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Nazi Medical Experiments

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German doctors conducted a series of brutal medical experiments between 1939 and 1945 during the Holocaust. It has always been particularly hard to comprehend physician torture when their job is to heal, not harm. The psychology of the perpetrator, group dynamics, and the social context in Germany are extremely important factors when assessing how and why doctors performed such evil unconsented medical experiments. These physicians were not inhumane murderers; however, there were forceful internal and external influences that allowed them to participate in such cruelty.
There were a number of psychological tactics, which these physicians used to allow themselves to perform such vicious acts. Understanding the
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Nazi doctors distributed the responsibility of the individual, transferring it to the group, rather than forcing one person to assume all the blame. They achieved unity through the creation of a special group language, where they used euphemisms for their sadistic plans. Because of this, they perceived themselves as elite and important officials. There was a sense of belonging and being a part of a movement that made it so appealing. This was facilitated through implementing obedience to authority and intense training. An individual who is authority-oriented prefers hierarchy and enjoys obeying and giving orders. Someone who values authority and has trouble with self-guidance and will seek guidance from external factors. For example, joining a group such as the military to fill an inner void that they are unable to fill themselves. Nazi groups used oaths of loyalty to bind each individual, and used rituals to create a spiritual atmosphere, which drew members in. When a group has common values, the members develop a dedication to the ideology and cause, and a sense that they are part of the something bigger than themselves. They take pride in performing difficult and important tasks, and become completely subordinated to the organization. After a certain level of brainwashing, it becomes difficult to deviate from or defy the group in any way. …show more content…
They felt compelled to use any and all resources in order to overcome this struggle. German physicians were able to discover new medical methods to help with the war effort, and did so by conducting unconsented medical experiments, which they did on prisoners and anyone they believed was not worthy of living. Most medical experiments were aimed to improve survival rates in the Germany military, increase German’s physical wellbeing, and advance the ideological Nazi worldview. German society reprioritized its values, subordinating human life, particularly lives of other races that were seen as inferior to the Aryan race. Now, their primary goals were discovering ways to help Germany’s political and ideological struggle, no matter what the cost. Some of the experiments aimed at facilitating the survival of Axis military personnel were high altitude experiments, using low-pressure chambers to test the maximum altitude from which crews of damaged aircrafts could parachute to safety, freezing experiments to find an effective treatment for hypothermia, and seawater experiments to test various methods of making seawater drinkable. Increasing German’s physical wellbeing includes experimentation aimed at developing and testing pharmaceuticals and treatment methods for injuries and illnesses. Experiments

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