Free Essay

Social

In: Social Issues

Submitted By preet550
Words 3103
Pages 13
SOCIAL POLICY ANALYSIS: WELFARE TO WORK

Research is key to the continued development of the theory and knowledge base of social work practice. The AASW supports the undertaking of research as a key activity to build and maintain the mission of the social work profession.
Research is an essential area of social work practice and is included in the AASW Practice Standards for Social Workers, (section 4.3), highlighting its importance to social work practice. Social workers are expected to “understand the role of research and evaluation in obtaining and generating new knowledge for practice.” (AASW 2013)
Social work research informs professional practice. Through social work research, the profession can: * Assess the needs and resources of people in their environments * Evaluate the effectiveness of social work services in meeting people needs * Demonstrate relative costs and benefits of social work services * Advance professional education in light of changing contexts for practice * Understand the impact of legislation and social policy on the clients and communities we serve Australia’s population is ageing. At the same time, spending on income support payments as a whole (and not just age pensions) is anticipated to increase. Without on-going high rates of economic growth, the nation will struggle to support its ageing population and those who rely on government income support (ABS, 2006). Australian governments have long recognized the need to increase workforce participation—to support economic growth, increase social participation and reduce welfare expenditure. Since 1974, the proportion of working age Australians receiving an income support payment has risen from a modest 5 per cent to around 20 per cent today. Around 2.6 million working age Australians currently receive some welfare payment. Strong economic growth since 1996 has lowered unemployment, but has done little to slow the growth in single parents and people with disabilities on welfare. The social impact of welfare dependency is high. Australia has a high proportion of people living in jobless families. Around 690,000 children live in households where no parent works. Many single-parent households in Australia rely heavily on both social security payments and child support. The Australian welfare system helps support individuals and families to balance their family and carer responsibilities with their paid work. A broad range of social support is provided via direct payments to individuals and families along with funding for services that provide economic and social support for those who are unemployed, on low incomes or who are otherwise disadvantaged. Both the Australian and State and Territory governments provide support for families through investment in education, health, and childcare and aged care services, among others.

WELFARE TO WORK POLICY
In July 2006 the Australian government introduced a range of changes to the current system of income support provision. These changes, embodied in the Welfare to Work policy, had the broader aim of moving more welfare recipients into work and reducing dependency on welfare. The Welfare to Work reforms had a wide-ranging effect on government and non-government service providers as well as impacting some of the most marginalised of Australian population who receive income support.
Its also known as a reform package that tightened eligibility requirements for recipients of both Disability Support Pension (DSP), the income support payment for those unable to support themselves due to a physical or mental disability, and Parenting Payment (PP), the income support payment for sole parents and parents whose partner is not working or has a very low income. These far-reaching reforms were aimed at reducing the number of welfare recipients. In the case of DSP, anyone who was judged to be capable of working 15 hours per week was required to look for a job. PP recipients were required to look for part-time work once their youngest child reached school age.
Welfare-to-work is a shorthand term used for a range of policies aimed at getting non-employed people into paid work. While this has always been one of the objectives of social and economic policy, the current focus on paid work as the most important and central policy goal appears to represent a paradigmatic change in the nature of the social welfare systems. Its federal government project evaluating, which interventions help welfare recipients and other low-income people stay steadily, employed and advance in their jobs. Welfare-to-work programs focus on ‘active’ measures and stress the importance of ‘responsibilities’ for all people of working age to support them through employment. Goal: The purported main goal of this policy was to generate a "net contribution" to society from welfare recipients. Most commonly, this means getting unemployed people into paid work, reducing or eliminating welfare payments to them, and creating an income that generates taxes. Aim: The welfare to work main aim was to improve well-being for single parent families. So therefore, single parent families are key target of these policies as they are widely recognized to be the most financially disadvantaged family type (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2007; McNamara et al. 2004; Marks 2007). Its aim is to break the cycle of poverty in which welfare dependence can become a way of life. Workfare participants may retain certain employee rights throughout the process, however, often workfare programs are determined to be "outside employment relationships" and therefore the rights of beneficiaries can be different.
The Welfare to Work changes focus on reducing the welfare bill in light of projected rates of social welfare dependency and Australia's ageing population. Despite the potential significance of these combined changes to low-income single-parent households, the intersection of the reforms was not considered.

POLICY CONTEXT

HISTORICAL: Historically, welfare arrangements in Australia have implicitly recognized the value of parenting by requiring no or minimal additional activities to be undertaken. Between 1973, when the Commonwealth Supporting Mother’s Benefit was introduced by the Whitlam government, and 2002 there were no activity requirements attached to single parent income support payments. From September 2002 and following the recommendations of the McClure report (McClure, 2000) a compulsory interview with a personal adviser was introduced for single parents with a youngest child 12 years or over. From September 2003 the compulsory interview was extended to those with children aged 6-12 years, and those with children aged 13-15 years were required to engage in on average six hours a week of approved activities which could include volunteer work or study (Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR), 2005a).

SOCIAL & ECONOMIC: The social politics of state-funded income support has changed less radically. Regardless of which government has been in power at the national level in Australia there has always been a deep suspicion of the able-bodied unemployed, the ‘undeserving poor’. What has changed, however, is that the category of undeserving has been expanding and claimants on the state are now treated as the ‘never-deserving poor’, with the political assumption being that those ‘genuinely not able to work’ are always a smaller group than those receiving income support at any given time (McDonald & Marston 2008). The framing of social problems that underpin claims for state support have been further individualized, with the problem of unemployment largely understood in behavioral terms, while the goal of education is limited to an instrumental question of curriculum that provides sufficient levels of ‘human capital’ that are needed for a demanding and discriminating labour market. The value of the arts and humanities in education for promoting a capacity for empathy and living the Socratic tradition of ‘an examined life’ are marginalized in this utilitarian vision of a good society (Nussbaum 2010). The present study aims to shift the policy focus from exploring the well being outcomes of paid work to exploring the well being outcomes of the welfare system itself (Butterworth2003a; Danzier, Kalil & Anderson 2000; Jayakody & Stauffer 2000; Cook, Davis, Smyth & McKenzie, 2009).
IDEOLOGICAL & THEORETICAL:
Liberal democratic governments rhetorically uphold the idea that each individual should be given maximum autonomy to achieve their own version of well-being; they should be the judge of their own best interest with respect to their version of the ‘good life’. Autonomy is often defined to stand for ‘self government’ or self-determination. The capacity for reflection of one’s motivational structure and the capacity to change it in response to reflection are two basic conditions relevant in contemporary accounts of individual autonomy (Mackenzie & Stoljar, 2000, p.13). In Welfare to Work strategy, it is possible to identify a number of rationales for this policy, for example to reduce public spending, to reduce ‘dependency’, to foster ‘inclusion’, and to promote equality by raising the incomes of the worst-off. A new comprehensive work capacity assessment can be introduced to better assess and connect people with services.

INSTITUTIONAL:
The Index considers network partnerships as the relationships between groups and organisations within a community or network that facilitate the ongoing maintenance and resourcing of programs (Bush, Dower, & Mutch, 2002a). These partnerships are beneficial to families who engage with services that seek to place families in contact with other "formal" community services. A new compliance framework will provide better incentives for people to meet their obligations.

POLICY IMPACT:

There has been a marked decline in the number of Parenting Payment recipients since the introduction of the Welfare to Work reforms. The reforms were designed to push some recipients onto unemployment benefits, indicating that some of the change may be due to recipients moving onto Newstart Allowance. However, the reforms occurred at the same time as unemployment was dropping. This suggests that the positive result achieved was not simply due to Parenting Payment recipients being shuffled from one payment to another but instead moving off welfare altogether (Jessica Brown, 2009)
The impacts of the new legislation on single parent families as examined by Cameron, emphasised difficulties faced by parents forced to find fifteen hours of paid work when caring for more than one child, or a child with development problems (Cameron 2006: 3). When announcing the Welfare to Work Budget changes, the Minister noted that ‘these changes are designed to assist, support and encourage parents to return to work when their children are old enough to go to school’ (Andrews, 2005a).
It targets the lone or single mothers mostly, which aims to return lone parents to work. The job satisfaction of employed Australian single mothers who had mandatory employment participation requirements, in particular, to identify the characteristics of the job and the individual that were closely associated with participant's job satisfaction. These experiences have negative consequences for self-worth, relational autonomy, and ultimately the wellbeing of single parent families. Parents in welfare-to-work programs with increased resources tend to place children in higher quality childcare and after-school programs. Not surprisingly, as mothers move into full-time employment they tend to use formal childcare, such as centers and family-based home care, rather than informal arrangements. The maximum losses experienced by sole parents under the proposed system relative to the current system increase with the number of children. For example, for sole parents with five children, the maximum losses reach up to $107 a week for those with private incomes ranging from about $215 to $290 a week.
Children who grow up in jobless households have worse health, educational and developmental outcomes, and later in life become less likely themselves to be employed and more likely to have a low income. The pernicious effects of passive welfare on many Indigenous communities, maintaining that what was intended as a support mechanism has become a straitjacket that keeps welfare recipients in an ongoing state of dependency and disadvantage and locked out of economic participation (Noel Perason, 2009). The aim of these policy changes was to improve the labour market attachment of lone mothers, and in this way increase their ability to be self-sufficient and escape poverty. Despite a recent fall, income support reliance is at historically high levels. In the mid-1960s, about 3% of working-age people depended on income support as their main source of income. Over the subsequent four decades, welfare dependence has increased by more than 500% (Jeff Harmar, 2008). By 2006–07, 17% of working-age Australians received income support, and taxpayers were spending more than $25 billion on income support payments to working-age Australians. This represents a large opportunity cost: money that could instead be spent on tax cuts or public services. A high rate of welfare dependence in the community places an unfair burden on other taxpayers, who face ever-increasing tax bills to fund it. Furthermore, it may become unsustainable as an ageing population increasingly strains government budgets (Intergenerational Report 2007). Past Welfare to Work reforms have been shown to disadvantage welfare recipients who are already vulnerable to participation failures and incurring penalties, particularly the homeless, single parents, and those with drug and alcohol dependency or mental health issues. (Grace, Coventry and Wilson 2006: 21).

POLICY OPTIONS/ ALTERNATIVES:
Not everyone is able to work, and the aim of the welfare system should be to provide a safety net for these people. However, individuals benefit from work while society as a whole benefits from high levels of workforce participation. Therefore, policymakers should aim—as much as possible—to reduce the number of people reliant on income support and increase the number of gainfully employed.
The Australian government purported that making the transition from welfare to work would improve wellbeing for program participants, under the assumption that 'any job's a good job'. However, the relatively low levels of job satisfaction experienced by single mothers in the current study provide little support for this assumption.
There are differing ways to characterize the system of payments and services that make up the Australian welfare system. It can be characterized as a liberal welfare system that consists primarily of selective means-tested entitlements that act as a safety net for those who are unable to participate in employment. The policy shifts include: * From promoting ‘rights’ to benefits to ‘responsibilities’ associated with benefits, * From ‘passive’ social policy based on eligibility to ‘active’ social policies based on ‘work first’, * From the ‘social protection’ of individuals and families with dependent children to the ‘social inclusion’ of all eligible citizens. These shifts represent profound changes in the nature, meaning and activities of the welfare state in the 21st century.
The welfare-to-work programs have led to some redefinition of the social worker role that has emerged out of the tension between the traditional social work values of promoting personal development and autonomy for program participants and the ‘work-first’ goals of achieving employment target outcomes and utilizing sanctions for non-compliance.
Some principles that welfare to work system should work are: * The system needs to work with and not against other forms of support for single parents and carer responsibilities. * Valued care should ground the welfare system’s feedback to paid work and family or care responsibilities in order to boost the choice. * The sysytem should support all types of families and carers combining paid work with caring and are enough malleable to meet the needs that arise throughout. * The synergy between welfare payments and tax sysytem needs to be kept at the centre of policy development, which affects families’ capacity to combine paid work and care.

IMPLICATIONS:
The welfare-to-work policies and programs provided an opportunity to explore welfare reform at a number of different levels: rhetoric and discourse, policy goals and objectives, institutional structures and change, and service delivery and practice. It is clear that policy makers have turned away from ‘passive’ programmes of cash support in order to promote welfare-to-work for as wide a spectrum of people as possible. This has meant an increasing focus on those who require greater levels of assistance to help them find and sustain employment. This is where the boundaries with social services become more apparent, but also more difficult. Those delivering these services are expected to focus on labor market outcomes, in particular job placements, but the people they are dealing with may need a much wider range of specialist support to help them find, and sustain, employment. As job brokers, welfare-to-work staff seek to reach target numbers for people placed in entry-level work and their training and institutional support are unlikely to equip them for these wider or more specialist roles. On the other hand, social workers deal with poor people on a daily basis but their training and professional development appears not to provide an in-depth understanding of poverty and unemployment issues, and the obligations and requirements of public assistance. There is a considerable research, practice and training agenda to be developed in these areas, both for those who are developing policy and those who are delivering welfare-to-work services as well as those providing general social services.

CONCLUSIONS:

The tax and welfare systems play an integral part in supporting people to undertake paid work and care and should ideally work in unison with legislative and workplace measures that support a shared work - valued care framework. The welfare system should avoid discriminating against some family types by providing them with less choice in their paid work and care arrangements. It should also cater to the variety of families and carers combining their responsibilities with paid work and be flexible enough to meet changing needs for care and support arising throughout the life course. Helping families manage changing roles, including sharing care better between partners is also important for good paid work and family balance and this is an obvious gap in the current system. A more streamlined system with support for people to navigate the various forms of assistance and services would be helpful, particularly people in vulnerable situations or those who are transferring from one type of paid work and family arrangement to another.

REFERENCES
Andrews, K. (2005a), ‘Welfare to Work — Increasing Participation of Parents’, Budget 2005-06, Office of the Hon Kevin Andrews MP, Parliament House, Canberra.

Australian association of social workers http://www.aasw.asn.au/practitioner-resources/research https://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/its-about-time-chatper-6 http://www.aifs.gov.au/institute/pubs/fm2010/fm84/fm84i.html 1. Noel Pearson, Up from the Mission: Selected Writings (Melbourne: Black Inc., 2009). 2. Jeff Harmer, Pension Review Background Paper (Canberra: Department of Families,
Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, 2008). 3. 12 Intergenerational Report 2007 (Canberra: The Treasury, 2 April 2007). 4. Jessica Brown, Breaking the Cycle of Family Joblessness in
Australia

Welfare to Work, Implications for your Patients
http://www.redfernclinic.com/c/2006/06/welfare-to-work-implications-for-your_2495.php4

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Social

...Abelson et al.), 1968 Voices of Modern Psychology, 1969 The Social Animal, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2004; (with J. Aronson), 2008 Readings About the Social Animal, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2004; (with J. Aronson), 2008 Social Psychology (with R. Helmreich), 1973 Research Methods in Social Psychology (with J. M. Carlsmith & P. Ellsworth), 1976 The Jigsaw Classroom (with C. Stephan et al.), 1978 Burnout: From Tedium to Personal Growth (with A. Pines & D. Kafry), 1981 Energy Use: The Human Dimension (with P. C. Stern), 1984 The Handbook of Social Psychology (with G. Lindzey), 3rd ed., 1985 Career Burnout (with A. Pines), 1988 Methods of Research in Social Psychology (with P. Ellsworth, J. M. Carlsmith, & M. H. Gonzales), 1990 Age of Propaganda (with A. R. Pratkanis), 1992, 2000 Social Psychology, Vols. 1–3 (with A. R. Pratkanis), 1992 Social Psychology: The Heart and the Mind (with T. D. Wilson & R. M. Akert), 1994 Cooperation in the Classroom: The Jigsaw Method (with S. Patnoe), 1997 Nobody Left to Hate: Teaching Compassion After Columbine, 2000 Social Psychology: An Introduction (with T. D. Wilson & R. M. Akert), 2002, 2005, 2007 The Adventures of Ruthie and a Little Boy Named Grandpa (with R. Aronson), 2006 Mistakes Were Made (But Not By Me) (with C. Tavris), 2007 Books by Joshua Aronson Improving Academic Achievement, 2002 The Social Animal To Vera, of course The Social Animal, Tenth Edition Sponsoring......

Words: 208005 - Pages: 833

Free Essay

Social

...are at least three different social media networks that I have used or still use. MySpace is one of the ones that really got social media networking to where it is now. I used to use MySpace to talk to friends, share pictures, promote my music, and share my blogs. These were the main functions that I used MySpace for. MySpace was one of the first big steps that lead other social media networking where it is. Being able to interact with your friends and family in a virtual world is a big success to being able to so be many places at once. Facebook is another social media networking tool that took the world by surprise. With Facebook you are able to share photos, express what is on your mind with your friends and family, write messages between you and others, and stay connected with people all over the world. Facebook came and conquered most of, if not all, social media networking web sites. The main thing that separated Facebook from any other social media web site is that it was made for college students. Little by little it became so popular that everyone wanted to be a part of this network. Businesses really took advantage of the social networking site for advertising. With so many advertising competitors on the network, it is hard for users not to take advantage of the products advertised. Businesses even have commercials that tell to “like” them on Facebook to ensure the attention of the social media users. The latest installment to the social media networking web sites......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Social Construction of Reality

...CheckPoint Social Construction of Reality Aldonia Bailey SOC/120 11/29/2013 Carol Parker Currently I work in a chiropractor office where, I have been for a little over a year. My coworkers at first knew me as the quite one but as time went by they got to know me. So now they know me as the feisty one in the office, because I rarely put up with clients ignorance. My coworkers also think I’m antisocial because I’m not fond of going out after work or going to many office functions. I mostly agree with them, because I feel like I should treat work as a professional space. In the beginning I felt different, I socialized with my coworkers by going out on weekends and after work, but as time went on I felt like all my coworkers did was go to clubs and get drunk. However this may work for some people its just not the lifestyle I’m comfortable with. Even though my interaction now is limited with my coworkers I think I’m more open and sociable with my family (mainly my aunt). My personable social status is determined by my family dynamic, mostly because I feel comfortable where I can let my guard down. When considering how my social status influences my view of the world, I instantaneously think of my childhood and the way my mother treated me. My childhood was stressful mainly because my mother wasn’t the most financial or emotionally stable individual. With that being said she was also very physically and mentally abusive towards me and my brother so the cops and DPSS were......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Social

...Speech Thesis: Since the social network websites offer social, educational, and economical benefits to their users, everyone who is seeking opportunities in those dimensions should participate in the social network websites. Introduction Social network sites such as Facebook, Myspace, and CyWorld allow individuals to present themselves, articulate their social networks, and establish or maintain connections with others. (Ellision, Steinfield, and Lampe) Some SNSs, Facebook is a very good example, allow their members to join virtual groups based on common interests; to see what classes they have in common; to learn each others’ hobbies, interests, musical tastes, and romantic relationship status through the profiles (Ellision, Steinfield, and Lampe). Social network sites help people keep in touch with their friends and family members, and they connect people around the world into one site. Most people are using the networks to stay in touch with people they already know, and there are 49 percent of social network users say they use the networks to make new friends (Lenhart and Madden). Many social networks provide an online environment for people to communicate and exchange personal information for dating purposes. Intentions can vary from looking for a one time date, short-term relationships, and long-term relationships (Cade). There are 94 percent of the sample saw their 'e-partner' again after first meeting them (University Of Bath). The social network sites......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Social

...Types and advantages of social networking sites Nowadays social networking sites are very important in everyday life. Everything is from modern communication through the internet which connects people together anyway. We get to know about the people, their interests, their work etc. through these sites. Social networking sites have become common among individuals of all ages. There are three main types and advantages of social network: finding friends, entertainment and follow the news. First, nowadays we use social network to connect with friends or other people. The most commonly used to connect people are: Facebook, Google plus, Skype, Twitter etc. They are the most popular social network people used. For example, facebook can easily connect with friends using wall updates, private message, poke or text video call chat. Similarly, if you not to want to video call chat by facebook you can video chat call this site is skype. Basically, social network type find friends used to chat but can be share the file of movie, music video etc. for entertainment with friends. Entertainment type of social networking is file media for entertainment in sites. The most commonly used to entertainment is Youtube. It can share the video, see the music video, see the movie etc. Moreover, Youtube can be upload from user account in web sites to share another people. Sometimes youtube can be following the news and see the series can watch in youtube. Finally, following the......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Abramowitz Social Work and Social

...Social Work and Social Reform: An Arena of Struggle Mimi Abramovitz The profession of social work has the potential both to meet individual needs and to engage in social change. However, the profession’s position between the individual and society often forces practitioners to choose between adjusting people and programs to circumstances or challenging the status quo. The twin pressures of containment and change have made social work an arena of struggle since its origins in the late 19th century. In honor of social work’s centennial, this article examines the sources of the profession’s prochange mandate and the structural factors that limit social work’s ability to pledge itself to this stance permanently and recommends some steps social workers can take to recommit the profession to greater activism. Special attention is given to documenting the long but largely ignored history of social work activism. Key words: activism; history; professionalism; social reform; social work T he twin pressures of containment and change have plagued social work since its origins in the late 19th century. The profession can boast of a long history of progressive activism directed to individual and social change. At the same time, observers within and outside social work have often accused the profession of serving as a handmaiden of the status quo. This contradiction has made the social work profession a site of ongoing struggle. Although often difficult, the......

Words: 9381 - Pages: 38

Free Essay

Social

...Introduction This thesis explores Social Networking sites as a medium of expression for sexual identity construction; more specifically the research question aimed to explore how gay and lesbian individuals use social networking websites as a means to construct and explore their sexual identities through self presentation on conventional social networking sites (SNS) available and used by everybody versus LGB SNS which are primarily used by Lesbian/Gay and Bisexual individuals and groups. Through the conduction of eight semi- structured interviews with an even number of four males and females and a content analysis of each participant’s social networking profiles, the research explored how sexual identities were presented and played out on these sites by the variation and degree of information that was disclosed by the sample study. Overall the aim was to explore the advantages and disadvantages social networking entails for the gay community through a comparison of both types of SNS, exploring how self presentation and sexual identities are negotiated and managed through the two while determining if these sites were in fact a safe location to play out sexual identities if they are a site of identity restrictions. From research up to this point it has struck me that there is limited research concerned with the disadvantages of social networking and identity experimentation for gays and lesbians. Thus this present study aims to acquire if gay individuals feel they can perform......

Words: 11898 - Pages: 48

Free Essay

Social Business

...Building Social Business: An Alternative Mode of Ensuring ESC Rights. Chapter one: 1.1 .Introduction 1.2 Background of study 1.3 Concept of social Business 1.4 Concept of ESC Rights 1.5 Rational and significance of the study 1.6 Objective of this research 1.7 Hypothesis 1.8 Reasons for selecting topic 1.9 Research Methodology Chapter two: historical background: 2.1 Introduction 2.2History social Business 2.3 Origin of social Business and its kinds 2.4. Economical situation after liberation war . 2.5Our society and business and commonplace business Chapter four: 4.1 Definition of social business. 4.1 Why social Business? 4.2 Which is not social Business? 4.4 Types of social Business. 4.5 Social Business a business model 4.6 Social business model framework/ Legal framework for social Business 4.7 Features of social Business to be considered 4.8 Seven principle of social Business 4.9 Four rules of social Business 4.10 Advantages and disadvantages of social Business \Chapter five 5.1 profit and social Business 5.2 How Bangladesh can profit from social Business 5.3 Social Business in Bangladesh compared with abroad 5.3 What Social Business offers? 5.1How to build social Business/ How social Business Can be started? 5.2 Social business as a new form of capitalism 5.5 Social investment fund …social stock market. 5.3 creating a glabal insfrustracture for Social......

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Social Skills

...Özdemir, Baykara Acar, Acar ve Duyan Araştırma SOCIAL SKILL LEVELS OF STUDENTS OF SOCIAL WORK: DO OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES MAKE A DIFFERENCE? The study tries to compare the social skill levels of 97 students in the Department of Social Work Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Hacettepe University, who participate and those who do not participate in activities outside classroom. The data obtained through the research shows that there is a meaningful relationship, statistically, between certain demographic characteristics of the students and their scores on social skill inventory sub-scales; and proving that the total social skill scores of those who participate in artistic, sports and any other social activities are considerably higher than those who do not participate in such activities. Key Words: Social work students, social skill, outside activities Sosyal Hizmet Öğrencilerinin Sosyal Beceri Düzeyleri: Ders Dışı Etkinlikler Bir Fark Yaratıyor mu? Uğur ÖzDEMİR* Yüksel BAYKARA ACAR** Hakan ACAR** Veli DUYAN*** * Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Sosyal Hizmet Bölümü ** Doç. Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Sosyal Hizmet Bölümü *** Prof. Dr., Ankara Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Sosyal Hizmet Bölümü ÖZET Bu çalışmanın amacı ders dışı etkinliklere katılımın sosyal beceri düzeyi üzerinde bir etkisi olup olmadığının anlaşılmasıdır. Araştırmada, Türkiye’de Hacettepe......

Words: 3162 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Social Justice

...Social and economic justice occurs when "all members of a society share equally in the social order, secure an equitable consideration of resources and opportunities, and enjoy their full benefit of civil liberties". An easier way to understand the concept of social and economic justice may be to consider what a lack of justice is: "when societies do not accord citizens equity and equality and when they violate their citizens' human and civil rights". Social injustice could include any social problem-domestic violence, inadequate healthcare, or substance abuse. Social justice ideally addresses these problems, but also addresses social issues-the increasing aging population, education expenses, and environmental concerns. Social workers' responsibility regarding social and economic justice is formally defined in the NASW Code of Ethics. The last section of the Code of Ethics, "the social worker's ethical responsibility to society," states that "the social worker should promote the general welfare of society." More specifically, it states "the social worker should advocate changes in policy and legislation to improve social conditions and to promote social justice." It is clear then that social workers are obligated to promote social justice - to empower people individually and collectively. This stipulation is congruent with my own personal beliefs about social justice. Influenced by my values based in Christianity and humanism, I feel action to promote social justice is a......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Social Media

...Social Media Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, these and many more are examples of social media sites. These sites have been an aid to society and also a thorn in its side. Social media Social media creates new social connections and promote athletes. Social media is a good way to meet new people and to reconnect with old friends and or family. A study showed that 70% of adults found some of their family members online (pros and cons of social media). Also 57% of teenagers have made new friends on some type of social media network. Social media has also blown up the careers of some sports stars. Jeremy Lin was a big sensation back in 2012, everywhere you went we would seem to hear his name. Social media affected his life after one good game he had. It was because of social media that everyone heard of him, because he was a nobody before that. Another example of social media blowing up sport stars is, in 2012 Notre Dame all-star linebacker mante teo and his “girlfriend” death. That had met though some social media site and never met, they dated for about two years and found out she died of cancer (Clemmitt, 83). Later it was reported that she was never real and it was just a big hoax (Burke and Dickey.). This could also be related as a thing that will be talking about later. Many people believe that social media has gotten rid of face to face communication. The way that technology is now, it has change the way we talk to people, and engages with others. Some believe that......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Social Media

...Social media marketing refers to the process of gaining website traffic or attention through social media sites. Social media is a platform that is easily accessible to anyone with internet access. Increased communication for organizations fosters brand awareness and often, improved customer service. Additionally, social media serves as a relatively inexpensive platform for organizations to implement marketing campaigns. Social media marketing (SMM) is a form of Internet marketing that utilizes social networking websites as a marketing tool. The goal of SMM is to produce content that users will share with their social network to help a company increase brand exposure and broaden customer reach.  Is social media marketing right for your business? * This is the question few companies ask themselves before launching into social media marketing. And, as a result, their forays into social media marketing often result in frustration and, sometimes, failure. Not because social media marketing doesn’t work – just because they didn’t do it correctly. Social media marketing is like any other campaign, it must have an objective and a strategy to achieve desired results. * There are many companies that think it's the quick fix to a struggling business or that it will generate revenue that will help them in a difficult economic time. Truth is that social media can, in fact, affect your bottom line – but, it takes time. * Social media has a sequence of events that......

Words: 3364 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Social Change

...relationship between religion and social change (33 marks) In relation to social change, some theories have argued that religion is a conservative force and acts to prevent change and keep society stable. This is the view held by earlier theories that stressed the role of institutions in shaping human behaviour and maintaining the stability of society, such as Functionalism and Marxism. Religion is also seen as conservative because it is traditional; defending traditional customs and moral views, for example. Functionalists view religion as a conservative force, preventing social change. Durkheim believed that religion performs an important function for society, binding people together like ‘social cement’ preventing anomie. Religion provides a set of moral values that form the collective conscience, ensuring social stability. This is where religion unifies people which leads to conformity which then makes behaviour predictable. Religion also answers eternal questions such as ‘why the good die young’ and ‘why do people suffer’ in Christian for example, helping to prevent social change. Durkheim studied totemism among Australian Aboriginal tribes. Totems are a symbol of a set of beliefs. This can be anything from an object to an animal and is treated with the highest respect by those that follow the set of beliefs or religion. For example, it is similar to the crucifix for Christians which explains why they uphold traditional beliefs in society, preventing social change.......

Words: 1488 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Social Advertising

...Social Advertising Social media exists in the context of communities that are built of people who develop and nurture relationships by creating, co-creating, sharing, commenting, and engaging in content (Tuten, 2008). Advertising on such social platform is what accounts to social advertisement. Most of these communities are made up by our sponsors, believers, assistants, coaches, cheerleaders, and friends. Advertising has always been a means of mass communication with a great persuasive force. Thus with the current up rise in social networking in the current world, many advertisers are now turning their heads towards social media and networking. There are various social benefits from advertising that are explained as follows (Kaptan, 2003). * Increased social awareness: Social advertising has created much awareness for certain problems faced in the society today such as virtual eco-rallies and such protests instead of blocking down the streets and such. * Faster informational reviews on newer products: The information reviews and critics have reached the consumers faster than the products itself, along with their availability in the market, creating decision options for consumers. * Advertising is Entertaining: Social advertising is also considered as entertainment for some but its goal is not to entertain but actually to move communities through the hierarchy of response so they purchase, subscribe and become loyal to the brand. Along with these benefits,......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Issue

...A social issue (also called a social problem or a social ill) is an issue that relates to society's perception of people's personal lives. Different societies have different perceptions and what may be "normal" behaviour in one society may be a significant social issue in another society. Social issues are distinguished from economic issues. Some issues have both social and economic aspects, such asimmigration. There are also issues that don't fall into either category, such as wars. Thomas Paine, in Rights of Man and Common Sense, addresses man's duty to "allow the same rights to others as we allow ourselves". The failure to do so causes the birth of a social issue. Personal issues versus social issues[edit] Personal issues are those that individuals deal with themselves and within a small range of their peers and relationships.[1] On the other hand, social issues threaten values cherished by widespread society.[1] For example, the unemployment rate of 7.8 percent[2] in the U.S. as of October 2012 is a social issue. The line between a personal issue and a public issue may be subjective, however, when a large enough sector of society is affected by an issue, it becomes a social issue. Although one person fired is not a social issue, the repercussions of 13 million people being fired is likely to generate social issues. Caste system[edit] Caste system in India resulted in most oppressed Untouchables on earth for the past 3000 years . UK recently banned caste......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4