Premium Essay

Research Paper the Civil Rights Movement

In: Historical Events

Submitted By MsSlj16
Words 2894
Pages 12
The Civil Rights Movement
Sharon L. Jordan
HUM410 Contemporary History
Instructor: Lila Griffin-Brown
October 16, 2011

African Americans’ efforts to stop the segregation of trains and streetcars, the organizations created to contest Jim Crow laws, and segregationists’ attempts to silence the protests all provide rich testimony to the spirit of agitation present even in this bleak time in American history (Kelley, 2010, p.5). The Civil Rights Movement was a struggle by African Americans in the mid-1950s to late 1960s to achieve civil rights equal to those of whites, including equal opportunity in employment, housing, and education, as well as the right to vote, the right of equal access to public facilities, and the right to be free of racial discrimination (Law, 2005). This movement sought to restore to African Americans the rights of citizenship guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. The words civil rights often raise images of Martin Luther King Jr. delivering his soul-stirring “I Have a Dream” speech before the nation’s capital. "The practical cost of change for the nation up to this point has been cheap," Martin Luther King Jr. conceded “(LITWACK, 2009). Martin Luther King Jr., and other leaders of the movement anticipated, the movement provoked gains not only for African Americans but also for women, persons with disabilities, and many others.
Organized efforts by an African American, W.E.B. Du Bois, who exhorted blacks to fight for the rights was one of the leading figures of this early movement for civil. Du Bois’s movement led, in part, to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), a civil rights organization that brought together lawyers, educators, and activists as a group fight for black civil rights.
In Sacramento, the NAACP led Black organizations in the struggle for group rights

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Movement Research Paper

...Civil Rights Movement I the civil rights time it was hard to get equally treated for colored people. It was a tough time for most whites who supported it. There was lots of main characters in this movement that fought for their lives to make life easier. There was a number of different Things that happened that they did to stop the inequality. All of this is what we are today it is how we formed after the movement. This is what we call The Civil rights movement. In the civil rights movement there was lots of leaders that pushed to make everyone equal. Others fought to keep things the same. There were laws made by Jim Crow they were called the Jim Crow laws. These laws separated all blacks and whites. With these laws some parents felt safer...

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Movement Research Paper

...civil Rights movement by jessica dagosto In the 1900’s african americans were slaves. They were also treated with disrespect. but in the 50’s and 60’s they fought hard for their rights.this included many people including some presidents and people who were for it and against it. and without this the world today would be very different. In the 50’s and 60’s people like martin luther king jr, malcolm x, john f. kennedy, the kkk, and many more.when martin luther king protested he used nonviolence. martin luther king jr thought that without violence you could win because you would learn to love your opponent.malcolm x fought for the same things martin luther king did but malcolm x wanted to use violence.malcolm x believed that if you wanted freedom violence was the way to get it.“The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is a white supremacist organization that was founded in 1866.” the kkk destroys black people's houses and maybe even kills them.the kkk was very against the civil rights movements. the kkk is still around but in complete secret and nobody even knows who or where they are.the group has also been called the White Brotherhood, Heroes of America ,and Invisible Empire....

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apartheid Thesis

...Final Paper Outline Thesis Idea: After the introduction of the Apartheid in 1948, the segregation, government corruption, and economic distress in South Africa was far more severe than in the United States. Research Question: What were the specific political and social factors that lead to the declaration of the first Apartheid legislation in 1948 and how did they compare to those in the United States? Research Question Expanded: What economic, political and social factors were present in South Africa and the United States during the 1940s-1960s; what the differences were present in South Africa’s Apartheid protests and the Civil Rights Movement that were happening in North America during 1954-1968. Introduction A. Opening Sentence: Introduce the topic of the paper with the Apartheid and the anti-Apartheid movements, with specific dates, which will guide the...

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Afericna American

...your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. “African American’s Journey to Freedom” Charity Johnson HIS204: American History since 1865 Instructor: Leslie Ruff February 11, 2013 “African American’s Journey to Freedom” To some African Americans it may seem ironic that The United States of America is known as “the land of the free” considering that majority of their ancestors entered the US as slaves. African Americans were brought to North America via the middle passage which originated during the fifteenth century.   They were enslaved for approximately 400 hundred years until the end of the Civil War in 1865. Although African Americans were enslaved in America, they were determine to survive and one day be freed in this great country. During The African American’s journey to freedom several significant events took place which was inclusive of but not limited to: The Civil Rights Movement of 1865-1877, Separate but Equal Legislation (Plessy vs. Ferguson court case) in 1896, The Harlem Renaissance of 1920, Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954, The March on Washington Movement of 1963, and The Black Power Movement of the late 1960s and 1970. I will discuss the significance of these events in relation to the African American journey to freedom and how they have help shape American society today. THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT OF 1865-1877 Frequently when one hears of the Civil Rights Movement we automatically think of the Civil Rights events that had taken...

Words: 5251 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Oh Yeah !: The Civil Rights Movement

...For my research paper I have chosen to focus on the civil rights movement. The reason I decided to focus on this topic is because the civil rights movement in my opinion one of the most important movements in history. In my paper I would like to analyze and demonstrate the length of time it took for this movement to be achieved. By analyzing this movement readers will be more conscious about the effort, commitment, and sacrifices people were willing to make to make sure future generations would benefit from equal treatment. Most people know the broad scope of the civil rights movement. Particularly people refer to the civil rights as the movement that secured African Americans with equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship (according to the constitution, and federal law). What people might not be aware of is that it took many small achievements before reaching this victory. To continue I also want to focus on what happens after a social movement, what has changed (good or bad) after the civil rights movement was passed. In order to answer my question I will use secondary sources such as scholarly journals acquired from CSULB library database and hope to also find a few primary sources like newspaper articles written during this time....

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How Marx Changed the Orld

...Selecting a strong research paper topic often daunts students. The key to writing a good research paper is finding a topic that interests you and focusing your research on a specific question. Social studies research encompasses the fields of history, sociology, political science, religion, psychology, civics and anthropology. Extend previous research in these areas by asking a new question or exploring a social issue. Other People Are Reading  Topics for Qualitative Research  A List of Research Paper Topics  1.Civil Rights ◦The civil rights movement was at its peak in the 1960s, ultimately resulting in laws abolishing discriminatory hiring and education practices. Possible research paper topics may focus on the role of individuals or groups that affected the outcome of the movement. The contributions of Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, the Black Panther Party, the Weathermen, the Brown Berets or Jesse Jackson to civil rights demonstrations and legislation may be appropriate paper topics.

 2.Cultural History ◦Social studies classes often explore the contributions of certain cultures in history. Focus on Native American culture by writing about the Trail of Tears, Paleoindian tool development, cooperation between colonists and Native Americans, the effects of the reservation system or Native American participation in the U.S. military. Other possible social studies papers may focus on Mayan culture, scientific advances in early Islamic cultures, the creation of...

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Rgggggghjjhgffffhgdfhhhgvfghhjjhgfghjigreujtfguyfhkokjffnjkbveujjffjjjng Up with Good & Interesting Research Paper Topics Everyone knows that writing is hard. If it wasn’t, well – this entire article probably wouldn’t exist. This manual, however, can turn mandatory writing into an exciting venture! Instead of drudging through a lame history paper, make your history topic exciting. Have you ever thought of these following topics for a history paper? How did Neo-Nazism evolve in America? What was the role of African Americans during the Revolutionary War? How has United States censorship changed over the decades? Is the Civil Rights movement an ongoing occurrence? What was Britain’s view of India during British rule? What were the views on PTSD during different United States wars? What is the ongoing affect of the New Deal? What is the ongoing affect of the Civil Rights movement? What were the factors in the China-Tibet conflict? What were the little-know conservative U.S. movements? Any of them sound exciting? They should be! Research papers are trying, but they also have the ability to be very rewarding. Think about it. A simple psychology paper has the opportunity to be… All about the concept of sexuality. An insightful view into the medical uses of hypnotism. A study of the validity of positive thinking strategies. A look into the use of Pavlov’s conditioning in children. A study on the development of memory. A view of home life and its affect on child...

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...reflected in the films, music, texts, politics, culture and social movements of the era. The Civil Rights and Women’s movements, the Vietnam War, the anti-war movement, youth counter-culture, the Environmental movement, and increasing violence and polarization among various groups, are among the major topics we will examine over the course of the entire year. The 1960s witnessed a clash over fundamental American values and ideas about human rights, freedom, community, the pursuit of happiness and the good life, the limits of authority and the moral legitimacy of war, civil disobedience and protest. The first semester will focus on the Civil Rights movement, the Vietnam War and the Anti-War, Peace Movement. The second semester will deal with the youth and racial countercultures and music, the women’s and the environmental movements. Various forms of media (films, documentaries, and music) will serve as a key resource as well as topic throughout this course. Viewing documentary films will be a regular activity in this class, along with reading texts, class discussion, and developing our writing skills. Learning Objectives 1. Listen and read critically - texts, speech, media and other cultural productions - in order to examine, challenge and reshape themselves and the world in which we live. 2. Express oneself clearly and persuasively in exposition and in argument in both written and oral forms. 3. Carry out research for the purpose of supplying evidence and support for claims...

Words: 719 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Intersectionality In History

...problems in today’s society, one must possess an understanding of the history of social movements that have led us to our current standing in time. History is meaningful and relevant from a psychological perspective because it allows us to understand how dynamics between social groups have developed over time, and this understanding can also be useful in the application of public policy (Perlman, Hunter, & Stewart, 2015). However, just because a historical event or social movement may transform policy, it doesn’t necessarily shift individual attitudes. Perpetrators and victims of historical injustice often view events differently because they have different incentives for acknowledging the past. People who benefit from inequality tend to distance themselves and blame the victims, while the victims attempt to preserve memories of past atrocities (Perlman et al., 2015)....

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Era

...Final Research Paper The Civil Rights Era, which took place during the years of 1955 till 1968, was indeed the movement that gave African Americans the push to achieve their first major accomplishments of the decade. The Civil Rights Movements goals were to break down the walls of legal segregation in public places, achieve equality and justice for African Americans, and to help make African Americans become more self-conscious when standing for all their interest. This movement not only benefited men, but it also benefited women. African American women played a large role in the history of the civil rights era. According to Lee Sartain, “Female activists were integral to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and often in the front lines of the civil rights struggle. Commentators on the period, however, have generally ignored the role of these activists mainly, because women were not prominent in media reporting on the early struggles for civil rights (Sartain).”Even as of today most NAACP members and most local branch presidents are women. Vivian Malone Jones defied segregationist Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace to enroll in the University of Alabama in 1963 and later worked in the civil rights division of the U.S. Justice Department. The African American women of the Civil Rights Era were often overlooked, because of the race and their gender. Not only was racism an issue, but also sexism. No one took a woman serious during those times; they...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

We Shall over: the Music Behind the Civil Rights Movement

...We shall overcome The music behind the Civil Rights Movement We shall overcome The music behind the Civil Rights Movement Jennifer Christopher HUMN 303 Course Project December 14, 2014 Jennifer Christopher HUMN 303 Course Project December 14, 2014 There is no other social movement in the entire history of the United States that is more poignant and significant than the civil rights movement – not even the Boston Tea Party. Some may argue that this movement was nearly our downfall as a country since it allowed the world to see all of our imperfections. How can we say that all men are created equally in our Constitution when in the south, African-Americans were treated as second-class citizens? We had no rights and contrary to what was stated in our Constitution, we definitely weren’t freed. As a researcher and student, you cannot research this period of time without perusing the countless articles, news reels, pictures, and the written accounts given by people who actually participated in the marches and sit-ins. My research led me to numerous articles and videos of events that occurred during this time period. My heart ached as I watch people of all color being hosed down and attacked by dogs. I cried at the images of seeing young black men swinging from tree branches as onlookers stood there laughing and pointing at these “Strange Fruits”. I wondered what their crime was and why the crowd felt...

Words: 2069 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Influence of the Civil Rights Movement on Black/White Marriage

...Wanting Liang (Fanny) WSEM 196-002T Professor Mary Richardson 14th December 2012 Influence of The Civil Rights Movement On Black/White Marriage INTRODUCTION Nowadays, interracial marriage exists in almost the whole world and is more acceptable than it ever has been. In the United States, which now has its first biracial president-Barack Hussein Obama II. Absolute numbers tell us the fact that interracial marriage between black and white has increased -- the U.S. Census reported that there were 51,000 Black/White marital couples in 1960, which was legal in whatever many states. By 2002, it rose to 395,000 Black/White marriages (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2004). By 2010, it grew more to 540,000 (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2012. However, before the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, this would have been unimaginable. It was illegal for people with different race to marry before the Civil Rights Movement, which we called “anti-miscegenation laws”. This paper will examine how the Civil Rights Movement helped make marriages between blacks and whites and mixed-race families acceptable to society and more common. In this paper, I am going to provide the background about the Civil Rights Movement. Such as ways this movement affected Black/White marriage, and the Loving vs. Virginia (the Supreme Court Case). Then, I will introduce some family stories in biracial families during 1960s and a number of findings about Black/White marriage. At last, I will present the difference...

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Movement: The Black Lives Matter Movement

...will and movement development project called #BlackLivesMatter. This hashtag was made after the violent death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin at the hands of neighborhood watch captain George Zimmerman in 2012. The Black Lives Matter Movement is an ideological and political mediation in a reality where we bear witness to black lives who are deliberately and purposefully targeted for death. The Black Lives Matter Movement has developed into the biggest black driven crusade since the 1960s. While particular objectives and strategies for the movement shift by city and state, generally speaking the development tries to focus on...

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Purdue Owl: the Rhetorical Situation

...should be very easy to identify the basic elements of its particular rhetorical situation. Text The text in question is a 17-minute speech written and delivered by Dr. King. The basic medium of the text was an oral speech that was broadcast by both loudspeakers at the event and over radio and television. Dr. King drew on years of training as a minister and public speaker to deliver the speech. He also drew on his extensive education and the tumultuous history of racial prejudices and civil rights in the US. Audiences at the time either heard his speech in person or over radio or television broadcasts. Part of the speech near the end was improvised around the repeated phrase “I have a dream.” Author Page 1 of 9 Purdue OWL: The Rhetorical Situation 9/11/13 7:53 PM Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most iconic leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. He was an African-American Baptist minister and prominent civil rights activist who campaigned to end segregation and racial discrimi- nation. He gained inspiration from Howard Thurman and Mahatma Gandhi, and he drew extensively from a deep, rich...

Words: 2614 - Pages: 11

Free Essay


...History of Politics A Research Paper Presented to The class of Miss Rhoda Mae R. Navasquez Southern Cotabato Academy, Inc. In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Subject English IV by Jeison L. Omandam December 01, 2011 INTRODUCTION Political history is the description and analysis of significant political occasions, movements, thoughts, and leaders. Typically it is developed around the nation states. It is distinguished from but relevant to other areas of history such as economic history, social history, and military history. Usually, political history discusses events pertaining to nation-states and the political process in particular. As per Hegelian doctrine, Political History ‘is a perception of the state with a guiding force beyond the material benefits of its subjects: it meant that the state was the root factor of historical change’.  This differs with one, for example, social history, which predominantly discusses the events and lifestyles of common folks, or people’s history, that is historical account from the view point of a lay person. A study of political history typically centers on a single nation and its political change and aggrandizement. A few historians highlight the ever increasing drift toward confined specialization in political history over the course of recent decades: ‘wherein a college professor in the 1940s resorted to identify himself as a “historian”, by the 1950s “American historian” was the designation.’ Political...

Words: 1803 - Pages: 8