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Life Cycle of Butterfly

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PRACTICAL 5
Macroscopic Identification of Macrofungi

INTRODUCTION
Macroscopic character an measurement need to be recorded from fresh materials as these would provided reference material for accurate identification of fungi. Therefore, several visible characters of macrofungi must be identified such as cap, stip, gill flesh. Description of macromorphological character of sporocarp are among the most critical data for the identification pf Agaricales and other macrofungi. In many species of fleshy macrofungi, those characters are lost when the sporocarp are dried, and so they must be documented carefully before drying. Conversely, sporocarp of many macrofungi that grow on woody substrata are nonputrescent, and they usually retain macromorphological features when preserved.
The procedure for describing macrofungi depends on the type of fungus under consideration and also on the invetigator. Form, worksheets, or computer format should be organized so that a description is recorded in logically sequence. Most investigator begin with the pileus nd move downward through the lamella or tubes, stip and finally to any veils that are present.

OBJECTIVE 1. To describe macroscopic features of a selected fungal species in laboratory. 2. To assemble the whole detail of fungal specimen (including photograph) in a specimens record sheet.

Pleurotus osteratus

Macroscopic description 1. Pileus apex – Papilate 2. Pileus surface – Glaborous(smooth) 3. Pileus margin – Rimose(spilitting) 4. Lamellae attachment – absent 5. Lamella arrangement- Intercalcated 6. Stip attachment to cap – Lateral 7. Stipe shape – Tapering 8. Stipe surface – Fibrillose 9. Stipe attachement to substrate – absent 10. Annulus(ring) – Absent

Above side underneth

Lyophyllum shimeji

Macroscopic description 1. Pileus apex – Convex 2. Pileus surface – Glaborous(smooth) 3. Pileus margin – Entire(smooth) 4. Lamellae attachment – Arcuate(arched) 5. Lamella arrangement- Intercalcated(with some short gill) 6. Stip attachment to cap – Eccentric 7. Stipe shape – Clavate 8. Stipe surface – Glaborous(smooth) 9. Stipe attachement to substrate – absent 10. Annulus(ring) – Absent

Underneth side above

Hypsizygus tessellatus

Macroscopic description 1. Pileus apex(top) – Umblicate(central indent) 2. Pileus surface – Velutinous(like velvet) 3. Pileus margin – Inrolled 4. Lamellae attachment – Arcuate(arched) 5. Lamella arrangement- Regular(all gill reach stem) 6. Stip attachment to cap – Eccentric 7. Stipe shape – Clavate 8. Stipe surface – Glaborous(smooth) 9. Stipe attachement to substrate – absent 10. Annulus(ring) – Absent

Above underneth side

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