Premium Essay

Ms 13 Theory

Submitted By
Words 921
Pages 4
MS 13 Overview & Theory
The Mara Salvatrucha, known as MS 13, is one of the world’s most infamous street gang. They steal from people, force and intimidate their way into neighborhoods and have progressively turned to international crimes such as human trafficking and drug smuggling. Their activities have helped make the area of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras the most brutal places in the world that are not at war. The US Department of the Treasury labeled the group a "transnational criminal organization," the first title for a US street gang in October of 2012. This paper will discuss the history of MS 13 and use theory to describe the reasoning behind MS 13. (“MS 13” n.d.)
In the course of El Salvador's Civil War, children as young …show more content…
Youngsters picked up English much faster than the adults, who faced discrimination and minimal wages. As poor refugee teens in Los Angeles, they were wedged again in a struggle. There was a violent gang war between Mexicans and African-Americans already going on. As the youth became ostracized, they banded together for protection and formed what is now known as Mara Salvatrucha, which would later become known as MS 13. The two largest rivals to MS 13 in the gang world are the Latin Kings and Barrio 18 also known as MS-18. (“History of the Mara Salvatrucha gang” 2014) A group of Salvadorans formed the MS 13 crew for the pure benefits of protection from rival gangs such as MS-18. MS-13 is named after an aggressive army of ants that are social predators. The ants do not construct long-lasting nests because they are continuously moving. Also, the word “trucha" or trout means fast freshwater fish. The part "trucha" was slang for a speedy and clever lookout usually assigned to stand at a river crossing indicative of a street corner. (“MS-13 and Mara-18: What you're not being told - The Anti-Media” 2014)
A theory developed by Robert Merton in 1938, the Strain Theory, suggests that people who find their way blocked and do not experience the same prospects are more likely to follow a deviant path. This may help develop and understand the gang MS 13. Members will easily find …show more content…
In the late 1970s/early 1980s, these two authors both developed their own models using the situational leadership theory. They categorized all leadership styles into four main behavior types. These factors could relate directly to the structure of a gang. The first style, telling (S1), it involves the leader directing people what to do and how to do it. The second style, selling (S2), it involves communication between leaders and followers. The leader’s prime objective is to “sell" their designs and to get their members to accept their method. The next method would be, participating (S3), the leaders then sit back and allows followers of the gang to develop active roles. The last leadership role, delegating (S4), it is characterized by the being less involved approach of a leader. Gang members are taking the full responsibilities of risks. ("Vincent Van Vliet",

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Process Principles I 2 English Comprehension and Composition 2 Islamic Studies 2 Lab-Engineering Drawing 2 Lab-Physics for Chemical Engineers 2 Physics for Chemical Engineers 2 Tuesday Monday English Comprehension and Composition Calculus I N-7 N-12 Chem-Amjad Riaz N-11 Wednesday Phy-Dr. Saif Ur Rehman Physics for Chemical Chemical Process Engineers Principles I N-18 HUM-Dr. Musferah Mehfooz N-19 Math-Imran Zulfiqar Cheema Dr. Saif Ur Rehman / Dr. Ishrat Sultana Thursday Islamic Studies Calculus I Lab-Physics for Chemical Engineers N-15 N-3 Applied Physics Lab Chem-Muhammad Imran Rafiq Friday Lab-Engineering Drawing PC Lab-C Lessons/week 14 Timetable generated:11/13/2014 aSc Timetables Final Time Table - Fall 2014 ( v 20141113-1130 ) CIIT_Lahore FA14-BEC-B (Semester 1) (DDP) 2 10:00 - 11:30 Math-Syed Tahir Raza Rizvi 1 8:30 - 10:00 HUM-Huma Ijaz 3 11:30 - 1:00 4 1:30 - 3:00 5 3:00 - 4:30 6 4:30 - 6:00 7 6:00 - 7:30 Subjects Count English Comprehension and Composition Calculus I N-10 Phy-Dr. Ayesha Anjum N-4 HUM-Huma Ijaz Calculus I 2 Chemical Process Principles I 2 English Comprehension and Composition 2 Islamic Studies 2 Lab-Engineering Drawing 2 Lab-Physics for Chemical Engineers 2 Physics for...

Words: 31997 - Pages: 128

Premium Essay

Gangs and Organized Crime in the United States

...together in. The M-13’s are the largest reported gang controlling large areas of our states. However, the largest area to which the MS-13’s control is within our own capital, Washington D.C. Their leaders rule all the gangs from inside El Salvador. I will discuss other gangs, and their ties into Organized Crime.   Gangs and Organized Crime in the United States When I first began this research, I was stunned by the number of gangs that can be accounted for living on US soil. I wasn’t shocked by the type of activities that they are involved in ranging from drug trafficking, carjacking, murder, rape and kidnapping. The news media is constantly reporting the ages to which individuals join a gang, and the reasons behind their becoming involved. Most that join look for acceptance, and are often from families that have one parent, typically run by their mother who represents head of the household. While others join gangs because they believe it will make others respect them. Throughout our course study, we have discussed a number of things concerning the criminal justice system. In our last couple of weeks, we covered the various theories of criminal behavior, why people become involved, why they do the things they do. Two theories that come to mind when discussing gangs and their reasoning behind becoming a member of one, these are the Social Control Theory and the Neutralization Theory. Within the...

Words: 3915 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Demand for Money

...Quantity theory of money (QTM) – suggests that the demand for real money balances is  proportional to income. Quantity eqn.: MxV=PxT where M – money supply; V – velocity of money: the # of times a PhP bill changes hands for time, t; P – price level; and, T – transactions. 1 13/10/2015  Income (Y) version of the QE: MxV=PxY ◦ where V: the # of times a PhP bill enters someone’s income; ◦ P x Y: nominal GDP. This version of the QTM is used since it is difficult to observe transactions. Money Demand & the Quantity Theory of Money:  uses real money balances to measure the purchasing power of the stock of money;  the money demand function is like the demand function for a particular good, i.e. the convenience of holding real money balances; 2 13/10/2015  Money demand function below shows that the quantity of real money balances demanded is proportional to real income;       M P       D  kY There is an inverse relationship between V & k: M x V = P x Y if V=1/k This implies that when:  (M/P)D is high, k is large, V is small: money changes hands less; OR,  (M/P)D is low, k is small, V is large: money changes hands more. 3 13/10/2015 Velocity (V) & the QTM: M x V = P x Y    If V, is assumed to be constant, QTM explains what determines nominal GDP; A change in M leads to a change in nominal GDP, thus, if V is fixed, the quantity of money determines...

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Leo Chavez's Latino Threat Narrative

...MS-13, short for Mara Salvatrucha, is a criminal organization that operates in at least forty-two states and has about 6,000-10,000 members nationwide (The MS-13 Threat: A National Assessment ). This infamous gang – primarily made up of Salvadorans, Hondurans, Guatemalans, and other Central/South American immigrants – has ignited terror and havoc in communities throughout the United States by committing heinous crimes, such as drug distribution, murder, rape, home invasions, immigration offenses and many more. The notoriety of MS-13 and the level of violence that has ensured has captured the nation’s attention, as well as the president himself to which he has branded these gang members as “animals.” CNN and The New York Times have commented on the situation: CNN explaining Trump’s attempts to rid the nation of MS-13 members, while The New York Times described how Trump has exaggerated false claims regarding MS-13 deportation numbers. This current spectacle relates to Leo Chavez’s Latino Threat Narrative in the sense that the gang and criminal activity demonstrated by MS-13 is being associated with any person who crosses the border, and the immigration and deportation measures being taken is negatively affecting those entering the United States with good intentions....

Words: 1833 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...| Explaining definitions, concepts, and objectives of growth and economic development | 6 | Lecture and discussions | * LCD projector * Ms Ppoint * OHP * Slaid * White Board * SAS | | 3-4 | 2.0 SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 2.1 Classification of developing countries2.2 structural differences and similarities in characteristics2.3 General characteristics2.4 Growth and development 2.4.1 Characteristics of Kuznet’s Growth model 2.4.2 Limitations of Kuznet’s model | Discussing similarities and differences in structure and economic characteristics in the developing world | 6 | Lecture and discussions | * LCD projector * Ms Ppoint * OHP * Slaid * White Board * SAS | | 5-6 | 3.0 CLASSICAL THEORIES OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT3.1 Linear Growth Theories 3.1.1 Rostow’s stages of development Theory 3.1.2 Harrod-Domar Growth Model3.2 Structural Change Model 3.2.1 Lewis theory of development3.3 International Dependence Revolution 3.3.1 Neo-classical dependency Model 3.3.2 False Paradigm Model3.4 The Neoclassical development Approach 3.4.1 Free Market, Public Choice, and Market Friendly.3.5 Contemporary Models of Development 3.5.1 New Growth Theory: Romer’s...

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bouvia V. Superior Court

...1.3 Bouvia v. Superior Court Dawnyel Donaldson Franklin University Healthcare Law and Ethics HCM742-H1WW (F14) Julia Matthews JD/MPH November 13, 2014 The case of Elizabeth Bouvia v. Superior Court is a well-known case in the patient’s right to refuse treatment. Elizabeth Bouvia was born with cerebral palsy, which worsened, as she grew older and subsequently caused her to become a quadriplegic. She additionally developed severe degenerative arthritis that caused her to be in continuous unbearable pain. At the age of twenty-eight her condition had worsened to the point that she was said to be bed ridden and completely dependent on others for her activities of daily living. Although she had many physical challenges she was a smart competent young woman. In her early adult years she had obtained a college degree and at one point had gone back to school to begin a Master’s in Social Work program. She was also married for a short time. However as a result of her inability to make a living and her physical disabilities she found herself in 1986 without a place to live, requiring constant analgesic treatment for her arthritis pain and unable to consume large amounts of food by mouth. Due to her lack of a permanent living situation and need for continuous care she checked herself into a Los Angeles Public hospital. During this stay her weight was recorded to be as low as 60 -70 pounds and she was unable to consume solid foods in any significant amount. As a result...

Words: 1639 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Office: 310F Carnegie Hall Email: Web: Phone: 696-6793 Office Hours: Mondays 1:30-2:30, Wednesdays 8:30-9:15, Thursdays 1:30-2:30, other times by appointment Course Description: During the past fifty years, Americans have witnessed dramatic changes in the structure of the family. The changes in marriage, divorce, and fertility rates since the 1960s have been inextricably linked with changes in attitudes towards work and, in particular, with changes in women's work patterns both in and out of the household. In that same time period, economists have come to realize that standard economic theory can be applied to many aspects of family life including marriage, fertility, divorce, and the division of work and leisure within the household. In this course we will use economic theory, both neo-classical and feminist, to explore how gender differences lead to different economic outcomes for men and women, both within families and in the marketplace. Course Prerequisite: Economics 119, Principles of Economics, is a necessary prerequisite, since we will make use of concepts, vocabulary, analytical skills and other tools developed in the Principles course. Course Readings: The following texts are required and can be purchased at the Macalester Bookstore or online. Additional readings will be made available on moodle. Moe, Karine. Women, Family, and Work: Writings on the Economics of Gender, Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers...

Words: 1910 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Term Paper on Ethics

...AIT 628 Information Technology and Business Strategy Course Syllabus Course TitleCourse Session | AIT/628 - Information Technology and Business Strategy101 & 105 | Course Schedule/Room | Wed – 4:30 PM – 7:10 PM8/29/2013 – 12/19/2013 TD0145-107 & online | Instructor | Joanne Shumaker | Phone | 410-456-6808 | Email / Availability | (preferred email) Monday – Friday 11:00 am -1200 pm & 7:00 pm – 9:00 pmWeekends – 4:00 pm – 6:00 pm | Required Texts | Austin, R. D., Nolan, R.L. & O’Donnell, S.O, (2009) The Adventures of an IT Leader; hereafter referenced as: “ANO”McKeen J. D., & Smith, H. A, (2009), IT Strategy; Issues and Practices; hereafter referenced as “MSAll text should be available in the Towson Bookstore | On-line reading resources | | Welcome! I would like to welcome you to AIT/628 Information Technology and Business Strategy, where you will review the development of an IT-enabled strategy and organizational design. We will attempt to research and analyze various frameworks for developing an organizational strategy. We will discuss setting up the organizational structure and IT architecture in terms of achieving a business strategy, as well as discuss frameworks for organizing, managing, and leading the IT function. You will also have an opportunity to discuss and solve management challenges based on your personal experiences. This class will be exciting and informative and I look forward to...

Words: 2062 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...project manager The Beijing EAP Inc. is a company that provided EAPs to many customers. The nature of its operations required the employees to have strong academic backgrounds that qualified them to operate in this multinational service company. Being the largest market holder in the mainland China, the Company had a huge customer base that categorized it as a big corporation. Amongst some customers of BEC were IBM, Siemens, Samsung, Lenovo, Guadong Mobile and the China Development Bank. Consequently, the Company had many projects that prompted the management to subdivide the projects to different segment managers. In this case study, for instance, Mr. Yang represents a training department manager having a communicational breakdown with Ms. Song, a project manager, based on the confusion of the roles each one was to perform. In some cases, the tension escalated to a point where the employees did not know who to approach concerning the progress of projects. Both being project managers at the BEC, the two senior employees had no idea of the organizational structure. Both the...

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception

...environment. c. Demonstrate the stimuli by help of perceptual theories. II. Subject Matter Sensation and Perception III. Materials Marker Cartolina Paper Colored Paper Pictures 35 copies of Lesson Hand-outs IV. Procedure A. Preparation Teacher’s Activity | Student’s Activity | “Good morning Class”“Let us pray first, Anyone who wants to lead the prayer?”“Thank you Ms. /Mr._____ for leading the prayer. Again, good morning!”“Ms. /Mr. Secretary may I know who are the absent for today?”"you may take your seat and please arrange your chairs""I will give you a minute to prepare yourself & do what you want before we proceed to our lesson""Okay class, sit properly and please listen attentively in our discussions." | “Good morning Ma’am”(One Student will lead the prayer)(The secretary will stand and tell who are the absentee)(the students will arrange their chair and take their seat)(the students can do anything)“yes ma’am” | B. Motivation Teacher’s Activity | Student’s Activity | "Before we start our lesson, let’s have a simple ice breaker first.""this ice breaker is called "4 pics 1 word""Do any of you know this game?""How it goes?""Thank you. You’re right. I will show 4 pictures that are related to each other and you just guess what does the pictures shows. You will write the answers in the box provided.""Shall we start?"(show picture #1)"Can you guess what does these pictures shows?""Yes Ms. /Mr._____?""Yes you're right."(reveal the answer)"Thank you...

Words: 7320 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Budget Analysis

...formulation, Solution using MS Excel Text: BRS 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Class 2: Transportation Problem (cont.) Basic feasible solution of TP, properties, Analysis of Excel output, Sensitivity analysis Text: BRS 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Class 3: Transshipment problem Formulation of LP model, different variations (unbalanced case, combining with production scheduling, multi-modal and multi-SKU transportation), Conversion of transshipment model into classic transportation model. Text: BRS 5.4, 5.5 Class 4: Assignment problem Binary ILP formulation, solution by Hungarian method Text: BRS 5.6 Class 5: Network models Shortest path problem, Minimal spanning tree Text: BRS 5.8, 5.9 Class 6: Game theory Introduction to game theory: Types of game, Two person zero-sum game, concept of saddle point, dominance rule Text: WW 14.1, 14.2 Class 7: Game theory (contd.) Mixed startegy, Linear programming formulation Text: WW 14.2, 14.3 Class 8: Mid-term Test Class 9: Markov chain Introduction to stochastic processes, markov chains, transition probability matrix, steadystate probabilities. Text: Handouts and WW 17.1, 17.2, 17.3 Class 10: Decision theory Decision making under uncertainty, Decision criteria, Decision Tree Text: BRs 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6 Class 11: Decision theory (contd.) Decision making under risk, EVPI, EVSI Text: 8.5, 8.8, 8.9 Class 12: Travelling Salesman Problem Optimization model formulation, solution approaches, Branch and bound algorithm Text: handouts and WW 9.6 Class 13: Case Study / Revision ...

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Term Paper Portfolio

...ADMN 995, section 2: PORTFOLIO COURSE FOR MBAs Course Information & Syllabus for Online MBA Course Purpose The Portfolio Course has two main purposes: (1) Program evaluation for continuous improvement and (2) Professional development for you as you near graduation from the online MBA program. Most students report that the entire process takes only 2-4 hours. This zero-unit course contains your insights, which allow the online MBA faculty to evaluate the effectiveness of its program. It also requires you to reflect on and write about the way in which your selection of courses achieves the goals of the online MBA program. As the online MBA program collects and assesses student portfolios produced over a period of years, the faculty will be able to adjust the mix of electives and requirements that make up each major to more fully meet program goals. Other matters, such as grading standards or individual course requirements may also come up for discussion during the review of student portfolios. Thus, your particular portfolio will help shape the future of the online MBA program as well as help you review your own education. This course will also develop your career and professional aspirations via a career workshop and advisement session to prepare you for the next step in your professional life, which varies from student to student. ADMIN 995 Course Overview There are four components to the course which you must complete: 1. Portfolio of Academic Work 2. Reflective...

Words: 3481 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...ECONOMICS FOR MANAGERS T3.2013 Assignment Due date: Nature: Assignment Overview: Monday, January 13, 2014. Individual assignment. This assignment is partly based on the attached article published in The Australian on April 26, 2012 entitled “Poor bear brunt of ‘nanny taxes’” by Adam Creighton and a paper written by Sam Oldfield on August 7, 2013, “Cigarette Tax Hike Defies Economic Logic.” Please read the articles carefully before attempting the questions. You will be required to demonstrate your understanding of economic concepts taught in the unit and relate them to the cases in the articles. This assignment is designed to encourage you to think about the applications of economic concepts learned in this unit to real world scenarios. Based on the attached Rubric, your assignment will be graded on your use of appropriate economic theory and concepts, clarity of exposition and overall quality of your answers. Your answers should follow “Guide to assignment writing and referencing”, available at this link: Answer all questions. Limit the total word count of your assignment to less than 3,000 words. Depth is encouraged over breadth: that is, it is more important that you demonstrate you understand a concept fully, rather than talk about 3 related concepts only cursorily. You are encouraged to use diagrams/examples in your answers when appropriate. 40 marks. Allocation as indicated...

Words: 3505 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Transcultural Nursing Assessment

...status and diversity. Giger and Dividhizar propose that, as health care providers, we need an acute awareness of the ethnicity and culture of each individual, having the knowledge and understanding to care for them as their culture, religion, values and belief system necessitates (Giger & Davidhizar, 2002). This model of nursing assessment focuses on six factors, or phenomena, that address important areas of cultural influence which impact our ability to provide diverse clients with the most effective and efficient care. The six phenomena are communication; space; social organization; time; environmental control; and biological variations. This assignment involves the use of the Transcultural Nursing Assessment model in the care of Ms. B, an 82 year old, African American female. Introduction America has been called the melting pot of the world. The term indicates that America is a county made up of immigrant cultures, religions and various ethnic groups from all over the world; a land of opportunity where all are accepted. Emma Lazarus’s famous poem engraved on the Statue of Liberty states, in part, “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless; I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” However, I question how true those words are. We...

Words: 4803 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay


...Western Institute of Technology Luna St., La Paz, Iloilo City College of Engineering Name: Jethrow D. Laurea Date: September 28, 2015 Course & Section: BSIT4-A Experiment No. 1 OPERATING SYSTEMS HARDWARE STRUCTURES and I/O SYSTEM MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES: 1. To operate the Device Manager of MS Windows 7 independently; 2. To determine the different hardware that makes up the entire computer system; 3. To validate the theories related to computer hardware structures. DISCUSSION: The Device Manager (see Figure 1.1) is a system software that comes with MS Windows 7 operating system. It is a powerful tool that lets you inspect, manage, and troubleshoot drivers for the hardware already installed in a computer. Figure 1.1 Device Manager EQUIPMENTS: One (1) Set Desktop Computer with MS Windows 7 operating system installed PROCEDURE: 1. Boot the computer using MS Windows 7 operating system. 2. Choose Start>Control Panel>System and Maintenance>System>Device Manager. - or - Choose Start, type “device manager” in the Search box, and then press Enter. 3. Expand the “Display adapters” category by clicking its corresponding plus (+) symbol. 4. List down below all installed devices under Display adapters. Display adapter devices: a. AMD Radeon HD 7640G 5. Show the device’s properties of first listed device by right-clicking its device name and then clicking“Properties” on the active menu (see...

Words: 4193 - Pages: 17