Free Essay

Canada's Cultural


Submitted By joseriv7
Words 3276
Pages 14
Canada Global Cultural
José A. Rivera Osorio
GRST 500
Research Paper
Prof. Jared Mink
April 8, 2014

Canada is the second largest country in the globe with population of over 32 million, the largest and most important industry Canada has is oil and logging. For businesses who want to expand towards Canada they are eight dimensions of business culture that will be detail in this analysis, and how NAFTA was formed. The agreements between U.S. and Canada with provisions that will benefit both countries, Canada also has bilateral agreements in trade with European Union and Asia, however we will only analyze U.S.-Canada cultures in business.

Canada’s History The first inhabitants of Canada were native’s Indian people, primarily the Inuit “Eskimos. The Norse explorer Leif Eriksson reaches the shores of Canada at Nova Scotia in the year 1000, but the country actually begun 1497 with the introduction of the white man, John Cabot Italian at the service of King Henry VII of England reaches Nova Scotia. Canada was lost to the English in the year 1534 by Jacques Cartier which was the settlement of New France 1604, but was then was Nova Scotia in 1608. Quebec was founded, France’s colonization were not successful and ended at the end of 17th century. They penetrated beyond the Great Lakes to the western prairies and south along the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. The English Hudson’s Bay Company in 1670 establishes themselves because of the abundance of fisheries and fur trade, a conflict that England and France had between each other for the control of the region in 1713. Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay were lost to England. During the seven year war (1756-1763), England extended territory and the British General James Wolfe won the famous victory over his French counterpart General Louis Montcalm outside Quebec in 1759, the Treaty of Paris 1793 gave English control.
Canada is formed of a Federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories, which consider a constitutional monarchy, Canada is govern by its proper the House of Commons, while the govern-general is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, but the governor-general acts only on the orders of the prime minister.

Elements and Dimensions of the Culture in Canada has a unique culture, when celebrity Isaiah Thomas (Detroit Pistons) was hired as the general manager he mentioned to the “Toronto Globe” he made a mistake coming to Canada because the business system of the U.S. and Canada are different. Isaiah Thomas didn’t research the business landscape, he was unaware of the differences in business cultures, and this situation had Mr. Thomas resigned from the ball club “Toronto Raptors”, because the leaders of the business fail to understand Mr. Thomas as an American entrepreneur and Mr. Thomas as well to understand the Canadian business. Canada shares some similarities with U.S. in business communication; Canada is a country undergoing changes in order to define itself. Canada is moving from a colonial status to a post-colonial condition, looking for a cultural identity. Moving from a natural based economy country to the information technology age. Canadians are creating a viable research site, which researchers have concluded that Canada is an interesting and productive research site with no affiliation with Canadian academe or Graham Smart one of Canadians top researchers in applying his work to a reform in Canadian business site. This research site will aid Canada to identify them and improve communication skills which is under a cultural crisis in the country. In the past the in-house writing trainer at Bank of Canada applied techniques for improving written communication in the workplace. Using the Canada Bank as the main resource, it shaped the ways in which context-sensitivity and process approaches showed knowledge and decision making in the workplace. In Canadian professional sites the mayor theme of research is building a professional ethos for potential communication. Communication creates, renews and sustains business and professional cultures, building a professional identity which Canadians lack (Sutcliffe, 1998). Canadian researchers must find the way to link Canada’s business communication with improvement in trading between U.S. and Canada, making Canadians unique in their effort to maintain intercultural translation that could add a new perspective with counter parts around the world including U.S., Roger Graves a Canadian researcher at DePaul University has already begun to work with what would be Canada’s uniqueness in business relations and what is the difference between U.S. and other countries in the trade market. Graves has risen the awareness between Canada and Americans to identify the differences in communicative practices, providing important information on culture variables for defining the deference’s between American and Canada business practices. Graves define the Canadians individualism, power distance, and directedness as variables which are unique in Canadian culture, Canadians have a unique attitude towards authority which transform the definition of evidence, credibility, and rewards. Grave has said that the differences among U.S. – Canada go far beyond just spelling; just by examining the letters we can identify those genres that contain encode cultural activity. We can discover more differences just by paying closer attention to cultural objects such as business text which encloses the formation of Canadian culture identity. Researchers are challenged by understanding the national building activity that will transform a nation (Sutcliffe, 1998). An ongoing struggle to define Canada’s socially, politically and economically, has established programs in managerial communication and courses in the art of professional communications in business. Since 1994, the North American Free Trade Act has made US-Canada relations much easier, but there are still critical points to be worked with in the business communication as Canada continues to strive in the pursuit of recognition as a nation. NAFTA can reach a full potential if universities and U.S. colleges from convert together and interacted between each other with an exchange in studies and cross border research projects (Sutcliffe, 1999). Canada’s can explore global focus because of it relation with Great Britain, it ongoing affair with France by French Canada (Quebec), and its growing relationship with the Pacific Rims nations, as a diverse multicultural nation. Canada has a unique advantage for multinational business communication practices that no other country has on the globe. Fostering the communication business research can bring closer the boundaries of U.S.-Canada together and integrate our universities, businesses and disciplines (Sutcliffe, 1998).
Canada’s Culture in Religion Every Canadian will want to believe that Canada opens its doors to cultural diversity, but the fact is, that not until 1960 that Canada was discriminating against Native Canadian cultural and religious practices and toward non-white immigration, due to a third force of non-English and non-French Canadians on the Royal Commission is that a Biculturalism takes place to set pace for acceptance in the government on a multiculturalism policy. The Statistics have shown that growing diversity populations of religious Canadians in the last decades of the twentieth century have reported religious practices among the second generation Canadian youths (Nixon, 2010). Much historical religious intolerance have occurred in Canada because of discrimination on basis of religion, ranging from the suppression of Komagata Maru (1914) through the persecution of Jehovah Witnesses in the Second World War to the late twentieth century preoccupation with polygamy in a Mormon commune, and an Islamophobia. Establishing a comparison of approaches towards religious diversity in the United States, Canada and France there is no attempt to manage religious activity through the state interference as in France; however there is a mainstream of Christian hegemony (Nixon, 2010). Nevertheless Canada has an open door policy and welcomes all religious and cultural diversity.
Religion in Canada A continuous drop in church attendance among the population of Canada, these recent studies have portrayed a phenomenon practice that is among the younger generations, however the elder and women still continues to assist services as well as immigrants. This doesn’t mean that is not important it’s just the newer generation doesn’t go to church. The adult segment of Canadians attend religious services at least once a month, immigrants who arrive in Canada have a 41% of attendance rate between the years of 1982-2001, (Edmonton Journal, 2006).
History of Religion in Canada in the 17th century Canadian life has been profoundly by Christianity, this contours has influenced the live of Canadians, in the middle of 19th century Canadian Catholicism and Protestantism have been present in the Canadians lives more than in the U. S., the last two centuries in Canada a growing space between these primarily religions, however this has not destroyed the Canadian Christianity faith with a remarkable transformation of Canadian religious life. More and more Canadians are privatizing their faiths and abandoning Christianity for Evangelism, but a residue of 18th and 19th century still to be found in Canadian Christianity (Rawlyk, 1995).
Today’s Religion in Canada Finally Canada has still a vast majority of Catholic religion followers, almost 7 million French speaking Canadians, and the other half of Catholics 54% live outside the province of Quebec. Among the immigrants it is less likely to be Protestant Church; this more or less maintains the weight of the Catholic Church. The protestant church tends to be older than Catholic members, which have not been successful to renewing membership. The two main Protestant churches are the Anglican Church and the United Church of Canada, which the first one is linked to the English colonial history and was granted the official state church in the Upper Canada which is consists of the English speaking colonies which later became Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. The churches have influenced political attitudes in Canada and explain the cultural between American and Canadians primarily speaking. Canadians are less individualistic and more confident in the government to find collective solutions. This official policy of the Canadian country towards multiculturalism of beliefs has develop a tolerant response toward immigrants that Catholic and Protestant (Veenstra, 2010).
Canada’s Ethics and Values
During the 1980’s and the 1990’s North America needed to awakened their response to ethical guidelines, even though corporations are faced with a multiplicity of external codes and of ethics or conduct. An analysis of external codes and internal codes behind the development of the codes with an identification of problems with them. It is a recent phenomenon the advent of corporate code of ethics in the field of corporate governance, the vast majority of America’s largest corporations adopted their own codes in the 70’s and 80’s. In today’s society professionals must understand fully the issues related to corporate codes of ethics, or else the role of leader will be taken over by others (Brooks, 1997).
Movement of ethical guidance is an evolution of the corporate social contract; corporations can’t do what they want. Corporations are regulated by the government, through the right to pursue objectives; corporations are given the opportunity to operate in return for legal accountability through directors to shareholders to the public. This relation between the society and the corporations is called “the corporate social contract”, as corporations have evolved the corporations in the western and capitalist societies have changed dramatically.

Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice is a foundation of marketing community’s self-regulation; it is mandatory for members and a comprehensive regulatory framework for governing member’s conduct. The Canadian Marketing Association is the largest marketing association in Canada; it includes organizations and corporations which directs Canada’s sectors of business which represent the convergence of all marketing disciplines (Boyd, 1997).
The purpose of CMA code of Ethics and Standards is design to establish and maintain standards for the conduct of marketing of Canada. The high standards of practice are fundamental responsibility to the public, earning the consumers’ confidence is the main objective of CMA. The members of CMA recognize an obligation to the consumers and businesses, and practice the highest standards of honesty, fairness, professionalism, and truth (Brooks, 1997).
Business Ethics in Canada annual meeting of the Society of Business Ethics, for the first time had their meeting in Canada, knowledgeable people in the field of ethics participated in a panel of business ethics in Canada. In comparison with U.S. about the distinctiveness of Canada and the direction Canada is taking in business ethics. Canadian ethos which consists of Canada’s vast geography which relevant to understanding business and government relations in Canada, secondly the social continuity of democratic traditions weakens U.S. individualistic style, and last but not least the relativism in international business (Di Norcia, 1997).
The Canadian business and professional ethics network is run by Colin Boyd with a important background in economic history of Canada, it is rooted in resource industries then the fully develop manufacturers from U.S., the history of Canada is a succession of export fish, fur, wheat, lumber to paper, electricity and oil. One of the most decentralized systems in the world is Canada, far more than the constitution of U.S. (Di Norcia, 1997).
In order to understand Canada’s political economic geography, and business-governmental with corporate social performance you must think of Canada as not intelligible. Canada’s land extension are the third most populous state in the world, comparing with China, Russia, and the U.S. the population is stretched like a federation of feuding provincial, which Quebec is the winner and coming ahead. Canadians federalism and Quebec nationalism rest on the public enterprise culture with mixed economy, as business ethics supports government and business cooperation.

Annotated Bibliographies Roumiana, L. (2012). Culture as site of identification: Exploring cultural tools normalization in immigrant ESL adults ‘engagements with Canadian culture. TESL Canada Journal, 29 (3-4), 230-240. Retrieved from
The author of this journal is Co-Director, Centre for Research on International Education, graduated from Simon Fraser University and holds a PhD. In Curriculum Theory and Implementation, 2005, her forte is in applied linguistics and second/additional language education. She has stated the internalization of education, migration, and integration which will help me research on my interest about the country of Canada in respect of building a business and relating on her investigation in concern of communicating.

Johns, C. M., O'Reilly, P. L. and Inwood, G. J. (2007), Formal and informal dimensions of intergovernmental administrative relations in Canada. Canadian Public Administration, 50 (1), 21–41. DOI: 10.1111/j.1754-7121.2007.tb02001.x
The authors outline the transformations that for the past two decades of Canada’s federalism and intergovernmental relations, this article also investigates how developments in federalism and public administration in the 1990’s have affected formal and informal structures, functions and resources of in governmental administrative machinery. This report can help me to find what conditions I will find in my cultural analysis for establishment of business from U.S. to Canada.

Burbidge, J. W. (1987). Religion in Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies, 22 (4), p. 162.
John W. Burbidge is a professor Emeritus in Philosophy at Trent University, Peterborough, Canada. Author of several books on Hegel’s Science of Logic and Philosophy of Nature, he has been President of Hegel Society of America and was elected to the Royal Society of Canada. This author will help me in the dimensions of religion for my cultural analysis.

Brooks, L. J. (1997). Business Ethics in Canada: Distinctiveness and Directors. Journal of Business Ethics, 16 (6), 591-604. Retrieved February 20, 2014 from website
Leonard J. Brooks has an MBA degree at University of Toronto with countless publications in ethics and a professor of Business Ethics & Accounting at the University of Toronto, with his knowledge I will be able to understand Canadian ethics lifestyle and accumulated the necessary skills to maintain a critical view on business relations with Canada and other countries.

Veenstra, G. (2010). Culture and class in Canada. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 35 (1), pp.83. From
Gerry Veenstra Professor of Sociology at the University of British Colombia in Social Inequality and health-cultural sociology with multiple articles in Sociology. Has defined social spaces of capitals and classes in Canada society, this author will help me build my analysis in sociology side of Canada. With an in depth understanding on how Canadians conduct business with out of the country nationals.

Adams, M. (2008). Is Canada Anti-American? List of Review of Canada, 16 (6), 22.
Michael Adams born in Walkerton, Ontario, is a Canadian writer and a researcher in public opinion. Graduated from North Albion Collegiate Institute and founder of a Model United Nations club, served as a leader of Student Conservatives of Ontario. Receive a B. A. in political studies in 1969, and an M.A. in sociology from the University of Toronto in 1970. As an international student I must maintain a reality check on my views of U. S. and other nations conducting business.
VanNijnatten, D. L. (2003). Analyzing the Canada-Us Environmental relationship: a multi-faceted approach. The American Review of Canada, 33 (1), 93
Debora L. VanNijnatten is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Wilfrid Laurier University, and a past Director of the Masters of International Public Policy at the Balsillie School. Her research focuses on cross-border regions as policy actors in North America, environmental policy including air quality policy, climate change policy and sub national policy innovations. This information will show how business in Canada will function in relation to U.S. laws for local companies that want to operate in Canada, as for my analysis this will help me understand what kind of requirements are needed for U.S. company operating outside the main continent.

Jones, S. (2004). Canada and the Globalized Immigrant. American Behavioral Scientist, 47 (10), 1263-1277 doi: 10.1177/0002764204264254
Dr. Sharon Jones joined the faculty in August of 2006. Dr. Jones received a Ph.D. and MA in Comparative Politics from Syracuse University; plus a MA in International Relations from University of South Florida. She also received a BA in International Relations and BS in Business Administration from the University of South Florida. With the professors insight I can surely have a clear view on how the Canadians react to American doing business in their country.

Boscariol, J. W., Karas, S. R., Roberts, J. C., Walker, S., Katz, M., Kearney, E. (2010). International Law, 44 (1), pp.613. From
Financial and banking law; Business law and regulation; International law; Law; Business and industries; Banking, finance and investment industries. These authors publish articles related to international business transaction and private and public international law and comparative law which will help me with my analysis in how business is conducted in the financial side of Canada when U.S. company expand to the territory

Terpstra, V. (1993). Border Crossings: Doing business in the U.S., 24 (3), 608-610. From Vern Terpstra is a professor Emeritus of international business at the Ross Scholl of Business, University of Michigan. He is a fellow of the Academy of International Business. Also holds a PhD, University of Michigan, 1965 MBA, University of Michigan, 1951 BBA, University of Michigan, 1950. The business education is vital for any investigation and furthermore is crucial for comparisons of two countries conducting business considering the levels of education in the fields of study.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Residential Schools In Canada

...through emotional, physical, sexual, psychological, and spiritual abuse. The residential school legacy is significant to Canada’s history because it led to significant loss of indigenous languages which also led to further cultural losses for traditional First Nation’s cultures in Canada. To start with, the residential schools system forcibly banned the Native children from recognizing their aboriginal heritage and culture or to speak their own languages. The children would be punished severely if they didn’t follow the rules. Past students of residential schools have spoken of horrendous abuse from the staff such as sticking needles into the tongue, getting beaten with razor straps, rulers or yardsticks, along with some who even got burned. Punishments such as these were horrifying and isolated the children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions, and cultures, and made them adapt to their dominant culture much faster. Because of these restrictions, the children were more willing and more induced to their own culture and ethnicity. To relate it back to one of the survivors of the residential schools Glen Anaquod, he was an orphan who attended a residential school in Saskatchewan and mentioned that, the painful things he had to go through only made him stronger and more fixated on getting to know his own culture. This is significant to Canada’s history because Canada promotes multiculturalism and the protests against residential schools led to Canada as it is...

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Residential School

...sought, as it was infamously said, “to kill the Indian in the child.” Before the confederation (1867) and until 1910, Churches and the government sought to assimilate the Native peoples. Residential schools became the promote method of assimilation. At one time or another, 144 residential schools existed in Canada. An estimated total of 150, 000(one hundred and fifty thousands) children attended the schools. Imagine five hockey arenas, each setting 30,000. It is said to be a cultural Genocide? How? Evidence/ Quote "When the children came back, they were different, speaking in the wemistikoshiw tongue, talking back to their parents, fighting and hitting one another, crying in the middle of the night for no reason" With the loss of their families and its influences, children that were sent to residential schools resulted in the loss of their First Nations culture and a negative difference in behavior What led to residential school? European settlers in Canada thought that Canada’s first inhabitants were ignorant, savage, and—like children—in need of guidance. They felt the need to “civilize” the Aboriginal peoples. Education—a federal responsibility—became the primary means to this end. In 1920- It was compulsory for all Indian Children to attend the school. Children were forcefully taken from their families by priests, Indian agents and...

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Geert Hofstede's 5 Cultural Dimensions

...the PDI is high for a country, people are most likely more accepting of the unbalanced nature. They have accepted the inequality as part of the rights of those with the power. PDI measures the extent to which a community will accept this division and inequality. Low Power distance would include equality factors like decentralized government with constant questioning of authority, conscious democratic structure where society is actively part of its management. High Power Distance societies are centralized hierarchical structures that reflect a paternalistic attitude to management of society. High PDI is unequal and society tends to accept the hierarchy as part of their nobility instead of a vast repression of social rights. Canada’s PDI: 39 “With a score of 39 on this dimension, Canadian culture is marked by interdependence among its inhabitants and there is value placed on egalitarianism” ( Any...

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Business Communication Customs in Canada

...Business Communication Customs in Canada Presented to Professor D. A. Beaudoin, MBA Prepared by Claude D. Brooks February 14, 2007 Businesses, today, have gone global and many have formed multinational alliances. This globalization, along with technological advances, and the sheer number of companies dealing internationally has brought about a dramatic change in the way people from different cultural backgrounds interact. These cross cultural differences are most noticeable in areas such as in behavior, etiquette, norms, values, written expressions, oral communication, and non-verbal communication. If workers can understand their own culture, they are then better able to adapt to other cultures when communicating within them. Guffey states that another way to achieve intercultural proficiency is to recognize barriers and ways to overcome them (110). To effectively communicate across international borders, we must be sensitive to other cultures and avoid misunderstandings and contrary views resulting from the various intercultural differences (Guffey101). When communicating to international audiences, workers must also pay special attention to not only oral and written messages, but also nonverbal communication. Nonverbal behavior includes actions and behavior such as eye contact, facial expression, posture, gestures, and the use of time, space, and territory (113). As business communicators, it is...

Words: 1904 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Diversity in the Workplace

...Diversity in the Workplace Alain Kraussman Hall Baker College Online Human Behavior Management of Organization/BUS615 December 6, 2012 Introduction Diversity is defined as “the condition of having or being composed of differing elements: variety; especially: the inclusion of different types of people (as people of different races or cultures) in a group or organization” ("diversity," 2012). These differing elements are becoming more and more prevalent in today’s society, and especially in the business world. Emigrants from every country in the world have made their way to the shores of America, and from there, to millions of companies and organizations across the nation. From the owner of the neighborhood corner store to the CEO position at Citigroup and Pfizer, foreign-born employees are giving this country a new, diverse, face. Diversity is not just of race, but of age, gender, ethnicity, religion, and disability. In every decade since 1900, the percentage of women 16 years and older in the workplace has increased, going from just 18.3 percent in 1900 to 53.6 percent in 2010 ("Women in the," 2007). The same holds true of disabled workers. In December 1976, there were roughly 2,088,242 blind and disabled workers in the United States. Growing nearly every year since, the Social Security Administration reports that as of December 2011, there are 6,996,435 blind and disabled people in the workforce ("Ssi annual statistical...

Words: 2619 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Forest People

...Participant observation is defined as first hand experience. Participant observation is a method developed by Anthropologists in the early 20th century. When Anthropologists noticed that in order to fully understand the question, “Why” in culture. Why do a certain people do this, why is that important, or why do they all do it, are just some of the questions anthropologists use participant observation. The key to participant observation is fieldwork, where the anthropologist actively lives with the people of the culture they are studying for about a year or more. Where the anthropologist goes through culture shock by leaving all their possessions at home and starting a new. This technique of studying gets the anthropologist to become one with the culture, where they participate in ceremony’s and traditions with the people as a member. So much so that they go through culture shock once they return home, because they have opened their minds to a whole new way of thinking and living. Colin M. Turnbull is an anthropologist who went to live in the Ituri Forest with a group of people called the Pygmies. The Pygmies is a culture that many people before Turnbull mistaken as uneducated and weren’t living life to the fullest because of this. Turnbull had two voyages to the Forest where in his first voyage he saw the Nkumbi ritual and was inducted as a member of the Pygmies. Two years later he went back to the forest leaving everything behind, unlike his first voyage where he believed he...

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...ETHNOCENTRISM Ethnocentrism is the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured in relation to one's own. The ethnocentric individual will judge other groups relative to his or her own particular ethnic group or culture, especially with concern to language, behaviour, customs, and religion. The term ethnocentrism was coined by William G. Sumner, upon observing the tendency for people to differentiate between the in group and others. Ethnocentrism occurs when one culture or nation places itself at the top of an imagined hierarchy of cultures and nations and subsequently assigns other cultures and nations equivalent or lower value on that scale. To be fair, a system of belief in which someone doesn't consider his or her own as the right one is inherently inconsistent, for it is admitting its own falseness. With this in mind, it is important to examine the bases for our beliefs regarding other cultures and nations. The tendency to evaluate other groups according to the values and standards of one's own ethnic group, especially with the conviction that one's own ethnic group is superior to the other groups. "The fallacy of ethnocentrism is committed...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Creating Cultural Synergy:

...Creating Cultural Synergy: A Management Plan for a culturally diverse team Theresa Famolaro MGMT 615 Dr. Linda Smith 20 March 2012 Introduction This paper presents a problematic multicultural team scenario and a management plan to bring about the team’s effectiveness and success through cultural synergy. A summary of the conflict among team members sets the stage for an innovative solution, while a description of the emergence of multicultural teams in the workplace provides a context. Initially, an assessment of the cultural diversity of the team members is provided. Then, a plan to leverage the richness of culturally diverse team members working together is explored. Finally, in the event that the plan is unsuccessful, a backup plan is offered for consideration. Due to globalization, people from various cultures find themselves working with individuals from other cultures, often in an intercultural team environment. A team is an interdependent group of individuals brought together for innovation and the achievement of a specific goal (Northouse, 2010). Team cohesiveness is positively associated with openness of opinions and collaboration between team members. Disagreement within teams negatively affects team members from sharing points of view (Woerkom & Sanders, 2010). Multicultural teams are more likely to display less cohesion than teams with members that share the same culture. Cultural diversity...

Words: 3454 - Pages: 14

Free Essay


...Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business Marketing to the Generations, Page 1 Marketing to the Generations Kaylene C. Williams California State University, Stanislaus Robert A. Page Southern Connecticut State University ABSTRACT Each generation has unique expectations, experiences, generational history, lifestyles, values, and demographics that influence their buying behaviors. Accordingly, many companies are reaching out to multi-generational consumers and trying to understand and gain the attention of these diverse buyers. Multi-generational marketing is the practice of appealing to the unique needs and behaviors of individuals within more than one specific generational group, with a generation being a group of individuals born and living about the same time [1]. This means that marketers need to understand the six U.S. generations: Pre-Depression Generation, Depression Generation, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Generation Y, and Generation Z. When a marketer factors in the different characteristics and behaviors of the generations, it should be easier to build relationships, gain trust, and close business. [2, 3] As such, an understanding of multigenerational marketing is very important to the marketer. The purpose of this paper is to describe briefly the U.S. generations in terms of the times in which they grew up as well as the characteristics, lifestyles, and attitudes of the group. However, the primary focus of the paper is to describe various marketing...

Words: 8975 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay


... 2012 Abstract This report is addressed to the senior management team of the following issues: what host foreign countries could face a result of expansion; cultural barriers and diversity issues; diversity in the international arena; description of two political and economic issues due to global expansion and methods addressed to them; and the importance and implications of each item in PPQ Parts expansion plans to Germany and Japan. UNIT INDIVIDUAL PROJECT PPQ Parts has determined that for the company to expand globally over the next several years, its managers must be properly trained in multiculturalism and diversity management. PPQ Parts executives must be aware of any political and economic concerns that may arise during the expansion. A few issues that could arise from the host foreign country as a result of the expansion are as follows: * Political risks-dealing with profits cause of the drastic changes in a country’s business environment. * Social risks-can cause riots and demonstrations due to abrupt changes in how a company does business in that country. * Economic risks-mismanagement by the country’s government (AIU, 2012). The cultural barriers and diversity issues that are commonly encountered by international/multinational (MNC) and global organizations are social, cultural, economic, legal, and political differences; quotas; tariffs; and subsidies (AIU, 2012). Diversity has become an important topic in the international arena due to...

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Culture Shock

...Culture Shock The first thing I would have done to prepare myself from the culture shock is study the Yanomamo. I would have studied their way of life, what they ate, how they dressed, their language, mannerisms, and every detail I can get. If however, I don’t have that information handy, I would have at least asked the guide a few questions before entering the area where the people are living. A culture shock is really hard to prepare for, unless one has studied about it beforehand or else it wouldn’t be a shock at all. Witnessing firsthand my ancestor culture, the Filipino culture, was a big deal when I was a young. Since I was raised in America at the age of two, and learned American culture and language through my schooling, I never associated with my Filipino culture other than through my parents, which even they are much “Americanized.” When my relatives from the Philippines, they seemed like normal people until they cooked food I personally found appalling. My relatives cooked and ate dinuguan and balut. Dinuguan is pig blood stew, and balut is a baby duck egg. I was very shocked they ate this food, which I never heard or eaten. My parents ate it before but have never cooked it and put it on my plate, so it was obviously something I assumed my parents didn’t particularly like eating. I learned my lesson that maybe I should research the Filipino culture before I judge. Just as they were shocked about my “Americanized” attitude, I was shocked with what they ate. I believe...

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leading Intergenerational Teams

...Leading Intergenerational Teams Workspace demographics now span four generations. A twenty-something hired this year can expect to find that they working with colleagues who are older than they are by fifty or more years. The reason for this is primarily due to labor shortages for trained personnel in many industries. In addition, many older workers are now delaying retirement due for economic or other reasons. Many of the baby boomer generation can now be expected to delay retirement into their seventies. (Randstad USA) As you will learn, an inter-generational workforce provides many opportunities and challenges. While generational differences can and do lead to frustration, conflicts and poor morale, they do not have to. This section of the handbook will help you to better understand effective methods for leading and working with intergenerational teams. You will see that the differences brought to the mix by different generations can lead to increased productivity, creativity and success. In addition, you will understand the programs and benefits offered to enhance and optimize the benefits of maintaining an inter-generational workforce. Defining the Generations In an article published in the Journal for Quality and Participation, Gesell provides the following definitions of the generations. The Silent Generation. Born between 1925 and 1945, this group values hard work, conformity, dedication, sacrifice and patience. They are comfortable with delayed recognition...

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...------------------------------------------------- WORKPLACE DIVERSITY ------------------------------------------------- (CULTURAL DIVERSITY) SAZIA KHAN SANJA GM410: FOUNDATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION. INSTRUCTION: ROBERT WOODS Keller Graduate School of Management Introduction: The social composition of the world is changing. And the increasing of the globalization demands more interaction with people from diverse cultures religion and background ever before. As a result of that the demography of the world is changing. The word becomes a single market place. Anyone with a cell phone or access to the internet is a potential customer. In today’s global economy traditional barrier are disappear. So being increasing the opportunity as well as competition if the company wants to compete effectively and globally, Todays Companies need to realize that they longer have is now essential to be knowledgeable about and be able to communicate with people of different nationalities cultures and religions. Corporation realizes that they must embrace that diversity in the workplace brings. What is Work place Diversity Workplace diversity refers to the variety of differences between people in an organization. That means diversity encompasses race, gender, culture, ethnic group, age, personality, cognitive style, tenure, organizational function, education, background and more. Diversity not only involves how people perceive themselves, but how they perceive others...

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Impact of Globalization on Bangladesh In: Computers and Technology Impact of Globalization on Bangladesh Impact Of Globalization On Bangladesh Globalization has become a buzzword in the new era of international relations. Basically it is a process of expanding trade and commerce all over the world by creating a frontier-less market. But now it has had a far-reaching effect on many aspects of life Impact Of Globalization On Bangladesh : Impact of globalization is obvious in the following spheres : • Impact On Communication : With the impact of high-tech communication media and ultramodern transportation facilities, the world has come closer. Now we can learn instantly what is happening in the farthest region. Countries of the world have become like families in a village. They can share their joys and sorrows like next-door neighbors. • Impact On The Economy : The Impact Of globalization on Bangladesh economy cannot be denied. Like the developing countries of the world our country is getting benefit out of border-less market. Our GDP has increased. Garment industries are considered the foreign exchange earner. In terms of investment, employment and exports, the functioning EPZs(Export Processing Zones) have been greatly successful. • Impact On Modern Technology : Globalization is now largely based on a strong technological foundation. The electronic transfer of information via the internet has now created an instantaneous and inter-connected world of information resulting...

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sociopolitical Factors and Diversity

...Sociopolitical Factors and Diversity Angie Kauffman Psych 535 September 7, 2013 Sociopolitical Factors and Diversity As society continues to diversify, both psychologists and therapists need to develop awareness for each client’s perspective, beliefs, and values. An individual’s perspective may differ from the perspective of his or her therapist. Thus, psychologists and therapists alike must develop an understanding of cultural diversity. Pederson and Locke (1999) stress the need for training in the culture-centered approach to gain, “accurate assessment, meaningful understanding, and appropriate intervention” (p. 11). A variety of factors can affect the understanding of a culturally diverse individual, such as homelessness, sexual harassment, and racism. Through an understanding of those three sociopolitical factors, psychologists and therapists can see the impact of these factors on psychological development, behavior, and distress. As a result, practices may be put in place to help minimize potentially harmful consequences. Homelessness Approximately two and a half million people are homeless and 30-50% of this group consists of families with children (Pedersen & Locke, 1999). According to Pederson and Locke (1999), homeless is defined if an individual meets one of the following criteria: • Inability to secure regular and stable housing • Primary residence is a public or private shelter • Occupying a place not designated for housing (p. 90). The homeless...

Words: 1907 - Pages: 8