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Cultural Influence on Organizational Practice

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ninimulu
Words 5425
Pages 22
1.

EXECUUITIVE SUMMARY

Cultural influences on organizational cultures and practices have become a very important research topic in the field of management and organization since the last decades of the 20th century. National culture has been seen as one of the most influential situational factors, which determine organizational phenomena. More recently, after the collapse of socialism, the role of national culture in organizational practices in countries that are in transition is becoming a widely recognized and studied topic. However, empirical studies about cultural influences on organizational

subcultures and leadership styles in Ethiopian organizations are not very frequent in contemporary literature. In fact, there are almost no relevant attempts to examine these phenomena. Nevertheless, after democratic political changes in May 1991, we can observe a growing interest in understanding national culture and leadership practices in Ethiopian organizations, as well as in the whole Ethiopian society. Therefore, the main purpose of this assignment paper is to investigate the influence of national culture on organizational culture and practices (subcultures and leadership styles) in Ethiopian organizations. Widely known Geert Hofstede’s value/belief theory of culture (Hofstede, 2001) with its theoretical and methodological premises has been used as a starting point of this assignment.

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LITRATURE REVIEW DEFINITION OF CULTURE

We must first define and agree on what Culture is before we can deal with cross culture. Like many other behavioral science terms like Leadership, there are many different definitions of culture used in management today. The famous Dutch behavioral scientist, Geert Hofstede defined culture “as the collective mental programming of a people in an environment". These mental programming consists of values, attitudes,...

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