Premium Essay

Cult Of Domesticity

Submitted By
Words 1671
Pages 7
Belief in the Cult of Domesticity by many men resulted in many women staying in the private sphere unwillingly, unequal pay compared to similar jobs done by men, and few socially acceptable career options for women, causing them to fight these injustices legally in courts and participating in strikes and protests. On average, women received inferior education when compared to men, which prevented many women from becoming skilled workers; therefore, women claimed that the education system needed reforms due to the lack of equality. As a significant Antebellum reform movement, abolitionism attracted many women, which in turn caused them to reflect upon their own similarities with slaves and encouraged themselves to combat the social transgression …show more content…
Politically, women sought after suffrage, claiming taxation without representation just as the colonists had done in the 18th century towards Great Britain. In the early to mid-19th century, many factors contributed to the formation of the women’s rights movement including the Cult of Domesticity, education, abolition, marriage, and politics. Belief in the Cult of Domesticity by many men resulted in many women staying in the private sphere unwillingly, unequal pay compared to similar jobs done by men, and few socially acceptable career options for women, causing them to fight these injustices legally in courts and participating in strikes and protests. Many men and even women upheld the idea of the Cult of Domesticity, which women stayed in the private sphere and kept the house and children while the men stepped out into the public sphere and worked in order to support the family. In 1846, Eliza Farnham quoted a man stating, “I calculate ‘tain’t of much account to have a woman if she ain’t of no use.” (Doc G), proving that many men had the mentality that women had to be of some use at home, otherwise known as the Cult of Domesticity. Not only does this mentality force women to work at home, but it prevents them from taking many jobs …show more content…
Belief in the Cult of Domesticity by many men resulted in many women staying in the private sphere unwillingly, unequal pay compared to similar jobs done by men, and few socially acceptable career options for women, causing them to fight these injustices legally in courts and participating in strikes and protests. On average, women received inferior education when compared to men, which prevented many women from becoming skilled workers; therefore, women claimed that the education system needed reforms due to the lack of equality. As a significant Antebellum reform movement, abolitionism attracted many women, which in turn caused them to reflect upon their own similarities with slaves and encouraged themselves to combat the social transgression against them. Marriage resulted in the woman becoming the man’s property, where they had no rights or privileges; consequently, women began to question their lack of freedom in the supposedly democratic nation of the United States. Politically, women sought after suffrage, claiming taxation without representation just as the colonists had done in the 18th century towards Great

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cult Of Domesticity In The Great Gatsby

...In the past, women have been subject to the “cult of domesticity.” This ideal lasted for centuries and ensnared women within a value system created by society that defined what a woman’s role should be. The cult presented women with four cardinal virtues: piety, purity, domesticity, and submissiveness. In the ages when these ideals were held at a high standard, works of literature written during this time reflected the societal standard. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, various essays, and our culture also depict the cult of domesticity that still exists regardless of the success of the feminist movements throughout history and in present day; meanwhile, William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, is a great example of women who lived within the “cult...

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Powerless In Uncle Tom's Cabin

...Necks of the 1800s: The Influence of the Powerless in Uncle Tom’s Cabin In My Big Fat Greek Wedding, a movie about a woman that goes against tradition to marry a man of another religion, there is a scene in which the main character and her mother have the following conversation: Toula: Ma, Dad is so stubborn. What he says goes. [Quoting her father,] “Ah, the man is the head of the house!” Maria (mother): Let me tell you something, Toula. The man is the head, but the woman is the neck. And she can turn the head any way she wants (IMDb). During the 19th century, one had to be a white male in order to hold any official power or influence in society. Women, as well as African Americans, had little to no economic or political power until the...

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Analyze Changes And Continuities In The 19th Century

...beauty in women is still shown to this day where women have to wear heels and other painful beauty tools, showing a continuation from the past. Another continuation in the gender ideologies can be seen in Britain with the Cult of Domesticity. This was a value system that told women how to live and act telling them their role in society and what they should do to appease the men of their household. This can be seen in how women were expected to act and have the domestic life settled in Britain. Women must have a quiet home ready for when their husband returns from work. The roles of women in these societies centered on childcare, housekeeping, and supervising servants in the household. Another example of how gender roles affected the life of women was shown in Latin America which had patriarchal families. This is shown by the belief that teaching women to read and write would corrupt them and is furthered by the lack of opportunities for women in education. The oldest male made most of the decisions in the household. This continued to his death in which the males would inherit items and not the wife. Women had little rights which continued all throughout the time frame. Because of the lowered status with women due to the cult of domesticity, women tended to be more sociable in their own circles versus doing work with their husbands and socializing with the men. This reserved nature of women only helped to further lessen their stature in these societies. Women would...

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Cult of True Womanhood

...aWorks Cited Buchanan, NiCole T., Isis H. Settles, and Krystle C. Woods. "Comparing Sexual Harassment Subtypes Among Black and White Women By Military Rank: Double Jeopardy, The Jezebel, and the Cult of True Womanhood." Psychology of Women Quarterly 32 (2008): 347-361. Buell, Sarah Josepha. "Publishers' Bindings Online: From Domestic Goddesses to Suffragists.” Publishers Bindings Online. http://bindings.lib.ua.edu/gallery/women.html (accessed October 31, 2011). Buell, Sarah Josepha. "Publishers' Bindings Online: From Domestic Goddesses to Suffragists." Publishers' Bindings Online. http://bindings.lib.ua.edu/gallery/women.html (accessed October 31, 2011). Davidson, James West, and Mark H. Lytle. After the fact: the art of historical detection. 2nd ed. New York: Knopf:, 1986. Hurner, Sheryl. "Discursive Identity Formation of Suffrage Women: Reframing the "Cult of True Womanhood" Through Song." Western Journal of Communication 70 (2006): 234-260. Irons, Charles F.. ""The Cult of Domesticity, Southern Style.” Reviews in American History 38 (2010): 253-258. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/rah/summary/v038/38.2.irons.html (accessed September 21, 2011). Meyerowitz, Joanne. "Beyond the Feminine Mystique: A Reassessment of Postwar Mass Culture, 1946-1958,." Journal of American History 79 (1993): 78-83. Meyers, Andrew. "Columbia American History Online." Columbia American History Online. http://caho-test.cc.columbia.edu/pcp/14104.html (accessed October 31, 2011). Roberts, Mary Louise...

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The House in “the Yellow Wallpaper” Ambivalence or Brilliance?

...Philipps-Universität Marburg FB 10: Fremdsprachliche Philologien Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik Class: Academic Writing | Instructor: Dr. Johanna Heil The House in “The Yellow Wallpaper” Ambivalence or Brilliance? Name: Anas Asmaeil Module: Literary Studies: History Semesters Studied: 1 Address: Adam-Krafft.7, 35039, Marburg Email: Shoqarqwa@hotmail.com Date of Submission: February 29, 2016 Student ID: 2739275 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction 1 2. [Main Part I] 2.1 Gothic Element 2.2 Feminism 3. Conclusion 1 [Bibliography] 1. Introduction: “All meanings, we know, depend on the key of interpretation.” By Georg Eliot It goes without saying that the more one ponders upon the masterpiece written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “The Yellow Wallpaper”, the more compelled one finds themselves to, not only reverence what she brought forth, but to also acclaim the diverse interpretations one can come up with of a text written well over a century ago. The story talks about a woman who is diagnosed with "temporary nervous depression—a slight hysterical tendency" (Gilman 1) and thus is sentenced by her physician to a rest cure. Following her husband’s and doctor’s orders, her suffering grows worse and worse and signs of depression, anxiety and dissociation manifest, quite the opposite of what was supposed to happen. Having the ability to scare and horrify the reader, this unique story had been considered as a classic...

Words: 1605 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Dbq 1950s Conformity

...The argument that the 1950s were an era of social conformity can have some solidarity mostly because of the spread of conformed lifestyles (via journalism and other media outlets) and the social movements that arose because of them. During this time, people did strive for a sense universal conformity in society. This placed demand on every member of the family to uphold themselves to a certain standard. In many ways it was an effort for the continuations of the cult of domesticity over females. This was noticed in Document 9, The Feminine Mystique, especially. Betty Friedan aimed to utilized the demands strictly place on women to further her notion that women were being suppressed. This document would later serve as a foundation to a new wave...

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Did Slavery Influence The Development Of Colonial America

...As the Americas started to grown there is evidence of different cultures and developments depending which part of the colonies you look at. Throughout the colonies there was a number of people who had farmed and saw agriculture as something that they could make a living in, using slaves a free labor. Slaves were however seen more in the south in the early 1800’s then in the northern towns. In the south cotton was a fast-growing business that needed many workers at hard at all times. Many of the slaves in the south how worked in large plantations were treated more harshly than slaves in smaller plantations. In the north, however, slavery was not evident. People who lived in the countryside regularly had farmed and sold their products to...

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Market Revolution Timeline

...IDENTIFICATIONS * Manifest Destiny * Cotton Gin * American System of Manufacturers * Bartleby the Scrivener Market Revolution * Early 1800’s-1860 * Era of “Good Feeling” * From 1812, there is only one political party: democratic- republicans * Reassembles Hamilton’s view of America * Changes everything about how Americans work * Challenges ideas of freedom The Change * Before the Market Revolution work was done at home controlled by individuals, regulated by daylight. * Introduces the concept of “going to work” * Lays the foundation for modern America Transportation and Technology * Roads, railroads, steamboats, canals. Telegraph * Previously transporting between US cities was an expensive as shipping overseas * Production was local * No standardization, no connection Examples: * 1806 congress approved road from Cumberland, MD to Illinois * 1807, steamboat tested, made transportation upstream possible * 1825 Erie Canal-upstate New York connected to the Great Lakes * 1830’s telegraph developed * 1837 3000 miles of canal * For decades huge tracts of land go to railroad companies THE GROWING WEST * Between 1790 and 1840 4.5 million people move west of Appalachians * Between 1815 and 1821 six new states entered the Union: Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Alabama, Mississippi, and Maine * Southerners with slaves moved into a new Cotton Kingdom * Alabama, Mississippi...

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Family Sphere: the Changing Role of Women in the Home

...The Family Sphere: The Changing Role of Women in the Home HIS 310 American Women's History Instructor: Dr. Cheryl Lemus April 18, 2016 Dr. Barbara Welter penned an influential article in 1966 titled “The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820–1860” which shed light on the often restrictive family sphere of existence within which, most American women throughout history had dwelt. According to Welter, true womanhood held that women were designed exclusively for the roles of wife and mother and were expected to cultivate Piety, Purity, Submissiveness, and Domesticity in all their relations (para.2). The Cult of True Womanhood, the idealized sainted mother, unconditional devotee of her husband and children, and the core power within the home still exists in the minds of many American men and women and seems to be an intrinsic part of our shared history. The ideal of the sphere of the American women and her relationship to the family evolved as the colonization of the United States evolved. When the first settlers arrived, women held a much more equitable role, laboring alongside the men to establish the country’s first settlements. As the initial settlements grew, the women who had proved vital in their creation were expected to lay down their hammers and saws and return to the family sphere. The supposition being that the return of the American woman to the family sphere was a returning to of them to their natural roles. She would leave the public sphere and revert to the more domestic...

Words: 2503 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Family

...Sociology & Family Theorizing and Researching 1. Structural Theories a) Materialism & Conflict theory Marx & Engles -changes in family lives reflect material change (ex, the mode of production, industrialization) macro-micro focus -power differences characterize society at all levels (ex, capitalism creates: exploitation of men in the workforce; oppression of women b) Political Economy -assumes the power of the one class over another (social control), capitalist relations of production -a more concentrated focus on how economic and political processes shape society and history and therefore family, families c) Structural Functionalism Parsons & Bales -the social institution of the family - family is seen as a function, and different parts of society helps it move along -the nuclear family performs functions -they saw the families as a main faction, economic support, these functions that happen in nuclear families include economic support -equilibrium, all parts help it work as a whole -hierarchical generations and role specialization within families produces harmony -the different roles that men and women take on, allows the family be a harmony -parsons and bales, gendered perspective on families, families having instrumental roles such as achieving income, feed the family, cloth the family, this would be men 2. Symbolic Interactionism Mead & Cooley - individuals create their own family realities through micro level interactions -from...

Words: 8656 - Pages: 35

Premium Essay

American Revolution Dbq Essay

...bringing up topics such as equal distribution of land and paper currency (Doc. G). Women’s rights was also a topic that came up at times during the Revolution. To be more clear, women were looked down upon and it was not expected of them to contribute at all, and to just “leave it to the men.” Women made it very clear during the American Revolution that they could stand their ground and contribute in a beneficial way (Doc. A). Women contributed in ways such as serving as aids, nurses, spies, and they also helped raise morale and keep spirits up during difficult trials faced in the war. As a result, social change occured as women gained a new sort of respect, and outshined the dull stereotype of being in the kitchen all day, also known as the Cult of...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How Dorothea Dix's Reforms And Movements Were Created To Benefit Society

...government’s and society’s way of treating the mentally ill. In 1841, Dix began her journey in helping fight for the mentally ill who were kept in prisons, homes, and almshouses. Traveling to New Hampshire, Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Europe Dix documented all the prisons she went to and the treatment of people who were not criminals. Once she gathered her data she went to the Massachusetts legislature in order to petition a grant for a state insane asylum. Her famous primary source was her written petition. Dorothea Dix’s petition to the legislature was significant being that she was a woman in the 1800s and that she impacted the way we treat mentally insane people today. In the late 19th century the “Cult of Domesticity” was the women’s God given right to work for her children and her husband. While women were in charge of staying true to Protestant beliefs some couldn’t help but see the opportunities in factories and education. Like Dorothea Dix, she challenged the limits by trying to be recognized by an all male courtroom to present her ideas and findings on how she can help the mentally ill. The psychotic were viewed as placed in that illness because they did something that did not please God. In a time where religion and gender greatly influenced all decisions, it was crazy to have a woman writing on behalf of the people who had wronged Christ. After working on her case for two years it was rewarding when she got her expansion of the asylum...

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Status of Women in Colonial Society

...did, they would be called wicked or evil and be negatively judged by society. During the colonial era, women played an important, if restricted role in work and religious life. During the eighteen century, women were portrayed as weak, unintelligent, and inferior to men. As one minister stated “the woman is weak creature not endowed with like strength and constancy of mind.” (America 70) Women were seen as the “feebler vessels,” not as strong physically or spiritually as men and less emotionally stable. Women of the colonial era were expected to be devoted, passive, powerless, meek, graceful, sympathetic, and above all pure. As a matter of fact, the term “Cult of Womanhood” was an ancient ideology in the eighteen century defining women as pillars of virtue, who represent the value of pity, submissiveness, and domesticity. The role of the women was to be obedient, submissive, devoted to their husbands, and taking care of the children. That way of thinking was very common during that time. Because of those beliefs, the term “Angels in the House” the popular Victorian image of the ideal wife was well known and well applied by women. All of their rights were denied by men and society. They could not vote, preach, and go to public schools or colleges. They could not take part in legal activities on their own behalf, and the...

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Loweel System, Know Nothings, Samuel Morse

...) Commonwealth vs. Hunt-In 1842 in Massachusetts a court decision for industrial workers was won in which the supreme court of the state declared that unions were lawful organizations and that a strike was a lawful weapon. 2) "cult of domesticity"-brought both benefits and costs to middle-class women. It allowed them to live lives of greater material comfort than in the past, it placed higher value on their “female virtues” and on their roles as wife and mother. 3) Cyrus McCormick-invented the automatic reaper. The reaper enabled one worker to harvest as much wheat in a day as five could harvest using older methods. He patented this device in 1834, established a factory in Chicago in the heartland of the greenbelt in 1847. By 1860 more than 1000,000 reapers were in use on western farms. 4) Erie Canal-was the greatest construction project the United States had ever undertaken. It was a ditch forty feet wide and four feet deep with tow paths along the banks. It had difficult cuts and fills which were required to enable the canal to pass through hills and over valleys, stone aqueducts were necessary to carry it across streams and eighty-eight locks of heavy masonry with great wooden gates were needed to permit ascents and descents. It became an immediate financial success. 5) Factory System—most of the manufacturing occurred in households with people making things by hand or simple machines, technology improved. Entrepreneurs begin to make use of new and larger...

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

For Her Own Good Analysis

...their future knowledge that can expand to other human beings about the exploitation of women. Moreover, this book scrutinizes the various perspectives that have constructed feminism by looking through a lens of female delicacy which was acquired by the Industrial Revolution and then later by the medical profession. How did women become submissive and who were the offenders? This book does not only answer these questions, but goes into great detail about the advice that women conceived from men. For instance, it implements by introducing how the Industrial Revolution phase and medical phase has shaped women’s submissive position in the world. In addition, there was the theft of multiple duties that women once held for the unfortunate, cult of domesticity, however, not every woman is a victim of this. Under these circumstances, women are perceived as weak or that every aspect of their lives is sensitive. After considering the foreword of this book, I have realized that the authors were to be covering multiple theories and methods that speculate the rationale of the female world. For instance, the authors go well into depth about the transitions of women. They were once great healers until the field of medicine, conquered by men, took that away. Throughout the first four chapters of this book, not only did I realize that the authors were well supported by historical evidence, but they also provided a comfortable stance that allows the readers to increase their feminist knowledge in a...

Words: 737 - Pages: 3