americans to become unable to commence a career. According to a study conducted by the federal Glass Ceiling Commission in 1995, the majority of workers at corporations and firms were white men (Witt 2010:297). Diane Sawyer’s documentary,...

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Latest Controversy

...The Latest Controversy The National Football League, or NFL, has recently started enforcing strict rules regarding helmet to helmet hits; they are now fining and suspending players who commit vicious tackles or helmet to helmet hits. Many fans, players, and coaches complain against the helmet to helmet rule and grown upset about these newly enforced rules, while many still have favor for the new rule. This latest dilemma stirred up various amounts of controversies around the news and public. Several meetings and discussions took place on how the officials should officiate and make the decisions of how crucial and legal the degree of the hit made on the field. These new rules and fines should remain in the NFL to help ensure the players’ safety and cause fewer injuries to NFL players giving them concussions and other injuries that could possibly affect their future. The rebels of these new rules obviously express a variety of arguments of why they disagree with them. Numerous amounts of football fans, players, and coaches state that these new rules take the excitement away from the game causing all the football game to become dull and make them lose interest and love for the game. They also protest that the rules will too, take the physicality away from the game and players will not be able to play how the game is supposed to be played. Those against this movement by the NFL argued that these rules might force defenders to aim lower when tackling, and could cause more...

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

This Is Not Mine, but I Like It

...[[ Once Upon a Time ]] Once upon a time, there was this boy. His name was Choi Sung Woo. And I hated him. Even to this day, I don’t know how Choi Sung Woo and I became best friends. “Eun Sung ah, why are you so UGLY??” See what I mean? How could I be friends with somebody so mean? “Choi Sung Woo why are you so mean?” “What?” Sung Woo looked seriously at me. “You want me to lie?” Sung Woo had this funny habit of leaving me speechless, even if I had already heard his insults a thousand times before. “Choi Sung Woo, I hate you.” Sung Woo laughed and flicked me lightly on the forehead. “No you don’t,” he teased. “You love me, Kim Eun Sung.” [[ In the Beginning ]] I remember walking into class on the first day, and seeing Choi Sung Woo in the seat next to mine. I remember thinking that school was going to be hell this year, with Sung Woo in my class. We had a funny friendship, Sung Woo and I. “Eun Sung ah.” Sung Woo sounded serious. “Do you consider me a close friend, or just a friend?” I paused in whatever I was doing. Whatever I had been expecting to hear from Sung Woo, this was definitely on the bottom of the list. “Well do you consider me as a close friend or just a friend?” Sung Woo didn’t even need to think about it. “A close friend.” I don’t remember if I was smiling – it felt like I was. “Me too.” In the beginning, I didn’t know what to think when Choi Sung Woo started calling me. At first it was just for...

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Biddy Mason Autobiography

...Biddy Mason MBOGO .W. APOLLO ( MOI UNIVERSITY) Institution’s name: Professor’s name: Date: Biddy Mason Biddy Mason was an African-American philanthropist who desires to offer challenge to many people especially in her quest to overcome life challenges. Popularly, the African American citizens were readily held as slaves. She was not an exceptional. She had three daughters who are predicted to have been fathered by Smith, their master. Although slaves were lowly regarded in the society of the time, Biddy makes a series of maneuvers in an attempt to make life better until her focus as well as devotion changes her life, her close relatives and community at large. Her legacy in the community is evidenced in two main ways. Firstly, a tombstone that marked her commemoration was elected on March 27, 1988. Secondly, November 16, 1989 was purposely declared as Mason day. An erection of a statute to remember her achievements was made at Broadway spring centre. Biddy Mason presents a typical visionary parent whose success not only benefits her but also other people especially the needy. Her determination in life is worth praise. She struggles a lot with her three daughters. Even though slaves are lowly regarded in the American society, she still focuses to make sure that all goes well. Her master, Smith and her wife keep on changing their residents with time. She never takes any experience for granted. For instance, she uses...

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sonny Blues

...Gail Horton AAS 131 Dr. E. Davis October 4, 2011 Student Sit-ins in Nashville, 1960 James Lawson, A theology student who decided that is was time to start a movement to stop segregation in Nashville. He and other student form a nonviolence workshop that consists of student’s witting in restaurants waiting to be service as customer. Nashville had some integrated areas school, council, board of education, police force and city buses, but hotel, libraries, theater and restaurants remained segregated. The nonviolence workshop was formed so everyone in Nashville could have a chance to enact with one another and to create a more just society. Black student was tired of segregated not been able to eat lunch and to do their homework. In November of 1959 the student planned a series of workshop to stop segregation four student went into Woolworth and sat at the lunch counter were black never sat before people look at them in disbelief and many of them were black worker. The media became of aware of what was happening day after day there were more and more students sitting in restaurants and at the lunch counter waiting to be serviced. Before long the student sit-in became cities wide at least 15-16 cities began to have though-out the South and most parts of the county. The student had some difficulty some of the student was beaten even jailed, but though it all Lawson and the students were determined to stop segregation. The purpose of the nonviolence workshop was to...

Words: 722 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Can You Handle It

...College Writing 1 17 January 2011 “Can You Handle It” Nextier Stadium, home of the Raiders, rumbles with anticipation; the overhead lights flicker on eliminating the field in a harsh glow. The stadium is filled to capacity, everyone anticipating the start of the game but none more than members of the Seneca Valley student section. Each student is pulsing with eagerness as they await kickoff. The bleachers are vibrating, shaking as the students jump up and down. The Seneca Valley kicker, dressed in rich Columbia blue and black, runs at the brown freckled football sitting on the neon orange tee. He catapults the ball to the fifteen yard line where North Allegheny’s returner waits for the ball to come down. He begins to run the ball back. “Get Him!” the student section screams with all their power willing the players on the field to crush the NA player. Do you want to know more about the section? Do you want be to part of the section, for each member of the student section will experience something unimaginable, will create memories that last a lifetime and will be a part of something special. In the lower-left hand corner of the home side of Nextier Stadium sits the student section, a place where the craziest of Seneca students go to root for their friends, boyfriends and classmates, who are fighting for victory on the field. Students come with faces and stomachs covered in paint. Taking more time to ready themselves for the games then they do for school in the morning;...

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Soc1

...Part 1 American dream is a belief from most of the American, which is hard working can be success. According to international data about American ideology, about 60% of American thought people remain poverty because their personal problem such as lazy and lack of willpower rather than discrimination and lack of opportunity in society. However, the fact is that in some situation, working hard does not lead to success because of the problem of inequality in different groups. The main problem that hinder the poor pursue the American dream is economic inequality which is the economic difference between the rich and the poor. In the U.S, the gap between rich and the poor is big. The richest 20% of people have almost the same income as the remaining 80% of people. The way to measure what is success is by the income of the people earned. The rich can be success easier than the poor. The poor cannot get the equal opportunity like equal schooling. They usually go to the school without good facilities while the rich can go to the good school and enter college. And they are more likely to drop out school, and then the cycle of poverty is continued. The examples from the film “Wading a Living”, the poor people were working long time a day, but cannot make enough money to support family. One lady believed having higher education can get more money in the future, and then change their live. It is true that education can help her reach American dream. The data from U.S Census Bureau about median...

Words: 886 - Pages: 4