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Biography of Nelson Mandela

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Table of Contents CHAPTER I 3 FIGURE PROFILE 3 1.1. Early Life 3 1.2 Marriage and family 5 1.2.1 First marriage 5 1.2.2 Second marriage 6 1.2.3 Third marriage 6 1.3 Retirement 7 1.3.1 Post-retirement health 8 1.3.2 Elders 9 CHAPTER II 10 THEORITICAL FRAMEWORKS 10 2.1 Definition of Leadership 10 2.2 Type of Leadership 10 2.2.1 Autocratic Leadership 10 2.2.2 Bureaucratic Leadership 10 2.2.3 Charismatic Leadership 10 2.2.4 Democratic Leadership or Participative Leadership 11 2.2.5 Laissez-Faire Leadership 11 2.2.6 People-Oriented Leadership or Relations-Oriented Leadership 11 2.2.7 Servant Leadership 12 2.2.8 Task-Oriented Leadership 12 2.2.9 Transactional Leadership 12 2.2.10 Transformational Leadership 13 2.3 Using the Right Style Situational Leadership 13 2.4 Three Classic Leadership Styles 14 2.4.1 The Laissez Faire Leadership Style 14 2.4.2 The Autocratic Leadership Style 14 2.4.3 The Participative Leadership Style 14 CHAPTER III 15 FINDING AND RESULT 15 2.1 Political Activity 15 3.1.1 Armed anti-apartheid activities 16 3.1.2 Arrest and Rivonia trial 17 3.1.3 Imprisonment 19 3.1.4 Release 21 3.1.5 Negotiations 22 3.1.6 Presidency of South Africa 23 3.1.7 Lockerbie trial 26 CHAPTER IV 28 CONCLUSION 28 BIBLIOGRAPHY 32

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]; born 18 July 1918) is a South African politician who served as president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first ever to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before being elected president, Mandela was a militant anti-apartheid activist, and the leader and co-founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and other charges,...

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