Free Essay

Comparison of the Book of John and the Quran Chapter 4

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By LauraS1
Words 1519
Pages 7
Comparison of Book of John versus Quran – Chapter 4, Al Nisa, Women
The purpose of this paper is to provide my layman’s comparison of The Book of John from the Bible and Chapter 4, Al Nisa, Women of the Quran.
My primary impression of the two books are that they are vastly different in how they read. The Book of John reads like a story, a narrative per say while Chapter 4 of the Quran reads much like a legal document or contract. The two books are very different and deliver very different messages to the reader.
The Quran, Chapter 4 focus’ on women, it outlines their rights and their obligations. This chapter covers subjects such as a woman’s rights, how orphans are to be treated, inheritance, their obligations, modesty, behavior, tremendous and unparalleled sins, ethical issues, weapons, polygamy and men’s superiority over them.
Female orphans can marry their guardian, if they wish. She is entitled to her fair dower. However, if she has poor relatives then they should be present at the time her inheritance is disbursed so that they may claim a share of it, that way they are not disappointed. If a woman is not an orphan and inherits from a family members death there is a very distinct division of property. Women (daughters) are entitled to a one-sixth share. A man (sons) would receive the equivalent of two sisters, or one-third. If an adult child dies and has no heirs then the parents inherit their property, one-third to the mother, two-thirds to the father. There are multiple scenarios on how property is to be split within this portion of the chapter.
Lewd and lascivious behavior is address for both women and men. Women who are found guilty of committing sexual immorality are either confined indoors for life or can repent and marry their partner. If men commit homosexual acts, both are punished, they must repent and abstain from such behavior.
Marriage, a man is allowed up to four wives. It is strictly outlined the degrees of relationship which a man is forbidden to marry within, such as, a man cannot marry his mother, daughter, sister, paternal or maternal aunts, nieces, two sisters at the same time, daughter-in-laws or women who are already married. Submission, women are instructed to be obedient and responsible in their behavior, if they refuse to share the bed and the husband speaks kindly to them and they ignore them, the husband can then beat them.
It is repeated throughout that God is Omnipotent, and one’s fate rests in God’s hands, that God shall gather all hypocrites and infidels, who deny Him, all together in the kingdom of Hell. Under verse 48 it says, Never shall God forgive the impious irreverence of incorporating with Him other deities, but forgives He all else to whom He will. And he who incorporates with God other deities shall have committed the most heinous sin. It is clear why the Muslim religion feels that Christians are infidels, since their monotheistic view clashes with the Trinity of Christian belief.
The Book of John read more like a narrative for me, a summary of events, a story. The Book of John begins with an introduction, “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God”. John tells that the Word is Jesus and he became a man to live among humanity. John was said to be one of Jesus’ inner circle. The Book of John tells of Jesus’ ministry and the various miracles Jesus performed; turning water into wine (John 2:1-11), healing the nobleman’s son (John 4:46-53), Healing the man at the pool (John 5:1-9), Jesus feeds the 5,000 (John 6:4-13), Jesus walks on water (John 6:16-21), Healing of the blind man (John 9:1-12) and Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead (John 11:3-44). During Jesus’ ministry he refers to himself as the I AM.
The Book of John tells of the events leading up to Jesus’ death. It tells of the last supper with his disciples and the washing of their feet. It tells of the betrayal and denial by Simon Peter to Judas. Jesus predicts his death and tells his disciples to remain vigilant. Jesus doesn’t want the disciples to mourn him, for he is returning to his father in heaven.
The last three chapters in the Book of John tell of the trial which Jesus’ is found guilty and sentenced to be flogged and crucified. Jesus was humiliated in public, mocked by them placing a crown of thorns on his head since he was said to be the “king”, and made to carry the very cross he would be later crucified on. After Jesus’ crucifixion his body was laid in the tomb closed by a large boulder. Three days later he rose from his tomb, revealed himself to Mary Magdalene and all of his disciples except Thomas who was not present. However, eight days later he revealed himself to Thomas and showed him the holes in his hands and side proving to him that he had risen. The very last verse in the Book of John 21:25 states, And there are also many other things which Jesus did. If they should be all recorded one by one (in detail), I suppose that even the world itself could not contain (have room for) the books that would be written.
Comparing the two books for contrast and content it is clear that the Quran was written as a diagram of what to do to be right with God, while the Book of John appears to be written as a testimony of the story of Jesus. Both books encourage living by the word of God and following his commands. Though the Quran outlines the rules, the Book of John serves to lead people to eternal life by convincing them of Jesus’ deity.
As to believers living out the words of their respective beliefs I would personally have to say from general observation that the Muslim followers are more respectful and diligent in their practices. I attended a church service three years ago with a friend and the minister had a McDonald’s bag up on the altar, I personally found it very disrespetful. In 2010, I had the opportunity to travel to Egypt, a country that is predominately Muslim. There were mosques throughout every city and when the adhan sounds, which happened 4-5 times a day people would stop what they were doing and pray. Mosques are revered and respected, shoes must be removed prior to entering. In Cairo, women would commonly walk behind the men they were with when out in public. One of our tour guides explained that though there are still those who practice the rearranged marriages. However, today it is common for suitors to date (with chaperones present) the woman and once they are engaged it is expected that the male have enough money to be able to provide the couple with a home once they marry. Our tour group was invited to join an Egyptian family in their home for dinner, there were six of us that were females and my fiancée was the only male. However, since he was in their home and he was a stranger, all the women in the home wore their hijabs in obedience of the modesty tradition. Our group was told by one of the tour guides that though a few of the women in our group were not modestly dressed, as they had hoped they would be while in their country, it was important that we, as women, did not look any man in the eye. It would be inappropriate and considered “flirting”. However, he was kind enough to suggest that if we wore sunglasses that it may not be as noticeable.
There are some commonalities between the two. Both agree that Jesus was sent to us from God, men are to be the spiritual leader of the household and women are to be subservient. Are Muslims right or wrong in their beliefs? Are Christians right or wrong in theirs? That is not for me to judge. I personally think we should all be respectful of others beliefs whether we agree with them or not. As to the question of which of the two chapters I preferred to read…The Book of John. I am partial to our Bible and the Book of John over the Quran, primarily because it is what I was raised with and therefore what I practice and believe to be true. When the Day of Judgment arrives we will all find out then which belief was accurate. Until the end of my days I will remain vigilant to John 3:16, For God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten Son, so that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life. I will do my best to walk a righteous path and follow God’s word. (1501)

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Nadeemzafar78

...Quran From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Part of a series on the | Quran | | Mus'haf | Sura · Ayah | Central figures | Adam · Noah · Abraham · Joseph · Moses King David · King Solomon · Mary Jesus Christ · Muhammad | Quran reading | Tajwid · Hizb · Tarteel · Quranic guardian Manzil · Qari' · Juz' · Rasm · Ruku' · Sujud | Translations | List of translations · English translations | History | Meccan suras · Medinan suras | Tafsir | Persons related to verses · Justice Asbab al-nuzul · Naskh · Biblical narratives Tahrif · Bakkah · Muqatta'at Esoteric interpretation | Quran and Sunnah | Literalism · Miracles · Science Female figures | Perspectives | Shia · Criticism · Desecration Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn · Tanazzulat Qisas Al-Anbiya · House of the Quran | * v * d * e | | This article contains Arabic text, written from right to left in a cursive style with some letters joined. Without proper rendering support, you may see unjoined Arabic letters written left-to-right instead of right-to-left or other symbols instead of Arabic script. | This article is part of the series: | Islam | | Beliefs[show]Oneness of God Prophets · Revealed books Angels · Predestination Day of Resurrection | Practices[show]Profession of faith · Prayer Fasting · Alms · Pilgrimage | Texts & laws[show]Quran · Sunnah · Hadith Fiqh · Sharia · Kalam | History & leaders[show]Timeline ·......

Words: 11768 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Psyc

...Worldviews of Islam and Christianity A worldview is the framework that one sets their level of standard to in making decisions that are right for them to live by. A worldview is beliefs that you hold near and dear to your heart. You choose to live by these worldviews because it is who makes you who you are. Each person’s worldview is different from others and that is what makes us each an individual. Our worldview is developed and molded through our upbringing, our life experiences, our religion and our surroundings. I do believe nurture and nature both play a huge part in shaping our worldviews. We are shaped into our worldview from being nurtured as a baby, child and then adult. We have our worldviews through nature by the surroundings and society we live in and how we perceive them. The Question of Origin – (How did life begin? How did mankind come into existence?) How would your selected worldview answer this question? Compare and Contrast this with how the biblical worldview would answer this question. According to Islam belief, man came about over a period of time that first stemmed from animals, as they animals got bigger, some sort of rock or stone was formed. With the mixing of this stone from the earth, with added water, man evolved. Eventually, man became intelligent and was able to live and prosper around the others evolved the same way. This took a period of time, it did not just happen. Compared to Christianity, Christianity was formed and...

Words: 1861 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Business Economices

...[pic]East West University ENG102 Term Paper: Concept of God Course Title : Composition & Communication Skills Section : 04 Submitted to : Farhana Farid Senior Lecturer Department of English Submitted by : Mahmudul Haque ID: 2008-2-10-049 Concept of God Whenever we get into any trouble, especially when we face it alone, and feel helpless, we remember and want help from someone, someone very powerful. Again, when we commit any crime, we feel guilty from our conscious mind but we also get a little frightened that someone is watching and that we will have to pay the cost of our actions to that someone. This super power being is God who is called by different names in different tribes but the concept is somewhat similar. For example, one thing common in all the Major Religions of the world is that the God they worship, they believe He is the same God for them as well as for the others. Initially, we will discuss the concept of God in major religions. First we will try to see the concept from the angle of the general followers of those religions. Then we will try to get a general concept according to the authentic sources of those religions. Concept of God in Hinduism: Hinduism is not actually the name of the religion. It is a geographical name but the British put this name forward for the religion to make a division. The actual name for the religion is ‘Veda’ or ‘Brahmanism’. It is a Non-Semitic, Aryan, Vedic......

Words: 3239 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Islamiat

... ISLAMIAT The only book you will ever need to excel MUHAMMAD BILAL ASLAM 1 All rights reserved No portion of this book may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means without written permission of the author. Book’s Name Author Printer : : : MASTERING O’LVEL ISLAMIAT MUHAMMAD B I LAL ASLAM MAKTABA-JADEED PRESS 14-Empress Road, Lahore. TARIQ NAJIB CORPORATION 16-Temple Road, Lahore. ANEES BOOK CORNER Main Market, Gulberg, Lahore Phone: 042-5751683, 042-5757971, 0300-4498313 1999 2001 2006 2008 Publisher : Stockist : First Edition Second Edition Third Edition Fourth Edition Price : : : : : Rs. 300/- 2 Preface This fourth edition of `Mastering O Level Islamiat’ has been updated in line with the requirements of 200ave tried to make this version as complete and well-rounded as possible by adding a number of new sections and chapters so that students have all the possible information they require under one cover. I have also included in this new version ten standard maps to enable the students to better comprehend a situation and to know where exactly the event took place at the given point of time. Judging by the feedback I have received since this book was first published in 1999, I have very high hopes that Insha Allah it will be as helpful to students as it was then. Amen! Muhammad Bilal Aslam 3 4 Table of Contents • Preface Passages from the Holy Quran History and Importance of the Holy Quran Arabia Before Islam......

Words: 106196 - Pages: 425

Premium Essay

Love

...attitudes, ranging from pleasure ("I loved that meal") to interpersonal attraction ("I love my partner"). "Love" may refer specifically to the passionate desire and intimacy of romantic love, to the sexual love of eros, to the emotional closeness of familial love, to the platonic love that defines friendship,[4] or to the profound oneness or devotion of religious love[5], or to a concept of love that encompasses all of those feelings. This diversity of uses and meanings, combined with the complexity of the feelings involved, makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states. Love in its various forms acts as a major facilitator of interpersonal relationships and, owing to its central psychological importance, is one of the most common themes in the creative arts.[6] Love may be understood as part of the survival instinct, a function to keep human beings together against menaces and to facilitate the continuation of the species.[7] Contents [hide] 1 Definitions 2 Impersonal love 3 Interpersonal love 3.1 Biological basis 3.2 Psychological basis 3.3 Evolutionary basis 3.4 Comparison of scientific models 4 Cultural views 4.1 Ancient Greek 4.2 Ancient Roman (Latin) 4.3 Chinese and other Sinic...

Words: 7542 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Hajj

...began teaching again at Mashad University. As a Muslim sociologist, he sought to explain the problems of Muslim societies in the light of Islamic principles - explaining them and discussing them with his students. Very soon, he gained popularity with the students and different social classes in Iran. For this reason, the regime felt obliged to discontinue his courses at the university. Then he was transferred to Teheran. There, Dr. Shariati continued his very active and brilliant career. His lectures at Houssein-e-Ershad Religious Institute attracted not only six thousand students who registered in his summer classes, but also many thousands of people from different backgrounds who were fascinated by his teachings. The first edition of his book ran over sixty thousand copies...

Words: 44655 - Pages: 179

Premium Essay

Wael Hallaq, Shari'a

...This page intentionally left blank An Introduction to Islamic Law The study of Islamic law can be a forbidding prospect for those entering the field for the first time. Wael Hallaq, a leading scholar and practitioner of Islamic law, guides students through the intricacies of the subject in this absorbing introduction. The first half of the book is devoted to a discussion of Islamic law in its pre-modern natural habitat. The author expounds on the roles of jurists, who reasoned about the law, and of judges and others who administered justice; on how different legal schools came to be established, and on how a moral law functioned in early Muslim society generally. The second part explains how the law was transformed and ultimately dismantled during the colonial period. As the author demonstrates, this rupture necessitated its reinvention in the twentiethcentury world of nation-states. In the final chapters, the author charts recent developments and the struggles of the Islamists to negotiate changes which have seen the law emerge as a primarily textual entity focused on fixed punishments and ritual requirements. The book, which includes a chronology, a glossary of key terms and lists for further reading, will be the first stop for those who wish to understand the fundamentals of Islamic law, its practices and its history. w a e l b . h a l l a q is James McGill Professor in Islamic Law in the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University. He is a......

Words: 86898 - Pages: 348

Free Essay

Comparison of Principles of Sale Contract Between Conventional and Shari’ah Laws

...KULLIYYAH OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES ‘Comparison of Principles of Sale Contract between Conventional and Shari’ah Laws’ LAW 3512 COMMERCIAL LAWS (SECTION 3) Any form of cheating or attempt to cheat is a serious Offence which may lead to dismissal Introduction We are blessed as a human being on the earth as the only creature created by God who has the ability to think upon choosing between alternatives. Humans are associates with many labels and beliefs that they uphold throughout their life. Major differences of choosing between alternatives would be based on their framework of thinking mostly derive from their religions or beliefs. Speaking from Malaysia context, Islamic belief would be a stronger influence for Malaysian citizens before embarking into any decision. Although, Malaysia is known as the Islamic state but Malaysia still uphold conventional laws as the supreme laws for the state over Islamic Laws which ruled by the Federal Court. Islamic Laws would only covers family laws, inheritance and few specific issues among muslims[1]. We would further discuss on the framework of sale contract from Islamic and conventional point of view. Take a look around and it is apparent in our daily lives that transactions need to occur for us to carry on sustaining our needs and wants. As humans we ought to want things and we need to have goods that are essential for our daily lives in order to carry on living our......

Words: 6604 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Fascism

...4 March: City of God – Utopian Reader – include a little bit on it – 22 volumes in all. Christianity – Augustine – classicly trained greek scholar. City in north Africa. Story like apostle Paul – orginially a person who persecuted Christians – north African wealth family from – found enlightenment in Christianity. Once he joined became one of the early scholars trained in greek – regulized Christian theology. Influence on western world – top four or five who influenced. Confessions and City of God his writings…look up! What’s the purpose of improving human society – complex – why do it? Can human society be made better? Why bother, what is the point, justification? Takes effort, misery involved, change, unknowns, takes energy, takes risks. HAPPINESS – justification for improving society. What do you have to have to be happy? What is happiness – PHI 101 – happiness according to whom? Lack of misery; literally the elimination of misery. Secondly, food – gives pleasure – Happiness is lack of human misery and maximizing /pleasure and happiness. Bliss 24/7 – hedonism Epicureanism – eliminating misery and maximizing happiness. The justification of utopianism = why did plato want the republic? Justisifcation for improving human society among the Greeks? Poor always poor, always unhappy, death claims everyone - it is rational to maximize pleasure and eliminate misery. Do eternally accouding to plato. Opinions – 1. Relativism is a retreat in the 20th century.......

Words: 44275 - Pages: 178

Free Essay

Religion

...The Gospel ACCORDING TO FEMIGOD He who has ears, let him hear The author and publisher have provided this e-book to you without Digital Rights Management software (DRM) applied so that you can enjoy reading it on your personal devices. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO FEMIGOD Copyright © 2013 by Femigod Ltd. Published by Femigod Ltd. www.femigod.com Femigod® is a registered trademark of Femigod Ltd. ISBN: 9780992642600 For my darling sister, Pero. I love you dearly. No matter what you want, it’s yours. Beyond money and weapons.  Contents Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 1 Book One: Understanding Mainstream and Organised Religion.............................................................. 5 Christianity ............................................................................................................................................ 6 Islam ...................................................................................................................................................... 9 Hinduism.............................................................................................................................................. 12 Buddhism ........................................................................................................................................... 155 Chinese traditional religions ...........

Words: 76280 - Pages: 306

Free Essay

Islamic and Conventional Banking

...differences between these instruments. Islamic and conventional banks are all banks but having different system of managements, aspects, history, products and even acceptance according to laws. The research will discuss these aspects and more to make people aware of these instruments so as to remove the confusion on them and make them choose the best with the best reasons. This study will be divided in to three chapters. Chapter one will be all about Islamic and Conventional banks, theirs nature, history, products offered and many more. Chapter two will discuss and show the similarities and differences of these banks. Chapter three as the final chapter will discuss the case study of Islamic banks in Tanzania. I pray to Allah to make this study be the sources of awareness about these banks especially in Tanzania where by people haven’t got exactly meaning and differences of these banks. 2) JUSTIFICATION OF THE RESEARCH: i. The research will define, show and explain the short history of Islamic and Conventional banks. ii. This research will show the comparison of Islamic and Conventional banks. iii. The research will show roles and activities of Islamic and Conventional banks in the community. iv. In this research products offered by these banks will be...

Words: 14520 - Pages: 59

Premium Essay

Title

...I ‫الجامعة اإلسالمية -غزة‬ ‫كليــــــة التـــجــــــــارة‬ ‫قســــم المحــاسبـــــــــة‬ Islamic University – Gaza Faculty of Commerce Department of Accounting A Graduation Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty of Commerce The Islamic University of Gaza Prepared By Mosa zuhair al-nassan Mosbah al-shaghnobi Mohammed Nabaheen 120091941 120092552 120102597 Supervisor's name Mr. Salah Shubir 3102 I ‫‪I‬‬ ‫‪A Holy Qur'an Verse‬‬ ‫‪A Holy Qur'an Verse‬‬ ‫} وَقُل اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ{‬ ‫سورة التوبة– اآلية 105‬ ‫صدق اهلل العظيم‬ ‫‪I‬‬ Dedication Dedication We dedicate this work to our lovely Palestine, to second home of Islamic university, and to our parents, who sacrificed everything in their life for us, and also we thank them for pushing us to success. For all of Those, Who are inspiring us and see us on our way. II II Acknowledgement Acknowledgement In the beginning, we thank Allah for giving us the strength and health to let this work see the light and our parents for their help and support. Our Prophet Mohammed said: “Who doesn’t thank people he doesn’t thank Allah”. We want to thank everyone help and participated in making this study starting from our honorable: Mr. Salah Shubair. Who put a lot of faith in our capabilities and encouraged us to complete this study. We thank all of our teachers in the faculty of commerce and our......

Words: 11924 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Essay

...Master Thesis Computer Science Thesis no: MCS-2010-23 June 2010 Principles for Distributed Databases in Telecom Environment Imran Ashraf Amir Shahzed Khokhar School of Computing School of Computing Blekinge Institute of Technology Blekinge Institute of Technology Box 520520 Box SE – 372372 Ronneby SE – 25 25 Ronneby Sweden Sweden This thesis is submitted to the School of Computing at Blekinge Institute of Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Computer Science. The thesis is equivalent to 20 weeks of full time studies. Contact Information: Author(s): Imran Ashraf Address: c/o Gulfam Abbas, Älgbacken 4 LGH 081, 37234 Ronneby, Sweden E-mail: im_qamar@yahoo.com Phone: +46 700746734 Amir Shahzed Khokhar Address: c/o Gulfam Abbas, Älgbacken 4 LGH 081, 37234 Ronneby, Sweden E-mail: amir_ask@yahoo.com Phone: +46 760811926 University advisor(s): Professor Lars Lundbarg School of Computing Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden External advisor(s): Magnus Vigerlöf Ericsson AB Address: Ölandsgatan 1, 371 23 Karlskrona Phone: +46 10 7140404 School of Computing Blekinge Institute of Technology Box 520 SE – 372 25 Ronneby Sweden Internet Phone Fax : www.bth.se/com : +46 457 38 50 00 : + 46 457 102 45 2 Abstract Centralized databases are becoming bottleneck for organizations that are physically distributed and access data remotely. Data management is easy in centralized databases. However, it......

Words: 17534 - Pages: 71

Free Essay

Risk Management in Islamic Banking and Finance

.............................................................................................. vi  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .................................................................................................. vii  DEDICATION .................................................................................................................. viii  LIST OF TABLES .............................................................................................................. ix  LIST OF FIGURES...............................................................................................................x  GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................................... xi  CHAPTER 1 .........................................................................................................................1  INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE ............................................1  Reasons for Research in This Topic...

Words: 34301 - Pages: 138

Free Essay

Women in Democractic Politics in Pakistan

...representation into political influence. The context of the devolution of power process in Pakistan shows that it is not enough to only set up democratic institutions to achieve women’s political effectiveness. Instead there is need for significant support through the state, political parties and civil society. To personalise the political is necessary for successfully being able to achieve policy outcomes that reflect women’s interests. Table of contents Abbreviations & Foreign Words 4 List of Figures and Tables 5 Acknowledgements 6 1. Introduction 7 Choice of case study 8/ Methodology 9/ Dissertation structure 10 2. Locating women’s engagement in democratisation 11 3. Imagining the political: women and the nature of the state 16 The framework of the state 16/ Defining access: affirmative action policies in Pakistan 16/ Devolving power to the grassroots 18/ Personalising the political: the presence of women councillors 20 4. Institutionalising the political: political parties and women’s involvement in the political system 22 Party membership structures 23/ Women’s wings and party manifestos 24/ Caucusing across party lines 24/ Personalising the political: the presence of policy making 26 5. Associating the political: civil society and women’s political engagement 28 Advocating for equity: the women’s movement 28/ Other forms of...

Words: 13394 - Pages: 54