Premium Essay

Texting Cellphone


Submitted By ORANGE27
Words 13901
Pages 56
Governors State University

OPUS Open Portal to University Scholarship
Student Theses

Spring 2011

Exploring the Effects of Text Messaging on the
Spelling Skills of Ninth and 12th Grade Students
James G. Muhammad

Follow this and additional works at:
Part of the Communication Technology and New Media Commons
Recommended Citation
Muhammad, James G., "Exploring the Effects of Text Messaging on the Spelling Skills of Ninth and 12th Grade Students" (2011).
Student Theses. Paper 32.

For more information about the academic degree, extended learning, and certificate programs of Governors State University, go to This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by OPUS Open Portal to University Scholarship. It has been accepted for inclusion in Student
Theses by an authorized administrator of OPUS Open Portal to University Scholarship. For more information, please contact

Exploring the Effects of Text Messaging on the Spelling Skills of Ninth and 12th Grade
James G. Muhammad
B.S., Bowling Green State University, 1976


Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements

For the Degree of Master of Arts,
With a Major in Communication and Training

Governors State University
University Park, IL 60466



I am forever grateful to Dr. David Rhea for his counsel, guidance and professionalism during the process of writing this paper. I also thank the committee, Dr. Michele McMaster and Professor
Marilyn Yirku, for their consideration and patience during this process. I cannot say enough about the support I received from my family on this journey. Thanks.


I. Abstract ……………………………………………………………. 1
II. Exploring the Effects

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Texting and Driving

...Texting and Driving: Two Technologies Collide Harry Williams Jr ITT Technical Institute Abstract Texting and driving has become a serious problem in recent years. In 2011, at least 23% of auto collisions involved cellphones. The death rate caused be texting and driving is higher than that of drinking and driving. The financial burden caused be texting and driving affects everyone from the individuals involved to the public services. Penalties are not severe enough to deter drivers from texting. Public awareness of the consequences of texting and driving is not where it should be. In recent years there has been an alarming increase in traffic accidents and deaths related to cellphone usage while driving, the most notable being texting and driving. The purpose of this research is to identify the causes of traffic incidents and to propose solutions to help curb the number of incident and mortality rates caused by this highly dangerous and illegal behavior. In 2011, 23% of all auto collisions involved cellphones. That’s 1.3 million crashes. (Texting and Driving, 2013) “The minimal amount of time your attention is taken away from the road when you are texting and driving is 5 seconds. If you’re traveling at 55mph, this equals to driving the length of a football field without looking at the road.” (NHTSA, 2009) “A study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration last month found...

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Effects of Cellphone Use

...Effects of Cellphone Use While Driving The reason I oppose the use of cell phone during driving is because I was once engaged in a cellphone use while driving that totally distracted me as it diverted my concentration off the road. This happened to me years ago, while I was driving home from work, I made a quick phone call to my mother and at the same instant the car swerved onto the side of the street and almost hit a pedestrian crossing the road. I realized that the risk of taking my eyes off the road for a split second could cause an injury and even fatal accident. It will show the audience why this issue matters to me, and why it should to them. Using a cell phone while driving is dangerous and increases the chance of getting into a car accident. Therefore, texting ban should be implemented to reduce the number of accidents on the road. Cellular phones serve as useful convenient methods of communication. It has become an important communication tool that is used by people all over the world to keep everyone connected. However, the increase use of cellphone while driving is becoming a significant cause of automobile accidents because it decreases a driver’s awareness and attentiveness resulting in driver’s being distracted and impaired driving abilities. It is true that cell phones can also be very useful, but when automobile drivers use them while driving, it becomes a very high distractor because it distracts the driver, impairs the ability to control the vehicle and...

Words: 2566 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Dangers Lurking Inside Your Cellphone

...Dangers Lurking inside Your Cellphone In the modern world, the use of technology plays an important role. One of the most popular applications is the cellphone. The cellphone is a potential hand-held device for each individual. However, along with a lot of positive aspects, the cellphone still has some negative aspects reached to consider should or not using cellphone. Using cell phones can cause serious problems like health hazards, accidents from texting or talking while driving and linguistic ruin from texting messages. This research paper is divided into four sections. In the first section, the paper will discuss the popularity of using cell phones in the world and the consequences of increasing the use of cellphones. In the second section, this research paper will survey the health hazards caused by using cellphones in terms of time and age. These health hazards include brain tumors and male infertility. The next section will discuss about texting or chatting on cellphone while driving and the potential consequences. The last section will offer point of view about the abuse of abbreviations in texting language by teenagers. In recent years, cellphones became more and more popular in the world because of the quick development of technology and science. Mobile phones are considered as new and important parts of our bodies. Too many people using cellphones means the growth of base-stations more quickly and seriously. About 5.9 billion cellphones are in use in 2011 (“Key Global...

Words: 1928 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Dangers of Driving While Intexicated

...Intexicatied: The Dangers of Texting and Driving Have you ever been driving down the road and the car in front of you is swerving all over the road? You then become worried and you proceed to switch lanes to ensure your safety, and as you approach the car, you see that the driver is face down in their cellphone, and because of the size of phones these days, you realized that they almost cause an accident for Facebook? Really, Facebook? What happens when your friend comes to pick you up and as you guys head out for a night on the town, your friend is all consumed with texting in the middle of driving, and she inadvertently veers over into the next lane cutting a vehicle almost causing a collision? Your life could have been lost in the blink of an eye, all because of that darn cellphone. As you continue to read this paper, it will show you that texting while driving is just as dangerous and driving while under the influence of alcohol. Cellphones have been around for centuries. The modern cellphone has only had the capability for texting since 1997 when Nokia introduced the 9000i with a full QWERTY keyboard (A Brief History of Text Messaging, 2015). Since its time, the cellphone has become interactive; we now have the luxury of not even needing a personal computer, because cellphones have evolved into just that a fully functional complete communication device. Cellphones are a necessity in life and it has been proven, but not as it pertains to texting and driving. The website...

Words: 1269 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Texting And Driving Thesis

...A. Topic 1) Research question: How effective are devices that disable in-car cellphone messaging in preventing deaths and accidents that are caused by texting and driving? 2) Working thesis: Although devices that disable in-car cellphone messaging can help curb texting and driving incidents, they are still not as effective in preventing accidents and deaths from texting and driving compared to the stricter implementation of rules and regulations that ban texting and driving. 3) Angle: Technology is imperfect in many ways and has many restrictions. It is also still controlled by humans, which means that an oversight on the part of the user can render the devices that prevent in-car cellphone messaging useless. The use of these...

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Why Banning the Use of Cell Phones While Driving Should Be Mandatory Nationwide.

...both through anecdotal and hard scientific fact. The distraction of texting, twitting and answering a call is the main cause of accident on the road. Be responsible for someone’s life, put down the phone Introduction The weight of scientific evidence to date suggests that use of cellphone while driving does create a safety risk. Excess use of the cellphone can cause accidents because the driver might run through a stoplight and into oncoming vehicles, knock down pedestrians and or cause fatality towards their self. According to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), “distracted driving is becoming the new DUI; it is becoming an epidemic.” This epidemic is causing the life of millions per year worldwide. If we all take that stand to safety and switch off phones while driving the life saved might be your owe., The main cause of distraction while driving is the use of texting on the cellphones; even though the call or text is essential and the lost of a client or business venture maybe the outcome. The best suggestion would be for the person to get off the main road and find a parking lot or emergency lot, and then check the message, but that will not be followed, so the safes way is to ban cellphones use. In calling for a ban on all use of electronic devices while driving, the NTSB cited a series of fatal accidents in which were deemed distractions. In 2004, a bus driver using his hands-free cellphone struck the underside of an arched stone bridge on the George Washington...

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Introduction of Effects of Using Cellphone to the Students

...committed to establish and operate vocational, technical, and higher education to accommodate graduates of secondary schools to pursue vocational, technical and higher education courses.By virtue of Provincial Ordinance No. 1 s. 2006, the Laguna University was established on February 15, 2006. The incumbent governor was elected President and Chairman of the Board of Regents under Resolution No. 198. A s. 2006 dated March 29, 2006 by the SangguniangPanlalawiganng Laguna. This research paper is about the effect of spelling ability of the second year IT students of Laguna University. The student must had books and writing of the correct spelling of words and correct grammar. The aim of this research paper is to develop the spelling ability of the cellphone users. Background of the study In the primitive ages, people have used signals, to get a message from one point to another. And that is a clear evident that even before, it is very important to communicate or to get messages from other places. That is why Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. Probably no means of communication has revolutionized the daily lives of ordinary people more than the telephone. Telephone comes from the Greek word tele, meaning from afar, and phone, meaning voice or voiced sound. Generally, a telephone is any device which conveys sound over a distance. A string telephone, a megaphone, or a speaking tube might be considered telephonic instruments but for...

Words: 6018 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay


...Texting and Driving Joaquin Colon DeVry University Prewriting What is your narrowed topic? Be detailed in your answer. You can use any of the versions you’ve developed for prior assignments. Texting and Driving. In a growing habit becoming more dangerous than drinking and driving for the simple fact of the range of people that can incurred in this habit. Who is your primary audience or reader? Why? Be detailed in your answer about your audience. My primary audience will be the youth because statistically are the more prone to text while driving. Young people have grown up in the technology revolution in which for the mentality is that nothing in the social media world can wait or will be absolute within days. In a sentence or short paragraph, what is your thesis statement, including your angle? Write what will appear in your essay. My point is that texting and driving is a problem that concern all ages and different back grounds for the fact that many lives are in jeopardy in the street because of this bad habit. What topic sentences will you use as the foundation of your communication? (If necessary, add more points.) * Is that text worth your life? * Be smart if it is that important pull over. * Don’t let technology decide for you. * Don’t turn your head, be the difference. What method of organization and development will you use to develop your paragraphs? * Introduction: * The main reason could be that 82% of young adults...

Words: 1990 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Before and After the Cellphone

...Cellphones have gradually become an imperative part of peoples lives today. 70% of the world's population have cellphones. These days, people and their mobile phones seem to be inseparable. Texting or calling someone when we wake up has become a usual habit just like brushing our teeth in the morning. For many of us, it's hard to imagine a time before cellphones. Having a cellphone has changed our manners, the way we communicate, and our safety. Before cellphones there seemed to be more peace and quite. People seemed to have manners. Today people don't always remember their manners when using their cellphones. People constantly carrying on personal conversations in a public place can be very annoying. Some people talk really loud and don't care that everyone around them can hear every word they are saying. It can be extremely disturbing to someone when they are walking in a mall or down a street and someone starts speaking right beside or behind them. They turn to respond, only to find out he or she beside them has an earbud active. Before we had cellphones people would actually write letters. During my elementary school days it was “cool” to pass notes. We actually used complete sentences and words that were in the dictionary. Also before cellphones if someone was to leave the house, they didn’t make a phone call unless they popped 10 cents into a pay phone. People never received any calls away from home. People actually had to be out of touch with friends and family when...

Words: 547 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...Acknowledgement We, the researchers, would like to extend our gratitude to all those people who helped and supported us in completing this term paper. We would like to thank our beloved professor, Fr. Kim Lachica, S.J., for the lessons, guidance and advices he bestowed upon us. He inspired us to work efficiently on this project. In addition, we would like to thank him for motivating us to work hard in achieving our goals in life.  Moreover, we would also want to express our gratefulness to the one who gave all of his time to us in the interview and shared his personal life experiences as an entrepreneur which also motivated us to work harder in our fields. He is no other than Mr. Steffen Eisenbarh, the owner of GROUPWORX101 Company. For without him, we would not finish this project. In addition, we express our sincere gratitude to our families who understood and encouraged us in every time we spent in making this term paper.  Last but not the least, we would like to extend our heart-felt gratitude to our Almighty Father for His unending and unconditional support He had given upon us. He enlightened us throughout the struggles and experience we’ve been through in making this term paper.  Without the help and support of the particular persons that mentioned above, we would face many difficulties while doing this term paper. Again, we take this opportunity to express our gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this term paper. [continues] ...

Words: 2927 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Texting and Driving

...There is a new rising threat that is taking the lives of many people around the world, texting and driving. Using a cellphone while driving does not only put your life on the line you also endanger everyone else on the road, not only do you take your eyes off of the road you take your mind off of driving and start thinking about texting. When you take your eyes off of the road you may start to drift into other lanes or even fly through a stop sign an hit an vehicle. If you could only wait for a few minutes to look at your phone you could save yourself even another life. That is why I stand before you today There are some devices that can be used to cut down on cellphone use while driving, like a Bluetooth device which is installed in your car. Or a hands free headset. Although these devices may not be cheap they will help reduce the amounts of accidents caused by cellphone use while driving. Because if you don’t put it down then there are laws which prohibit the use of a cellphone being used in a moving vehicle such as senate bill 390 which prohibits having the device in immediate physical possession, if it is in your hand then you will receive the great joy of paying the fine of $50 for your first offence and $100 for the second offence, then $200. On top of all of this a $100 fine for a moving violation while using the device Ask yourself is a text really worth it? Is it really worth the value of one’s life? Is it worth my life? If a text is really that important to you...

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Driving While Driving

...I totally agree with law of making illegal to have a phone in your hand while driving. There is some reasons why I agree with the law. My first reason is your keeping yourself and other people safe. Another reason is you might get in a car accident or you might kill someone. My final reason is you can get distracted while having your phone in your hand. While driving and you are not using your phone can keep you safe from many things. One text message you get and you do not read can save your life. Many teens are the ones who take responsibility as a joke. While parents, teachers, and friends tell them they got to be careful at driving. Driving and texting is not a joke, it is something very serious. Others can put yours lives in...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Literature Review: Does Texting While Driving Interfere with One's Ability to Drive

...nowadays people have become addicted to texting as a source of communication. Mostly it may be teenager’s blogging on social networks or sending quick messages. Professionals and older people scheduling meeting or even checking emails. Texting has become a regular form of communication among individuals (Caird et al., 2014). Texting messaging is an easy and fast way to communicate with friends, relatives and colleagues. It has become a very major distraction but also a risk, because now more than ever people are being distracted by their cellphones and mobile devices while driving. Distracted driving is one of the problem faced by road and safety departments due to technology (Caird et al., 2014). This literature review will look at the effects of texting on one’s driving ability. Driving alone is a very complex task because it requires cognitive, physical, sensory and psychomotor skills. It also requires a certain amount of attention and concentration, but it is a trend to see motor driver being involved in texting in the process of driving (Caird et al., 2014). Texting can be defines as using some sort of keyboard of a cellphone, laptop computer or any other electronic device to send conversational messages to another individual. While driving can be defined as a controlled operation and movement of a vehicle such as a car, bus or a truck. Both these activities require a fair share of concentration to be performed correctly. Texting while driving is said to be hazardous especially...

Words: 1402 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...------------------------------------------------- Haut du formulaire Search Bas du formulaire * Home Page » * Computers and Technology Texting vs. Calling In: Computers and Technology Texting vs. Calling Years ago making a phone call on the cellular phone was huge advancement for communication, now today texting has become the main form of communicating. In 1973 Martin Cooper created the first portable phone 800 MHz prototypes that could be used outside the home and the car, before the only portable phones were in cars. It weighed about 2.5 lb. and the battery life lasted for about 20 minutes. According to, Cooper is considered the inventor of the first handheld cellular phone and the first person to make a phone call in public on a handheld cell phone. In 1977 cell phones went public. Chicago was the first city to trial cell phones with 2000 customers. Over the years as cellphones became smaller, lighter, and a longer battery life- they have also added new features to expand the way we communicate with others. The new cellphones today, a person can do more than just make phone calls- they can also text, IM (instant message), send emails, and Skype. The two most common forms of communicated though are making a phone call and texting. So texting or calling, which one is more helpful and convenient? Texting or SMS (short message service) is when a person types a short message on the cellular device to another person. Sending a text message is convenient...

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Texting and Driving

...Texting and Driving Every day of our lives, we encounter people. Naturally, we connect and communicate with them whether we have close, normal or an acquainted relationship. That’s the human nature, humans are genetically created and designed to interact with their surroundings. Of course, tools and methods people use in order to communicate between each other differ among them; especially with the development of technology and the major role it plays in our lives. However, tend to use this advanced sort of communication at the wrong times distracting them from more important things at that moment, which may result in disastrous outcomes. The ad is telling people, primarily young people of the texting generation, not to text and drive, and does so effectively using the fear factor by implying that texting and driving leads to violent injuries. The picture I chose for this assignment displays texting and driving, acts as a warning about the deadly consequences. In the picture, the scattered blood on the hand of the female driver resembles the injury and pain caused by the incident of texting and driving. Blood on the cellphone also tells the extent of physical damage the female driver has encountered; small, convergent blood dots on the phone may be caused from a face or head injury. The appearance of blood in the picture acts as a warning to show that texting while driving causes serious physical pain. Furthermore, the position of the laying arm holding the phone loosely...

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5