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How Phobias Are Developed

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ffax123
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How Phobias are Developed Todd Jennings PSY/300 22 Octobet 2012 Donielle Turner

The human mind is fascinating and complex. Studies of how the human mind learns and how to trigger reactions that can be conditioned have been observed through various studies. A gentleman named Ivan Pavlov discovered. Ivan worked with dogs studying their behavior to certain things such as how the dogs reacted towards food. His studies became known as Classical Conditioning. Another gentleman did a similar study that involved cats. Edward Thorndike found that cats were able to learn by accidently opening a latch from within a cage to reach food. The cats learned and repeated the motion over and over. Both gentleman conducted studies in the 1800’s. His studies became know as operant conditioning. Although classical conditioning and operant conditioning are important concepts, it is important to understand how they differ. The first study of behavior being presented is Classical conditioning. “Classical conditioning theory involves learning a new behavior via the process of association. In simple terms two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or animal.” (McCloud, 2008). Classical conditioning can be best described as an involuntary behavior. Classical conditioning involves three different stages; before conditioning, during conditioning, and after conditioning. Unconditioned stimulus is know in the stage of before conditioning and involves a response that has not been...

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