Free Essay

Cubism and Surrealism

In: English and Literature

Submitted By caseyxmarie
Words 1074
Pages 5
Cubism & Surrealism: A Break from Tradition

Cubism & Surrealism: A Break from Tradition
Since the introduction of perspective during the Renaissance, artists painted in a way that imitated the natural world. Some artists, such as the Impressionists, painted the world as seen through his own eyes. Others, such as the Realists, aimed to paint the world as it actually was by using precise detail and realistic subjects. It wasn’t until 1907 that artists began to look beyond nature and reality and into the creative corners of their minds to depict art that wasn’t based in the natural world. Cubism pioneered the way for this break from tradition with its unique take on perspective while Surrealism deviated even further through exploration of the subconscious mind.
Cubism developed in a time of technological advances. Photography had become common and was threatening painting as a way of documenting the natural world. Art needed to evolve its purpose. (Bewley, 2013) Cubists changed the way they approached painting by rejecting the tradition of painting the world as our eyes see it and, instead, they painted subjects broken up and reassembled in abstract form from different perspectives and viewpoints. Influenced by African mask carvings, Picasso created Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, the first painting which exhibited cubism elements. (FozzyFozz, 2012)
Although not considered a Cubist painting, Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is regarded by many as a pre-Cubist painting. Picasso’s use of simple geometric shapes and multiple planes are both characteristics that would later be used to define Cubism. Cubism features abstraction – artists disassemble, analyze and reassemble subjects to show the subject differently. Early Cubist painters made use of monochromatic colors, whereas later in the movement, artists explored the use of vivid colors in their artwork.
Much like Cubists, Surrealist artists were uninterested in painting the natural world as we see it. However, Surrealists took this idea and put their own spin on it by creating lifelike paintings rooted in ideas found in the subconscious mind and dreams. Stemming from the Dada movement (an anti-art movement created as a reaction to the horrors of World War 1) the Surrealism movement was less violent and more art-based. Surrealism was inspired by the psychology of Sigmund Freud and the politics of Karl Marx. (Voorhies, 2004) Surrealists had a fascination with the subconscious and aimed to resolve contradictions between dreams and reality. (Barnes, 2001) Through a creative process called automatism, the Surrealist artist explored deep into the subconscious to produce art that revealed the inner expressions of his psyche.
Surrealist artists pushed the boundaries of socially acceptable behaviors and traditions and were willing to depict images that many might find disturbing. Frequently their art displayed images of a perverse sexual nature or depicted subjects in grotesque and violent situations. Surrealist art contains a certain element of surprise due to unexpected juxtapositions of seemingly unrelated subjects in strange or unnerving circumstances. Many Surrealist works of art could be described as irrational, ambiguous or disturbing.
Neither Cubism nor Surrealism painted reality in a straight-forward way. Dali’s Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee and Picasso’s Dora Maar au Chat are great representative pieces for Surrealism and Cubism, respectively. In Dream, Dali used strange juxtapositions which would be impossible in reality. However, it is painted with an element of realism so the objects look lifelike, unlike in Dora Maar au Chat which is a painting of a real subject that does not look lifelike. The subject, Dora Maar, has been broken down into basic geometric shapes so it is very obvious the image is not real.
In both pieces, the subject is the artist’s lover. Dali painted his wife, Gala, in the state of dreaming. (Dream, 2014) In the painting, there is a bizarre series of creatures escaping from the mouth of a previous creature and at the end of the chain, there is a bayonet. The bayonet is representative of the bee’s stinger and Gala is dreaming this because in her reality, there is a bee buzzing around her as she sleeps. Picasso’s painting is of his long-time girlfriend, Dora Maar. He used faceted in the construction of her body and intricate detail in many areas of the painting, including her hat which was commonly associated with her.
Both periods were considered movements due to their focus around a central idea. Cubism focused on the idea of expressing the Fourth Dimension on a 2D surface and Surrealism focused around exploring the subconscious and dreams. Cubist artists portrayed this idea through use of multiple planes and exploring different perspectives. In Dora Maar au Chat, Picasso placed Dora Maar in a simple but dramatic setting. Automatism allowed artists to tap into the inner workings of their psyche to create authentic paintings of their subconscious. Surrealist artists painted dreamscape and made use of Freudian psychology in their pieces, such as in Dream, where the immediate reality of the subject’s situation affects the course of her dream.
While Cubism paved the path for the break from tradition of painting reality, Surrealism continued along and then created its own path. The ideas and art expressed and created by Surrealist artists went on to influence artists, writers and even politicians. The Surrealists taught the world to see art in a completely new light – to appreciate it not only the visual and literary devices used, but to also appreciate it on a subconscious level. They affected the future generations of art by liberating the imaginative corners of artists’ minds and carved a path for freedom of expressing feelings in their artwork by breaking the chains that confined them to only painting reality.

References
Barnes, Rachel (2001). The 20th-Century art book. London: Phaidon Press ISBN 0714835420
Bewley, Alex (2013) “A comparison between the Cubist and Surrealist Art movements” [Web blog] Retrieved February 2014 from http://alexanderbewley.myblog.arts.ac.uk/files/2013/01/A-comparison-between-the-Cubist-and-surrealist-movements-in-modern-art.pdf
Dream, Caused by the Flight of a Bee (Around a Pomegranate, a Second Before Waking Up) (2013) Retrieved February 2014, from http://www.learner.org/courses/globalart/work/59/index.html
FozzyFozz (October 2012). Cubism and Surrealism [Web blog post]. Retrieved February 2014 from http://fozzyfozz.wordpress.com/2012/10/22/cubism-and-surrealism/
Voorhies, James. "Surrealism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/surr/hd_surr.htm (October 2004)

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hjfskcdlvjkl

...Michelle Do Visual Art – Graphic Design Written Task (Tertiary) Teacher – Richard Baldwin Graphic Design Essay (T) Graphic Design during the 20th century has been influenced by four artistic, some also being cultural and philosophical, movements called Futurism, Dada, Surrealism and Modernism. These movements have played a large role in shaping the graphic design industry by bringing different meanings into the art as well as inspiring many artworks today. Out of the four movements, Futurism and Surrealism really stood out to me, and the two designers who were influenced by these movements are Fortunato Depero and A.M. Cassandre. Fortunato Depero (1892 – 1960) was an Italian graphic designer and he was inspired by the Futurism movement. Futurism was an artistic and social movement originated in Italy and it emphasized speed, technology and objects such as cars, planes and the industrial city. Since Fortunato was young, he was introduced and taught to develop different art techniques. He discovered a futurist paper called “Lacerba” in 1913 and was greatly inspired by it, this led to his approach to futurism. His career began as a fine artist, then developed into commercial art and later on in life he became the most successful graphic designer. His works include costume designs for stage productions, different advertising illustrations and as well as artworks he created to promote futurism and himself. He was also known for his cover designs for magazines such......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

History

...include Impressionism, Cubism, Bauhaus, Surrealism, Futurism, Pop Art and Op Art. Modern Art rejects the past as a model for the art of the present and is characterized by constant innovation. Modern Art grew out of the Impressionist's rejection of the 'imitation of life' school of art. Their emphasis on the act of painting, on the paint itself, can be seen in the Expressionist and Cubist art of the turn-of-the-century.  Modern art was also often driven by various social and political agendas. These were often utopian, and modernism was in general associated with ideal visions of human life and society and a belief in progress. From the 1970’s artists and movements began to react against Modernism and post-modernism was formed. Some different types of the movements in art are: abstract, action art, American realism, architecture, art deco, and art nouveau, Asian, Bauhaus, black and white, celebrity, cityscape, colorful, comic book art, conceptual art, contemporary art, cubism, cuisine, exclusive, expressionism, fauvism, figurative, floral, framed prints, Modern art and many more. There were a lot of movements in the art industry ever since the beginning of Modern art which started in the 19th Century. Surrealism is a style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or non-rational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects, unexpected juxtapositions. Surrealism was developed by......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Cubism

...Brendan Roberts 1 Cubism A style of art that stresses abstract structure. 2 Degrees of abstraction/Cubism/Expressionist This make me think of the Theo Van Doesburg painting with the cow. But then it also has the lines we would see in a cubist painting also. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. 3 German Expressionist Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. 4 Modernism Just a new way of looking at art, that lead to pop art 5 Photomantage Took pictures ant photos from other pieces and makes them in to one, with more meaning, over even hidden meanings 6 Futureism Was all about the modern view on things, was tired of the past. 7 Dada A European artistic and literary movement (1916-1923) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity 8 Surrealism Because they are taking real objects that are all different and making them into one painting. 9 Dade A European artistic and literary movement (1916-1923) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity 10 Surrealism Because they are taking real objects that are all different and making them into one painting. 11 Cubism A......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Movements: Rococo Through Surrealism

...THE MOVEMENTS: ROCOCO THROUGH SURREALISM The Movements: Rococo through Surrealism Hum 100 Final At the end of the Baroque period the neo-classical style Rococo emerge in France. It dealt with elaborate ornamentation. The essence of Romanticism is particularly difficult to describe because it heavily focuses on emotion so you have to see, or hear it to understand it. Art in the modern era from 1860-1914 consists of Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Expressionism. These movements are closely related to each other, instead of being a carful rendering like in Realism art was freer flowing and had looser lines. Between the world wars art took on new roles these movements were: Cubism, Futurism, Dada, and Surrealism. The old social stratification of classes was beginning to break down in Europe. The Rococo movement started in France in the early 18th century and is marked by elaborate ornamentation. The Rococo musical style is often viewed as an extension of the Baroque movement, ands characterized by a high degree of ornamentation and lightness of expression. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born January 27th, 1756 in Salzburg began composing music at the age of five. In 1788 Mozart wrote his final three symphonies nos. 39, 40, and 41. He composed these symphonies for zero commission and at the time had no other source of income. Mozart composed these three pieces of work quite rapidly. Composing came easily to Mozart and he often said that he was a vessel......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Modern Art

...Modern Art History Modern art represents the headiest period in all of art history--a span of no more than 110 years that saw an explosion of movements from Realism, to Impressionism, to Cubism, to Abstract Expressionism to Pop and Op, with dozens of others in between and around the world. Hard-Edge Painting: Art History Basics 101 Hard-Edge Painting emphasizes the flat surface of the canvas or paper with clean, clear abstract shapes and surrounding fields of colors. These shapes and fields can be rendered in black and white or brilliant colors. The unity of the composition creates a unified presentation in the art work itself. Color Field Painting: Art History 101 Basics Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper. Cubism - Art History Basics 101 An early twentieth century art movement that rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style. Abstract Expressionism - Art History 101 Basics Abstract Expressionism or "AbEx" (a.k.a. Action Painting; a.k.a. The New York School) exploded onto the art scene after World War II with its characteristic messiness and extremely energetic applications of paint. To the contemporary audience, the whole enterprise seemed like youthful antagonism--hardly...

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Traces of Modernism in Art

...Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), The Golem: How He Came into the World (1920), Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927) and F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu, a Symphony of Horror (1922) and The Last Laugh (1924). In architecture, two specific buildings are identified as Expressionist: Bruno Taut's Glass Pavilion of the CologneWerkbund Exhibition (1914), and Erich Mendelsohn's Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany completed in 1921.  Also associated with modern art is expressionism, characterized by an often tragic and primitive vision of the world, from which cubism would be inspired. Picasso’s Les demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) marks the beginning of Cubism, with its depiction of the female nude in terms of a few simplified flattened shapes. It was the first abstract style of modern art. Cubist paintings ignore the traditions of perspective drawing and show you many views of a subject at one time. Analytical cubism and synthetic cubism are its two distinct phases. A painting like Houses on the Hill by Horta De Ebro reflects the influence of Cezanne’s land scapes. It influenced many other styles of modern art including Futurism, Vorticism, Suprematism, Constructivism and De Stijli. Futurism was well known in London, this futurist movement has been regularly provoking the English establishment with exhibitions, raucous lectures and press conferences and aggressive menifestos. The futurists advocated the complete destruction of the past, worshiped the sleekness and power of......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Postwar Modern Movements of the West

...others suffering from famine and Nazi oppression, many leading artist fled Europe for the United States. and settled in New York in 1945 (ArtForms 397). Devastated and scarred by the aftermath of war the artists settled in New York and joined “The New York School” and became a huge influence to other artist’s in a new art movement called Abstract Expressionism (“ArtForms 397”). There was no certain rules or characterisitics in Abstract Expressionism however, the artist’s shared an interest in painting as a way to express their subconscious. Abstract Expressionism was a movement strongly influenced by Surrealism which was started by Andre Breton in 1924. Andre Breton (1896-1966), was originally a Dadaist, which was a group of artist that painted silly, distorted, non conformed paintings to depict their rage and rebellion against the war. In 1924, Breton founded the Surrealism Art Movement, which were artist’s who based their art on feelings, dreams and memories. In his online article “In Search for Nothingness”, Charles Moffat tells us that the Abstract Expressionist’s like the Surrealist wanted to express their subconscious mind with their art. Brooks 2 Some of the most important figures in Abstract Expressionism was Mark Rothko, and William De Kooning however, the most powerful influence was Jackson Pollock. According to Patrick Frank, in the late 1940’s Jackson Pollock introduced a new technique called action painting (ArtForms 397). In 1950 he created a......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Chronological Timeline of the History of Art

...Figure 10: Honorė Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage (oil on canvas), 1862, Realism, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, (Adendorff, 2009:43) Impressionism 19th Century Figure 11: Edgar Degas, The Dancing Class (oil on canvas), 1873-1875, Impressionism, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2009:57) Expressionism 19th Century Figure 12: Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red) (oil on canvas), 1908-1909, Expressionism, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, (Adendorff, 2009:83) Cubism 19th Century Figure 13: Pablo Picasso, Girl before a Mirror (oil on canvas), 1937, Cubism, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Schmalenbach, 1990:203) Dadaism 1915-1923 Figure 14: Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q. (mixed media), 1919, Dadaism, (Adendorff, 2010:7) Surrealism 1924-1945 Figure 15: Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas), 1931, Surrealism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:19) Abstract Expressionism 1940-1955 Figure 16: Willem de Kooning, Woman 1 (oil on canvas), 1950-1952, Abstract Expressionism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:28) Pop Art 1950-1970 Figure 17: Ray Johnson, James Dean (collage on cardboard panel), 1975, Pop art, (Livingstone, 1990:14) Conceptual Art 1965-Present Figure 18: Yves Klein, Anthropomėtries de l’epoque bleue Ant 82 (pigment in pure synthetic resin on......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Comparsion of Art Nouveau with Fauvism

...the painting elegant looking. The Fauvism colors appear splashed randomly, giving the appearance of being unfinished. A5. Influence of Later Historical Art Period Art Nouveau set the stage for Fauvism to be developed, as both returned to nature but Fauvism took it to the next level, leading the era into Modernism. Art Nouveau kept with the traditional style to a degree but Fauvism went with the artists own expression of the subject and so abstract came into being. As Fauvism showed what the artist could do with their own impression of the subject, many more styles developed each one more abstract than Fauvism. Cubism, Geometric Abstraction, and Surrealism followed Fauvism and each took the part of abstraction from Fauvism and developed their own style to suit their impressions. Cubism used angles and geometric forms to express their subjects. Surrealism use dreams and formed them into distorted context. In the preceding art styles after Fauvism, abstraction was the normal not the exception. References Fauvism. (). Retrieved from http://www.artfortune.com/fauvism/ Gateway to our Modern Age. (2001). Retrieved from http://journalofantiques.com/2001/features/art-noveau-gateway-to-our-modern-age/ Portrait of Adele Block-Bauer. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Adele_Bloch-Bauer_I Short History of Art Nouveau. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.senses-artnouveau.com/art_nouveau.php?page=1 Woman with Hat. (n.d.). Retrieved from......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Picasso

...Spanish sculptor and painter Picasso Ruiz Picasso is considered for the artistic genius in the 20th century nomination. Picasso style is one of a genius; his techniques were like a breath of fresh air. He held a variety of ideas during the 20th centuries. His ambition and the magnitude of his art work is what make him out to be the greatest of his time. Picasso created more than 20,000 art works. He became famous in his own life time he is known for becoming the first artist to successfully utilize mass media to gain popularity. He also introduced the notable case of Cubism, created, almost all the art movements during the twentieth century. What is interesting is that the viewers are able to grasp what Picasso see through his paintings. In Picasso’s paintings he visibly expresses his emotions and shared his personal feelings the way he saw things. His work displays an unlimited and vast nous of vitality and penchant for variation and innovation. Picasso once said that, “Painting is just another way of keeping a diary”. I feel as if his work was his diary he used art to capture specific moments of his life. Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain Pablo Picasso, also known as Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was extraordinary in the world of art. Picasso's father taught as an art teacher during this time his dad quickly took noticed that his son was a genius, therefore he caught young Picasso everything he knew. At the young age of 14, Picasso took an entrance exam to......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Works of Art Vary Greatly

...works of art were influenced by the styles and characteristics of earlier periods and are often a continuation of or reaction to those artistic styles. For example, classical art from ancient Greece and Rome was revived during the neoclassical era. Cubism was a reaction to the style and characteristics of the earlier European tradition of realistic painting. The purpose of this task is to analyze, critique, and understand where creativity and inspiration originate.   Your goal for this task is to discuss and analyze creativity as the continuation of, or as a reaction to, an earlier historical art period. You will choose two historical periods from the list below and discuss the relationships between the periods. You should discuss how one period revived or continued the style and characteristics of the other period or how one period originated in reaction to the other period.   The following is a list of historical art periods you can choose from: •  Classical •  Middle ages •  Renaissance •  Mannerism •  Baroque •  Rococo •  Neoclassical •  Romanticism •  Realism •  Impressionism •  Post impressionism •  Cubism •  Dadaism •  Geometric abstraction •  Pop art •  Surrealism •  Harlem Renaissance   Task:   A.  Choose two art periods from the list above and write an essay (suggested length of 3–5 pages) in which you do the following: 1.  Describe the earlier historical art period, characteristics of......

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Surrealism

...The early part of the twentieth century ushered in several profoundly evolving styles of painting. Cubism, Expressionism, Futurism, and Dada could assault the senses and offend the viewer’s ideals while simultaneously extracting intense emotions. These movements were based on the beliefs that the artist could express their emotions directly to the viewer through the art, and that art should not be restricted by reason and social limitations. With a kind of nihilistic approach, and an almost selfish attitude, these new styles were the first to present a truly individualist nature. This unique take on artistic expression led to the formation of the Surrealist movement in the 1920’s. Surrealism, as defined by the Collins English Dictionary, is: “a movement in art and literature in the 1920s, which developed especially [sic] from dada, characterized by the evocative juxtaposition of incongruous images in order to include unconscious and dream elements.” Although he was not limited to one particular style, or even one particular medium, no one artist is more identifiable with surrealist paintings than Salvador Dali. His surreal works, which he calls “hand-painted dream photographs,” are filled with images, often grotesque, over stretching landscapes which in and of themselves could send a viewer into a cycle of deep contemplation. Dali’s most famous painting of this type is The Persistence of Memory, oil on canvas, 1931. The small canvas, only 9½ x 13 inches, shows us......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

American Art and Modernity

... General: Cubism, Italian Futurists, Fauvism, abstraction, NY Dada • Six O’Clock, Winter, John Sloane, 1912 o Display Discontinuity of urban life o Rawness • Rush Hour, Max Weber o Also shows the discontinuities of urban life o Took thrusted lines of train in motion and applied it to paintings • Battle of lights, Joseph Stella o Again shows possibilities of electricity, Italian immigrant, Italian futurist style • One of which was Giacomo Balla (Dynamism of Dog on a Leash) o Captured electric spectacles • Brooklyn Bridge, Joseph Stella o Wanted to express dynamism (express its force of nature) New attitude coming from back and forth between the Atlantic Ocean • Portrait of Daniel-henry Kahnweiler, Picasso, 1910 o CUBISM • Developed in france,  Tries to express multiple viewpoints, on the same canvas  See objects in painting from multiple angles • Cubist doing what Eakins foresaw in Mending the Net, except Eakins actually tried to make all the different viewpoints cohere with eachother,  Cubists don’t care about coherence, they welcome discontinuity  Never enters fully into abstraction tho • Planar Fragmentation:  Geometrically shaped sections of paining  Breaking and overlapping planar forms  Different planes linked together by passage • Passage is the opening up of countours, allowing elements to bleed into eachother Nude Descending a Staircase, Marcel Duchamp: • Taken color palate and broken contours of cubism o Figure...

Words: 3722 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Arts

...as impressionism and expressionism. While earlier periods of art had a quite set conventions as to the style, technique, and treatment of their subjects, impressionists and expressionists conveyed their ideas and feelings in bold, innovative ways. These were the exciting precursors of the modern art of the 21st century. Impressionism: Origins of the Movement Impressionism was an art movement that emerged in the second half of the 19th century among a group of Paris-based artists. The duration of the impressionist movement itself was quite short, less than 20 years from 1872 to the mid-1880s. But it had a tremendous impact and influence on the painting styles that followed, such as neo-impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism, and cubism—and even the artistic styles and movements of today. The name impressionism was coined from the title of a work by French painter Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (in English, Impression, Sunrise). The term precisely captured what this group of artists sought to represent in their works: the viewer’s momentary “impression” of an image. It was not intended to be clear or precise, but more like a fleeting fragment of reality caught on canvas, sometimes in mid-motion, at other times awkwardly positioned—just as it would be in real life. The Influence of Delacroix As with all emerging art movements, impressionism owed its inspiration to earlier masters. One major influence was the work of French painter Eugène......

Words: 2738 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Hum and Art

...Style, Expressionism, Cubism, Surrealism • Photography Fashion Photography, Beauty Photography, Nature Photography, Wildlife photography, Black and White, Wedding Photography, HDR Photography, Travel, Time Lapse Photography, Underwater Photography, Motion Photography • Religious Art Christian or Islamic, Hindu, Buddhism or any of a hundred different sects. • Sculpture Carving, Modelling - from wax or clay, after which it may be cast in bronze. An assemblage of "found objects".  5. Ways in presenting subject REALISM Realism in the visual arts and literature refers to the general attempt to depict subjects as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation and "in accordance with secular, empirical rules ABSTRACTION  SYMBOLISM FAUVISM Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a short-lived and loose group of early twentieth-century Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. DADAISM Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. FUTURISM Futurism came into being with the appearance of a manifesto published by the poet Filippo Marinetti on the front page of the February 20, 1909, issue of Le Figaro. It was the very first manifesto of this kind.  SURREALISM Surrealism is a cultural......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4