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Apostle Peter

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Submitted By mumbles08unt
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Apostle Peter’s life and contributions: Life: * Given 5 different names: Symeon (Hebrew); Simon (Greek, Hear; listen); Peter (Greek); Cephas (Hebrew, rocks); Simon Peter. * Son of John or Jonah (Matt. 16:17; John 1:42) * Engaged in the fishing business * Viewed as “unlettered and ordinary” by the Jewish leaders; meaning with no training in the Rabbinic study of Scripture * Married; wife traveled with him in his missionary work. * Shared home with wife, mother-in-law, and Andrew (his brother) * Jesus gives him the name Cephas upon becoming his disciple * Became a strengthen influence on his fellow Christians following the death and resurrection of Jesus * Received the call from Jesus to become fisher of men * Was in discipleship for 1 year before being included as an apostle * Accompanied Jesus un the transfiguration scene, raising of the daughter of Jairus, and Jesus’ personal trial in the garden of Gethsemane * Raised questions that resulted in Jesus’ clarifying and amplifying illustrations * Was most frequently corrected, reproved, rebuked for being outspoken and challenging * Jesus turned back in Peter, calling him an opposer, Satan, who was pitting human reasoning against God’s thoughts found in prophecy; indicating that Peter spoke sentiments shared by the other apostles * Displayed initiative/courage/strong attachment for Jesus * Voiced determination to stay by Jesus; however, Peter failed and suffered consequences * Reproved by Jesus for cutting a man (from the mob after Jesus) with a sword stroke * Denied knowing Jesus 3 times; however, his faith did not give out completely * Went INTO the tomb where Jesus had been resurrected after receiving the message from Mary Magdalene * Specifically names but an angel and received appearance from Jesus to serve him as proof of forgiveness for his threefold denial of Jesus * Jesus foretold Peter’s death * Was told by Jesus to be his follower without being concerned for what others might do

Contribution:

* Through his ministry: he was to strengthen his brothers and to do shepherding work among his sheep * Presented evidence in favor of a replacement for the unfaithful Judas * Spoke up for the apostles and made use of the first of the keys given to him by Jesus, opening the way for Jews to become members of the Kingdom * Performed miracles * Addressed the Jewish rulers who had him and John arrested * Acted as a spokesman for all the apostles; declared their determination to “obey God as ruler” rather than men who opposed God’s will * Exposed the hypocrisy of Ananias and Sapphira and pronounced judgment upon them * Uses second key of the kingdom when he and John traveled to Samaria to enable the believers there to receive holy spirit * Healed the paralyzed one for 8 years * Resurrected the woman Dorcas of Joppa * In Joppa used the third key of the kingdom when he preached to Cornelius and his relatives and friends (Result: became uncircumcised Gentile believers and received holy spirit) * Spent 15 days with the companionship of Paul in Jerusalem * Freed from prison by Jehovah’s angel * Held a strong argument regarding the issue of circumcision for Gentile converts giving testimony as to God’s dealings with Gentile believers. Left the multitude silent * Was noted as outstanding man and the a pillar in the congregation

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