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End of the World

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Ahmad145
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Program: CS)

Submitted by:

Bachelor of Science in Computer Sciences (BS

Muhammed Ahmed Ishtiaq

Section: A

Submitted to:

Miss Ayesha Khalid

Registration no:

BCS01103118

Date:

Jan, 12, 2012

GROUP NUMBER: 5

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The Group Members are:

¬ Naqash Azeem Reg. no. bcs01103158

¬ Muhammed Ahmed Ishtiaq Reg. no. bcs01103118

¬ Muhammed Raza Reg. no. bcs01103153

¬ Bilawal Jehangir Reg. no. bcs01103071

¬ Muhammed Arslan Akram Reg. no. bcs01103181

¬ Muhammed Iqbal Reg. no. bcs01103100

¬ Syed Ali Farhan Tirmzi Reg. no. bcs01103093

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ABSTRACT It is an undeniable truth that each and every thing which has come in to existence will come to an end. There is a spring after an autumn and autumn have to face spring after it. The three Abrahamic religions (Islam, Christianity & Judaism) are agreed on the same fact that one day the earth will meet to its end. Even many non-Abrahamic religions and scientists are agreed on the same truth. In this assignment, We will discuss different views on the topic.

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|Contents | |
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|Title | |
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| |Page |
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|¬Title Page |1 |
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|¬Group Members |2 |
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|¬Topic |3 |
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|¬Abstract |4 |
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|¬Introduction |6 |
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|¬Analysis |7 |
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|¬Conclusion |21 |
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|¬Literary Reviews |22 |
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|¬References |23 |

5 Introduction

In the current era, there is a fear that one day the world will meet to its end. If we talk either in the religious point of view or in the scientific point of view; majority of the countries are agreed on this fact that the world will remain no more one day. According to the number of religions of the world are agreed that the one day the world and all the creatures of the world will face the dooms day. In Islam there is a concept near Muslims that everyone will be given its reward one the day of judgment after the end of the world. Also there are some concepts of Christians, Hindus and other non-Muslims in this respect. In Scientific point of view, as the resources of the world are decreasing day by day, hence the world will finish one day. In this assignment, we will discuss the point of views of Muslims, non- Muslims and Scientists in this respect.

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Analysis End of the world is a term which is used by the not only Abrahamic religions (Islam, Christianity & Judaism) but also by the many non-Abrahamic religions and by the science as well.

Points of views of Muslims: In the point of view of Muslims, the world and the whole creatures of its will finish one day. Then the humans will be given the reward of their good deeds or the punishment for the sins as well. In Holy Quran, ALLAH says:

(101:verses5-6). “It is the Day when people will be like moths, dispersed, And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up.”(101:verses5-6). In the point view of Muslims, when the death of a Muslim is close, the angel, Hazrat Izraeel (A.S.) comes and sits close to him. His face shines like the sun and they says: "Oh soul come out of that body, your lord is pleased with you."

The Angel takes the soul with him and leaves the soul on the seventh level where it goes to a place called Il-li-yeen. Illiyeen is the place where all good Muslim souls are gathered after death. After the body has been buried, the soul returns to the body in the grave. Two Angels, called Munkar and Nakeer, arrive at the grave to question the dead person their questions are:

7 "WHO IS YOUR LORD"? "WHAT IS YOUR RELIGION"? Also they will ask about the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). If he provides correct answers, his grave will become the palace of heaven. When a non-believer is close to death, Hazrat Izraeel and thousands of other Angels come with darkened faces. Angel Izraeel will approach the non-believer and say: "Oh corrupt soul come out, Allah is angry with you". The soul with great difficulty leaves the body. And after it, the soul of non-believer will face so many difficulties till the day of Judgment. Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi WA sallam) said: The Day of Judgment will not come until, ten major signs happen or appear: 1) Imam Mahdi 2) Dajjal (anti-Christ) 3) Return of Prophet Isa (alayhi salaam) 4) Ya'jooj Majooj (Gog and Megog) 5) Earth Beast 6) Thick Smoke 7) The Sinking of the houses 8) The rising of the Sun from the West 9) The South wind 10) The chasing of the Fire Imam Mahdi will come near the Day of Judgment. His name will be Muhammad. Dajjal will appear in the area between Syria and Iran. He will be sitting on a white donkey and will have one eye. He will have the Devil's power and will claim that he is Allah (Na-ooz-o-bi-llah). Hazrat Isa (alayhi salaam) will come down from the Minaret of the Mosque with two Angels. Imam Mahdi will request Hazrat Isa (alayhi salaam) to lead the prayer, but Hazrat Isa (alayhi salaam) will say, "You lead the prayer." Imam Mahdi will lead the Salaat (prayer).

8 After the Salaat, Imam Mahdi and Hazrat Isa (alayhi salaam) and the other Muslims will come out from the Mosque. Outside the gates of the Mosque, Dajjal will be waiting with his army. Dajjal Hazrat Isa (alayhi salaam) will catch him and kill Dajjal at a place called Baab-ul-ludd (an airport in Israel). God created a nation called Ya'jooj and Majooj. In the beginning they were free. King Zulqarnian imprisoned up behind a wall. They are still imprisoned today, and will be freed near the Day of Judgment. The Ya'jooj Majooj will come and eat the people in the world. They will drink all the water. Wherever there is water, they will drink all of it. If they find any humans they will eat them. At that time, Prophet Isa (alayhi salaam) will be on the mountain. There will be a shortage of food. Prophet Isa (alayhi salaam) and the other Muslims will pray to Allah, "Oh Allah! Save us from them." Allah will listen to their prayers and create a spot on their necks. With that, they will all die. One house will sink in the East and one house will sink in the West. The non-believers who live in these houses will all die. Smoke will spread across the sky from which the Muslims will have a cold. The non-believers will faint from this smoke. Smoke will come out from the non-believers ears and noses. Then a time will come, when a night will be very long. People and animals will become anxious. People will pray to Allah for the forgiveness of their sins. This night will be as long as four nights. After this night the sun will rise from the West and with it the doors of forgiveness will close. Near the Day of Judgment Safaa Mountain will explode. An Earth Beast will come out. When the Haj'jis sees this, some will be scared, and some won't be. The Earth Beast will be a very strange beast and it will talk to people. It will point out the hypocrites and true Muslims. After it, a time will reach, when the animals of the earth will disappear, wind will come from the South, from which Muslims will have pain under their armpits and they will die. Only the non-

9 believers will survive. Even if a Muslim is hiding in a cave, the wind will reach there, and he will also die. When there will be no more Muslims, the Ethiopian non- believers will have victory. They will break the Kabah down. Hajj will not be performed anymore. The words of the Holy Qur'an will be erased, only blank papers will be left. After this, a fire will appear from South Yemen. When the people will see this, they will run and the fire will come after them. The fire will drive the people from all corners of the world to Syria. When everyone will reach Syria, the fire will disappear. The entire world will be in Syria. The people will live for four or five years after this. Then the trumpet will be blown and the world will come to an end.

Muslims views and research of Modern Science: Hazrat Tamim Dari was a Christian, who later became a Muslim. He lived in Madina. He saw the Dajjal. He was on a journey along with his thirty companions, when he lost in the sea. They lost in the way and reached at an Island. There was an animal which he could not recognize due to its long hair. There was a woman. He asked to her, “Who are you?” She said, "I am a spy, my work is to inform people about Dajjal". The woman said: “Go into the church. There is a man waiting for you.” Hazrat Tamim Dari entered the church with his companions. He saw a very strong man tied up with metal chains. He asked Hazrat Tamim Dari some questions and after it he told them that he is Dajjal. The questions were: About the Beesan's garden that is it growing fruit? Second and third was about the river Buhaira Tabria (in Palestine) and about the Fountain of Zugur that is it there water? Fourth one was about the prophet (peace be upon him) that either he is born in Makah or not.

10 In these days, still there are some mysteries which are not been solved. One of them is Bermuda triangle. The atmosphere of that place is seems similar to as Hazrat Tamim Dari said. In these days, this is going to be said that Dajjal is over there where the Bermuda triangle is. And it might be possible that God kept him there in prison to test the faith of people near the end days. As it is still not proved, hence ALLAH knows better what is right and what is wrong. Thinking with religious and scientific point of view: It is true that the end of the world will take place, but the human itself is responsible for the end of the world to some extent. It is a truth that ALLAH has created all the things with a perfect measurement. In Holy Quran, Allah says:

And He has set up on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and rivers and roads; that ye may guide yourselves; (Al Nahl : 15) And now days, humans are cutting off mountains and building homes and roads over there. Then how can there remain a balance which is His perfect measurement??? Then there may come disasters and earth quacks, which will finally lead the earth to its end.

Points of views of non-Muslims: Points of view of non Muslims are: Christians: In Christianity, the End Times are often depicted as a time

11 of tribulation that precedes the Second Coming of the Christian "Savior" or a "hoped-for deliverer", Jesus, the Christian Messiah, who will usher in the fullness of the World to Come and Kingdom of God and bring an end to suffering and evil and all things wrong with the current world which is tainted by Original Sin. Christians of every age since the death of Jesus have been anxiously awaiting the second coming, and looking for advance signs of his return. Many Christian leaders who specialize in prophecy agree on one belief: That all of the conditions mentioned in the Bible which must be satisfied before the Antichrist appears on earth have been met. Thus, the start of the seven years of Tribulation can occur at any time. 2 Most conservative Protestants believe that the Rapture will happen at some time during the Tribulation -- Often at the beginning of the seven years, Jesus is expected to return to earth at the end of the Tribulation. In North America, most prophecies are made by Christians and based on the Bible. It is important to realize that anticipation of second coming of Jesus, and the end of the world as we know it, has been a constant expectation of Christians from the about 30 CE to the present time. Century after century, some 80 generations of Christians have been disappointed. It is quite possible that contemporary Christians will be as well.

Many Christians cite Matthew 24, in which Jesus tells his disciples that certain events will herald the end of the world:

Wars and rumors of War

Famine

12 Earthquakes Persecution False prophets Lawlessness A hardening of hearts

Hinduism: Hinduism believes in the rebirth and reincarnation of souls. Death is therefore not a great calamity, not an end of all, But a natural process in the existence of soul as a separate entity, By which it reassembles its resources, adjusts its course and returns again to the earth to continue its journey. In Hinduism death is a temporary cessation of physical activity, a necessary means of recycling the resources and energy and an opportunity for the soul to review its programs and policies. When a person dies, his soul along with some residual consciousness leaves the body, Through an opening in the head, goes to another world and returns again after spending some time there. What happens after the soul leaves the body and before it reincarnates again is a great mystery. The Bhagavad gita describes two paths along which souls travel after death. One is the path of the sun, also known as the bright path and the other is the path of the moon, also known as the dark path. When a soul travels along the path of the sun, it never returns again, while those which travel along the path of the moon return again. What happens to a soul after the death of a mortal being on earth depends upon many factors, some of which are, his previous deeds, his state of mind at the time of death, the time his death, the activities of his children, that is whether they performed

13 the funeral rites in the prescribed manner and satisfied the scriptural injunctions. There different god's have different worlds the person who satisfies any god his soul goes to that god’s world. Illuminati, Satanism: The religion that I am going tell you about is the illuminati Satanism very less people know about them. This was a small group of people in America. Who worshiped Satan and were black magicians, when people started knowing about them they migrated into different part of world. And today they are the most powerful people, they run the system of the world, the products that we use in our daily life 80% of the product have They control us from our childhood develop our mind as they want. I would suggest you to see a documentary the arrivals it has all the details about them. They are preparing for the end of the world and the arrival of Dajjal. Every famous personality of the world is bought by them. If you see the arrivals, you can understand what i am trying to explain. Every big incident that happens in this world is done by them for e.g. the twin tower. You won’t believe that they had a card game known as illuminate card game (1925) and a card in it had a picture of twin tower being destroyed if you want. Believe me go and search it on Google search.

Points of views of Scientists: The points of view of Scientists are: The sun will slowly expand into a red giant, pushing the Earth farther out into space, but not far enough. Our home planet will be snagged by the sun's outer atmosphere, gradually plunging to its doom inside the fiery stellar furnace.

14 "The drag caused by this low-density gas is enough to cause the Earth to drift inwards, and finally to be captured and vaporized by the sun," explains astronomer Robert Smith of the University of Sussex in southern England. Previous projections had all figured that the Earth would avoid falling into the sun, even during our star's red-giant phase The recent spate of natural disasters affecting the globe "might be" signs that the Biblical apocalypse is near, says Christian televangelist Pat Robertson. On an Oct. 9 episode of CNN's "Late Edition," the preacher noted that hurricanes such as Katrina and Rita and earthquakes like the ones that struck Pakistan this past weekend and the tsunami-causing one that struck Indonesia last December are hitting with "amazing regularity." Scientists see Earth doing what she always does, however. "If you read back in the Bible, [Paul] said that in the latter days before the [apocalypse] that the Earth would be caught up in what he called the birth pangs of a new order," Robertson said. "Well, what was called the blessed hope of the Bible is that one day Jesus Christ would come back again, start a whole new era, that this world order that we know it would change into something that would be wonderful that we'd call the millennium." But before there can be heaven on Earth, there will be some "difficult days" which will be like "what a woman goes through in labor just before she brings forth a child," Robertson said. Seth Stein, a seismologists at Northwestern University's Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, thinks everything is as it should be, at least as far as earthquakes go. "I don't think there's any reason to believe the frequency of large earthquakes has changed over the past million years," Stein told Live Science. "That's contrary to everything we know about how the Earth works." On average, there is at least one magnitude 8 earthquake every year and about 17 magnitudes 7 are, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The Pakistan quake measured 7.6.

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Of course, some places on Earth are more prone to earthquakes than others. Alaska is one of the most seismically active regions in the world — experiencing a major earthquake (magnitude 7.0 or greater) almost every year, whereas no earthquakes of more than moderate intensity have occurred within the borders of North Dakota during historical times. "The largest earthquakes are on plate boundaries, where two plates are interacting, and the largest of these earthquakes occur on seduction zone boundaries, where you have one plate going under another plate," Stein explained. Both the Sumatra earthquake and the Pakistan earthquake struck on seduction zone boundaries. The first happened as the India plate slid under the Burma plate and the latter one was the result of the India plate sliding under the Eurasia one.

Hurricanes are increasing: Concerning hurricanes, Robertson may be correct in observing that they're occurring more frequently than in the past. According to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), the period between 1970 to 1994 saw on average about 9 tropical storms in the Atlantic basin, with about 7 of those turning into hurricanes. From 1995 to 2004, that number jumped to 14 tropical storms and12 hurricanes. 2005 is likely to surpass them all, said Kevin Trenberth, the head of climate analysis at NCAR. "By several measures, this will end up being the most active storm season on record, it's not just number but also how intense they are," Trenberth said. But scientists aren't willing to blame the apocalypse just yet. A decades-long cycle of busy and the quiet periods is evident in records dating back to the mid-1800s. This is not the first stretch of highly active hurricane seasons. It is just the first time so many people have lived near the coast during such an active period.

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Natural cycles: Trenberth cites a number of factors responsible for the trend toward stronger and more frequent hurricanes being observed. These include natural variability in hurricane frequency and intensity, global warming, and El Niño, a warming of the waters in the off the eastern coast of South America that occurs naturally every 4-12 years. "Following an El Niño there tends to be warmer sea temperatures," Trenberth said. "It changes the atmospheric circulation to create extra warming of the Atlantic [Ocean]." As the surface of the Atlantic Ocean warms, more water evaporates into the atmosphere, which allows for stronger tropical storms. Global warming is believed to contribute to hurricanes in the same way, by warming up the ocean surface and putting more moisture into the atmosphere. About Robertson's comments, Trenberth said that he "thinks its part of the general [socio-political] climate that seems to exists in the country today, fostered partly perhaps by this administration and their lack of credence to science."

Frequently asked Questions: The questions which are frequently asked in this respect are: Question (Q): Are there any threats to the Earth in 2012? Many Internet websites say the world will end in December 2012. Answer (A): Nothing bad will happen to the Earth in 2012. Our planet has been getting along just fine for more than 4 billion years, and credible scientists worldwide know of no threat associated with 2012.

Q: What is the origin of the prediction that the world will end in 2012? A: The story started with claims that Nibiru, a supposed planet discovered by the Sumerians, is headed toward Earth. This

17 catastrophe was initially predicted for May 2003, but when nothing happened the doomsday date was moved forward to December 2012. Then these two fables were linked to the end of one of the cycles in the ancient Mayan calendar at the winter solstice in 2012 -- hence the predicted doomsday date of December 21, 2012.

Q: Does the Mayan calendar end in December 2012? A: Just as the calendar you have on your kitchen wall does not cease to exist after December 31, the Mayan calendar does not cease to exist on December 21, 2012. This date is the end of the Mayan long-count period but then -- just as your calendar begins again on January 1 -- another long-count period begins for the Mayan calendar.

Q: Could phenomena occur where planets align in a way that impacts Earth? A: There are no planetary alignments in the next few decades, Earth will not cross the galactic plane in 2012, and even if these alignments were to occur, their effects on the Earth would be negligible. Each December the Earth and sun align with the approximate center of the Milky Way Galaxy but that is an annual event of no consequence.

Q: Is there a planet or brown dwarf called Nibiru or Planet X or Eris that is approaching the Earth and threatening our planet with widespread destruction? A: Nibiru and other stories about wayward planets are an Internet hoax. There is no factual basis for these claims. If Nibiru or Planet X were real and headed for an encounter with the Earth in 2012, astronomers would have been tracking it for at least the past decade, and it would be visible by now to the naked eye. Obviously, it does not exist. Eris is real, but it is a dwarf planet similar to Pluto that will remain in the outer solar system; the closest it can come to Earth is about 4 billion miles.

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Q: What is the polar shift theory? Is it true that the earth’s crust does a 180-degree rotation around the core in a matter of days if not hours? A: A reversal in the rotation of Earth is impossible. There are slow movements of the continents (for example Antarctica was near the equator hundreds of millions of years ago), but that is irrelevant to claims of reversal of the rotational poles. However, many of the disaster websites pull a bait-and-shift to fool people. They claim a relationship between the rotation and the magnetic polarity of Earth, which does change irregularly, with a magnetic reversal taking place every 400,000 years on average. As far as we know, such a magnetic reversal doesn’t cause any harm to life on Earth. A magnetic reversal is very unlikely to happen in the next few millennia, anyway. Earth, as seen in the Blue Marble: Next Generation collection of images, showing the color of the planet's surface in high resolution. This image shows South America from September 2004. Q: Is the Earth in danger of being hit by a meteor in 2012? A: The Earth has always been subject to impacts by comets and asteroids, although big hits are very rare. The last big impact was 65 million years ago, and that led to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Today NASA astronomers are carrying out a survey called the Space guard Survey to find any large near-Earth asteroids long before they hit. We have already determined that there are no threatening asteroids as large as the one that killed the dinosaurs. All this work is done openly with the discoveries posted every day on the NASA NEO Program Office website, so you can see for yourself that nothing is predicted to hit in 2012.

Q: How do NASA scientists feel about claims of pending doomsday? A: For any claims of disaster or dramatic changes in 2012, where is the science? Where is the evidence? There is none, and for all the fictional assertions, whether they are made in books, movies,

19 documentaries or over the Internet, we cannot change that simple fact. There is no credible evidence for any of the assertions made in support of unusual events taking place in December 2012.

Q: Is there a danger from giant solar storms predicted for 2012? A: Solar activity has a regular cycle, with peaks approximately every 11 years. Near these activity peaks, solar flares can cause some interruption of satellite communications, although engineers are learning how to build electronics that are protected against most solar storms. But there is no special risk associated with 2012. The next solar maximum will occur in the 2012-2014 time frames and is predicted to be an average solar cycle, no different than previous cycles throughout history.

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CONCLUSION This is a fact that the world and all creatures of the world are on a journey to the end of the world. Each and every country of the world is preparing itself for the end of the world in religious and scientific sense both. We, as Muslims, should prepare ourselves for the end of the World by following the right path shown by the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him).

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Literary Reviews

I desire so to conduct the affairs of this administration that if at the end... I have lost every other friend on earth, I shall at least have one friend left, and that friend shall be down inside of me. Abraham Lincoln

If the world comes to an end, I want to be in Cincinnati. Everything comes there ten years later. Mark Twain

Man was made at the end of the week's work when God was Tired. Mark Twain

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References

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/end.html#ixzz1jDDz aIwF http://www.muslimaccess.com/quraan/arabic/016.asp http://www.muslimaccess.com/quraan/arabic/101.asp http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/death.asp http://www.findyourfate.com/deathmeter/religion-death.htm

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Regards, Muhammed Ahmed & Team.

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