Premium Essay

Computer Integrated Manufacturing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By shankara
Words 291
Pages 2
Automated business process
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2008) |
Many computer systems are available in the commercial marketplace that address the various aspects of Business Process Management. Most address one specific set of functionality; for instance, some allow the processes to be mapped (see Business Process Mapping) and documented (such as Visio); others allow for simulations to take place (such as ARIS). But most of these are very limited in their ability to address the full requirements of BPM.
Very few systems provide for full automation. These allow the users to define the process flow and then enter the business rules' that generate the complete working system, including the database and all application logic. They also provide full management facilities to manage the running of the processes (such as changing users when someone is off sick), as well as a complete history trail so that activity-based costing analyses can take place. They also provide full statistical analyses (P and R Measures) that allow the automated process to be changed and improved.
These system differ from all traditional IT developments in that everything is time based. Traditional systems (often found as Legacy systems) are 'passive', in that they provide excellent functionality when specifically asked to do something - they will answer enquries, process updates and produce reports. Active systems are driven by time - in what sequence must activities happen; when must tasks be completed and by when; what happens if work misses a deadline; how are parallel activities to be resynchronised. These facilities are all handled by true...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Operations Management Studyguide

...Chapter 5- GLOBAL COMPANY PROFILE: Regal Marine world’s 3rd largest boat manufacturer; Regal uses CAD computer aided design; Regal uses JIT inventory to deliver parts as needed. GOODS & SERVICES SELECTION: The good or service provided is basis for an organization’s existence and the key to success; To maximize success, companies focus and concentrate on few products; Companies must look constantly for new products to design; Product Decision- to develop, implement a product strategy that meets the demands of the marketplace with a competitive advantage; Product strategy is 1 of 10 decisions of OM and focuses on developing a competitive advantage thru differentiation, low cost, rapid response, or combination of these. PRODUCT STRATEGY OPTIONS: Product Selection- the choosing of good or service to provide customers or clients; Differentiation- by offering a distinctly unique and high quality product; Taco Bell- has developed a low cost and high value product line; Toyota- a rapid response to changing customer demand; PRODUCT LIFE CYCLES: Intro Phase- the product is being fine-tuned for market, negative cash flow due to research, product development, process modification, and supplier development; Growth Phase- product design is stabilizing, requires effective forecasting of capacity requirements; Maturity Phase- high sales revenue, competitors are established, improved cost control, reduction in options of product line necessary for profitability and market share; Decline......

Words: 2284 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Living on Another Planet

...COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN (CAD) AND COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURING (CAM) Photo by: higyou Computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) are a pair of often interdependent industrial computer applications that have greatly influenced the chain of processes between the initial design and the final realization of a product. Many would add to this duo a third technology, computer-aided engineering (CAE). Ongoing refinements in CAD/CAM systems continue to save manufacturers tens of millions of dollars in time and resources over non-computerized methods. As a consequence, CAD and CAM technologies are responsible for massive gains in both productivity and quality, particularly since the 1980s. For some purposes CAD and CAM methods can be used exclusively of one another, and in general, CAD is used more commonly than CAM. CAD involves creating computer models defined by geometrical parameters. These models typically appear on a computer monitor as a three-dimensional representation of a part or a system of parts, which can be readily altered by changing relevant parameters. CAD systems enable designers to view objects under a wide variety of representations and to test these objects by simulating real-world conditions. CAM picks up where CAD leaves off by using geometrical design data to control automated machinery. CAM systems are associated with computer numerical control (CNC) or direct numerical control (DNC) systems. These systems differ from older......

Words: 2560 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Process Selection

...Glossary assembly line Standardized layout arranged according to a fixed sequence of assembly tasks. automation Machinery that has sensing and control devices that enable it to operate automatically. balance delay Percentage of idle time of a line. cellular production Layout in which workstations are grouped into a cell that can process items that have similar processing requirements. computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) The use of computers in process control. computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) A system for linking a broad range of manufacturing activities through an integrating computer system. cycle time The maximum time allowed at each workstation to complete its set of tasks on a unit. fixed-position layout Layout in which the product or project remains stationary, and workers, materials, and equipment are moved as needed. flexible manufacturing system (FMS) A group of machines designed to handle intermittent processing requirements and produce a variety of similar products. group technology The grouping into part families of items with similar design or manufacturing characteristics. intermittent processing Nonrepetitive processing. line balancing The process of assigning tasks to workstations in such a way that the workstations have approximately equal time requirements. numerically controlled (N/C)...

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

All About Computers

...计算机辅助制造概论 An Introduction to Computer Aided Manufacturing 郑联语 教授 机械工程及自动化学院 工业与制造系统工程系(720) 办公电话:82317725 电子邮件: 内容提纲 1 制造工程的发展方向——计算机(现代)集成制造 2 制造自动化技术 刚性和柔性的制造自动化 3 制造工程中的 CAD/CAM技术 4 柔性制造系统(FMS) 5 计算机(现代)集成制造系统(CIMS) 北航 机械学院 工业与制造系统工程系 IMSE(720) 郑联语 教授 制造工程的发展方向—CIM 1 制造工程的发展方向——计算机(现代)集成制造 • 20世纪80年代,工业发达国家,相继启动高技术发展计划 – 美国,战略防御计划 – 法国,尤里卡(EURECA)计划 计划内容大体相似,集中在:电子信息、新材料、新能源、生物、新型 生产体系、宇航、海洋等几大方面。 • 1986年3月,我国提出实施高技术研究与发展计划(863计划) 七个领域: 生物工程; 电子信息技术; 激光技术; 航天技术; 自动化技术(包括计算机集成制造、智能机器人两个主题) 新能源; 新材料; 北航 机械学院 工业与制造系统工程系 IMSE(720) 郑联语 教授 计算机集成制造及其技术基础 • 计算机集成制造(CIM, Computer Integrated Manufacturing) (1)目标: 将企业内从产品构思到出厂的各个生产环节的所有活动都置 于计算机的统一管理控制之下,采用各种CAX技术,由网络和数据库建立 联系和资源共享,从而提高企业整体效益,达到综合自动化。 (2)企业效果:20多年来,先后有200多家企业(国内)实施了或正在实施 CIMS取得明显的经济效益和社会效益,同时也面临很大挑战与问题。 如90年代成都飞机、北京一机床、沈阳鼓风机、杭州汽轮机、郑州 纺织、广东华宝、重庆长安等。 (3)教育态势:欧美国家的重要理工科大学大都建立了与CIM有关的研 究所或实验室,大多数大学还开设了CIM相关技术的课程。 • CIM的技术基础是CAD/CAM, 将各种CAX有机集成。 本质是制造自动化。 北航 机械学院 工业与制造系统工程系 IMSE(720) 郑联语 教授 制造自动化技术 2 制造自动化技术 连续流水作业 自始至终流水作业 传感器用于监测或监控 应用综合控制与优化策略 全部实现计算机化的操作 组合机床和自动机床 自动传输装置 局部或全部自动化装配 机器人用于焊接、装配、喷漆 计算机过程监测或监控 数控机床(NC) 计算机数控(CNC) 直接数字控制(DNC) 自适应控制 机器人应用 柔性制造单元或系统(FMC/FMS) 计算机集成制造系统(CIMS) 数控机床(NC) 计算机数控(CNC) 刚性 自动化 大量生产 成批生产 柔性 自动化 单件生产 北航 机械学院 工业与制造系统工程系 IMSE(720) 郑联语 教授 刚性自动化(Fixed Automation) 2.1 刚性自动化(Fixed Automation)——大批量生产自动化 简史: 19世纪70年代出现 (1873年第一台凸轮控制机床), 1940年后期进入成熟阶段 • 典型模式:美国底特律,福特(Ford)汽车生产线,节拍1辆/分(20年代) 称为福特模式。 长春一汽:奥迪52秒;捷达/宝来38秒(2003); • 生产形式:......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Gainesboro Case Study

...Founded in 1923, the Gainesboro Corporation was originally designed as a manufacturer for various machine parts. As the years went on and technology improved they revamped the company by entering into the new field of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing. The company is currently facing a tough decision as to what type of dividend to payout which has been inconsistent for numerous years. Gainesboro Corporation faces three possible dividend polices that is recommended to help the company for the years to come: zero-dividend payout, 40% dividend payout, or residual-dividend payout. In terms of zero-dividend payout, Gainesboro has the ability to use the “extra” cash to plowback to further their CAD/CAM technological advancements, since the firm has decreased their dividends from 66.5% in 1978 to 20.8% in 1999, a zero-dividend payout may not hurt the company as speculated. Second, the 40% dividend payout which always seems favorable would go in-line with the firms past dividends payouts and could even restore confidence for Gainesboro, but could possibly not benefit the company with the uncertainty in their sales and earnings for the years to come. Third, the residual-dividend payout, which states that the firm will only pay when it offers projects that have positive NPV has the potential to build trust with investors, especially with more institutional investors being value-oriented. Gainesboro will only pay dividends with any unused funds from the projects. ...

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

2019 Cad Market in the Automotive Sector in Apac: Industry Size, Growth, Trends, Analysis, Technology, Report

...ResearchBeam has announced a new Report Package "2019 CAD Market in the Automotive Sector in APAC: Industry Size, Growth, Trends, Analysis, Technology, Report" Report Overview CAD is an effective and efficient tool for modeling and designing products and components with ease and accuracy. It helps engineers, architects, and other design professionals draft industry-specific products to enhance product development. Many industries such as automotive, aerospace and defense, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronics use CAD solutions. These solutions enable end-users to digitally prototype their products before production. As per the analysts forecast the CAD market in the Automotive sector in APAC to grow at a CAGR of 9.16% over the period 2014-2019. Covered in this Report The CAD market in the Automotive sector in APAC can be segmented into two product segments: 3D CAD and 2D CAD. The CAD Market in the Automotive Sector in APAC 2015-2019, has been prepared based on in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The report covers APAC; it also covers market landscape and its growth prospects in the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the key vendors. Key Country • China • India • Japan • South Korea Key Vendors • Autodesk • Dassault Systèmes • PTC • Siemens PLM Software Enquire About Report......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mr Adam

...Hardware and software ICT system in the head office Hardware -‘There is at least one networked laser printer in each department’ ‘There is also an A3 colour laser printer attached to the marketing manager’s workstation as a local printer’ Software -‘All the standard office software is stored on the server, as is the photo editing software’ ICT system in the warehouse and distribution centre Hardware -‘The warehouse manager, the operation director and the distribution manger each has a workstation on their desk and a net worked laser printer’ Software- ‘The warehouse stock database is stored on the server, along with specialist stock management software and scheduling software used by the distribution manager.’ ‘Standard office software is also stored on the server.’ ICT system in the supermarket Hardware- ‘Each checkout has an EFTPOS terminal with a touch screen, barcode reader, customer display screen, and chip and pin card reader.’ ‘The store manager has a net workstation and a networked and laser printer.’ Software- ‘A router provides broadband access to the internet, including a secure link to the banking system for electronic funds transfer.’ ‘The supermarket’s stock database is stored on the server, along with word processing and spreadsheet software. Input, processing and output Checkout procedures Input- ‘The checkout operator scans the barcode of each item’ Processing- ‘The product code is used to look up the......

Words: 1899 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...NAVEA, ANTHONY JOHN C. BLK 3 LOT 33, Carnation St. Camella East, San Nicholas, Bacoor, Cavite ------------------------------------------------- Contact No. 09161618610 OBJECTIVE: To seek an affiliation with an organization which best utilize my education and to work in a firm whose job environment will give me an opportunity to share my professionalism, efficiency and competence through my knowledge, skills and creativity. QUALIFICATION: Can easily adopt to the environment of a company which I can learn more in my skills, knowledge and personal growth, I can operate conventional/non-conventional machines and read measurements with different types of tool. Can easily learn what my trainer will teach me. EDUCATION BACKGROUND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES Ayala Blvd, Ermita, Manila Mechanical Engineering Technology TERTIARY SCHOOL 2011-2014 ST. MATTHEW ACADEMY OF CAVITE NIog, Bacoor, Cavite SECONDARY SCHOOL 2006-2010 ST. THERESE OF LISIEUX SCHOOL Orientville, Molino, Bacoor, Cavite PRIMARY SCHOOL 2000-2006 WORKING EXPERIENCE * 720 HRS. OF SUPERVISED INDUSTRIAL TRAINING METALCAST CORPORATION Mountview Industrial Complex Governor’s Drive, Bo, Bancal, Carmona, Cavite * 3 MONTHS WORK AS CNC OPERATOR METALCAST CORPORATION Mountview Industrial Complex Governor’s Drive, Bo, Bancal, Carmona, Cavite SEMINAR/TRAINING/ACTIVITIES ATTENDED * INTELECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS – T.U...

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...The Production process and the components of technology involved consist of: robots, computer-aided design and manufacturing, flexible manufacturing systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing. Each component is important to the speed and flexibility of the production process of any product. The computer-integrated manufacturing process is where companies have integrated robots, CAD/CAM, FMS, computers, and other technologies as a production system in which computers are there to help workers. The computers will help workers with design products, control machines, handle materials, and control the production function in an integrated fashion. Just because companies have integrated computers into their production process does not mean that there are less people working on the production line. It does implement a new type of automation organized around the computer, in which makes the automation process more simple for the employee. The advantages of computer-integrated manufacturing are the increase in productivity, deceased design costs, increased equipment utilization, and improved quality. With the implementation of the computer-integrated manufacturing companies have to worry less about error on their production line. Computers are helping with the automation of the production and to increase speed and quality of production. When there are only workers that are funning the production line, companies have to include cost for error. With employees doing all......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Operations Management

...Technology Explain the function of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) CIM facilitates the performs the function as to design and produces well services. CIM is a computerize control of manufacturing goods and services throughout operation of a business. This is followed by the CAD Computer-Aid-Design, followed by Computer Aided Manufacturing, by automated design and distribution. The CIM in an integrated system that completed efficient and effective and unique in business operations. Example: In a distribution company such as lascelles wines and spirit ltd, the CAD is used to design new product to the market. Firstly, a product is design throughout on computers screen before a sample is made. If alterations or improvement are necessary for the products, the CAD design software will also detect it on the screen. The computerise system control that is the CAM and automated designs stipulates how the factory works, whereas, it calculates cost production method (how much to manufacture, when and how quickly), testing, packaging (with bar codes), storage and distribution. In terms of it aid in production or manufacturing of products, the system order the necessary materials or components are ordered as needed, in a short space of time. The system also inspect quality is being applied to the product and considering how the products will reach its customers. All storage is automated, this means that the computer control vehicles......

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...ABSTRACT       This research project attempt to highlight the challenges of information and communication technology in Nigeria business organization.       It intends to determine how the information system helps an organization to perform effectively.       Moreover, it also aimed at appraising the possible problems encountered in the installation and structural framework of information and communication technology systems as well as analyzing the socio-economic and indigenous cultural factors that affects the stream (flow) of information in Nigeria business organization.       It has been observed that information and communication technology contribute greatly to the success of business organization in Nigeria.       It has been deduced from the research that individual peculiar culture does not affect information system in functioning effectively.       Finally, in other to make an organization to perform effectively and function well, management should allow flow of information and communication technology system in an organization. Introduction The world is in the mist of the most radical and rapid transformation of commerce and society since the invention of the automobile. During the next few years, electronic markets will grow and begin operating over cheap, accessible public networks, the so-called electronic highway. Whole industries will be destroyed and new ones born. Productivity will leap and competitive advantage shift in the direction of small business.......

Words: 5955 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

The Effects of Technology on Accounting

...most financing accounting was done by hand, which indeed left a long paper trail. “Currently, most accounting information is recorded via computers and wide area networks (Journal of Accountancy, 1994). Technology has changed the face of accounting over the last fifty years. It is unclear whether technology’s has an impact on accounting which can be interpret as being positive and negative. It is clear that technology has changed the accounting period. Some of the impacts of technology are either positive or negative which are simply changes, The impacts of technology on accounting field has been positive, negative and neutral, but the impact results cause an demand on the profession to confirm ti the changes but sudden results ti cause a huge demand the profession to conform to the changes. The advantage of technology is the various tools that it has provided. One example would be computer-integrated manufacturing, communications technology, Image processing and the Internet. An example of the many tools of technology whose purpose is to provide detailed and correct information in a short period of time. The advantage of technology is computer-integrated manufacturing technology. Computer –integrated manufacturing has a significant and positive impact on financial world which involved cost accountants. “With automated manufacturing with marketing and accounting data, increasing both the quantity and timeless of the information (Hansen & Howen, 1997, p.8)”......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

It for Managerment

...CONCEPTS Batch processing • A group (or batch) of transactions are accumulated, then processed all at one time 5 CRITICAL CONCEPTS Batch processing (cont’d) • In the early days of computers, all processes were batched • Major problem is the time delay before the master file is updated 6 CRITICAL CONCEPTS Online processing • Each transaction is entered directly into computer when it occurs 7 CRITICAL CONCEPTS Batch processing vs. Online processing • Significant delay before master • Master file updated within a file is updated (usually 1 day) fraction of a second • Much less expensive to operate • Much more expensive to operate Batch Processing Online Processing • Some applications naturally suited for batch processing (e.g., payroll) • Some applications need to be processed in real time Note: given the tradeoffs, hybrid systems that combine online data entry with batch processing are very common 8 CRITICAL CONCEPTS Online processing 9 CRITICAL CONCEPTS Functional information systems • Information systems that support one of an organization’s primary business functions Example Business Functions and Subsystems Marketing Accounting Production Planning Production Scheduling Personnel Personnel Engineering Sales Forecasting Etc. 10 Vertically integrated information systems • Serve more than one vertical level in an organization or industry Example Sales System Top...

Words: 2531 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Supply Chain

.........(continued) 7 May 2013 Dr. Igira - IFM - FCIM 2 Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Systems 7 May 2013 Dr. Igira - IFM - FCIM 3 Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)  CIM is the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process ◦ integration allows individual processes to exchange information with each other  Manufacturing can be faster and less errorprone.  Relies on closed-loop control processes, based on real-time input from sensors  It is also known as flexible design and manufacturing Key issues in CIM  Automation of product development activities  Planning and control of manufacturing processes  Planning, scheduling and control of factory resources (labor and machines)  Communications and data management capabilities  Quality Management 7 May 2013 Dr. Igira - IFM - FCIM 5 CIM Key Systems 7 May 2013 Dr. Igira - IFM - FCIM 6 Computer system (Communications, Data Management & Control) Design Automation (CAD/CAE) Process Automation (CAM/CAPP/CAT/ Robotics) Engineering Manufacturing CAD Computer Aided Design CAE Computer Aided Engineering CAPP Computer Aided Process Planning CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing CAT Computer Aided Testing CAQ Computer-aided quality assurance 5/7/2013 2 7 May 2013 Dr. Igira - IFM - FCIM 7 1 What are the benefits and challenges of CIM? Computer-Aided Design (CAD)  Also known as Computer Aided Design and Drafting (CADD)  An automated......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Intel Processors

...continuously created new possibilities in the lives of people around the world. 1975 The Altair 8800 microcomputer, based on the Intel® 8080 microprocessor, was the first successful home or personal computer. 1972 The Intel® 4004 processor, Intel’s first microprocessor, powered the Busicom calculator and paved the way for the personal computer. 1994 Intel chips powered almost 75 percent of all desktop computers. 1976 An operator in an early bunnysuit shows how a 4-inch wafer is prepared for a positive acid spin. 1982 Within 6 years of its release, an estimated 15 million 286-based personal computers were installed around the world. 2001 The Itanium® processor is the first in a family of 64-bit products from Intel and is designed for high-end, enterprise-class servers and workstations. 2005 Dual-core technology was introduced. The Revolution Continues 2006 Intel launched four processors for servers under the Xeon 5300 brand, and another processor under the Core 2 Extreme series for high performance computing. These "quad-core" processors show improved performance over others with just one or two processing cores. 1995 Released in the fall of 1995, the Intel® Pentium® Pro processor was designed to fuel 32-bit server and workstation applications, enabling fast computer-aided design, mechanical engineering and scientific computation. Intel continues to deliver on the promise of Moore’s Law with the introduction of powerful multi-core technologies,......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6