Free Essay

Description of Ecosystems

In: Science

Submitted By miavita
Words 1558
Pages 7
Ecosystems can be complex and hard to manage. In fact, they can encompass diverse species and habitats. As such, specific planning and prioritization is needed in order to protect them from the different threats that might undermine their existence, but also preserve and enhance the life of species through a variety of measures and activities.
Description of ecosystems
The Shut-in Mountain is home to a variety of specifies. Among, these species we find invertebrates, fish, birds, fen, etc. The fen is an aquatic plant species with very little system that floats on ponds, marshes and lakes. The Shut-in Mountain fen feeds on aquatic invertebrates such mosquito larvae, protozoans and tiny crustaceans, tadpoles and newly hatched fish. This aquatic freshwater ecosystem is surrounded a terrestrial ecosystem which is a habitat for many species such as beavers, birds.
Currently, humans exploit the aquatic through fishing and practice recreational hunting or for consumption. There also thousands of visitors who go there for recreational activities. However, over exploitation of these ecosystems could result in the extinction of the species which live in these natural habitats. The hunting and the fishing could be beneficial to humans through consumption and/or sale of their game. For instance, they can sell the fur and hides from mammals. In addition, humans could benefit from these ecosystems for medical purposes. For example, beavers’ castor sacs are used in traditional medicine.
Current and potential management
These ecosystems should not just be left to wild exploitation, however, as this may lead to the extinction of the species that inhabit them. Thus, there should be a good management of the ecosystems to prevent dire consequences as a result of over exploitation. One potential management plan is the conservation of resources in the ecosystems by regulating exploitation activities. In this respect, exploitation licenses should be required and exploitation should be banned on certain periods in order allow species regenerate. Management through conservation also contributes to maintaining sustainable use of the resources available in the ecosystems. The combined management plans of conservation and controlled use of species will result in maintaining a balance between the availability of resources and their exploitation, which will lead to the preservation of the ecosystems through time.
Prioritize conservation
In the process of the conservation of ecosystems, priority should be given to the diversity of the ecosystems as well as their productivity. This will ensure the availability of resources for future exploitation. Another step in the prioritization of conservation efforts is the maintenance of sustainability by controlling the use of resources so as to prevent over exploitaion. In addition, chemical cycling and disturbance should be monitored in order to avoid destroying or seriously hindering the natural development of the species in the ecosystems.
Regional or global threat
The ecosystems should be protected from a various threats that could potentially cause its destruction in the long run. These threats can be local, regional or global. Among these them, we can identify pollution, agriculture, population, and global warming. Pollution, for instance, can come from hunters, fishermen and visitors littering the ecosystems. It can also come from agriculture (pesticides) and motor-vehicles (noise, fumes). In order to face this threat, serious measures should be taken such as regular inspections and expensive fines that potentially result in jail time for trespassers. To make sure such measures are correctly implemented, protection agents should be appointed to watch over the ecosystems and make sure the harmful and destructive activities are not carried out.

Ranking priorities
Given that humans depend on ecosystems for food, other utility resources, as well as a stable climate, they need to be protected, all the more as the accelerated development is causing a degradation or even a depletion of ecosystems. The conservation and preservation of species is also a top priority. For the preservation of ecosystems and the maintenance of biological diversity, the environmental burden must be reduced in order to promote the recovery of these ecosystems. In this regard, it appears to be necessary to conduct alternative activities through environmental management, but also through conservation that takes the natural environment into account. The promotion of activities in these areas in an integrated way. Specific activities need to be carried out towards that end, such as purifying the water (fish can die from water pollution), the air should be purified, if possible, through denitrification catalyst systems, control systems for chemical substance, and curb greenhouse gases through products, but also enhance the recycling of resources. The control of the use of resources should also be of highly valued for a sustainable exploitation. In order to ensure efficient conservation plans, immediate threats should be combated through strict measures.
Defending prioritization
The protection of ecosystems from degradation and destruction appears to be a top priority in the sense that any subsequent activity is dependent on the integrity of the ecosystems. For that reason, continuous protection measures should first be put in place. Once the ecosystems are well protected, a series of actions and activities can be carried out in order to preserve and conserve the resources. Because humans take profit of these ecosystems, the preservation of the latter is necessary in order to ensure long-term availability of resources. In this respect, a controlled use of these resources should be established so as to ensure sustainability. Since humans take great advantage of the resources found in these ecosystems, protection, preservation and conservation of the latter appear to be top priority measures that should be implemented first before allowing a controlled and lasting exploitation of those resources. Overall, this series of measures is expected to result in the preservation of the ecological integrity of ecosystems, but also the productivity, as resources will be able to regenerate. Controlled exploitation will prevent over exploitation and protect biodiversity. In addition, such measures might be costly by requiring quite a lot of agents or manager to operate, but it is absolutely feasible and part of the cost can be covered by revenues from exploitation licenses. It should be pointed out, however, that people can be a great part of the problem. As such, part of the management activities for these ecosystems should center around the monitoring of the comings and goings of visitors (also, hunters, fishermen, etc.) and the activities related to their visit. “Most reserves are open to visitors; indeed, most reserves would not exist if they did not provide opportunities for outdoor recreation. Unfortunately, the number of human visitors can be overwhelming, with some parks attracting over a million visitors per year. This means that reserve management encompasses all the problems that accompany entertaining large numbers of people: proliferation of roads, air pollution, sewage disposal, plant trampling, soil erosion, and so on. Simply put, reserve management is, first and foremost, people management” (Hunter, M. L., Jr., & Gibbs, J. P.; 2007) For this reason, and others, visitors activities should be strictly monitored.
Identifying two specific actions
One practical action directed toward the protection of ecosystems is the management of habitats. The natural habitats of species needs to be maintained and safeguarded in order to allow continuity in the productivity and sustainability of these ecosystems. Another practical action is to enhance the livelihood of species their habitat by making up for the shortages in their needs, for example the planting of trees when they have been dying, or providing species with water when their water supplies are drying out. All these measures will at length impact on the development and productivity of species since their natural environment will have been protected, preserved, and enhanced for a better quality of life. “People can also have a positive impact on wildlife populations through improvement and protection of habitat or ecosystems. The planting of trees and shrubs, as well as wildlife food plots, in the appropriate locations is one way landowners can improve wildlife habitat. People can protect ponds, streams, rivers and wetlands from sedimentation by reducing soil erosion on lands surrounding these aquatic ecosystems. Nesting boxes placed in ecosystems that lack dead, hollow trees will enhance the habitat for cavity nesting animals. There are many things people can do to improve habitat for wildlife” ( These practical actions should be paired with political actions that would ensure the efficiency of protection and preservation measures. One of the political actions that can be taken towards protecting the ecosystems is the establishment of monitored visits and exploitation licenses through the institutionalization of ecosystems as officially protected by law. This will regulate the frequency of visits as well as where people can go and what they do in these ecosystems. Another political action is to ban exploitation periodically in order to allow species to regenerate and avoid their extinction. Overall, these practical and political actions will contribute to the protection of the ecosystems and ensure the conservation of biodiversity by allowing regeneration of species and enhancing the quality of their environment.
The management of ecosystems can be intricate. However, ecosystems can be well-protected and preserved for better sustainability if there is a carefully planned course of action that is mapped onto a well-thought prioritization in order to impact the life of species in the long-term and ensure the ecological integrity.

Hunter, M. L., Jr., & Gibbs, J. P. (2007). Fundamentals of conservation biology (3rd ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell/Wiley.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Environmental Interupstions

...1. An area of land in which there is little or no human development is referred to as a  A. tract development. B. reserve. C. wilderness. D. multiple land use.   2. Environmental science is an interdisciplinary area of study that deals with all of the following except  A. politics. B. economics. C. ethics. D. All of these are correct.   3. An ecosystem is  A. the transition zone between grassland and desert. B. a group of interactive species and their environment. C. a body of freshwater. D. the lowland area on either side of a river.   4. The major benefit of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Management Plan is  A. the creation of large regions of wilderness for animals such as bison and grizzly. B. the increase of cattle grazing on park land. C. the increase of mining and old-growth logging on park land. D. None of these are correct.   5. In the wilderness North much of the land  A. is owned by individuals. B. has little economic value. C. is characterized by a long growing season. D. is owned by the government.   6. In which region has the original, natural ecosystem been replaced by agriculture?  A. the Middle U.S. B. Northeastern Canada C. the Southwest U.S. D. the Pacific Northwest   7. Before 1993, the U.S. Forest Service sold timber-cutting rights  A. only to foreign investors. B. at below cost. C. at a high profit. D. only in old-growth forests.   8. One of the major resources of the Great Lakes......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Body

...Name Class Date 3.4 Cycles of Matter Lesson Objectives Describe how matter cycles among the living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem. Describe how water cycles through the biosphere. Explain why nutrients are important in living systems. Describe how the availability of nutrients affects the productivity of ecosystems. Lesson Summary Recycling in the Biosphere Matter, unlike energy, is recycled within and between ecosystems. Elements pass from one organism to another and from one part of the biosphere to another through biogeochemical cycles, which are closed loops powered by the flow of energy. The Water Cycle Water moves between the ocean, the atmosphere, and land. Evaporation is the process in which water changes from a liquid to a gas. Transpiration is the process in which water evaporates from the leaves of plants. Nutrient Cycles The chemical substances that an organism needs to survive are called nutrients. Like water, nutrients pass through organisms and the environment. Carbon Cycle: Carbon is a key ingredient of all organic compounds. Processes involved in the carbon cycle include photosynthesis and human activities such as burning. Nitrogen Cycle: Nitrogen is needed by all organisms to build proteins. Processes involved in the nitrogen cycle include nitrogen fixation and denitrification. • In nitrogen fixation, certain bacteria convert nitrogen gas into ammonia. • In denitrification, other soil bacteria convert......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...A single ecosystem holds all the food chain and this is called a food web. Every living creature in the ecosystem is a component of multiplex food chains. Every food chain is a possible pathway that nutrients, and energy could take on while they travel throughout an ecosystem. Each and every one of the overlapping, and organized food chains in the same ecosystem create a food web. "A food web is a graphical description of feeding relationships among species in an ecological community, that is, of who eats whom"(  J. Duffy, 2013 ). Trophic levels consist of a group of organisms in the food webs. Also, this trophic levels are divided into three levels and this levels are decomposers, consumers, and producers. The first trophic level is known as Producers. Also, they create their food and they don't turn to other organism, and they also called autotrophs. Normally autotrophs create food using a process known as photosynthesis, and that create a nutrient known as glucose, and these consist of water , carbon dioxide, and sunlight. There are different types of autotroph but plants are the most known type. One larger plant that's known as seaweed is a autotroph. Also, tiny organisms  living in the deep-sea called Phytoplankton, are also autotrophs. There are various bacteria that are autotrophs. Example, in a lively volcanoes exist bacteria and they use sulfur to put together its own food. This procedure is known as chemosynthesis.  The following trophic levels consist of......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Int1 Guidelines

...Task: A. Create a multimedia presentation (e.g. PowerPoint, Keynote) (suggested length of 6–8 slides) that introduces and describes your chosen ecosystem, analyzes the impact of human activity on the ecosystem, and provides guidelines to help preserve your chosen ecosystem. Do the following in your presentation: 1. Describe the specific ecosystem that you have selected by doing the following: a. Identify the specific geographic location of the ecosystem. Note: You can use maps, written description of location, and latitude/longitude to provide the location of the ecosystem. b. Explain the major biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem. 2. Discuss the impact that humans currently have on the specified ecosystem. 3. Predict the effect of future human impact on the specified ecosystem. 4. Provide guidelines regarding human activities that will aid in preserving the specified ecosystem. B. If you choose to use outside sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format. for Reference: Map of Chernobyl retrived from The novel emphasizes that the "dead zone" around Chernobyl is actually rich in plant- and wildlife (which have tolerance levels for radiation different than humans). In this area, wild animals such as wolves have not only flourished in the absence of human activity, but have no fear of the humans they do......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Final Examination Week 5 Sci/256

...right-hand scoring columns alone; the instructor will complete those during grading. NOTE: As your answers grow longer, the next item may scroll off the page. Make certain to continue until you reach the clearly marked “End of Exam” box. REQUIRED QUESTIONS: |Content |Points |Points | | |Earned |Available | |1. |Describe the hydrologic cycle. How does the hydrologic cycle help make oceans more acidic? What | |4.0 | | |role does pH play in the health of ocean ecosystems? | | | |Your Response to Q1: | |Hydrologic cycle is a continuous cycle in which water evaporates and travels into the air and becomes part of the clouds, falls down to | |earth as precipitation and then it...

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Week 2 Day 7

...diminishing the use of land for its natural resources, society becomes crippled. By using the Four Steps of Risk Assessment, I will demonstrate why using nature’s resources in an environmentally friendly way will ultimately allow for the expansion of our culture. Step one of the Four Steps of Risk Assessment is Hazard Identification. This is determining whether a substance can cause adverse health reactions when exposed. Using natural resources creates little to no health effects. Step two is a Dose-response assessment. This evaluates the relationship between the amount of exposure and the severity of the health effects. Conserving natural resources in a low measure creates little to no effect, while high measures could completely destroy an ecosystem. Step three is an Exposure assessment. The length of time that an environment would be subject to conservation would more than likely be for months to years. It is difficult to develop a time frame when discussing natural resource conservation. The final step is Risk characterization. The aforementioned steps are all analyzed...

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Jug Bay Lab Report

...well distributed throughout the year; precipitation ranges from 40 to 60 in per year. Mild rainforest is run of the mill in this region. The broad beach front bogs and inside bogs are overwhelmed by gum and cypress. Soils are chiefly Ultisols, and Entisols. Estuaries are home to exceptional plant and creature groups that have adjusted to salty water. Container Bay backings and holds a wide assortment of untamed life and species. Container Bay is one of three locales which makes up the Chesapeake Bay estuary. These tributaries are a critical part of the general wellbeing of the Chesapeake Bay biological system. The essential point of this trek was to examine the natural life found in the Jug Bay region and record information about it. Description of Methods/Procedure: Though out the day we went and investigated two different plots and explored the wetlands. In the two plots we went to, we had to research the wildlife to decide if the plot was a young forest, a mature forest, or a climax forest. We used a number of tools to measure out a 10 by 10, square plot, and then we proceeded to measure and count the number of trees in the plot. I specifically was in charge of using a tape measurer to measure the width of the trees in one plot, and in the other I was in charge of lining up the compass to set the edges of the plot. I learned how wetlands are home a...

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Everglades National Park

...The Everglades SCI 230 October 16, 2011 The Everglades I. Introduction II. Descriptions of Diversity of Life Forms A. People B. Animals 1. Birds 2. Fish 3. Mammals 4. Reptiles C. Plant 1. Lichens 2. Barks 3. Invasive Plants III. Biological Interrelationships of Life Forms | | | | | | A. Food Web 1. Plant Species 2. Algae Group 3. Animals 4. Fungi and Bacteria IV. Existing Preservations and Protections of Life Forms A. Environmental Factors B. Natural Features and Ecosystems V. Efforts Made for Preserving the Everglades A. Central Figures for Conservation B. Enactment of Laws to Protect the Environment VI. Preserving the Diversity of the Everglades A. The Clean Air Act B. Funding C. Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan VII. Conclusion The Everglades National Park In the United States, the Everglades National Park is considered the largest subtropical wasteland. It hosts a variety of rare and endangered species. Many groups of people and animals have landed in the Everglades making it their homeland. Everglades is home for well-known rare animals and plants. The marshes, forests, cypress, fish, animals, plants, and people depend on the ecosystem of the Everglades. Unfortunately, many of these plants and animals are found on the endangered species list for the United States. The......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

What Is Biodiversity?

...environment. But another important reason why humans will always depend on the environment is because our lives depend on biodiversity. Meaning that we get clothing, medicines, food and furniture from other species. Just because that people rely on biodiversity they have to conserve biodiversity and can save it for future generations ( But before knowing all the damage this can cause to us, firstly we should know what biodiversity is. Why does it change? Why we have to conserve biodiversity? The aim of this essay is to answer these three questions, so in this paper I will try analyze most important things about biodiversity. MAIN ARGUMENTS The definition of biodiversity has many different connotations, description of species composition interactions between organisms and their environment (Orians, G. H. 1996, p.49). But the major definition of biodiversity is: the variety of life in all its manifestations (Lecture notes). This modern definition can sound like the variety of life on earth, variety of species, and the communities in which they occur. The major elements of diversity are: genetic, taxonomic, and ecological. The first one is Genetic (populations, individuals) – individuals of the same species. It means genetic variations between individuals in a single population and between populations of the same species. Genetic differences are the raw material of evolution. The second element of diversity is Taxonomic (Kingdoms, Phyla, Genera,...

Words: 1646 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Bio Syllabus

...|[pic] |Syllabus | | |College of Natural Sciences | | |BIO/101 Version 2 | | |Principles of Biology | Copyright © 2010, 2008 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course is designed to introduce biology at an entry level by examining the hierarchy that ranges from the fundamentals of cell biology to the physiology of organisms, and the interactions among those organisms in their environment. The topics in this course include cell biology, genetics, molecular biology, evolution, physiology, and ecology. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class.......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

About Selena Gomez

...untapped due to lack of right infrastructure that caters to the need of a viable market.| The forest area is virtually uninhabited and subjected to only minor encroachment. The southern boundary abuts farmed areas of the domain but is generally protected by natural features and informal agreement with the Ancestral Domain. Two thirds of the rivers underground catchment lie outside the park, largely in the ancestral domain of Cabayugan, much of which is farmed. Agricultural pollution poses a considerable threat to the geological structure of the underground cave system, though follow up studies have been conducted and revealed no real threat to the underground ecosystem. Habitat loss and forest denudation poses a danger to the sustenance of the parks ecosystem. Watersheds and riverbanks are also being damaged. The ecosystem tends to degenerate in a pace faster than its regeneration.| In 1997, the number of visitors to the park rose to 40,000 from a mere 2,000 in the early 1980s. Until the end of 1998 a few visitors stayed at the cottages in the park, while most overnight visitors preferred to spend the night in Sabang. Though tourism is the only predictable source of financial sustenance, as well as opportunities for many local people to improve their standard of living, its uncontrolled development also serves as one of the major threats. In...

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sap Eco System

...SAP Contents 1. WHY DID SAP DECIDE TO IMPLEMENT AN ECOSYSTEM AND HOW DID THEY REALIZE IT? WHAT WAS CRUCIAL FOR ITS SUCCESS? 2 2. BESIDES NEW SOFTWARE PRODUCTS, WHICH OTHER KEY OUTCOMES AND BENEFITS ARISE FOR SAP BY USING THE ECOSYSTEM? 3 WHAT WOULD BE YOUR RECOMMENDATION FOR SAP WITH REGARD TO NAKISA? 4 BUILT IT YOURSELF 4 BY 5 PARTNER 5 CONCLUSION 5 REFERANSELISTE 7 Side 1 1. Why did SAP decide to implement an ecosystem and how did they realize it? What was crucial for its success? The ecosystem realization was more or less due to internet startup firms that challenged the SAP business model, companies like IBM and Microsoft pushed open protocols and web services to IT customers, witch again could manage a fully integrated system based on open source with “best of breed” suppliers. In that they also recognized that the overall IT knowledge also increased due to younger and better trained IT departments/persons inside companies. It was important that SAP are in the lead of the change, due to the first mover and also that they have a high knowledge regarding IT programing. In the book “The innovator´s solution” by Christensen and Raynor (2003) there is mentioned disruptive innovation, in this context we could say that the new entrants of open based programing is a huge threat and could possibly in the future change the industry. As we can se in figure 1 the new marked disruption is a possible threat for......

Words: 1709 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Health Wearable Technology

...Recommendations…………………………………………………..11 References………………………………………………………………………………………..12 Appendix A………………………………………………………………………………………14 Health Wearable Technology !3 Abstract Innovations in technology paved way for a new category of digital devices aimed at improving the quality of life and cost effective healthcare system. This never before seen intersection between technology and healthcare industry leads to an efficient ecosystem which brings value to customers, innovators and investors alike.
 Health Wearable Technology !4 Chapter 1: Introduction Background For years since the digital revolution, innovation on technological front in healthcare industry has been limited. The complete transaction between a customer and the healthcare organizations is a tedious process and the information system is unorganized. “Health Wearables” commonly called as activity trackers, are being developed by taking advantage of this revolution and thereby fueling the growth of digital health technologies. The customer is established at the center of this ecosystem that is being built around health wearable technology. By using a device of this sort, consumers are in control of their health and wellness, critical information that is being generated constantly and the data which they wish to share with health and healthcare organizations. The data collected is...

Words: 1700 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Study: Ebay

...list their product along with a description of the item on the website. Items can be sold at fixed price or by auction. After a bidder wins an auction or a buyer purchases a product, sellers and buyers settle their transactions via PayPal, a money transferring service, also owned by eBay. eBay’s Feedback Forum is where eBay users leave comments about each others buying and selling experiences. Buyers can learn about other buyers’ experience with a particular seller buy viewing his rating and reviews before buying from that individual. Sellers can also vet buyers in the same way. Users with the enough positive ratings receive colored stars, which indicate the highest rating. eBay participants sign user agreements that specify the trading rules and expectations. eBay’s staff investigate alleged misuses such as fraud, trading offenses and illegally listed items. Resolutions include banning a user from future trading on eBay. How eBay Creates Value Value creation is the primary objective of any firm. Value creation occurs when there is additional value being added to the bottom line of a business a result of the creation and use of new methods to maximize the shareholders wealth (Agbor-Ndakaw, n.d.). No product will be viable without creating positive economic value (B-C=Positive) (Besanko, 2013). eBay creates value in a number of ways. It has developed state-of-the-art tools that increase productivity that encourage members to join the ecosystem. eBay’s Seller’s Assistant......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Belize Barrier Reef System

...E. Willis June 24, 2011 SCI/230 Gregory Becoat UNESCO Paper- Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System Charles Darwin was quoted in 1842 describing the Belize Barrier Reef as "the most remarkable reef in the West Indies" (Encyclopedia). This description still holds true today. The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, which includes the Belize submarine shelf and its barrier reef is the world's second largest barrier reef system and the largest reef complex in the Atlantic-Caribbean area (Programme-wo, 2009). What makes a reef like the Belize Barrier Reef system so special is that coral reefs are the most diverse of all wetlands and are home to more species than any other marine ecosystem (Wells). Also the reef system offers more varieties of coral formation than anywhere else in the Caribbean (Encyclopedia). For people to appreciate and understand the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve system, they need to know about the many species that call this place home, the threats against the preservation of the reef, and what is being done to protect and preserve the reef. Once this happens my hope is more people will become involved in the safeguarding of this wonderful place. The Belize Barrier Reef system is one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. The Belize Barrier Reef system is home to 70 hard coral species, 36 soft coral species, more than 500 species of fish, and hundreds of invertebrate species. The hundreds of invertebrate species include 350 mollusks, plus a vast......

Words: 1728 - Pages: 7