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Feminism and Other Ideologies Notes


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Feminism and other ideologies notes
Liberal feminism derives from a belief in individualism, which suggests that gender differences are at best secondary and should not affect the rights and opportunities of women and men. This form of equal-rights feminism aims to establish for women and men equal access to the public sphere, bringing about change through incremental reform.
Socialist feminism uses the socialist critique of capitalism to explain gender inequality, implying that class exploitation and sexual oppression are linked social processes. For Marxists, both have their root in the institution of private property.
For example, liberalism is mainly concerned with the individual rather than with gender identities which are collectivist in nature.
Similarly, socialists have often regarded sexual politics as less important than class politics, seeing the struggle for social justice as more important than the struggle for sexual justice.
Radical feminists challenge the idea of compatibility with other doctrines, as neither liberalism nor socialism acknowledges the fundamental political importance of gender divisions and its roots in family and personal life.
Traditional Conservatives believe that the traditional role of women as housewives/mothers is natural and creates social order/stability, eg mothers are seen as neglecting their children if they put their education or career before their family duties. Rise in crime and vandalism can be blamed on working mothers.
Conservative ideas are based on a belief in: * tradition, which legitimises the sexual division of labour * an organic society, which implies that biological differences determine, and legitimise, their different social roles
- hierarchy which suggests male 'breadwinners' will inevitably have a different social position from female 'homemakers'.
The New Right contains a paradox

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