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Idealism

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By michelle55
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IDEALISM AND EDUCATION A. WHAT IS IDEALISM?
In the Idealist tradition, * the spiritual and the ideal are central to man’s experience and to our interpretation of reality * ideas are of ultimate importance: they are primary, matter is secondary (less important) * matter is perceived through senses, which are not always reliable * ideas are only grasped by the mind, and therefore more reliable * whatever is known is known through the mind, in the form of ideas

B. THE MAIN TENETS OF IDEALISM
Views about reality * only the mental or the spiritual is ultimately real * the world is an expression of a universal Mind * ideas are real, material objects are less real than the ideas that refer to them * the world of the mind and ideas is eternal, permanent, unchanging and orderly * truth and values are absolute and universal (the same everywhere) * a human being has a material body and an immortal soul (mind) * the soul is durable and permanent
Views about knowledge * the human mind has latent ideas at birth (ideas that are present, but not developed or fully formed) * Plato believed: knowledge is merely remembering (reminiscence) what is already in the mind * true knowledge is gained through strict mental discipline, mainly through Maths, Philosophy and Logic * senses are important as points of contact with the material world, but they are not always reliable. * the mind is the most important part of a person’s being * whatever is known is known through the mind in the form of ideas
Ethics and morality * young people imitate the moral example displayed by the elders around them * the teacher’s personality and moral character are critically important to the learner
“The teacher’s responsibility is not fully discharged in his formal instruction; far more important than all his knowledge and skill is his

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