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Operant Conditioning

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Submitted By eccl42
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Tony E. McCaffity
PSY390 Learning and Cognition
Individual Programmatic Assessment: Operant Conditioning
October 27, 2014

Describe the theory of Operant Conditioning
The theory of Operant Conditioning is developed the behaviorist B. F. Skinner. Operant Conditioning according to Skinner is based on the observing the causes of the action and its consequences. Skinner’s used this approach to study observable behavior instead of the internal mental activity. Though his study Skinner, found that behavior reinforced usually becomes repeated, and reinforced behavior will often extinguishes.
Skinner believed that learning is a function of overt behavior and changes in an individual’s behavior is a result of events that occur in the individual’s environment (Morris &Maisto, 2005). B.F. Skinner focused on the observable behavior and how that act related to experimental conditions. From his studies Skinner developed several theories relating to operant conditioning. The changing of a behavior by-way of certain types of reinforcements after a response is achieved is referred to as operant conditioning. “In operant conditioning, the emphasis is on behavior and its consequences; with operant conditioning, the organism must respond in such a way as to produce the reinforcing stimulus. The principles of operant conditioning apply to a variety of situations (Olson &Hergenhahn, 2009, p. 76). According to Olson &Hergenhahn 2009, behavior can be manipulated by organism that is being performing. For this to be achieved behavior requires reinforcing for the organism that is needed to be modify, the desired behavior must occurs first, and then immediately reinforce the organism. The causes the desired response occurred to increased. When the behavior next occurs, it is again reinforced, and the rate of responding goes up further....

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