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Personality and Illness


Submitted By deeha
Words 680
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Researchers use models to study the relationship between personalities and health which focus on how specific variables influence one another
(Wiebe & Smith, 1997). According to Larsen and Buss (2008), the variable related to stress is considered a subjective internal feeling, which generates a response to events that are perceived
“uncontrollable and threatening” (p. 589). Therefore, the level of distress, rather than by the type of event one has experienced is examined in relation to ones own individual personality.

An early archetype that explores the relationship between personality and stressful events that affect health is the interactional model. The way in which a person copes with events and the impact these events have on an individual directly relates to personality. This model indicates that coping skills are related to individual personality. If a person with type A personality became infected with a virus and has not slowed their activity level to allow the body to recover, this person could become very sick. In this way, the duration and intensity of a stressful event or illness is related to how one copes. Although stressful events are destined to occur, "personality factors determine the impact of those events by influencing people's ability to cope"
(Larsen, Buss, 2008, p.589).

In later research, psychologists became aware that the interactional model has limitations. In particular, it failed to produce identifiable and consistent coping responses that was either regularly adaptive or maladaptive (Lazarus,

The transactional model was developed from the original interactional model and its characteristics have developed to be more practical and intricate than the previous model. Although personality influences coping as in

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...This assignment is based upon stress, the bio-psychosocial approach on how stress can affect health, well-being and the maintenance of homeostasis. There are many definitions of stress but the majority of definitions put emphasis on the relationship between the individual and the environment. This is called the bio-psychosocial approach. When treating patients the Practitioner should take a more holistic approach when determining the type of treatment that is required, this would include taking into account the patients lifestyle, environment and social support. The World Health Organisation states that ‘Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. (WHO 1948). Stress can be defined as any type of change that causes physical, emotional or psychological strain. However, there are many types of stress and not all types of stress are harmful or negative. One theory is that stress is the result of a persons appraisal process. The assessment of whether personal resources are sufficient to meet the demands of the environment. Stress has been identified as being the individuals ability to adapt to the environment (Lazarus and Folkman 1984; Lazarus and Launer 1978; Pervin 1989). There are two types of stress response which Lazarus (1966) made a distinction between, these are psychological and physiological stress. Lazarus stated that physiological stress is a response to a physical damage already incurred...

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