Free Essay

Exegesis of Luke

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By jhess0704
Words 1212
Pages 5
Carroll College | Exegesis of Luke 5:27-32 | Biblical Exegesis Paper | | | |

Jennifer Hess |

Exegesis of Luke 5:27-32
The passage that was chosen was Luke 5:27-32, or the calling of Levi. This passage presents Jesus telling Levi, a tax collector, to follow him. Levi does follow Jesus, and soon after they are having a banquet dinner with other tax collectors. Jesus is asked why he chooses to eat with them, and he simply responds with “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but those who are sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
Levi is chosen to emphasize that he is of the worst sinners. The dinner with the sinners is a part of Jesus’ mission of this passage. The sinners were considered unclean and profane, yet Jesus is there to be their physician. He is there to pursue the faith in them (Just 96).
Historical Analysis
The Gospel of Luke was originally written in Koine Greek (McKenzie 525). The intended audience is Greek-speaking, meaning Christianity was an international religion. The Gospels of Luke, Mark and Matthew have many of the same stories, but sometimes in different words or order. One of the problems of these Synoptic Gospels is the synoptic problem. The synoptic problem is the interrelationship of the three of them and the similarity in content (Mueller 75,77). One solution is that Matthew used information from only Mark, and Luke wrote last, using both of the gospels before him (McKenzie 524).
The two main theological parties in Judaism were Sadducees and Pharisees. The Sadducees are not mentioned much in the New Testament, but the Pharisees are debated with in this book. ‘Pharisees’ means righteous. Pharisees were the only ones who could keep the skill of being righteous (Green 246).
Levi is presented as a tax collector from Capernaum. Levi is of low status and is considered to be the worst of sinners (Just 95). Tax collectors line of work consisted of working on a minimum collection amount and then anything they received extra they could keep for themselves. The tax collector’s name is referred in Luke and Mark as Levi, but the name he is best known by is Matthew. It was not uncommon to have two names in this era. Matthew is a Galilean and was the son of Alpheus.
Literary Analysis
The location of the passage is Jerusalem; however Jesus is in Galilee in 5:27-32. Galilee is a region in northern Israel. The Galilee region was the home of Jesus during at least 30 years of his life. There is a debate about when the Gospel of Luke was actually written. Most will say a date between 63 and 70 (McKenzie 524). Luke divides the Gospel into three sections: Jesus’ ministry in Galilee; Jesus setting out for Jerusalem; and Jesus in Jerusalem. During his ministry in Galilee he performs many miracles, including that of Levi. The focus of this passage at the banquet signifies Jesus’ main mission (Green 246).
Formal Analysis
The theme of the wealth and food is presented in these verses. The Gospel of Luke tax collectors become example of repentance and discipleship. Jesus’ mission is reach out to everyone, “All mankind will see God’s salvation” (Harrelson 3:6).
When Levi chooses to follow Jesus, there is another meaning to it all. Levi chooses to leave everything and follow him as a disciple. Jesus doesn’t say reform yourself then follow, he just says follow. He has been accepted automatically. He is choosing to leave his wealthy side and move to one of poverty. The only thing that matters to Levi is that God has selected him and came to speak to him. In verse 29, he is changed from Levi the tax collector to Levi (Matthew) the disciple.
Jesus exposes to the Pharisees that his point was to call sinners to repentance. The tradition of table fellowship was quite common among the Pharisees (Green 244). The dinner represents a festive event, depicting Levi’s leaving everything. By leaving everything, Levi has repented (Green 246).
Detailed Analysis
Luke’s talents include being an artist and a theologian. He was a master of Greek and can write elegantly in Greek. In his gospel, he uses a larger vocabulary than that of Matthew and Mark (McKenzie 525).
The Gospel of Luke was considered historical content that is still referred to Lukan themes today (McKenzie 525). Jesus and his morals are detailed in the gospel. This book is represented by a priestly calf. The calf is fitting because the book starts off with priests and ends with the calf (Just 2).
The writer of this gospel was most likely a Gentile Christian. The Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles were both written by the same author. The evidence comes from the prefaces in both books. Both are addressed to the same person (Theophilus) and both have cross-references to one another.
There are a couple lessons to be learned in this passage. The first is that Jesus reaches out to those who need him the most. Jesus reaches out to Levi in the passage because he needs him the most.
The second is the Jesus is trying to recruit the poor and the sick and to heal the brokenhearted. It is true that most of us do not go to the doctor when we are healthy, but only when we are sick and in need of help. If everything was right in this world, there would be no need for Jesus, but since we do have these pains and problems, we do indeed need Jesus. Jesus raises us back up to our best.
The third is that Jesus reveals himself as one of forgiveness. Jesus forgives Levi and then saves him. Levi’s acceptance reveals that he was ready to be accepted; Jesus just needed to turn to him.
The primary meaning of all this is that Jesus loves everyone, specifically those in desperation. Jesus does not concentrate on those that are already righteous, but those that are ‘sick.’ Jesus will forgive and accept those that are willing to be saved. When we continue to live our lives independently without Jesus, we will continue to grow in our ignorance. The tax collectors were in need of help, showing why Levi chose to follow. The Pharisees need saved too; they were just unwilling to admit it. Jesus is still calling people like Levi today to join the saved. Jesus will call us while in sin, call us to repentance and call us to share the faith, if he hasn’t already done so.

Works Cited
Brown, Raymond, Joseph Fitzmyer, and Roland Murphy. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1990.
Green, Joel. "The Gospel of Luke". The New International Commentary on the New Testament. Cambridge, UK: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997.
Harrelson, Walter. "Luke". The New Interpreter's Study Bible. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2003.
Just Jr., Arthur. "Levi's Call and Banquet". Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture-Luke. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 2003.
McKenzie, John. "Gospel of Luke". Dictionary of the Bible. Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Company, 1965.
Mueller, J.J.. Theological Foundations. Winona: Saint Mary's Press, 2007.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Preachiing for Church Elders of preaching is popularly called Sermon. God is ready to confirm sermons that say exactly what he wants his people to hear and be healed. How do we know what God wants the pastor to preach. To get the right message the Preacher like his brethren Apostles, evangelists etc. The PREACHER must listen to God, He must tarry with the Lord, He must get a message from him. This process of getting a message from God is what is called SERMON PREPARATION. To prepare a sermon, the preacher must bear in mind THREE ACTIVITIES that must be done. These three activities are studied in our Theological Seminaries as: 1.Hermeneutics, 2. Exegesis, 3. Homiletics A sermon should have the following in whatever order. The acronym is THECIA RESEARCH OR FACT FINDING SKILL 1. THEME/TEXT (Caption of the message) 2. HERMENEUTICS: Meaning of the theme or text 3. EXEGESIS: Other Related Bible references 4. CHRISTOLOGY HOMILETICAL OR ELOCUTION SKILLS 5. ILLUSTRATION 6. APPLICATION 1 THEME OR TEXT The theme or text is the caption of the sermon which runs through all the parts of the message. A THEME is the main thought or the idea that runs through the sermon. A theme could be “THE GREAT GIFT OF GOD” A TEXT is the PORTION OF THE SCRIPTURE from which a sermon is developed from. The text could be one verse, part of a verse or even many verses. It is possible to preach a text without a theme. It is not save to preach a theme without drawing it from a text or texts. Expository sermon is......

Words: 3410 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Old and New Testament Exegesis

...Old and New Testament Exegesis The author of Daniel intended to restore hope to the nation of Israel during a time of horrifying persecution. This was done through a combination of narrative stories and apocalyptic revelations, both involving the wise and religious character known as Daniel. The lessons of faithfulness and obedience throughout the book transcend generations and still affect readers today. The setting of Daniel takes place during the “Babylonian exile” within the “courts of Babylonian, Median, and Persian kings” (Collins 33). This exile took place the around the sixth century B.C. Contrary to the setting, though, “critical scholarship has established that the book actually comes from the 2nd century B.C.” (33). During this era, the Jewish population was persecuted by Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who went so far as to desecrate the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by constructing a statue to the Greek god Zeus, much like King Nebuchadnezzar does in chapter 3 (Porteous 57). The biggest clue that Bible scholars notice when questioning the authorship is how accurate the succession of kingdoms is mentioned throughout the book. The author’s ability to hint at events that occur centuries after Daniel’s lifespan lead scholars to suspect an alternative author (Jeffrey 349). The book of Acts seems so straight forward as a mere history of the early Church that one can hardly imagine the controversy behind the tedious details in the critical examination...

Words: 3131 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Bible Analysis

...Exegesis Paper 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God.31 You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.” 34 "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" 35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.36 Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month.37 For nothing is impossible with God." 38 "I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. "May it be to me as you have said." (Luke 19: 30-38) This conversation between the Angel Gabriel and the Virgin Mary in Luke chapter twelve provides an insight into the devotion Mary has to serving God. This passage is controversial to non-Catholics and is a beloved by all Christians for its proclamation of our savior, Jesus Christ. Through a full analysis of the Mary’s devotion, applying the situation to modern day, and incorporating the commitment and devotion shown into our daily lives, we can further strengthen our relationship with God. Mary was a young girl, only about 12 or 13 years old when the Angel Gabriel was sent from God to......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


... Survey of Theology Marvin T. Roberts May 17, 2015 Contents Page Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………….1 Brief Summary…………………………………………………………………………………….1 Critical Interaction………………………… ………………………………..……………...…1-2 Conclusion…………...……………………………………………….…………………………2-3 Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………4 Introduction The paper of James D. Dvorak deals with the debates of the comparison between John and the synoptic gospels. Its provides information of the relationship of John to the synoptic gospels that has been a recurring problem, not only for two centuries of modern critical scholarship, but for Christian theology and exegesis over a much longer period. Brief Summary In the paper of James Dvorak he uses three (3) theories to discuss the relationship of John to synoptic gospels. Literary Dependence that is discussed to make claims that John was literarily dependent upon one or more of the synoptic. Literary Independence contends that John was not dependent on the Synoptics but that the similarities between the two are due to use of a common tradition. And there is Mediating View in which some scholars believe that there is a possibility fourth gospel can be adequately explained without primary or fundamental reference to the Synoptic gospels, but also without denying the fourth evangelist’s awareness of them. Critical Interaction I recognized that......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Interpretive Essay 3

...perform it to assure him that God was with during this perilous time. Unable to see beyond his own lack of faith, Ahaz declines the Isaiah’s offer. Through the prophet, God gives Ahaz a sign despite his declination of a child who would be given as a sign that God would be with Judah. This child would remind Ahaz of his decision not to trust God and put his faith in his own resources. In 7:14, the prophecy regarding this child is seen indicating the almah would give birth to son and call his name Immanuel. This passage is pivotal because many see it as a prophecy of the Messiah and couple it with the reference of the birth of Jesus in Matthew 1:23. To some, this passage signifies the virgin birth of Christ while some scholars contend that exegesis suggests otherwise. According to Herbert M. Wolf in A Solution To The Immanuel Prophecy In Isaiah 7:14-8:22, some scholars suggest the child may be Hezekiah’s son, Isaiah’s son, Maher-shalal- hash-baz, and is not born of a virgin.The almah is not interpreted as a ‘virgin,’ the proper interpretation is ‘young woman,’ the child is given as a sign to Ahaz and this Scripture does not fit into the prophetic context for reference to the birth of Christ. Historically, Ahaz aligned Judah with the Assyrians who would later become the instrument of their captivity. Ironically, Hezekiah was confronted with a similar situation against the Assyrians and was had to decide to trust God or be fearful of the taunting of the enemy (2 Kings......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Exegesis of the Gospels

... Exegesis Literary Criticism Context The book of Luke 9: 28-36 talks about “The Transfiguration” of Jesus that happened on a mountain with the presence of Peter, John, and James. Before the event, several other acts involving Jesus had occurred. First, Christ sent his disciples to proclaim the Kingdom of God to the people upon given authority and power of casting out demons. Their mission was expected to spread the word in every home they were welcomed. The results of such a mission caused confusion to the Galilean ruler, Herod Antipas. He was wondering who Jesus was, because he was given many names like John the Baptist, Elijah or some of the past prophets who had risen from the dead (“The Transfiguration (Luke 9:27-36)”). The other event before the transfiguration was the feeding of five thousand people. When the disciples had returned from their mission as seen earlier, they relocated to a quiet place for a talk with Jesus; however, a multitude of people followed them upon their prevue to the information. Jesus used five loaves of bread and two fish to feed them after a day’s preaching. Later, when they were alone with Jesus, following the miracle Peter gives his declaration on what he thinks who Jesus was. The last event of the transfiguration was the prediction of Jesus about his death and warning the disciples not to inform people of his true form and nature. After the transfiguration, Jesus was also involved in many other activities. First, He heals a boy who is......

Words: 2323 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Theo 104 Reflection Paper 2

...there was no preexistent material existed before creation, emphasizing God’s existence alone before creation, and affirming His infinitude, eternality, self-existence, self-sufficiency, omnipotence, and omniscience. This doctrine is derived from God’s general revelation and special revelation (Holy Bible) to mankind, and is the absolute essential, fundamental doctrine for the Christian worldview in its formulation of the attributes of God. b. Biblical Foundation Before we begin our exegesis, it must be noted that there are mainly two prominent interpretations of the Scriptures regarding the doctrine of creation, fiat creationism and progressive creationism. These two interpretations only differences are in regard to any development after the initial act of creation, with fiat creationism allowing no development whatsoever after the initial creation but progressive creationism allows “for limited developments within specific species” (Towns, Origin). For the purpose of my exegesis, any development after creation and the length of time of creation will not be delineated upon. In Genesis 1:1- 2:4 give the overview account of God’s as the uncreated Creator of the universe and mankind, while Genesis 2:5-23 focuses specifically on the narrative of God’s creation of Adam and Eve. God’s infinite attributes, the universe’s contingency upon Him, and His active role in sustaining it are affirmed all throughout Scripture (Genesis 1:1, John 1:1-3, Nehemiah 9:6, Colossians 1:16-17...

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Understanding the Bible

...texts may require “fidelity to observable fact” but this is not always the case. Thus, in Catholic teaching, the “literal sense” is not synonymous with literalism. What the Catholic Church means by the literal sense is that the “literal sense is the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation” (CCC[2]116).[3] It is called “literal” because the English word literal is derived from the Latin word “littera,” which is the Latin word for “letter.” So the literal sense, according to Catholic teaching, is not a literalist reading of the text based upon literalism but is the “meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture” (CCC 116) or the letters that comprise the words: The literal sense is not to be confused with the “literalist” sense to which fundamentalists are attached. It is not sufficient to translate a text word for word in order to obtain its literal sense. One must understand the text according to the literary conventions of the time. When a text is metaphorical, its literal sense is not that which flows immediately from a word-to-word translation (e.g. "Let your loins be girt": Luke 12:35), but that which corresponds to the metaphorical use of these terms ("Be ready for action").[4] When it is a question of a story, the literal sense does not necessarily imply belief that the facts recounted actually took place, for a story need not belong to the genre of history but be instead a work of......

Words: 3549 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Late Adulthood

...Hell Debate __________________ A Paper Presented to Liberty University __________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Theology 350 __________________ by Tirsa Woodson July 3, 2015 The Hell Debate The debate over the nature of hell is one that can bring out the best and the worst in biblical exegesis. Everyone nowadays is concerned about the enemy (Satan) and delete hell existence. The beginning signs that Jesus is coming soon, frightens the human race. We were taught when God returns, it will be judgment day. John reveals this judgement will take pace during the last days, when God will conquer all who have and would defy him and to rescue the righteous. Judgment meant the outcome of an individual, will they go to heaven with God or to hell with the devil. There are many misconceptions about Hell, rather the lost will burn forever or annihilated. Hell is real. Universalism believes everyone will eventually be saved, while Christian believe we all will be judged for the deeds we have done. First, the Annihilationist believe  that the unrighteous will not suffer eternal torment, but that they will, after being justly punished according to their deeds, be annihilated and cease to exist. Also they believe that hell is eternal in consequence, not duration the wicked shall be no more (Boyd & Eddy). Secondly the classical view states that the wicked will be cast into hell that supports the......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Exegesis of Mark 10:17-31

...Lexington Bennett Haile 11:00 T/TH Exegesis Paper Exegetical Analysis of Mark 10:17-31 17 As he was setting out on a journey, a man ran up and knelt before him, and asked him, ‘Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?’ 18Jesus said to him, ‘Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. 19You know the commandments: “You shall not murder; You shall not commit adultery; You shall not steal; You shall not bear false witness; You shall not defraud; Honour your father and mother.” ’ 20He said to him, ‘Teacher, I have kept all these since my youth.’ 21Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said, ‘You lack one thing; go, sell what you own, and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.’ 22When he heard this, he was shocked and went away grieving, for he had many possessions. 23 Then Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, ‘How hard it will be for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God!’ 24And the disciples were perplexed at these words. But Jesus said to them again, ‘Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! 25It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God.’ 26They were greatly astounded and said to one another, ‘Then who can be saved?’ 27Jesus looked at them and said, ‘For mortals it is impossible, but not for God; for God all things are possible.’ 28 Peter began to say to him, ‘Look, we have left everything and...

Words: 2993 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Bk Revuew

...promise-fulfillment should keep Christians from distancing any OT text from Christ (cf. John 5:39; Luke 24:27, 44). One reviewer points out that a great weakness is that this method “reflects a replacement theology.”18 The reviewer preferred Walter Kaiser’s similar text The Messiah in the Old Testament noting that Kaiser “sees the promises [of the OT] having present and future applications to both Israel and the Church.” This perspective neglects the fact that Christ, as the True Israel, fulfills all God’s promises to Israel in himself and thus is the only worthy Israelite who can extend blessing to the nations. Wright’s efforts in chapter 2 on the OT promise prove that Jesus brings “the completion of a story and the fulfillment of a promise.” 19 Jesus, as the true Davidic King, brings a kingdom that is greater in power, influence, and degree than a physical, geographic, national kingdom for Israel could have ever be because it spiritual, eternal, and includes all nations, tribes, languages, and peoples (cf. Rev. 5:9). Wright’s overall goal is two-fold. First, he seeks to prove that Jesus follows the path of Israel and fulfills what Israel was called to be and do. Second, he wants the reader to see that in order to truly know Jesus he must understand the story of the OT. The former seeks to unveil how Jesus understood himself; the latter seeks to unveil how Christians understand Jesus today. In his exegesis of Matthew 1:1-17, Wright proves that the OT is not merely “Jewish”......

Words: 2160 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...first of all precisely what his Word was to them. Thus we have two tasks: First, to find out what the text originally meant; this task is called exegesis. Second, we must learn to hear that same meaning in the variety of new or different contexts of our own day; we call this second task hermeneutics. In its classical usage, the term “hermeneutics” covers both tasks, but in this book we consistently use it only in this narrower sense. To do both tasks well should be the goal of Bible study. Thus in chapters 3 through 13, which deal in turn with ten different kinds of literary genres, we have given attention to both needs. Since exegesis is always the first task, we have spent much of 12 P R E FA C E our time emphasizing the uniqueness of each of the genres. What is a biblical psalm? What are their different kinds? What is the nature of Hebrew poetry? How does all this affect our understanding? But we are also concerned with how the various Psalms function as the Word of God. What is God trying to say? What are we to learn, or how are we to obey? Here we have avoided giving rules. What we have offered are guidelines, suggestions, helps. We recognize that the first task—exegesis—is often considered to be a matter for the expert. At times that is true. But one does not have to be an expert to learn to do the basic tasks of exegesis well. The secret lies in learning to ask the right questions of the text. We hope, therefore, to guide the reader in learning to ask the right......

Words: 8363 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay


...An Exegesis of Matthew An Exegesis of Matthew 5:1-12 Matthew 5:1-12, commonly known as the Beatitudes, has been loved by every generation since first pronounced by Christ two thousand years ago. Matthew writes this record of the life, ministry and teaching of Jesus, and he places this message soon after Jesus' baptism and calling of the disciples. The Beatitudes are the opening section of the Sermon on the Mount, the longest recorded teaching during Christ's lifetime. We will begin by looking at this section as it lays within the book of Matthew and then go to a more in-depth exegetical study. Literary Context The most popular approach to Matthew's structure is the presentation of five major discourses, each ending with a formula statement that is foreign to other Biblical discourses, placed in a framework of narrative[1] (Talbert 15). In fact, "the five discourses are so clearly marked, from a literary point of view, that it is well-nigh impossible to believe that Matthew did not plan them" (Carson 63). Each of these discourses brings forth a topic of central importance for both the gospel rendition of the historical Jesus and the later experience of the church (Batdorf 26). The narrative section leading to the first discourse, from Matthew 3:1 to 4:25, chronicles not simply the biography of a man preparing for ministry, but the establishment of Messianic history and authority. We come to an understanding of Matthew's first and foremost discourse, the Sermon on the......

Words: 4325 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

The Bible: Revelation and Authortiy

...teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work." All Scripture–not just part–is inspired by God. This certainly includes the whole Old Testament, the canonical Scriptures of the apostolic church (see Luke 24:17, 32, 44-45; Rom 1:2; 3:2; 2Pet 1:21; etc.). But for Paul it also includes the New Testament sacred writings as well. Paul's use of the word "scripture" (graphe, "writing") in his first epistle to Timothy (5:18) points in this direction. He introduces two quotations with the words "Scripture says," one from Deut 25:4 in the Old Page 4 of 33THE BIBLE: REVELATION AND AUTHORITY 3/2/2014 -055.htm Testament, and one from the words of Jesus recorded in Luke 10:7. The word "scripture" thus is used simultaneously and synonymously to refer to both the OT and the gospel accounts in the technical sense of "inspired, sacred, authoritative writings." Numerous passages in the Gospels assert their truthfulness and authority on the same level as the OT Scriptures (e.g., John 1:1-3 paralleling Gen 1:1; John 14:26; 16:13; 19; 35; 21:24; Luke 1:2-4; Matthew 1 paralleling Genesis 5: Matt 23:34). Peter's use of the term "scriptures" for Paul's writings supports this conclusion (2Pet 3:15, 16) ["So also our beloved brother Paul wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, speaking of this as he does in all his letters. There are......

Words: 13573 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Case Study 7

...Tim 3:16-17: "All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work." All Scripture–not just part–is inspired by God. This certainly includes the whole Old Testament, the canonical Scriptures of the apostolic church (see Luke 24:17, 32, 44-45; Rom 1:2; 3:2; 2Pet 1:21; etc.). But for Paul it also includes the New Testament sacred writings as well. Paul's use of the word "scripture" (graphe, "writing") in his first epistle to Timothy (5:18) points in this direction. He introduces two quotations with the words "Scripture says," one from Deut 25:4 in the Old Testament, and one from the words of Jesus recorded in Luke 10:7. The word "scripture" thus is used simultaneously and synonymously to refer to both the OT and the gospel accounts in the technical sense of "inspired, sacred, authoritative writings." Numerous passages in the Gospels assert their truthfulness and authority on the same level as the OT Scriptures (e.g., John 1:1-3 paralleling Gen 1:1; John 14:26; 16:13; 19; 35; 21:24; Luke 1:2-4; Matthew 1 paralleling Genesis 5: Matt 23:34). Peter's use of the term "scriptures" for Paul's writings supports this conclusion (2Pet 3:15, 16) ["So also our beloved brother Paul wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, speaking of this as he does in all his letters. There are some things in them hard to understand, which the ignorant and......

Words: 13041 - Pages: 53