Premium Essay

Essay On Reading Comprehension

Submitted By
Words 760
Pages 4
Learners of English have to deal with unfamiliar vocabulary during their language acquisition. Traditionally, vocabulary has not been a particular subject for students to learn, but has been taught within lessons of speaking, lstening, reading, and writing. Vocabulary knowledge involves more than knowing word definitions and knowing how to find the meanings of unknown words and phrases, interpret literal vs. non-literal language and understand shades of word meaning. It also creates better reading comprehension and the ability to engage, produce and talk about texts. Students who know more words and can also use them in the right context have a significant advantage in school and can continue using that skill to their advantage in college and career. Students can use of note taking to progress learning vocabulary. Note-taking is the practice of recording information captured from another source (Carter, John F.; Van Matre, Nicholas H. 1975).Vocabulary is one of five core components of reading instruction that are essential to successfully teach children how to read. These core components include phonemic awareness, phonics and word study, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension (Nation, 2001).
The concept of a word can be defined in various ways, but three significant aspects need to be aware of and focus on are form, meaning, and use. …show more content…
As a result, L2 learners are acting and playing as planner, organizer, administrator, thinker, self-assessor, self-motivator, partner of other learners, and peer assessor; while the teachers and instructors are information provider, counselor, authentic language user, manager, materials writer, assessor, evaluator, administrator, and organizer (Gardner & Miller 1999, Reinders,

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Essay On Literacy Almost all people nowadays do not read much or at all. In “From Reading at Risk,” it states that “reading in America has declined by all groups, and the rate of decline has accelerated.” According to the statistics from that article, between 1982-2002, the percent of adult population reading literature went from 56.9% to 46.7%, that is a 10.2% drop in 20 years. That is a massive decline. In that same statistic (do you mean article) it shows (deleted ‘that’) the number of literary readers between 1982-2002. The number of literary readers increased by 4 million from 1982-1992 and decreased by 4 million from 1992-2002. The article “From Reading at Risk, also states that “Literary reading has decreased by all ages and education groups. “ The chart about Literary Reading by Education (From Reading at Risk) shows that from 1982-2002 the grade school grade levels went from (Went from what?)21.2 to 7.2 and high school graduates went from 54.2 to 16.5 within the same time period. (do not use I) The most interesting part from that same chart was the part about college graduates. It shows that college graduates went from 82.1 to 15.4 between the years 1982-2002. To me it should be that college students should be reading more and not having a decreasing level, they need to have the ability to think critically when writing essays, etc..but, without that ability, they won’t be very successful with college life. (Look at the number you used. You are looking...

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

A Rise for Emily Symbols

...All Summer in a Day Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Critical Reading Identify the letter of the choice that best answers the question. ____ 1. What are the children doing as “All Summer in a Day” opens? |a. |They are teasing Margot. | |b. |They are reciting poetry. | |c. |They are peering out a window. | |d. |They are pushing Margot into a closet. | ____ 2. What does this passage from “All Summer in a Day” suggest about the setting? A thousand forests had been crushed under the rain and grown up a thousand times to be crushed again. And this was the way life was forever on the planet Venus. |a. |Venus was a thousand years old. | |b. |Venus had rain most of the time. | |c. |There had never been forests in Venus. | |d. |There were no forests in Venus. ...

Words: 2410 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sat Essay

...Grade 10 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Critical Reading Identify the letter of the choice that best answers the question. ____ 1. At the beginning of the story, what seems to be the most important thing in Tom Benecke's life? a. | opening the window that always sticks | b. | going to the movies with his wife | c. | getting paid at the end of the week | d. | getting a promotion at work | ____ 2. Which of the following events happened first in “Contents of the Dead Man's Pocket”? a. | Tom thought about what the police would find in his pockets. | b. | Tom dropped coins from his pockets to the street below. | c. | Tom watched his wife get ready to go out alone. | d. | Tom smashed his fist through the window. | ____ 3. Which of the following events causes Tom to go out on the ledge? a. | Tom does research on store displays. | b. | Clare goes to the movies alone. | c. | Tom's paper flies out the window. | d. | Tom puts on his coat. | ____ 4. Which event in “Contents of the Dead Man's Pocket” causes Tom to panic? a. | His wife goes to the movies. | b. | He sees the street below him. | c. | He thinks about the contents of his pockets. | d. | He sees a man reading a newspaper across the street. | ____ 5. Which of the following is a moment of high suspense in the story? a. | Clare leaves. | b. | Tom looks down and panics. | c. | Tom...

Words: 1528 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF POOR READING COMPREHENSION IN ENGLISH TO THE GRADE 7 STUDENTS OF MALALAG NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL INTRODUCTION Reading comprehension is the ability to derive meaning from written materials, for a variety of text formats. (Linda Balsiger, M.S, CCC-SLP, Language and Learning) It is a way on how one delves for the importance of printed texts, the message or lesson it conveys to the readers. But due to poor comprehension, students are having difficulties in interpreting reading materials. Students who were said to be poor comprehenders are less noticed in class because teachers are more focused to students who are learning to read. Learners who lack in comprehension are undetected during class for they are fluent and reading accurately, specifically in the field of English. English is the universal language of all countries in the whole wide world that is why a subject made out of this are being taught and studied by teachers and at the same time, the learners. It covers a wide range of study that includes literary texts, essays, grammar usage, production of words, etc. English reading without comprehending the point or the meaning that a certain text delivers to the reader is ineffective and inefficient. Students who had undergone in this case had poor development in knowledge acquisition and unable to reflect in their lives the information written on reference materials. Reading requires comprehension but most learners prefer to read than to understand. It’s either...

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Study Habits of Ceu-Aat Students

...THE STUDY HABITS OF CEU-AAT STUDENTS A research proposal presented to the faculty of: School of Accountancy and Management In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course: Communication Skills 14 (Technical Writing) By: Dianne Cruz JashleneDela Cruz Patricia T. Perez March, 2014 INTRODUCTION: The extent of student`s learning in academics may be determined by the grades a student earns for a period of learning has been done.It is believed that a grade is a primary indicator of such learning. If a learner earns a high grades it is concluded that they may also have learned a lot while low grades indicate lesser learning. However, many experiences and studies found out that there are also several factors that would account for the grades. No single factor can be definitely pointed out as predicting grades. It has been interplay of so many factors – gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parent`s educational attainment, social status, etc. In fact, almost all of existing environmental and personal factors are a variable of academic performance, However, at this point in time, we would like to know the study habits and its effects to the academic performances of Centro Escolar University, Manila – AAT Students.Habit is a second nature; it is routine of a person what he or she does in every condition. It cannot be changed; it may be good or bad. It does not get affected by the changing of place or schedules. A habit is something that is done on a scheduled...

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ho Ia

...Leap” “The Interlopers” “Blues Ain’t No Mockin Bird” “The Garden of Stubborn Cats” What will you need to know? Portions of the exam will assess reading comprehension. Be sure you thoroughly understand all of the stages of plot development for each story (TPPS, Rising Action, Climax, Resolution) Literary elements and reading strategies: Static and Dynamic characters, Suspense, Flashback, Dialect, Irony *3, Antagonist, Protagonist, Internal Conflict, External Conflict *3, Diction, TPPS = Exposition, Fiction, Imagery, Rising Action, Climax, Resolution, Science Fiction Vocabulary words as provided by the instructor How will your test be formatted? You can expect to see any combination of matching, true-false, multiple choice, and short answer questions. In addition, you should expect at least one essay question. Usually, I provide multiple essay options so you can choose one that best fits your writing talents. You will not take the same exam as your peers from the other AC English 9 class. A blind draw will be conducted to determine the order of exams. How can I prepare efficiently and effectively for this exam? 1 - Budget your time and activities between now and this exam. You completely control the amount of time you will have to best prepare. 2 - If you want to check your comprehension of each story effectively, review the questions at the end of each story. After you do this, quiz one of your buddies. 3 - Review the vocabulary words...

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Women Enterpernership

...ENGLISH LANGUAGE SYLLABUS OF SBI PO 2014: AREA | NUMBER OF QUESTION | DIFFICULTY LEVEL | Reading Comprehension | 10+10 | Moderate to Difficult | Faulty Construction | 15 | Easy to Moderate | Jumbled Sentences | 5 | Easy to Moderate | Close Passages | 10 | Easy | Note: After previous year analysis there were two Reading Comprehensions. B). REASONING (High Level)  NAME | NUMBER OF QUESTION | DIFFICULTY LEVEL | Input - output | 5 | Difficult | Sentence coding | 5 | Easy | Logical Reasoning | 15 | Easy to Moderate | Syllogism | 5 | Moderate | Puzzle / Seating Arrangement | 10 | Moderate | Data Sufficiency | 5 | Moderate | Direction &other problem | 5 | Easy to Moderate | C) GENERAL AWARENESS SYLLABUS OF SBI PO 2014 Area | NUMBER OF QUESTION | DIFFICULTY LEVEL | Banking Awareness | 14 | Moderate to Difficult | Current Affairs | 16 | Easy to Moderate | Computer Awareness | 10 | Easy to Moderate | Marketing | 10 | Easy | D) DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION  AREA | NUMBER OF QUESTION | DIFFICULTY LEVEL | Probability | 5 | Easy to Moderate | Line Graph | 5 | Moderate | Pie Charts | 10 | Moderate to Difficult | Bar Charts | 15 | Easy | Tables | 15 | Moderate to Difficult | DESCRIPTIVE SECTION SYLLABUS OF SBI PO – 50 Marks Letter Writing 1. Paragraph Writing 2. Essay Writing 3. Precise Writing 4. Reading Comprehension AREA | NUMBER OF QUESTION | TOPICS | Letter Writing | 10 | To a branch to close the...

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...VIII. English Language Arts, Grade 10 A. Composition B. Reading Comprehension Grade 10 English Language Arts Test Test Structure The grade 10 English Language Arts test was presented in the following two parts: ■ the ELA Composition test, which used a writing prompt to assess learning standards from the Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Framework’s Composition strand ■ the ELA Reading Comprehension test, which used multiple-choice and open-response questions (items) to assess learning standards from the English Language Arts Curriculum Framework’s Language and Reading and Literature strands A. Composition The spring 2012 grade 10 English Language Arts (ELA) Composition test and Composition Make-Up test were based on learning standards in the Composition strand of the Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Framework (2001). The learning standards for the Composition strand appear on pages 72–83 of the Framework, which is available on the Department website at ELA Composition test results are reported under the reporting categories Composition: Topic Development and Composition: Standard English Conventions. Test Sessions and Content Overview The ELA Composition test included two separate test sessions, administered on the same day with a short break between sessions. During the first session, each student wrote an initial draft of a composition in response to the appropriate writing prompt on the next...

Words: 8959 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Factors That Affecting Reading Comprehension

...engaged in a novel, pouring over a newspaper or a just looking at a sign, reading skills allow you to interpret and become engaged in the world around you. According to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, “Reading is the single most important skill necessary for a happy, productive and successful life.” But developing those skills takes active engagement from an early age and of course it is also dependent upon several factors that might affect one’s reading achievements so it is important for us be knowledgeable about those things because awareness is the best way to become more responsible in everything or even for anyone around us. So speaking of “Reading is the single most important skill necessary for a happy, productive and successful life.” we need to first find out thus factors that might affect or hinder one’s reading achievements in order for us to achieve a happy, productive & happy life not just for ourselves but also for the people around us and for our nation. Definition Of Terms Body What is the benefit of reading without comprehension? Below are factors that affects reading achievements which we must consider when seeking to improve one’s comprehension skill. Environmental - Children's' home life and parental involvement will affect their academic ability. Students who come from low socio-economic backgrounds may struggle with reading comprehension for several reasons. Their parent(s) may not be good readers themselves...

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

A Reflection Rubric

...Introduction to Business (100) Reflection Paper Rubric Your reflection paper is an essay that will present your reactions, learning, and analysis of what you have learned this semester. The paper will demonstrate your overall knowledge of and thoughts on the topics covered during the semester. It must be presented in a formal and organized manner. Your paper will be a formal essay, written in APA (or MLA) format, 750 – 1000 words, and 12 pt font (Times or similar). The essay consists of an introduction, body, and conclusion.  Introduction: describe your expectations before taking the course, reading the chapters, completing the assignments, etc.  Body: Give your informed opinion about the learning experience and reading material. Provide specific details that relate to the material. Include any changes in your abilities, knowledge, perceptions that occurred as a result of the course.  Conclusion: Provide a summary of what you have learned from the course. Category Points 5 4 3 2 1 Organization (25%) Information is very organized with well constructed paragraphs and in APA (or MLA) format. Information relates to course material. Information is organized with well constructed paragraphs and information relates to course material. Information is organized but paragraphs are not well constructed and information does not relate to course material. The information appears to be disorganized and only slightly relates to course material. Information...

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Aed/202 Reading and Writing Stragies

...AED/202 Reading and Writing Development Sandy Mackey June 28, 2013 Kristen Weiss Reading and Writing Development As a future educator I believe that reading and writing is the utmost import thing in a child’s education. Without these two skills a child will not be able to succeed in school. For my essay, I chose two age groups that I want to teach; middle childhood, ages six through ten, and early adolescence, ages ten through 14. The reason I chose these two developmental ages is because I believe that children enjoy learning; they are like sponges, always trying to absorb as much as possible. The reading development in middle childhood children and early adolescent childhood children seem somewhat different. Middle childhood children start by identifying letters and matching letters with individual sounds, knowing what a word is, and interpreting spaces and punctuation are the earliest building blocks for reading skills ( Early adolescent childhood children, usually do not have an issue with reading; they can identify vocabulary words in a book and sound out the words. Children of this stage usually enjoy reading. Writing skills for both middle and early adolescent children develop in the same way as their reading skills. Middle childhood children are more focused on what they are writing, their spelling, spacing, punctuation, and coherence has improved ( As for the early adolescent children...

Words: 1299 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hard To Overcome Obstacles Analysis

...not easy to overcome. However, Michael Jordan once said, “If you're trying to achieve, there will be roadblocks. I've had them; everybody has had them. But obstacles don't have to stop you. If you run into a wall, don't turn around and give up. Figure out how to climb it, go through it, or work around it.” In my life, I have always struggled trying to read and write. I was never really the best at reading or even comprehension. When writing I would always stray off topic and not even answer the prompt. Because of these obstacles, I had to work hard to overcome them achieve success. In fifth grade I was one of the brightest and most advanced students in math. However, I never really focused on English Language Arts, as I was so enthralled with math. One day, my teacher put up a prompt asking about my Thanksgiving experience. When I had raised my hand to...

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Effect of Think Aloud Strategy Toward Students Reading Skill

...THE EFFECT OF THINK ALOUD STRATEGY TOWARD STUDENTS READING SKILL: STUDY AT 9TH GRADE SMP NEGERI 19 MATARAM IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the discussion on the background of the study, statement of the problems, objective of the study, scope and limitation of the study, significance of the study, assumption of the study, and definition of key terms. 1.1.      Background of the Problem Language is one of the most important things in communication and it is used as a toll of communication among the nations in all over the world. As an international language, English is very important and has many interrelationships with various aspects of life owned by human being. In Indonesia, English considered as the first foreign language and taught formally from elementary school up to the university level. The most often become to complain is the teachers ability in applying appropriate approaches, methods, strategies or techniques in teaching or learning. So, many students are not interest in learning English. Therefore, the English teach suggested in order to be able mastering of method, such as, Nababan (1991: 4) notices that a qualified teacher is the teacher who is able to suit best method or technique to the material that is being taught. In English, there are four skills that should be mastered, they are: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The reading skill becomes very important in the education field, students need to be exercised...

Words: 6025 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

On English Fast Reading of Senior Middle School

...On English Fast Reading of Senior Middle School Li Shengwen Thesis: This research paper is mainly about how to teach fast reading of senior middle school and some suggestions on teaching fast reading. Outline: Ⅰ.Introduction: the importance of fast reading and the concept of fast reading. Ⅱ.How to teach fast reading A. Help the students take a correct attitude toward fast reading . B. Change the student’s bad reading habits. C. Introduce some basic reading skills used to train the students’ reading speed. a. Topic and specific sentence method. b. Main idea. c. Understanding synonym and antonym of context clues. d. Drawing conclusion e. Skimming f. Scanning D. Guarantee the students’ reading quantity. Ⅲ. Some suggestions on teaching fast reading. A. Select proper reading material. B. Help the students to overcome difficulties. C. Limit the reading time. D. Help the students keep a record of reading. Ⅳ.Conclusion: Improvement on fast reading with good habits, skills and teaching methods. On English Fast Reading of Senior Middle School Li Shengwen   Fast reading is a kind of basic and important skill in learning English. It is the most efficient way of improving the readers’ comprehension ability and enlarging the vocabulary. It is also a way of obtaining different kinds of information and knowledge, such as history, geography, literature...

Words: 3037 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting First Year English Students Reading Comprehention

...21century(Genenen: 2011). In the EFL context, language learning is seen as a process that requires opportunities for learners to participate in communication where making meaning is a primary goal. Reading is one of the language skills which students need to develop and the most important of all the four language skills. Students’ academic success and their language proficiency depend largely on their ability to read and comprehend the textbook and notes they receive in different subjects (Getachew: 1996). Though reading is not the only skill to be taught in the language classroom, it is definitely the most important for many ESL/EFL learners (Grabe2002). So, reading in a second or foreign language setting continues to have an increasingly important role. Traditionally, reading comprehension lessons have centered on a passage of text followed by questions. But the questions were usually designed to find out whether the students had understood, rather than to facilitate understanding. In other words, they were devices for testing rather than teaching (Nuttal 1982). There are still different points of view on how reading is processed. According to Anderson (1999), there are three models of reading comprehension process: bottom-up, top-down and interactive. With the bottom up approach, reading is viewed as a process of decoding written symbols, working from smaller units to large ones. But many scholars argue that...

Words: 5216 - Pages: 21