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How America Became a World Power


Submitted By EPOLINSKY
Words 1054
Pages 5
Republican motherhood
Raise virtuous, well-educated sons
That is what is necessary in a republic
E.g. Abigail Adams
How successful were the Articles of Confederation as a constitution?
Congress didn’t have the power to collect taxes or to regulate commerce
Written notes…
Written notes…
Article II
Presidential (executive branch) powers
Commander in chief
Enormous power that is used regularly
Undeclared wars are now commonplace – the president orders military action (criticism of an imperial presidency – perhaps president should ask Congress regardless)
Negotiate treaties
Senate has to approve by 2/3 majority, however
Negotiated legislation
President sets the budget and sets agenda
Can be overridden by a 2/3 majority of Congress
Andrew Johnson had numerous vetoes overridden (also Truman)
Obama has vetoed the fewest bills since James Garfield
Divided congress with great difficulty passing bills
Primary reason: president is an integral part of the legislative process
Appoint federal justices and government employees (e.g. heads of CIA and Federal Reserve)
Enforce laws executive orders
Order of the president without Congressional approval that has the force of law
Only operates within the framework of an existing piece of legislation or constitutional power
Order based on a certain interpretation
Example: Harry Truman integrates the armed forces
Ends segregation of blacks and whites in the army
Issue pardons
Electoral college
There are two electoral colleges
Electoral college & the House
Same thing in Britain
Candidates compete to win individual states (national popular vote not important)
Each state is worth a certain number of voters (bigger states are worth more)
Race to 270 votes – a candidate must win a majority of electoral votes – 270 is the magic number out of 538 total votes – if

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