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Destep Australia


Submitted By bitela
Words 658
Pages 3
Destep analyses Australia
Demographic Factors
The entire population of Australia counts 21.262.641 million people. The population isn’t very big. Especially because the total area of Australia is huge (7.741.220 sq km). 67.9% of the population is between the 15 and 64 years old. The median age is 37.3 years old (male 36.6, female 38.1). The population growth rate of Australia is 1.195%. That’s the 112th position in a list of 233 countries.
In 2008, 89% of the Australian population lived in urban areas. That’s a huge percentage of the population. The rate of urbanization is 1.2%.
Economic Factors
Australia has a strong economy because of a 17-year economic expansion. The economic expansion ended because of the global financial crises.
The Australian Purchasing Power Parity was $819 billion in 2009. Despite the economic crises the purchasing power parity increased ($812.5 billion in 2008). The GDP per capita decreased from $38.700 in 2008 to $38.500 in 2009. The GDP growth rate decreased also from 2.4% in 2008 to 0.8% in 2009. The unemployment rate of Australia increased from 4.2% in 2008 to 5.7% in 2009. However, the inflation rate decreased from 4.4%in 2008 to 1.9% in 2009.
Australia consumes more oil than it produces (586,400 bbl/day versus 953,700 bbl/day). This means that in 2008 a lot of oil was imported (687,200 bbl/day). However, Australia also exports oil (332,400 bbl/day). In 2008, the Australian production of natural gas was higher than the Australian consumption of natural gas (45.22 billion cu m versus 34.2 billion cu m). This results in low imports (5.377 billion cu m) and higher exports (19.48 billion cu m).
Social Factors
Australians are known as number 1 globally in usage of social media. People are well educated, but Australia is considered one of the most competitive nations on Earth. This covers all areas of life including the work place. Australians are compulsive buyers having some of the biggest credit card debts in the world. Another interesting detail is that many Australians don't grow roots in the place they were born, especially younger people starting careers. People are used to go to another city or another house quite often.
However, most Australians are not happy with their jobs and want to change it. The survey also reveals nine per cent of Australians actually hate their jobs and usually overwork a lot. Only 22 per cent are happy with their careers and don't want to change, with Brisbane workers the most satisfied.
Talking about transportation, car use in metropolitan regions is high by world standard. Western Australians make 63% of personal trips by car. Sydney has the highest level of public transport use while Canberra has the lowest. However, walking for transport is one of most prevalent physical activities with a participation rate 28 %.
Technological Factors
Australia is the 29th oil producer country in the world, the exploitation of the oil begin at the beginning of the 20th century in Australia but it is only, in 1960 that the production improve thanks the discover of deposit in the south east of the country between Australia and Tasmania. Concerning the gas, Australia isn’t a main character on the gas market, but this situation will changed because Australia owns important reserve.
Australia doesn’t use a lot of renewable energy for the moment but it will be change for many reasons, in effect the australian’s government has decide that in 2020, the renewable energy will represent 20% of the production of electricity . It is for this reasons, that Australia doesn’t appear in the top 20 of the country using renewable energy. The main renewable energy that Australia will use is the solar energy and Australia start to build solar field.

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